Cross moline

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
A cross moline

The cross moline is a heraldic charge.

History[edit]

The name derives from its shape, which resembles a millrind, moline being the Old French for a mill, the iron clamp of the upper millstone. It is very similar to one of the varieties of the "fer de moline" heraldic charge (literal French: "iron of a mill"), the forked tips of which however circle out slightly more, akin to the "cross recercelee". It is borne both inverted and rebated, and sometimes "saltirewise" (i.e. in the form of a saltire). When used as a mark of cadency it signifies an eighth son.

Crosses moline can be seen in the bearings of:

Benedictine cross[edit]

The cross moline is associated with St. Benedict of Nursia. As a result, it is widely used as an emblem by the monks and nuns of the Order of St. Benedict, which he founded.[1]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Bayne, William Wilfrid OSB ChLJ, Dom. "An American Benedictine Armorial: Part One". Order of St. Benedict. 

Sources[edit]

Further reading[edit]