IX monogram

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Constantinople Christian sarcophagus with XI monogram, circa 400.

The IX monogram or XI monogram, is a type of early Christian monogram looking like the spokes of a wheel, sometimes within a circle.[1]

The IX monogram is formed by the combination of the letter "I" or Iota for IHCOYC (Ιησους, Jesus in Greek) and "X" or Chi for XPICTOC (Χριστος, Christ in Greek). The spokes can also be stand-alone, without the circle. These monograms can often be found as ancient burial inscriptions.[2][3]

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  1. ^ Church Symbolism: An Explanation of the more Important Symbols of the Old and New Testament, the Primitive, the Mediaeval and the Modern Church by Frederick Roth Webber (2nd. edition, 1938). p.77 [1]
  2. ^ Church Symbolism: An Explanation of the more Important Symbols of the Old and New Testament, the Primitive, the Mediaeval and the Modern Church by Frederick Roth Webber (2nd. edition, 1938). p.97 [2]
  3. ^ Church Symbolism: An Explanation of the more Important Symbols of the Old and New Testament, the Primitive, the Mediaeval and the Modern Church by Frederick Roth Webber (2nd. edition, 1938). p.93 [3]