|Biss in 2012|
|Member of the Illinois Senate
from the 9th district
|Preceded by||Jeffrey Schoenberg|
|Member of the Illinois House of Representatives from the 17th District|
May 2011 – January 2013
|Preceded by||Elizabeth Coulson|
|Succeeded by||Laura Fine|
|Born||August 27, 1977|
|Alma mater||Harvard University
Daniel Kálmán Biss (born August 27, 1977) is an American mathematician and member of the Illinois Senate from the 9th district, serving since January 2013. The district includes Chicago's northern suburbs, including Evanston, Glencoe, Glenview, Golf, Morton Grove, Northbrook, Northfield, Skokie, Wilmette, and Winnetka. Biss previously served in the Illinois House of Representatives from 2011 to 2013.
Personal life, education and mathematical career
Biss was born into a family of musicians: his brother is the noted pianist Jonathan Biss, his parents are the violinists Paul Biss and Miriam Fried, and his grandmother was the Russian-born cellist Raya Garbousova.
Biss attended Bloomington High School North in Bloomington, Indiana, graduating in 1995. In 1994, he attended the prestigious Research Science Institute at MIT. Biss subsequently earned his undergraduate degree at Harvard University, graduating summa cum laude, and his Ph.D. at MIT in 2002, both in mathematics. He won the 1999 Morgan Prize for his outstanding research as an undergraduate, and was a Clay Research Fellow from 2002 to 2007. His doctoral advisor was Michael J. Hopkins. He was a visiting scholar at the Institute for Advanced Study in the fall of 2003.
Prior to running for State Representative, Biss was an Assistant Professor of Mathematics at the University of Chicago. He published several papers about Grassmannian manifolds in prestigious journals, including the Annals of Mathematics, that later were discovered to contain a flaw which rendered the proofs invalid. In 2008, Biss issued retractions to the journals, which were subsequently published.
Biss created and wrote the mathematics behind the plot in An Abundance of Katherines, a novel by Vlogbrothers co-creator and author John Green. Daniel Biss is frequently described by John Green as "Nerdfighteria's resident mathematician."
Illinois House of Representatives
- Appropriations – Elementary & Secondary Education
- Personnel & Pensions
- Consumer Protection
- Small Business Empowerment & Workforce Development
- International Trade & Commerce
- Appropriations – Higher Education
|2008||Daniel Biss||25,959||48.52%||Elizabeth Coulson||27,540||51.48%|
|2010||Daniel K. Biss||23,134||54.78%||Hamilton Chang||19,096||45.22%|
|2012||Daniel Biss||68,064||66.63%||Glenn Farkas||34,081||33.37%|
According to a 2008 Political Courage Test, Daniel Biss supports carbon emissions limits. Biss is pro-choice, supporting legal abortion. He supports allowing high school graduates to pay in-state tuition at public universities regardless of immigration status, as well as state funding to raise the salaries of teachers. He received rating F by the NRA in 2010. Biss is a supporter of labor unions and has received $20,000 from AFSCME, the second largest donation to a state legislator.
State Senate campaign
On November 10, 2011, Biss announced his intent to run for the Illinois Senate seat held by retiring Senator Jeffrey Schoenberg. He won the election on November 6, 2012, receiving over 66% of the vote.
- ——— (2003). "Oriented matroids, complex manifolds, and a combinatorial model for BU". Advances in Mathematics 179 (2): 250–290. doi:10.1016/S0001-8708(02)00076-2.
- See also ——— (2009). "Erratum to "Oriented matroids, complex manifolds, and a combinatorial model for BU" [Adv. Math. 179 (2) (2003) 250–290]". Advances in Mathematics 221 (2): 681. doi:10.1016/j.aim.2008.12.012.
- ——— (2003). "The Homotopy Type of the Matroid Grassmannian". Annals of Mathematics 158 (3): 929–952. doi:10.4007/annals.2003.158.929. JSTOR 3597236.
- See also ——— (2009). "Erratum to "The homotopy type of the matroid Grassmannian"". Annals of Mathematics 170: 493. doi:10.4007/annals.2009.170.493.
- See also Mnev, N. (2007). "On D.K. Biss' papers "The homotopy type of the matroid Grassmannian" and "Oriented matroids, complex manifolds, and a combinatorial model for BU"". arXiv:0709.1291 [math.CO].
- ——— (2002). "The topological fundamental group and generalized covering spaces". Topology and its Applications 124 (3): 355–371. doi:10.1016/S0166-8641(01)00247-4.
- ——— (2000). "Hamiltonian decomposition of recursive circulant graphs". Discrete Mathematics 214 (1–3): 89–99. doi:10.1016/S0012-365X(99)00199-5.
- ——— (1998). "A lower bound on the number of functions satisfying the strict avalanche criterion". Discrete Mathematics 185 (1–3): 29–39. doi:10.1016/S0012-365X(97)00180-5.
- Szpiro, George G. (2010). "20: Brilliant but Fallible". A mathematical medley: fifty easy pieces on mathematics. American Mathematical Society. pp. 97–99.
- Daniel Biss, Clay Mathematics Institute
- Institute for Advanced Study: A Community of Scholars
- Comment by Laura Anderson on September 21, 2007 to Chicago Reader article "John Edwards and -- Daniel Biss?" -- Anderson's account of the events
- Error were discovered variously between 2005 (Anderson) and April 2006 (Mnev), Mnev posted September 2007, Biss submitted errata November 2008 (Annals) and December 2008 (Advances), which were published July 2009 (Annals) and March 2009 (Advances)
- Nir, Oaz (2008). "Book Review: An Abundance of Katherines". Notices of the AMS (American Mathematical Society) 55 (9): 1096–98. Retrieved 8 June 2011.
- Green, John (2006). An Abundance of Katherines. Dutton. ISBN 0-525-47688-1.
- "Representative Daniel Biss (D)". www.ilga.gov. Retrieved 22 February 2011.
- "Election Results". Cook County Board of Elections. Retrieved July 8, 2013.
- Biss Kicks Off Campaign With 150 Strong, Daniel Biss press release, September 14, 2009.
- Wage increases slow, but not campaign contributions
- Svitek, Patrick (November 10, 2011). "State Rep. Biss to seek Schoenberg's state Senate seat". The Daily Northwestern.
- Biography, bills and committees at the 98th Illinois General Assembly
- Illinois State Senator Daniel Biss legislative website
- Senator Daniel Biss at Illinois Senate Democrats
- Daniel Biss for State Senate campaign website