Bud Billiken Parade and Picnic
|Bud Billiken Parade and Picnic|
|Location(s)||Between 35th–55th Streets and Martin Luther King Dr.
|Previous event||August 9, 2014|
|Next event||August 8, 2015|
The Bud Billiken Parade and Picnic (also known as The Bud Billiken Day Parade) is an annual parade in Chicago, Illinois, United States and the oldest and largest African American parade in the United States. Since 1929, it has always been held on the second Saturday in August. The idea for the parade came from Robert S. Abbott, the founder of the Chicago Defender. It is now the second largest annual parade in the United States. The focus of the parade is on educating Chicago's youth.
The parade features celebrities, politicians, businessmen, civic organizations and youth. It occurs in the Bronzeville neighborhood on Chicago's south side and concludes in Washington Park. The parade has been televised on WGN-TV (1978–2012), WLS-TV (1984–present) and WCIU-TV (2012–present). National and international celebrities have attended and some have served as the parade's Grand Marshal. The 85th Annual Parade took place on August 9, 2014, and was televised on WLS-TV. In 2015, the second Saturday in August falls on August 8, 2015.
Bud Billiken is a fictional character created in 1923 by Abbott, who had been pondering the possibility of adding a youth section to the newspaper. While dining at a Chinese restaurant he noticed a Billiken. Some of the early Billiken columns were written by Willard Motley, who would later become a prominent black novelist. During the early 1930s, names of international youth appeared in the Bud Billiken section of the newspaper every week. Between 1930-34, approximately 10,000 names appeared and were archived in the Carter G. Woodson Regional Library of the Chicago Public Library. During the Great Depression, the Bud Billiken character served as a symbol of pride, happiness and hope for black residents. The character gained prominence in a comic strip and the Chicago Defender newspaper. Although the character was created in 1923, the parade did not begin until David Kellum initiated it in 1929 as a celebration of the "unity in diversity for the children of Chicago". It has since grown to become a locally televised event—the second largest parade in the nation. The parade, which began on August 11, 1929, now includes politicians, beauty queens, celebrities, musical performers, and dozens of marching, tumbling and dancing groups. It has grown from a locally sponsored event to one with major corporate presence and is seen as a signal of the impending end of summer and beginning of the new school year. As such the parade sponsors raise money for college scholarships for local youth.
The parade route has changed over the years. The original route was along Michigan Avenue beginning at 31st Street, then turned east into Washington Park. Concern for north-south traffic flow caused rerouting the parade route to South Parkway (now named Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. Drive), which runs directly into the park. At various times, street repairs have necessitated use of the Michigan route, but the current route is now the King Drive route. Freeman Gosden and Charles Correll of Amos 'n' Andy fame were the first guests of honor in the original parade. Robert S. Abbott led the first parade in his Rolls Royce. Dr. Marjorie Stewart Joyner, president of the Chicago Defender Charities, Inc., organized the parade for over 50 years. Numerous high-profile celebrities and dignitaries have attended the parade over the years, including U.S. President Harry S. Truman, Michael Jordan, Joe Louis, Muhammad Ali, Duke Ellington, Adelaide Hall, Oprah Winfrey, Diana Ross, Lena Horne, Ethel Waters, Cab Calloway, Paul Robeson and Billie Holiday. Truman rode alongside John H. Sengstacke, who was Abbott's nephew and took over the Chicago Defender in 1948, and Mayor Richard J. Daley in the 1956 Parade. Recent parades have featured popular musical acts as concert performers at the post-parade picnic. In 2006, approximately 26 million people saw the parade in person or on television, including 25 million television viewers and 1.2 million attendees. The 2006 parade also included 74,000 participants and 160 floats and vehicles. The 2008 parade was dedicated to actor and comedian Bernie Mac (star of The Bernie Mac Show), a native of Chicago, who died an hour before the start of the parade.
In 1993, a request to participate in the parade from a black LGBT group was declined by the organizers. Following legal action and the involvement of Lambda Legal, the Ad Hoc Committee of Proud Black Lesbians and Gays was allowed to participate in the parade.
The parade has categorized contests for participants such as best float, and best marching band. It takes place in Chicago's Bronzeville neighborhood, starting near 35th Street and South Dr. Martin Luther King Drive at the southern border of the Douglas community area, south of the landmark Victory Monument. It then continues south to 55th Street at Washington Park. This route covers approximately 2 miles (3.2 km). This route takes the parade through the Grand Boulevard and Washington Park community areas.
At the 78th annual parade in 2007, then-U.S. Senator Barack Obama served as the Grand Marshal for the second year in a row. Chicago Mayor Richard M. Daley attended, and march participants included U.S. Senator Dick Durbin, Lieutenant Governor of Illinois Pat Quinn and the Rev. Al Sharpton. One float represented the Chicago 2016 Committee and included past Chicago Olympians Bob Pickens, Willie May, Diane Simpson-Bundy and Kenny Johnson as well as the son of Danell Nicholson. The Chicago Bulls' mascot made a guest appearance.
Bud Billiken Parade is themed every year by the parade committee. The tradition began in 1940 when the parade organizers themed the parade "Americanism" to demonstrate patriotism in the US within the African-American community. Other themes over the years:
- 1940– "Americanism"
- 1993– "Education is here to stay. Don't let drugs, gangs and sex get in the way."
- 1995– "Family: In Partnerships Supporting One Another." 
- 1996– "Strengthening Family Through Our Youth."
- 1997– "Let's Parade the Child Stars of Education."
- 1999– "Bud Billiken Salutes Our Children, Our Future."
- 2001– "We Are Family." 
- 2004– "A Time to Encourage and Educate Our Youth."
- 2009– "Education, Yes We Can: A Salute to President Barack Obama" 
- 2010– "Education: It's the American Way."
- 2011– "Education: Now More Than Ever."
- 2012– "Education: Built To Last"/"A Tribute To President Barack Obama."
- 2013– "Empowerment of Youth through Education."
- 2014– "Education: The One Tool You Can't Lose"
The parade begins at 10 A.M. and ends at 4 P.M. After the parade visitors are welcomed to stay in Washington Park for the picnic. The picnic has various festivities and vendor booths. The post-parade festivities often include a concert. The 2006 parade featured Yung Joc, and the 2007 parade featured Pretty Ricky. However, it seems neither picnic included a concert.
The 2003 parade featured B2K. The concert was free with virtually unlimited space in the park for viewing. However, the crowd became unruly causing the concert to be curtailed. Over 40 attendees were taken to hospitals as a result. At the 2014 parade, Two teenagers were shot after an altercation involving a group of black youths along the parade route near the 4200 block of King Drive around 12:30 pm.
- Jerald Walker, "Dreams From My Father", Mother Jones, January/February 2009, p. 53.
- "Bud Billiken: 78th Annual Parade and Picnic (Parade facts)". Chicago Defender Charities, Inc. 2007. Archived from the original on August 22, 2006. Retrieved 2007-07-04.
- "ABC 7 Chicago Presents Live Broadcast Of The Bud Billiken Parade". ABC Inc., WLS-TV Chicago. 2006. Retrieved 2007-08-14.
- Scott, Eugene F. "From the Colonel". Bud Billiken Parade. Retrieved August 2014.
- WGN-TV drops Bud Billiken parade
- "Bud Billiken: 78th Annual Parade and Picnic". Chicago Defender Charities, Inc. 2007. Archived from the original on July 12, 2007. Retrieved 2007-07-04.
- "Bud Billiken Parade". 8th Infantry Illinois National Guard Association. Retrieved 2007-07-04.
- Pierre, Robert E. (2002-08-12). "What's In A Name? More Than A Parade". The Washington Post. Jesse Jackson, Jr. for Congress. Archived from the original on September 28, 2007. Retrieved 2007-07-04.
- "Bud Billiken: 78th Annual Parade and Picnic (Parade history)". Chicago Defender Charities, Inc. 2007. Archived from the original on September 17, 2007. Retrieved 2007-09-17.
- The 1933 Chicago World's Fair – Century of Progress, by Cheryl Ganz, published by University of Illinois Press, (6 January 2012) ISBN 0252078527. Adelaide Hall, Cab Calloway and Earl Hines at the Bud Billiken parade and Picnic reference on page 115: http://books.google.co.uk/books?id=GYXD8t4DDoIC&pg=PT163&dq=adelaide+hall+chicago&hl=en&sa=X&ei=tZdpU5vLI8a_ObH0gcgM&ved=0CGAQ6AEwBw#v=onepage&q=adelaide%20hall%20chicago&f=false
- Johnson, Dirk (2009-05-26). "Historical Trove, Freed From Storage, Gets a Home". The New York Times. p. A12. Retrieved 2009-09-23.
- Le Mignot, Suzanne (August 9, 2008). "Actor And Comedian Bernie Mac Dies At Age 50". CBS2Chicago. Archived from the original on 2008-08-22. Retrieved 2008-08-10.
- Tracy Baim (1 September 2008). Out and Proud in Chicago: An Overview of the City's Gay Community. Surrey Books. p. 188. ISBN 978-1-57284-100-0.
- Ball, Carlos A. (2010). From the closet to the courtroom : five LGBT rights lawsuits that have changed our nation. Boston, Mass: Beacon Press. p. 79. ISBN 9780807001530.
- "Bud Billiken 78th Annual Parade and Picnic (Best of Parade)". Chicago Defender Charities, Inc. Archived from the original on January 4, 2008. Retrieved 2007-09-24.
- "Bud Billiken Parade". University of Chicago Medical Center. 2007. Retrieved 2007-09-17.
- Martinez, Mai, et al. (2007-08-11). "Bud Billiken Parade Draws Nearly 1 Million People". CBS Broadcasting. Archived from the original on September 27, 2007. Retrieved 2007-08-14.
- Kishter, Lindsay (2007-08-11). "Bud Billiken parade floats Olympic dreams". Chicago Tribune. Topix LLC. Retrieved 2007-09-21.[dead link]
- CBS Chicago:Bud Billiken Parade ‘Like A Big Homecoming’ To Grand Marshal Chaka Khan (August 9, 2014)
- Bud Billiken Parade
- Year's Parade African-American Route (Chicago Tribune: August 13, 1993)
- A Million Chicagoans Can't Be Wrong, It's Bud Billiken Parade Time Again (Chicago Tribune: August 6, 1995)
- African-American Kids Massive Picnic (Chicago Tribune: August 10, 1996)
- King And Queen Of Bud Billiken Parade Get Royal Treatment (Chicago Tribune: August 9, 1997)
- Big Business To Join Billiken Parade (Chicago Tribune: August 13, 1999)
- Bud Billiken parade ready to roll today 'We Are Family' theme will be used to promote going back to school (Chicago Tribune: August 11, 2001)
- Bud Billiken Parade (Chicago Tribune: August 13, 2004)
- Bud Billiken Parade: 2009
- Chicago Radio & Media: '2010 Bud Billiken Parade
- Chicago Radio & Media: '2011 Bud Billiken Parade
- Chicago Radio & Media: '2012 Bud Billiken Parade
- SponsorChicago: Bud Billiken Parade
- ACB7 Chicago: Bud Billiken Parade
- "77th Annual Bud Billiken Parade". UnRated. 2007. Retrieved 2007-09-17.
- "Tha Pope & Pretty Ricky". YouTube, LLC. Retrieved 2007-09-17.[dead link]
- Hope, Leah (2003-08-11). "Concert chaos raises questions of crowd safety". ABC Inc., WLS-TV Chicago. Retrieved 2007-09-17.
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