Dannel Malloy

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Dannel Malloy
DannelMalloy.jpg
88th Governor of Connecticut
Incumbent
Assumed office
January 5, 2011
Lieutenant Nancy Wyman
Preceded by Jodi Rell
29th Mayor of Stamford
In office
December 1, 1995 – December 1, 2009
Preceded by Stanley Esposito
Succeeded by Michael Pavia
Assistant District Attorney for Kings County, New York
In office
1980–1984
Personal details
Born Dannel Patrick Malloy
(1955-07-21) July 21, 1955 (age 58)
Stamford, Connecticut, U.S.
Political party Democratic Party
Spouse(s) Cathy Malloy
Alma mater Boston College
Profession Lawyer
Religion Roman Catholicism[1]
Signature
Website Gubernatorial website

Dannel Patrick "Dan" Malloy (born July 21, 1955) is an American politician who is the 88th and current Governor of Connecticut. A member of the Democratic Party, Malloy has served as Governor since 2011.

Born in Stamford, Connecticut, Malloy is the graduate of Boston College Law School. Malloy began his career as an assistant district attorney in Brooklyn, New York in 1980 before moving back to Stamford in and entering private practice. He served on the Stamford board of finance from 1984 to 1994 before being elected Mayor of Stamford. He served four terms as mayor from December 1995 to December 2009.

Malloy ran unsuccessfully for Governor in 2006, losing the Democratic primary to John DeStefano, Jr., the Mayor of New Haven, who was defeated in the general election by incumbent Republican Governor Jodi Rell. He ran again in 2010 and comfortably won the primary, defeating Ned Lamont, the 2006 U.S. Senate nominee, by 57% to 43%.[2][3] Rell did not run for re-election and Malloy faced former United States Ambassador to Ireland Thomas C. Foley in the general election, defeating him by fewer than 6,500 votes. Malloy was sworn in on January 5, 2011.

Early life, education, and early career[edit]

Dannel Patrick Malloy was born and raised in Stamford, Connecticut, the seventh of seven sons and youngest of the eight children of Agnes (née Egan), a nurse, and William F. Malloy.[4] He is of Irish descent and was raised in the Catholic faith.[5][6]

As a child, Malloy suffered from learning disabilities and difficulties with motor coordination. He did not learn to tie his shoes until the fifth grade. Malloy eventually was diagnosed with dyslexia and learned the skills necessary to succeed academically. He does not write or type, and rarely reads from notes in public, but developed an extraordinarily useful memory.[7] He graduated magna cum laude from Boston College, where he met his wife Cathy, and later earned his law degree from Boston College Law School.[8][9]

After passing the bar exam, Malloy served as an Assistant District Attorney in Brooklyn, New York from 1980 to 1984. During his tenure as a prosecutor, Malloy tried 23 felony cases, four of them homicides, and won 22 convictions. He was subsequently a partner in the Stamford law firm of Abate and Fox from 1984-95. He served on the Stamford Board of Finance from 1983 to 1994.[10]

Mayor of Stamford[edit]

In 1995, he ran successfully for Mayor of Stamford, defeating two-term Republican incumbent Stanley Esposito. At the same time, voters approved a measure to extend the Mayor's term of office from two years to four, effective at the next election. He was re-elected in 1997, 2001 and 2005.[11]

Malloy made crime reduction a priority during his administration; Stamford is currently ranked as the 9th safest city in the United States and 3rd safest in the Northeast region[12] and for the past six years has ranked in the top 11 safest cities with populations of 100,000 or more, according to the FBI.[13] Malloy wrote a blog known as "The Blog That Works", since deleted, until mid-January 2010.

Budgeting and districting of the various fire departments throughout the city has been unstable since 2007, due to an extended legal conflict between the volunteer departments and the Malloy administration, which sought to consolidate the fire departments against the advice and wishes of the volunteer fire departments.[14]

Governor of Connecticut[edit]

Elections[edit]

2006[edit]

In 2004, Malloy was the first candidate to announce his bid for the Democratic Party nomination for Governor of Connecticut. In a major upset in Malloy’s favor, he received the convention endorsement of the Democratic Party on May 20, 2006 by one vote. Malloy lost in the primary election however against New Haven Mayor John DeStefano, Jr. on August 8, 2006.

2010[edit]

On February 3, 2009, Malloy officially filed paperwork with Connecticut's State Elections Enforcement Commission to form a gubernatorial exploratory committee,[15] and subsequently announced that he did not intend to seek re-election as Mayor of Stamford.[16] On March 9, 2010, Malloy filed the required paperwork to officially run for governor.[17]

Malloy received the Democratic Party's endorsement for Governor on May 22, 2010 in a 68-32 vote over 2006 Democratic senatorial candidate Ned Lamont.[18] Connecticut's Democratic Party rules allow any candidate who received more than 15% of the vote at its nominating convention to challenge the endorsed candidate for the nomination in a primary, and Lamont announced that he would challenge Malloy in the gubernatorial primary. The primary was held on August 10, 2010. Malloy won with 58% of the vote, according to AP-reported unofficial results.[19][20][21] According to preliminary numbers, he beat Lamont 101,354 to 73,875.[19][20]

As a Democratic candidate for Governor prior to the Democratic state convention and subsequent primary, Malloy chose Nancy Wyman to be his running mate. Wyman is the only woman elected State Comptroller since the office was created in 1786. Malloy's choice was confirmed by the Democratic nominating convention on May 22, and Wyman became the official 2010 Democratic candidate for Lieutenant Governor when she defeated primary opponent Mary Glassman on August 10. After the primaries, candidates for Governor and Lieutenant Governor run together as a team on a single ticket. Thus, Malloy and Wyman were both elected on November 2, 2010.

Malloy faced Republican Thomas C. Foley, the former United States Ambassador to Ireland under President George W. Bush, in the race for governor. In the last Quinnipiac University Polling Institute poll released on the morning before Election Day, Malloy trailed Foley 48% to 45%.[22]

According to The New York Times on November 3, Malloy was elected governor; they later placed Foley in the lead with no declared winner.[23] The Associated Press had at one point also placed Foley ahead by 8,424 votes because they hadn't added the votes from New Haven or Bridgeport at that time.[24] In the days following the election, there was controversy over several polling locations in Bridgeport remaining open until 10 p.m. on Election Day due to ballot shortages.[24] Foley's team looked into the events that took place in Bridgeport and determined there was insufficient evidence of enough fraud to overcome the vote deficit.[25]

2014[edit]

Malloy is up for re-election in November 2014 and on March 28, 2014 announced his intention to seek a second term.[26] Malloy may face a close race against a Republican challenger.[27]

Tenure[edit]

Malloy was sworn in as the 88th Governor of Connecticut on January 5, 2011, succeeding Republican Governor Jodi Rell.

The first task facing Malloy upon taking office was addressing a multi-billion-dollar deficit as a result of the prior state budget enacted by the Democratic super-majority-controlled legislature which Rell chose to accept without signing.[28] Malloy adopted what he called an agenda of "shared sacrifice" which was dependent on increases in various taxes, including the income tax, the gas tax, the sales tax, and the estate tax, as well as $1 billion each year in union concessions.[29] Malloy chose not to reduce aid to municipalities as part of his budget agenda,[30] although such aid would have been jeopardized if labor concessions were not reached.[31] After two months of negotiations, in May 2011, Malloy won $1.6 billion in union givebacks. The budget deal meant that, in contrast to many other states, there were no layoffs.[32] Many of Malloy's proposed tax increases were unpopular,[33] despite a statewide "listening tour" to promote the budget.[34]

In June 2011, Malloy signed a bill that decriminalized possession of small amounts of marijuana. Offenders pay a $150 fine for a first offense and a fine ranging from $200 to $500 for subsequent offenses. Those younger than 21 face a 60-day driver's license suspension. Paraphernalia has also been decriminalized as long as the person possesses under 1/2 an ounce of marijuana. Offenders may still be arrested for under 1/2 an ounce or a pipe if they are in a school zone and there is a mandatory minimum sentence (MMS) of 3 years. There is also an MMS of 3 years for sale to a minor.[35]

Malloy supports progressive social measures, including protections for transgender identity. Malloy praised the Transgender Rights Bill HB 6599[36] and promised he would sign it into law. It passed the legislature and he signed it on July 5, 2011.[37] The bill protects the rights of transgender residents, including the right to use public facilities of the gender a person identifies with.[38][39][40]

On September 21, 2011, Malloy issued Executive Orders 9 and 10, which would allow the Service Employees International Union to unionize day care workers subsidized through Care 4 Kids and personal care attendants under Medicaid waivers by redefining these employees as state employees for collective bargaining purposes.[41] The executive orders generated intense opposition from child care providers, personal care attendants, their employers with disabilities, the National Federation of Independent Business, and We the People of Connecticut, a constitutionalist organization.[42] Disability advocates objected to being excluded from the decision-making process, to union interference in the intimate relationship between employers and PCAs, and to the likely loss of PCA hours under a capped program; NFIB feared a "terrible precedent" in allowing other union organizing drives of small businesses by executive order through card check; and legislators viewed Malloy's actions as a violation of the state Constitution's separation of powers. Malloy responded that these workers, whom he described as being among the hardest working and lowest paid, deserved the opportunity to collectively bargain if they wished to do so.

Malloy, who has long campaigned against capital punishment,[43] signed a bill to repeal the state's death penalty on April 25, 2012. The bill is not retroactive and does not affect those currently on death row in Connecticut.[44][45]

Malloy's "centerpiece" education reform bill was unanimously passed by the Connecticut House of Representatives and signed into law in early May 2012. The bill increases funding for early childhood education and poorer school districts, creates 1,000 more preschool places, creates a kindergarten to third grade literacy pilot programme and reformed teacher tenure, tying it to performance.[46]

Also in May 2012, Malloy signed a bill that expanded voting rights in Connecticut, allowing for same-day voter registration. Other provisions to allow early voting and "no-excuse" absentee ballots will be subject to a referendum, to be held in 2014.[47] It also allows for online voter registration, beginning in 2014.[48]

At the end of May 2012, Malloy signed a bill that repealed Connecticut's ban on the sale of alcohol on Sundays. Connecticut and Indiana had previously been the only states that still had broad restrictions on the sale of alcohol on Sundays.[49]

Connecticut became the 17th state to legalize medical marijuana on June 1, 2012 after Malloy signed a bill into law. Some portions of the law were effective immediately while the remaining portions became effective on October 1, 2012.[50][51]

In response to Hurricane Sandy, Malloy partially activated the state's Emergency Operations Center on October 26, 2012[52] and signed a Declaration of Emergency the next day.[53] On October 28, President Barack Obama approved Connecticut's request for an emergency declaration, and hundreds of National Guard personnel were deployed.[54] On October 29, Malloy ordered road closures for all state highways.[55] Numerous mandatory and partial evacuations were issued in cities across Connecticut.[56] Malloy's strong initial response is credited with helping the state to avoid much of the damage that affected neighbouring New York and nearby New Jersey. Five people were killed and over 30,000 houses were destroyed. The Federal Emergency Management Agency gave the state over $283 million in the 6 months following the hurricane and in August 2013, Malloy announced that the Department of Housing and Urban Development was giving another $71.8 million.[57]

In the state's legislative elections of November 2012, Republicans tried to tie Democratic legislators to Malloy, who has consistently had faced negative job approval ratings.[58] The strategy did not work and the Democrats recorded no losses in either house. Malloy called the results a "vindication" and said that "Tough times require tough decisions that are not immediately popular... you should not be afraid to make tough decisions, particularly if you are transparent about those decisions, if you explain why those decisions were necessary. In our case, the tough decisions we had to make were in fact caused by Republican governors."[59]

In the wake of the Sandy Hook Elementary School shooting in Newtown in December 2012, Malloy pushed for strict new gun control laws. In April 2013, he signed into law a bill that required universal background checks, bans magazines with a capacity of more than 10 rounds, creates the country's first registry for dangerous-weapon offenders and adds over 100 types of gun to the state's assault weapons ban. The bill passed the legislature with bipartisan support.[60]

On June 7, 2013, Malloy signed a bill that allows all residents of Connecticut, including illegal immigrants, to apply for a driver's license. He called it a public safety issue that "needs to be addressed". The licenses cannot be used to vote or board a plane and the bill will take effect in July 2015.[61]

Memberships[edit]

Personal life[edit]

He and his wife have been married since 1982. Cathy Malloy is the Executive Director of the Center for Sexual Assault Crisis Counseling and Education serving lower Fairfield County. The couple has three sons: Ben, Dannel, and Sam.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ NPR Online Profile
  2. ^ Hartford Courant report on endorsements for Malloy
  3. ^ "The New York Times" Lamont Loses Connecticut Primary for Governor
  4. ^ Siedzik, Jason. "Dan Malloy stands behind the striking employees of Laurel Hill Health Care". The Register Citizen. Retrieved 2012-12-16. 
  5. ^ "Irish eyes were smiling at Governor-elect Malloy in Stamford reception". Stamfordplus.com. Retrieved 2012-12-16. 
  6. ^ Lisa Miller (2012-04-19). "Catholic activists pushing politicians to turn tide against the death penalty". The Washington Post. Retrieved 2012-12-16. 
  7. ^ Halbfinger, David M. (February 15, 2011). "Connecticut Governor, Tackling Budget, Criticizes Christie's Approach". The New York Times. Retrieved February 16, 2011. 
  8. ^ Haigh, Susan (May 30, 2006). "AP Interview: Malloy overcame dyslexia, physical struggles". The Connecticut Post. Associated Press. Retrieved November 14, 2010. 
  9. ^ Hernandez, Raymond (August 11, 2010). "Odds Defied? Malloy Knows the Territory". The New York Times. Retrieved November 14, 2010. 
  10. ^ http://www.governor.ct.gov/malloy/cwp/view.asp?a=4011&q=471134
  11. ^ Bill Squier (June 1, 2009). "And they’re off!". Stamford Plus. Retrieved October 28, 2013. 
  12. ^ Stamford safety record
  13. ^ Lowe, Zach. "Stamford named ninth safest city in U.S." The Advocate (Stamford), 2007-06-20. Retrieved on 2009-02-19
  14. ^ Morganteen, Jeff (December 2, 2009). "Stamford fire service consolidation part of Malloy's legacy". stamfordadvocate.com. Retrieved August 29, 2011. 
  15. ^ Pazniokas, Mark. "Stamford Mayor Explores Run For Governor" The Hartford Courant, 2009-02-03. Retrieved on 2009-02-19
  16. ^ Wright, Chase. "Malloy focuses on governor's seat", The Stamford Times, 2009-02-04.
  17. ^ "Malloy makes it official: he's running for governor". StamfordAdvocate. 2010-03-10. Retrieved 2010-08-29. 
  18. ^ Lamont challenges Malloy
  19. ^ a b AP, "Connecticut - Summary Vote Results" Daily Coruant, August 11, 2010. Found at AP website; retrieved August 11, 2010.
  20. ^ a b DemFromCT, "CT primary: Malloy beats Lamont, GOP Gov. leans Foley, McMahon wins but under 50%", DailyKos, August 10, 2010; see DailyKos website; retrieved August 11, 2010.
  21. ^ Ken Dixon, "Foley joins Malloy as primary winner," August 10, 2010. Found at Connecticut Post website; retrieved August 11, 2010
  22. ^ Q Poll: Blumenthal Up 9 Points; Governor Too Close To Call."Q Poll: Blumenthal Up 9 Points; Governor Too Close To Call" "The Hartford Courant", 2010-11-01. Retrieved on 2010-11-01.
  23. ^ New York Times coverage of 2010 Connecticut gubernatorial election
  24. ^ a b Ken Dixon and Bill Cummings (November 3, 2010). "Malloy declared winner, but Foley fights on". Stamford Advocate. Retrieved November 4, 2010. 
  25. ^ Foley Concedes to Malloy
  26. ^ http://articles.courant.com/2014-03-28/news/hc-malloy-seeking-reelection-20140328_1_re-election-plans-press-conference-capitol-complex
  27. ^ "Malloy Could Face Tough Re-Election Battle in Conn. Gubernatorial Race". StamfordAdvocate. 2014-03-04. Retrieved 2014-03-27. 
  28. ^ "Hartford Rell looks to fix 2011's budget deficit | WTNH.com Connecticut". Wtnh.com. Retrieved 2012-08-17. 
  29. ^ February 17, 2011 (2011-02-17). "Malloy's Budget Pitch: 'Shared Sacrifice' - Hartford Courant". Articles.courant.com. Retrieved 2012-08-17. 
  30. ^ "City And Town Aid Escape Malloy's Budget-Cutting - Hartford Courant". Articles.courant.com. 2011-02-16. Retrieved 2012-08-17. 
  31. ^ "Malloy may cut municipal aid if unions don't concede - The Hour Publishing Company: Norwalk". Thehour.com. 2011-04-13. Retrieved 2012-08-17. 
  32. ^ Peter Applebome (May 13, 2011). "Connecticut Unions Agree to $1.6 Billion in Givebacks". The New York Times. Retrieved October 27, 2013. 
  33. ^ By LeAnne Gendreau (2011-03-09). "Most Disapprove of Malloy: Poll". NBC Connecticut. Retrieved 2012-08-17. 
  34. ^ Colin McEnroe (2011-04-24). "Looking For Sequel To Malloy's Budget Show - Hartford Courant". Courant.com. Retrieved 2012-08-17. 
  35. ^ "Marijuana Decriminalization Bill Passes". NBC Connecticut. Retrieved 2013-07-06. 
  36. ^ "Bill Status". Cga.ct.gov. Retrieved 2012-08-17. 
  37. ^ "Connecticut Gender Identity Anti-Discrimination Bill Signed By Governor Dan Malloy". The Huffington Post. July 6, 2011. Retrieved October 27, 2013. 
  38. ^ "Conn. passes transgender rights bill". The Boston Globe. 
  39. ^ BY Advocate.com Editors (2011-06-07). "Conn Trans Rights Bill a Sure Thing". Advocate.com. Retrieved 2012-08-17. 
  40. ^ "Connecticut House Passes Transgender Rights Bill; Moves On To Senate « CBS New York". Newyork.cbslocal.com. 2011-05-20. Retrieved 2012-08-17. 
  41. ^ Office of Governor Malloy (2011-09-21). "Governor Malloy: Gov. Malloy Advances Workers' Rights for Personal Care Attendants, Family Child Care Providers". Governor.ct.gov. Retrieved 2012-08-17. 
  42. ^ Levin Becker, Arielle (10 November 2011). "GOP hearing challenges Malloy order on home care attendants". CT Mirror. Retrieved 24 November 2011. 
  43. ^ Christopher Keating (May 20, 2012). "Tom Foley, Dan Malloy Clash On Death Penalty, Jobs, Records In Gubernatorial Debate". Hartford Courant. Retrieved October 27, 2013. 
  44. ^ Brett Logiurato (April 12, 2012). "Connecticut Abolishes The Death Penalty, Not That It Actually Ever Had One". Business Insider. Retrieved October 27, 2013. 
  45. ^ "Connecticut governor signs bill to repeal death penalty". FOXNews.com (FOX News Network, LLC.). April 25, 2012. Retrieved April 25, 2012. 
  46. ^ Kathleen Megan; Daniela Altimari (May 9, 2012). "House Unanimously Passes Education Reform Bill". Hartford Courant. Retrieved October 27, 2013. 
  47. ^ Daniela Altimari (May 9, 2012). "Connecticut Senate Gives Final Approval To Constitutional Amendment On Early Voting". Hartford Courant. Retrieved October 27, 2013. 
  48. ^ Keith M. Phaneuf (May 5, 2012). "Senate gives final approval to Election Day registration". The CT Mirror. Retrieved October 27, 2013. 
  49. ^ Elizabeth Maker (May 20, 2012). "Buy Alcohol on Sunday? Connecticut Now Allows It". The New York Times. Retrieved October 27, 2013. 
  50. ^ "Medical marijuana legalized in Connecticut". Reuters. 2012-06-01. 
  51. ^ "OLR Bill Analysis - AN ACT CONCERNING THE PALLIATIVE USE OF MARIJUANA.". State of Connecticut. 2012-10-20. 
  52. ^ "Governor Malloy to Partially Activate the State Emergency Operations Center at 8am Saturday". Hurricane Sandy News and Information. CT.gov. Retrieved 2012-10-27. 
  53. ^ "Gov. Malloy Signs Declaration of Emergency". Hurricane Sandy News and Information. CT.gov. Retrieved 2012-10-27. 
  54. ^ "Obama approves pre-landfall emergency declaration for Connecticut". The Hour. Retrieved 2012-10-29. 
  55. ^ "All Connecticut highways closed as Sandy approaches". WABC TV. Retrieved 2012-10-29. 
  56. ^ "Town-By-Town Evacuations". October 28, 2012. Retrieved 2012-10-29. 
  57. ^ Dylan Stableford (October 25, 2013). "Connecticut: Sandy's (sometimes) forgotten victim". Yahoo! News. Retrieved October 27, 2013. 
  58. ^ Alan Greenblatt (August 25, 2013). "A Guide To The Nation's Most Vulnerable Governors". NPR. Retrieved October 27, 2013. 
  59. ^ Mark Pazniokas (November 8, 2012). "Malloy sees vindication in 2012 election results". The CT Mirror. Retrieved October 27, 2013. 
  60. ^ "Connecticut Governor Dannel Malloy signs bill with gun-control laws among the toughest in nation". Daily News. April 4, 2013. Retrieved October 27, 2013. 
  61. ^ Jenny Wilson (June 7, 2013). "Malloy Signs Undocumented Immigrants Driver’s License Bill, Which Takes Effect In 2015". Hartford Courant. Retrieved October 27, 2013. 

External links[edit]

Political offices
Preceded by
Stanley Esposito
Mayor of Stamford
1995–2009
Succeeded by
Michael Pavia
Preceded by
Jodi Rell
Governor of Connecticut
2011–present
Incumbent
Party political offices
Preceded by
John DeStefano
Democratic nominee for Governor of Connecticut
2010
Most recent
United States order of precedence (ceremonial)
Preceded by
Joe Biden
as Vice President
Order of Precedence of the United States
Within Connecticut
Succeeded by
Mayor of city
in which event is held
Succeeded by
Otherwise John Boehner
as Speaker of the House of Representatives
Preceded by
Nathan Deal
as Governor of Georgia
Order of Precedence of the United States
Outside Connecticut
Succeeded by
Deval Patrick
as Governor of Massachusetts