Date format by country

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This page gives an overview of date formats by country, for the Gregorian calendar (see other calendars in use). (For time as well, see Date and time representation by country.)

Legends[edit]

All examples use example date 1996-04-22 / 22 April 1996 / April 22, 1996 – except where a single-digit day is illustrated.

Basic components of a calendar date for the most common calendar systems:

Y – Year
M – Month
D – Day

Order of the basic components:

BBig-endian (year, month, day), e.g. 1996-04-22
LLittle-endian (day, month, year), e.g. 22.04.96 or 22/04/96 or 22 April 1996
MMiddle-endian (month, day, year), e.g. 04/22/96 or April 22, 1996

Specific formats for the basic components

yy – Two-digit year, e.g. 96
yyyy – Four-digit year, e.g. 1996
m – One-digit month for months below 10, e.g. 4
mm – Two-digit month, e.g. 04
mmm – Three-letter abbreviation for month, e.g. Apr
mmmm – Month spelled out in full, e.g. April
d – One-digit day for days below 10, e.g. 2
dd – Two-digit day, e.g. 02

Separators of the components

"/" – Slash
"." – Dots or full stops
"-" – Hyphens or dashes
" " – Spaces

Map[edit]

Colors for one endian form are one of the base colors of the CMYK color model: yellow = Big-endian; cyan = Little-endian; magenta = Middle-endian.
Color      Endian styles Order styles Main regions and countries Approximate population in millions (rounded to full 10)
  Cyan
L DMY Asia (Central, SE, West), Hong Kong, Australia (24), most of Europe (ca. 800), most of Latin America (370), North Africa; India (1240), Indonesia (250), Brazil (200), Nigeria (170), Bangladesh (150), Russia (140) 3420
  Yellow
B YMD China (1360), Hungary (10), Iran (80), Japan (130), Koreas (75), Lithuania, Mongolia. Known in other countries due to ISO 8601. 1660
  Magenta
M MDY United States (320), Belize 320
  Green
B, L YMD, DMY Denmark, Nepal, Sweden, South Africa (50) 110
  Red
L, M DMY, MDY Philippines (100), Saudi Arabia (30) 130
  Grey
B, L, M YMD, DMY, MDY Canada (30) 30
  Blue
B, M YMD, MDY 0

Listing[edit]

Country Endianness Details ISO 8601
YMD DMY MDY
Albania Yes Yes No dd/mm/yyyy

Some YMD[1][2][3]

Algeria No Yes No [4] (dd/mm/yyyy)[5]
Argentina No Yes No [6][7]
Armenia No Yes No (dd.mm.yyyy)[8][9]
Australia No Yes No [10][11][12] AS 3802:1997
Austria No Yes No (Using dots (which denote ordinal numbering) as in “d.m.(yy)yy” or sometimes "d. month (yy)yy")[13][14] OENORM EN 28601
Azerbaijan No Yes No (dd.mm.yyyy)[15]
Bahrain No Yes No [16]
Bangladesh No Yes No (Century digits may be omitted, e.g., dd-mm-yy)[17]
Barbados No Yes No BNS 50:2000[18]
Basque Country Yes No No yyyy.mm.dd (when written in Basque)[19]
Belarus No Yes No (dd.mm.yyyy)[20][21]
Belgium No Yes No [22][23] NBN EN 28601
Belize No No Yes [24]
Bolivia No Yes No [25]
Bosnia and Herzegovina No Yes No
Brazil No Yes No (dd/mm/yyyy)[26][27]
Bulgaria No Yes No (dd.mm.yyyy)[28][29]
Canada Yes Yes Yes All 3 main types are used in Canada – in French and in English.[30][31]

Social Insurance applications for Canada use DMY format.[32]

Passport applications[33] and tax returns[34] use YYYY MM DD.

Immigration Canada Stamps use DD/MM/YYYY and Canada Customs Stamps use MM/DD/YYYY.

Nearly all newspapers use MDY (MMM[M] D, YYYY).[35]

The default date format used by Microsoft Windows for English Canada for all-numeric dates (short-dates) is DD/MM/YYYY, and for long dates is MMMM D, YYYY in Windows XP and MMMM-DD-YY in later versions; for French Canada it is YYYY-MM-DD for short-dates and D MMMM YYYY for long-dates.

CSA Z234.5:1989
Chile No Yes No [36]
China, People's Republic of Yes No No yyyy-mm-dd or yyyy年m月d日 (with no leading zeroes)[37] (See Dates in Chinese.) GB/T 7408-2005
Colombia No Yes No [38]
Costa Rica No Yes No [39]
Croatia No Yes No (d. m. yyyy. or d. month yyyy.)[40][41]
Cyprus No Yes No
Czech Republic No Yes No (d. m. yyyy or d. month yyyy)[42][43] CSN ISO 8601
Denmark Yes Yes No (The format dd-mm-(yy)yy is the traditional Danish date format.[44] The international format yyyy-mm-dd or yyyymmdd is also accepted. There are no official standard for numeric date format, although the traditional format is the most widely used. The formats d. 'monthname' yyyy and in handwriting d/m-yy or d/m yyyy are also acceptable.[45]) DS/ISO 8601:2005
Dominica No Yes No
Dominican Republic No Yes No [46]
Ecuador No Yes No [47]
Egypt No Yes No [48][49]
El Salvador No Yes No [50]
Estonia No Yes No (d.m.yyyy or d. mmmm yyyy)[51]
Federated States of Micronesia No No Yes [52]
Finland No Yes No (d.m.yyyy or d. month yyyy)[53] SFS-EN 28601
France No Yes No (dd-mm-yyyy or dd/mm/yyyy)[54][55] NF EN 28601
Georgia No Yes No (dd.mm.yyyy)
Germany Yes Yes No The format d(d).m(m).(yy)yy (using dots (which denote ordinal numbering) is the traditional German date format.[56] Since 1996-05-01, the international format yyyy-mm-dd has become the official standard date format, but the handwritten form d. 'monthname' yyyy is also accepted (see DIN 5008)., standardization applies only for a small part of official correspondence. While the international format is meanwhile in use, the majority of the population continue to use the ordinal format d(d).m(m).(yy)yy.)[citation needed] DIN ISO 8601, used in DIN 5008[57]
Greece No Yes No [58][59] ELOT EN 28601
Greenland No Yes No (dd.mm.yyyy)[60][61]
Grenada No Yes No
Guatemala No Yes No [62]
Guyana No Yes No
Hong Kong Yes Yes No (yy)yy年m月d日 (with no leading zeroes) for Chinese[63] and (d)d/(m)m/(yy)yy for English
Honduras No Yes No [64]
Hungary Yes No No yyyy. mm. dd.

The year is always written with Arabic numerals. The number of the month usually written with Arabic numerals but it also can be written with Roman numerals, or with alphabets. The day is also written with Arabic numerals.[65][66][67][68]

MSZ ISO 8601:2003
Iceland No Yes No (dd.mm.yyyy)[69][70] IST EN 28601:1992
India No Yes No In India, the DD-MM-YY is the predominant short form of the numeric date usage. Almost all government documents need to be filled up in the DD-MM-YYYY format. An example of DD-MM-YYYY usage is the passport application form.[71][72][73] Though not yet a common practice, the BIS (Bureau of Indian Standards) of the Government of India introduced the standard named "IS 7900:2001 (Revised in 2006) Data Elements And Interchange Formats - Information Interchange - Representation Of Dates And Times" which officially recommends use of the date format YYYYMMDD, for example, 20130910 or 2013 09 10, or 2013-09-10 for the date 10 September 2013 IS 7900:2001
Indonesia No Yes No [74]
Iran Yes Yes No Short format: yyyy/mm/dd[75] in Persian Calendar system ("yy/m/d" is a common alternative), yyyy-mm-dd[76] in Gregorian Calendar system

Long format: D MMMM YYYY (Day first, full month name, year)[75][76]

Iraq No Yes No Short format: (dd/mm/yyyy)[77]
Ireland No Yes No (dd-mm-yyyy). dd/mm/yyyy is also in common use[78][79] IS/EN 28601:1993
Israel No Yes No (dd/mm/yyyy)[80][81]
Italy No Yes No (dd/mm/yyyy)[82] UNI EN 28601
Jamaica No Yes No [83]
Japan Yes No No Often in the form yyyy年mm月dd日;[84] sometimes Japanese era year is used, e.g. 平成18年12月30日.[85] JIS X 0301:2002
Jordan No Yes No [86][87]
Kazakhstan No Yes No (dd.mm.(yy)yy)[88]
Kenya Yes Yes Yes (yy/mm/dd)[89]

(dd/mm/yyyy)

(m/d/yyyy) for Kiswahili language [90]

Korea Yes No No (yyyy년 mm월 dd일, yyyy.mm.dd, yyyy/mm/dd)[91]
Kuwait No Yes No [92]
Kyrgyzstan No Yes No (dd.mm.yyyy)[93]
Latvia Yes Yes No (dd.mm.yyyy;[94] yyyy.mm.dd is also used[95])
Lebanon No Yes No [96]
Libya No Yes No [97]
Lithuania Yes No No (yyyy-mm-dd)[98] LST ISO 8601:1997
Luxembourg No Yes No (dd/mm/yyyy in French,[99] d.m.yyyy in German[100]) ITM-EN 28601
Macau Yes Yes No YMD (same as Hong Kong)[101]

DMY (in Portuguese & English)

Macedonia No Yes No (dd.mm.yyyy)[102]
Malaysia No Yes No In Malaysian English, however, the American-style MDY is also sometimes used, example includes New Straits Times, The Sun and The Edge. The Malay Mail originally uses MDY before it changed to DMY due to the change of ownership.
Malta No Yes No
Moldova No Yes No
Mexico No Yes No [103] NOM-008-SCFI-2002
Mongolia Yes No No (yyyy.mm.dd)[104]
Montenegro No Yes No (d.m.yyyy)[105]
Morocco No Yes No [106]
Myanmar Yes Yes No YMD for Burmese calendar. DMY for Gregorian or Julian calendar.
Nepal Yes No No [citation needed] (also see Nepal Sambat which is also in use)
Netherlands No Yes No (Using hyphens as in “dd-mm-(yy) yy”, very often "d month (yy)yy")[107] NEN ISO 8601 & NEN EN 28601 & NEN 2772
New Zealand No Yes No [108]
Nicaragua No Yes No [109]
Nigeria No Yes No dd/mm/yy[110]
Norway No Yes No dd.mm.(yy)yy[111]

(d.m.y; the fraction form d/m-y is common, but incorrect[112])

NS-ISO 8601
Oman No Yes No [113]
Pakistan No Yes No [114][115] (dd/mm/(yy)yy)
Palau No No Yes
Panama No Yes No [116]
Paraguay No Yes No [117]
Peru No Yes No [118]
Philippines No Yes Yes English: mmmm dd, yyyy
DMY is also used in some other instances such as on the data page of Passports.
Filipino: ika-dd ng mmmm, yyyy[119]
(Note: Month and year can be shortened.)
Poland No Yes No (dd.mm.yyyy,[120] often with dots as separators; more official is d <month in genitive> yyyy, or, less frequently, d <month in Roman numerals> yyyy)[121][122] PN-90/N-01204
Portugal No Yes No (dd/mm/yyyy)[123] NP EN 28601
Qatar No Yes No [124]
Romania No Yes No (dd.mm.yyyy)[125][126] Also widely used: (d)d-Mmm(3 letters of month NAME with the notable exception of Nov for November)-yyyy and (d)d-XII-yyyy (Month number as a roman numeral with lines above AND below, slowly deprecating)
Russia No Yes No (dd.mm.(yy)yy);[127] more official is d <month in genitive> yyyy <г. (= g., short for goda, i.e. year in genitive)> ГОСТ ИСО 8601-2001
Saint Kitts and Nevis No Yes No
Saint Lucia No Yes No
Saint Vincent and the Grenadines No Yes No
Saudi Arabia No Yes No (dd/mm/yyyy in Islamic and Gregorian calendar systems,[128][129] except for major companies, which conventionally use the American mm/dd/yyyy format[citation needed])
Serbia No Yes No (dd. mm. yyyy.)[130][131][132][133]
Singapore Yes Yes No (Chinese representation: yyyy年m月d日, no leading zeroes)[134]

DMY in English[135]

Slovakia No Yes No (d.m.yyyy)[136]
Slovenia Yes Yes No YMD[137]

(d.m.yyyy or d. mmmm yyyy)[138]

South Africa Yes Yes No (yyyy/mm/dd;[139][140] "d/m/yy" is a common alternative.[citation needed]) ARP 010:1989
Spain No Yes No (dd/mm/(yy)yy)[141] UNE EN 28601
Sri Lanka Yes Yes No
Sudan No Yes No
Suriname No Yes No
Sweden Yes Yes No National standard format is yyyy-mm-dd;[142] casually many people use d/m yyyy or d/m -yy. Another possible format is d.m.yyyy.[143] SS-EN 28601
Switzerland No Yes No (dd.mm.yyyy)[144][145] SN ISO 8601:2005-08
Syria No Yes No [146]
Taiwan, Republic of China Yes No No (yyyy-mm-dd or yyyy年m月d日 with no leading zeroes,[37] year might be represented using ROC era system: 民國95年12月30日.[147])
Tajikistan No Yes No (dd.mm.yyyy)[148]
Thailand No Yes No (with Buddhist Era years instead of Common Era)[149] TIS 1111:2535 in 1992
Trinidad and Tobago No Yes No [150]
Tunisia No Yes No [151]
Turkey No Yes No [152][153]
Turkmenistan No Yes No (dd.mm.(yy)yy)[154][155]
Ukraine No Yes No (dd.mm.(yy)yy;[156][157] some cases of dd/mm/yyyy[158])
United Arab Emirates No Yes No [159][160]
United Kingdom Yes Yes No Most style guides follow the DMY convention by recommending d mmmm yyyy (sometimes written dd/mm/yyyy) format in articles (e.g. The Guardian's).[161]

However, some newspapers remain using the traditional historical MDY (e.g. mmmm d, yyyy – or similar) specifically in their banner print date only but use DMY in articles,[162] some use MDY for both the banner and articles,[163] while others stick to DMY for both.[164]

Also, YMD is used increasingly especially in applications associated with computers, and per British standard BS ISO 8601:2004,[165] avoiding the ambiguity of the numerical versions of the DMY/MDY formats.

BS ISO 8601:2004
United States of America No No Yes (Civilian vernacular: mm/dd/yy or mm/dd/yyyy;[166][167] other formats, including dd Month yyyy and yyyy-mm-dd, are common or prescribed—particularly in military, academic, scientific, computing, industrial, or governmental contexts. See Date and time notation in the United States.) ANSI INCITS 30-1997 (R2008) and NIST FIPS PUB 4-2
Uruguay No Yes No [168][169]
Uzbekistan No Yes No (dd.mm.yyyy Cyrillic, dd/mm yyyy Latin)[170][171][171]
Venezuela No Yes No [172][173][174]
Vietnam No Yes No [175]
Yemen No Yes No [176][177]
Zimbabwe No Yes No [178]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

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  169. ^ (Uzbek) Government of Uzbekistan
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External links[edit]

  • Index of NLS information page Global Development and Computing Portal, published by Microsoft. Links on page lead to individual country date formats.