David Brydie Mitchell
|David Brydie Michell|
|27th Governor of Georgia|
November 10, 1809 – November 5, 1813
|Preceded by||Jared Irwin|
|Succeeded by||Peter Early|
November 20, 1815 – March 4, 1817
|Preceded by||Peter Early|
|Succeeded by||William Rabun|
|Born||October 22, 1766
Muthill, Perthshire, Scotland
|Died||April 22, 1837 (aged 70)
Mount Nebo Plantation, Milledgeville
David Brydie Mitchell (October 22, 1766 – April 22, 1837) was a Scots-born American politician in Georgia who was elected in 1808 as governor of the state, serving two terms. He was elected again in 1814 for one term.
After immigrating to the United States at the age of 24, he became a citizen in 1789. He had earlier been elected as mayor of Savannah and was appointed as state attorney general. He also served three terms in the Georgia legislature, two in the General Assembly, and one in the Senate.
Mitchell resigned from the governorship in 1817 to accept an appointment by President James Monroe as United States Indian Agent to the Creek Nation in their lands in present-day Georgia and Alabama. He followed the more than two-decade tenure of Benjamin Hawkins. In 1820 he was prosecuted for being involved in smuggling of African slaves from Spanish Florida. He was replaced in 1821 by President James Madison, who appointed John Crowell.
He immigrated in 1782 after the American Revolutionary War to Savannah, Georgia to claim it. Enthusiastic about the new country, Mitchell read the law with established attorneys and passed the bar. He became an American citizen in 1789. He was elected as mayor of Savannah (1801–1802) and made connections statewide.
Mitchell was appointed as Attorney General of Georgia (1796–1806). He moved to Mount Nebo Plantation, near the state capital of Milledgeville. He served three terms in the Georgia General Assembly, two as a representative and one in the Senate.
Mitchell was elected to two consecutive two-year terms as the 27th Governor of Georgia (1809–1813) and a third non-consecutive term from 1815 to 1817. He was the last governor of Georgia to be born outside the United States .
He resigned from his third term as governor to accept appointment by President James Monroe as the U.S. agent to the Creek Indians. One of Mitchell's responsibilities was the negotiation of the Treaty of the Creek Agency (1818), by which the Creek ceded land to the United States. He was erroneously accused in the African Importation Case of 1820 of smuggling slaves into Creek and US territory, in violation of the 1808 law against the international slave trade and resigned his position.
Beginning in 1828, Mitchell was appointed to serve as the inferior court judge of Baldwin County, Georgia. He was later elected as Baldwin County's State Senator in 1836.
Legacy and honors
- Fort Mitchell in eastern Alabama was built by the Georgia militia in 1813 on land he donated, and it was named for him.
- 1987, Fort Mitchell National Cemetery was named for him and opened in Phenix City, Alabama.
Death and legacy
Mitchell died at Mount Nebo Plantation, his home in Milledgeville, on April 22, 1837. He is buried at Memory Hill Cemetery of the same city.
- "David Brydie Mitchell," This Day in Georgia History: April 22, Ed Jackson and Charly Pou, Carl Vinson Institute of Government, The University of Georgia, accessed 14 February 2012
- "David Brydie Mitchell", Portrait and Bio, Georgia Secretary of State site
- Ed Jackson and Charly Pou, "David Brydie Mitchell," This Day in Georgia History: April 22, Carl Vinson Institute of Government, The University of Georgia
- History: Office of the Attorney General of Georgia, Georgia state government
- Behind the Names: Part 1, U.S. Department of Veteran Affairs website]
- "Historical Information", Fort Mitchell National Cemetery
|Mayor of Savannah
|Governor of Georgia
|Governor of Georgia