|82nd Governor of Georgia|
January 10, 2011
|Preceded by||Sonny Perdue|
|Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Georgia's 9th district
January 3, 2007 – March 21, 2010
|Preceded by||Charlie Norwood|
|Succeeded by||Tom Graves|
January 3, 1993 – January 3, 2003
|Preceded by||Ed Jenkins|
|Succeeded by||Charlie Norwood|
|Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Georgia's 10th district
January 3, 2003 – January 3, 2007
|Preceded by||Charlie Norwood|
|Succeeded by||Charlie Norwood|
|Member of the Georgia Senate
from the 49th district
January 3, 1981 – January 3, 1993
|Preceded by||Howard T. Overby|
|Succeeded by||Jane Hemmer|
|Born||John Nathan Deal
August 25, 1942
Millen, Georgia, U.S.
|Political party||Republican Party (1995–present)|
|Democratic Party (before 1995)|
|Residence||Clermont, Georgia (personal)
Georgia Governor's Mansion (while in office)
|Alma mater||Mercer University|
|Service/branch||United States Army|
|Years of service||1966–1968|
John Nathan Deal (born August 25, 1942) is an American politician who has been the 82nd Governor of Georgia since January 2011. He was elected to the U.S. House of Representatives as a Democrat in 1992 but switched to the Republican Party in 1995. On March 1, 2010, Deal announced his resignation from Congress to run for governor of Georgia.
Deal faced a crowded field of candidates in the July Republican primary but ultimately faced former Georgia Secretary of State Karen Handel in a tightly contested August 10, 2010, primary runoff election, and won by fewer than 2500 votes. The following day Handel declined to pursue a recount and conceded. On November 2, Democratic opponent Roy Barnes called to concede the race for governor of Georgia, making Deal the governor-elect to succeed term-limited Sonny Perdue in 2011.
Early life, education, and early career
Deal was born in the town of Millen and grew up in Gainesville. Both of his parents were teachers. He attended Mercer University in Macon, where he earned his bachelor and law degrees with honors. After he earned his Juris Doctor degree in 1966, he went into the United States Army, where he earned the rank of captain.
Deal spent twenty-three years in private law practice. He was also a criminal prosecutor, a Northeastern Judicial Circuit judge, and a Hall County juvenile court judge. In 1980, he was elected to the Georgia Senate as a Democrat. In November 1990, he was elected by his party to be the President Pro Tempore, the second highest ranking position in the chamber. Democrat Jane R. Hemmer replaced him, but was defeated by Republican Casey Cagle.
U.S. House of Representatives (1993-2010)
Deal was first elected to Congress in November 1992 as a Democrat, succeeding eight-term incumbent Ed Jenkins in Georgia's 9th congressional district. He was re-elected as a Democrat in 1994. However, on April 11, 1995, shortly after Republicans assumed control of the US House of Representatives for the first time in 40 years, Deal joined the Republican Party, which was led by Speaker Newt Gingrich, a fellow Georgian. Years later, Gingrich said that Deal became a Republican because he liked what he saw in the Contract With America.
Deal was handily re-elected in his first election as a Republican in the 1996 General Election, even though Jenkins endorsed his Democratic opponent, attorney McCracken "Ken" Poston. This was the first time his district had elected a Republican for a full term since Reconstruction. Deal was unopposed for re-election in 1998, 2002 and 2004 and defeated an underfunded Democratic candidate in 2000. His district was renumbered the 10th District in 2003, but became the 9th again after a mid-decade redistricting in 2006.
In November 2006, Deal was re-elected 77%-23%. His Democratic opponent was John Bradbury, a former elementary school teacher turned truck driver. His district, already heavily Republican, became even more Republican after the mid-decade redistricting pushed it further into the Atlanta suburbs.
Deal's voting record was relatively moderate in his first term, getting ratings in the 60s from the American Conservative Union (ACU). He moved sharply to the right after his party switch and voted for all four articles of impeachment against Bill Clinton. From 1996 onward, he garnered ratings of 90 or higher from the ACU.
Nathan Deal introduced H.R. 698, the Citizenship Reform Act, which would eliminate birthright citizenship for illegal aliens in the U.S. The 14th Amendment begins "All persons born or naturalized in the United States, and subject to the jurisdiction thereof, are citizens of the United States...." Deal's argument is that illegal aliens (and their children) are not subject to U.S. jurisdiction.
- Recovery Services, Inc. controversy
The Office of Congressional Ethics released a report on March 29, 2010, that concluded Deal appeared to have improperly used his office staff to pressure Georgia officials to continue the state vehicle inspection program that generated hundreds of thousands of dollars a year for his family’s auto salvage business. Deal stated: “I have done nothing wrong and am not going to let this tarnish my (..) record of public service”.
The Office of Congressional Ethics, OCE, released their investigative report (Review No. 09-1022) on March 29, 2010. The report stipulates that "Representative Nathan Deal and his business partner own Recovery Services, Inc. a/k/a Gainesville Salvage & Disposal (‘‘GSD’’), located in Gainesville, Georgia... The OCE does not take a position on Representative Deal's motivations for inserting himself into discussions of potential modifications to a state vehicle inspection program... The OCE reviews the facts as presented at the time of review and does not take a position on whether Representative Deal's income from GSD was mistakenly reported as earned income since 2006 on his federal income taxes... [F]or all the reasons stated above, the OCE Board recommends further review by the Committee on Standards of Official Conduct". (Note: Report was submitted on January 28, 2010.) The Committee on Standards of Official Conduct, otherwise known as the House Ethics Committee, never reported or commented on any investigation of Representative Deal, as his resignation, announced March 1, 2010, excluded him from the Office of Congressional Ethics' jurisdiction. Although this seemed too coincidental for some, Deal maintained in a speech to supporters that the resignation was so that he could "devote [his] full energies" to the gubernatorial campaign.
On March 1, 2010, Congressman Deal announced his intention to resign in order to focus on his campaign for Governor of Georgia.
- Committee on Energy and Commerce
2010 election for Governor
Incumbent Republican Governor Sonny Perdue was term-limited in 2010. Seven candidates filed to run in the Republican primary. In the initial Republican primary in July, no candidate received the 50% threshold to win the primary outright. Georgia Secretary of State Karen Handel ranked first with 34%, qualifying for the run-off election. Deal ranked second with 23% of the vote. Candidates who didn't qualify include State Senator Eric Johnson (20%), Insurance Commissioner John Oxendine (17%), State Senator Jeff Chapman (3%), businessman Ray McBerry (3%), and businessman Otis Putnam (0%). Deal performed the strongest in the northern part of the state, where he lives and represents. Although he did win a few counties in the southern part of the state, such as Candler (30%) and Tift (24%). He won five counties with a majority including his home of Hall (64%), Dade (56%), Walker (55%), White (53%), and Stephens (53%).
The run-off election between Handel and Deal was very competitive. Deal was endorsed by former House Speaker Newt Gingrich, U.S. Congressman Jack Kingston, and former Arkansas Governor Mike Huckabee. Handel was endorsed by Arizona Governor Jan Brewer and former Alaska Governor Sarah Palin. On August 10, Deal defeated Handel 50.2%-49.8%, a difference of just 2,519 votes. Handel performed well in the western and eastern boarders of the state, as well as the counties surrounding Atlanta. She won the heavily populated Fulton County with 71%, her best performance in the state followed by Glascock (70%) and Burke (70%). Deal's two best counties were Taliaferro (80%) and Hall (79%).
In the general election, he faced former Governor and State Senator Roy Barnes (D) and John Monds (L). Barnes previously won the 1998 gubernatorial election with 52% of the vote, and lost re-election in 2002 to State Senator Sonny Perdue 51%-46%. Perdue was the first Georgia Republican Governor since Reconstruction. Barnes has always been considered a moderate. After he lost re-election, he returned to practicing law for the last eight years until trying to make a comeback. Deal tried to connect Barnes with President Barack Obama. Barnes said "if you would listen to what is being said, you would have thought that this is an election for president of the United States.” Barnes also tried to distance himself from Obama saying his health care law was “the greatest failure of political leadership in my lifetime.” During the campaign trail, Deal was accused by the Office of Congressional Ethics of improperly using his congressional staff to pressure Georgia officials to continue a vehicle inspection program that he was profiting off. On November 3, Deal defeated Barnes 53%-43%.
Governor of Georgia (2011-present)
Deal took office as governor on January 10, the second Monday of 2011, as required by the Constitution of Georgia. He became the first Georgia governor to be inaugurated inside the Georgia State Capitol since Herman Talmadge in 1956, due to a major winter storm.
|Georgia gubernatorial election, 2010|
|1992||9th||Nathan Deal||113,024||59%||Daniel Becker||77,919||41%|
|1994||9th||Nathan Deal||79,145||58%||Robert L. Castello||57,568||42%|
|1996||9th||McCracken "Ken" Poston||69,662||34%||Nathan Deal||132,532||66%|
|1998||9th||(no candidate)||Nathan Deal||122,713||100%|
|2000||9th||James Harrington||60,360||25%||Nathan Deal||183,171||75%|
|2002||10th||(no candidate)||Nathan Deal||129,242||100%|
|2004||10th||(no candidate)||Nathan Deal||219,136||100%|
|2006||9th||John D. Bradbury||39,240||23%||Nathan Deal||128,685||77%|
|2008||9th||Jeff Scott||70,401||25%||Nathan Deal||216,925||75%|
- Georgia (U.S. state) portal
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- Georgia gubernatorial election, 2010
- 2:46 pm August 11, 2010, by Aaron Gould Sheinin (2010-08-11). "Deal defeats Handel in August 2010 Republican primary". Blogs.ajc.com. Retrieved 2013-07-19.
- "Deal defeats Barnes to take Governor's Mansion". Atlanta Journal Constitution. Retrieved 2010-09-03.
- Barone, Michael; Ujifusa, Grant (1999). The Almanac of American Politics 2000. National Journal Group Inc. p. 483.
- [dead link]
- "Biography | Governor Nathan Deal Office of the Governor". Gov.georgia.gov. 2011-01-10. Retrieved 2013-07-19.
- "The U.S. Congress Votes Database". The Washington Post.
- "Candidate - Nathan Deal". Our Campaigns. Retrieved 2013-07-19.
- "The Albany Herald - Google News Archive Search". Retrieved 2013-07-19.
- Baltimore Sun (1995-04-11). "Georgia Congressman Deserts Demos / Nathan Deal is third to switch to GOP since Nov. 8 - SFGate". Articles.sfgate.com. Retrieved 2013-07-19.
- Newt Gingrich talks about Nathan Deal in campaign video for Deal's gubernatorial bid
- H. R. 698 (see especially section 3)
- Published March 29, 2010, by Eric Lipton (March 29, 2010). "Ethics Report Faults Ex-Congressman". New York Times. Retrieved 2010-08-23.
- OCE (2010-03-26). "Review No. 09-1022".
- Justin Elliott (2010-03-01). "Did GOP Rep Resign To Squelch Ethics Probe?". http://tpmmuckraker.talkingpointsmemo.com/. Retrieved 2010-09-25.
- Published March 1, 2010 by Aaron Gould Sheinin and Jim Tharpe. "Deal's resignation upends state politics". Atlanta Journal Constitution. Retrieved 2010-09-25.
- 9:04 am March 1, 2010, by Aaron Gould Sheinin (2010-03-01). "Breaking: Deal says he’ll resign from Congress | Gold Dome Live". Blogs.ajc.com. Retrieved 2010-08-22.
- "GA Governor - R Primary Race - Jul 20, 2010". Our Campaigns. Retrieved 2013-07-19.
- "Karen Handel Concedes Georgia GOP Governor Runoff to Nathan Deal". CBS News. Retrieved 2013-07-19.
- "GA Governor - R Runoff Race - Aug 10, 2010". Our Campaigns. Retrieved 2013-07-19.
- "GA Governor Race - Nov 03, 1998". Our Campaigns. Retrieved 2013-07-19.
- "Handel, Deal Neck and Neck in GOP Gubernatorial Runoff". Fox News. August 11, 2010.
- "GA - Governor Race - Nov 05, 2002". Our Campaigns. Retrieved 2013-07-19.
- Sack, Kevin (November 3, 2010). "Nathan Deal and Republicans Win in Georgia". The New York Times.
- "GA Governor Race - Nov 02, 2010". Our Campaigns. Retrieved 2013-07-19.
- "Election Statistics". Office of the Clerk of the House of Representatives. Retrieved 2008-01-10.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Nathan Deal.|
- Georgia Governor Nathan Deal official state site
- Nathan Deal for Governor official campaign site
- Biography at the National Governors Association
- Profile at Ballotpedia
- Profile at Notable Names Database
- Biography, interest group ratings, public statements, votes and actions, and campaign finances at Project Vote Smart
- Fact-checking at PolitiFact.com
- Financial information at FollowTheMoney.org
- Issue positions and quotes at On the Issues
- Works by or about Nathan Deal in libraries (WorldCat catalog)
- Appearances on C-SPAN programs
- Appearances at the Internet Movie Database
- Collected news and commentary at The New York Times
- Collected news and commentary at The Washington Post
- Biography at the Biographical Directory of the United States Congress
- Congressional profile at GovTrack
- Congressional profile at OpenCongress
- Financial information (federal office) at the Federal Election Commission
- Financial information (federal office) at OpenSecrets.org
- Voting record at The Washington Post
- Profile at SourceWatch
- NYT Article on effects of his anti-illegal immigration legislation March 12, 2007
- News investigation