D-8 Organization for Economic Cooperation
|D-8 Organization for Economic Cooperation|
The D-8 Organization for Economic Cooperation, also known as Developing-8, is an organization for development cooperation among the following countries:Bangladesh, Egypt, Indonesia, Iran, Malaysia, Nigeria, Pakistan, and Turkey. The objectives of D-8 Organization for Economic Cooperation are to improve member states’ position in the global economy, diversify and create new opportunities in trade relations, enhance participation in decision-making at international level, and improve standards of living. D-8 is a global arrangement rather than a regional one, as the composition of its members reflects. Organization for Economic Cooperation (D-8) is a forum with no adverse impact on bilateral and multilateral commitments of the member countries, emanating from their membership to other international or regional organizations.
The idea of cooperation among major Muslim developing countries was mooted by Dr. Necmettin Erbakan, the then Prime Minister of Turkey, during a Seminar on “Cooperation in Development” which was held in Istanbul in October 1996. The group envisioned cooperation among countries stretching from South East Asia to Africa. Representatives from Bangladesh, Egypt, Indonesia, Iran, Malaysia, Nigeria and Pakistan attended the Seminar. This conference was the first step towards the establishment of D-8 and it was only after a series of preparatory meetings that D-8 was set up officially and began its activities with the Istanbul Declaration issued at the end of the summit of Heads of State and Government held in Istanbul on June 15, 1997
Purposes and objectives
In the first Summit Declaration (Istanbul, 1997), the main objective of D-8 is stated to be socio-economic development in accordance with following principles:
- Peace instead of conflict.
- Dialogue instead of confrontation.
- Cooperation instead of exploitation.
- Justice instead of double-standard.
- Equality instead of discrimination.
- Democracy instead of oppression.
Thus D-8 objectives are to improve developing countries’ positions in the world economy, diversify and create new opportunities in trade relations, enhance participation in decision-making at the international level, and provide better standard of living. By the same token, D-8 is a forum with no adverse impact on bilateral and multilateral commitments of the member countries, emanating from their membership of other regional or international organizations.
The fifth D-8 Summit Declaration (Bali, 2006) produced the following, as illustration of the application of the group's objectives:
- Commitment to work together to solve the problem of economic disparities within our countries.
- Reaffirm commitment to enhance cooperation in the field of energy to develop alternative and renewable energy resources.
- Emphasise the importance of D-8 in contributing to the economic development of its member countries and ensure that it promotes global trade.
The Developing 8 is organized into three bodies:
- The Summit
- The Council
- The Commission
The Summit, which is convened every two years, has the highest level of authority, and is composed of the leaders of each member state.
The Council is the principal decision-making body and forum for consideration of issues relating to the D-8, and is composed of the foreign affairs ministers of each member state.
The Commission has executive authority, and is composed of Commissioners appointed by each member state's government. Commissioners are responsible for promoting compliance with D8 directives in their respective nation. Finally, an executive director is appointed by D-8 members to facilitate communication and to act in a supervisory capacity during each summit or lower-level assembly.
|Date||Host country||Host leader||Location held|
|1||15 June 1997||Turkey||Necmettin Erbakan||Istanbul|
|2||1–2 March 1999||Bangladesh||Sheikh Hasina||Dhaka|
|3||25 February 2001||Egypt||Hosni Mubarak||Cairo|
|4||18 February 2004||Iran||Mohammad Khatami||Tehran|
|5||13 May 2006||Indonesia||Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono||Bali|
|6||8 July 2008||Malaysia||Abdullah Ahmad Badawi||Kuala Lumpur|
|7||8 July 2010||Nigeria||Goodluck Jonathan||Abuja|
|8||21 November 2012||Pakistan||Asif Ali Zardari||Islamabad|
Secretaries-General of D-8
|Ayhan Kamel||1997 to 2006|
|Dr. Dipo Alam||2007 to 2010|
|Prof. Widi Agoes Pratikto||2010 to 2012|
|Dr. Seyed Ali Mohammad Mousavi||2013 to (Present)|
D-8 Priority Areas of Cooperation
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1st Meeting of the Supervisory Committee of Preferential Trade Agreement among D-8 Member States ( 22 March 2012, Istanbul- Turkey)
The Committee noted with satisfaction that Indonesia, Malaysia, Nigeria, Pakistan and Turkey, have submitted their respective revised offer lists. The Committee expressed the hope that Iran would submit its revised offer list at an early date.
Participants exchanged views on various aspects of the issue under discussion, and highlighted the following issues:
- The need for transposition of Harmonized System (HS) Code 2007 to HS Code 2012;
- The need for the adoption of new HS Codes (2012) – to be facilitated through the services of the Secretariat; and also to be included in the draft agenda of the second meeting of the Committee;
- It was proposed that each country shall undertake the transposition to HS Code 2012 for its own revised offer list; it was further agreed that the concessions in the revised lists would remain unchanged.
- It was proposed that, if needed, an extraordinary meeting of the Committee might be convened to address this particular issue;
- The Committee agreed that the tentative cut-off date for the first installment of tariff reduction shall be 15 August 2012. The contracting parties shall notify the Secretariat before 30 April 2012 their confirmation regarding the cut-off date. The date of implementation will be announced officially and communicated by the Secretariat.
- The Committee noted the proposal of Pakistan to establish a subcommittee of experts with the following terms of reference:
- To identify Para-tariffs and non-tariff barriers employed by the contracting parties;
- To undertake mapping of sanitary and phytosanitary conditions and standards prevalent in the contracting parties,
- To propose a Road-map for harmonization of standards and sanitary and phytosanitary conditions;
- To explore the possibility of mutual recognition agreement amongst the contracting parties.
- The Committee noted Malaysia’s concern that the Agreement may not be effectively implemented without appropriately addressing the issue of D-8 PTA Rules of Origin for some products.
- Following exchange of views on the establishment of the “Arbitration Panel” (Article 26), Turkey expressed readiness to prepare the initial draft on the composition and procedure of the Panel, within two months, to be distributed, by the Secretariat, among the member countries.
- Turkey was elected as the chairperson of the Supervisory Committee for the next 2 years.
- Nigeria and Turkey proposed to host the second meeting of Supervisory Committee – the date of which will be determined and communicated through diplomatic channels.
2nd Meeting of the Supervisory Committee of the Preferential Trade Agreement Among D-8 Member States (29 March 2013 Ankara–Turkey) These are the following important outcomes during the Meeting:
-The cut-off date of the first installment of tariff reduction
The Meeting agreed to set a new cut-off date as 1 August 2013 for the implementation of first installment, by the Contracting Parties.
-Exchange of views on the transposition of Harmonized System (HS)Code 2007 to HS Code 2012
The Meeting concluded that all Contracting Parties are requested to submit to the Secretariat their offer lists, on transposed HS Code 2012 format, before 1 August 2013.
-Discussion on the draft "Dispute Settlement" Document
An ad hoc Working Group was established by the Supervisory Committee to discuss and subsequently draft a Disputer Settlement Protocol to have a simple facilitative mechanism. The Working Group further agreed to continue their work intersessionally.
3rd Meeting of the Supervisory Committee of the Preferential Trade Agreement Among D-8 Member States (09-10 April 2014 Ankara–Turkey)
-The Meeting decided that the ad-hoc Working Group should continue its discussion on the consolidated draft Dispute Settlement document with the objective to finalize it, latest during the Senior Officials Meeting, which will be held before the Second Trade Ministers’ Council Meeting.
-Commencement of Supervisory Committee of Preferential Trade Agreement (SC-PTA)
With the provisions of Article 34 of the “Preferential Trade Agreement (PTA) among D-8 Member States”, PTA officially entered into force between Iran, Malaysia, Nigeria and Turkey on 25 August 2011, to be followed by Indonesia on 4 October 2011 and Pakistan on 8 February 2012 - hereinafter referred to as the Contracting Parties.As per Article 27 of PTA, a Supervisory Committee should be established in order to prepare the grounds for the actual implementation of the Agreement. the First Meeting of the Supervisory Committee of the PTA (SC PTA) was held on 22 March 2012 in Istanbul, Turkey. In this regard, the work of HLTO was finished, and subsequently substituted/continued by the SC-PTA.
Civil Aviation Cooperation The Working Group on Civil Aviation (D-8 WGCA) of D-8 has been established in 2008, that preceded by two meetings of D-8 Director Generals of Civil Aviation in the 1st Meeting in Antalya, Turkey, June, 2007 and the 2nd Meeting in Isfahan, Iran, September, 2007. The purpose to establish the cooperation within D-8 in civil aviation is to enable the member countries to cooperate and coordinate themselves on all matters related to civil aviation and its industry, including the private sector.
The main objective of the D-8 WGCA is to invites delegates, both represented the interest of government and private sector, into a thought provoking discussions on the most contemporary issues, latest developments and trends and the most up-to-date thinking in the fast growing of the areas of civil aviation, such as: safety, security, air transportation, training, maintenance, airport infrastructure, leasing, investment, low-cost carrier, and etc. into a concrete D-8 cooperation program in civil aviation.
It has also objectives to identify potencies, opportunities, challenges, and threats of D-8 in civil aviation cooperation, as well as to attempt to facilitate the meeting among the stakeholders, such as government/regulators, companies, investors, and financial institutions/banks. The D-8 WGCA focuses on issues and exchange information related to the potential growth and cooperation of the civil aviation industry and business, that allow delegates have ideas how a cooperation program, with a timeframe, could be well prepared and implemented. Moreover, the draft of a Memorandum of Understanding (MOU) for the establishment of D-8 Member States Working Group for Co-operation in Civil Aviation, which had been prepared at the first meeting of the DGCA in June 2007, was adopted at a meeting in September the same year in Iran. By mid of 2011, all member countries have signed the MoU.
Shipping As a sub-sector of Transportation – one of the Five Priority Areas of the work of the D-8 Organization –the maritime sector has rapidly grown in recent years. Given the Member Countries substantial coastline and the significance of the maritime activities in their national economies, the sector has received increasing attention and focus. The early foundations for concrete progress in this area were laid in the April 2005 Seminar on the Prospects of Shipping in the D-8 Group (Karachi, Pakistan).
The Seventh Summit’s directive in July 2010 to the D-8 Commission “to explore ways of giving further impetus to the D-8 Shipping Forum’’ gave the process a strong boost. Subsequently, Nigeria held the first Expert Working Group Meeting (EWG) on Shipping in early November 2010, which was followed by the second meeting almost a year later in Abuja, Nigeria.
The main objective of the Expert Working Group Meeting was to help promote and enhance collaboration among member countries on maritime training, acquisition of sea time experience by sea farers, and harmonization and simplification of customs procedures and documentation for the facilitation of shipping of goods in transit. It also aimed at developing an action plan for programs and projects in the area of shipping logistical services.
Agriculture and Food Security
Agriculture provides the basis of subsistence for the population by production of food and raw materials. This sector constitute a large share of national output and employs a majority of the labor force in most developing countries. However, in recent times, Agriculture has experienced a number of severe shocks with record high oil prices, commodity price spikes, food security fears and resultant trade restrictions, not to mention the most serious global economic downturn since the 1930s. The greatest impact has been on the poor, especially in developing countries, with the world’s hungry now estimated at over 1 billion people. Fortunately, Agriculture has shown remarkable resilience with strong supply response to high prices and with continuing, albeit dampened, demands growth during the crisis.
In addressing this situation, D-8 Ministers of Agriculture Meeting on Food Security was held on 25–27 February 2009 in Kuala Lumpur – Malaysia. During the fruitful meeting, all the delegations adopted Kuala Lumpur Initiative to Address Food Security in D-8 Countries to face the challenges of global food crisis. The KL initiative identified three priority projects to be implemented among D-8 countries. The three projects are:
- The productivity and supply of quality fertilizers
- The productivity and supply of quality animal feeds
- The creation of seed banks to supply quality seeds
The meeting also acknowledges the importance of information gathering among D-8 countries and agreed on the establishment of a market information service system in D-8 countries be initiated on animal feed, seed banks and fertilizers. The D-8 Ministers agreed that it is important to address the issues of standards and trade issues separately as it encompass all the three subject matters. Within this line, the meeting agreed to appoint prime movers to implement the initiatives as follows:
- Seed bank : Turkey & Iran
- Animal Feed : Malaysia & Indonesia
- Fertilizers : Egypt
- Standards & Trade Issues : Iran & Turkey
- Marine and Fisheries : Indonesia
This meeting was followed up by the 2nd D-8 Agricultural Ministerial Meeting on Food Security, which was held on 18 May 2011 in Tehran, Iran, during which the Ministers reiterated commitments made and goals set in the framework of the 6th D-8 Summit Meetings in Kuala Lumpur, 2008, the D-8 Roadmap for Economic Cooperation in the “Second Decade of Cooperation”, “Kuala Lumpur Initiatives to Ensure Food Security”, as well as the previous ministerial meetings, and emphasized that more focus needs to be given to formulation and implementation of concrete projects and activities to translate those goals into collective action by D-8 Group.
One of D-8 achievement in Food Security cooperation is the MoUs between OIC and D8, and D-8 and ECO, to Activate Joint Economic Cooperation. The MoU seeks to encourage the development of joint programs and projects in all sectors, especially in trade, agriculture and tourism, through utilization of the human and material resources of both organizations as well as poised to exchange experiences and expertise to ensure the speedy implementation of their various economic development programs.
Another progress that D-8 have been developing in the food security cooperation is the institutional development of these working groups, which a prime mover as a coordinator, with a permanent secretariat to follow-up, evaluate and implement the program and the activities. Also, in every meeting, these working groups will also inviting the participation of private sectors. Considering the interest of Member Countries to issues related to this area, agriculture is one the most promising areas of cooperation in D-8.
Subsequent to the KL Initiative, in the Fertilizer sub-sector, several meetings have been held by D-8 Organization as follows:
1)1st Ministerial Meeting on Marine and Fisheries & Fertilizers and 1st Senior Officials Meeting of the D-8 Working Group on Marine and Fisheries & Fertilizers (6–8 April 2010, Cairo – Egypt) On D-8 Working Group on Fertilizers, the following topics were adopted:
- Egypt as prime mover should continue to be permanent standing committee on fertilizer
- Strengthening cooperation in the field of fertilizer:
Human resources Technical assistance Environmental impact from the production and use of fertilizers Availability of raw materials Investment opportunities and cooperation Harmonizing of fertilizers standards between D-8 countries Implementation of preferential trade agreement (PTA) for fertilizers Establishment of joint research & technological collaboration in production and supply of fertilizers and to meet every 6 month to discuss special topics workshops
- Develop joint investment programs in the field of fertilizer production by encouraging and supporting investors and private sector.
- Cooperation with international organizations such as FAO and others.
During this working group meeting in Cairo, private sector of Iran – Egypt signed a letter of intent to exchange fertilizers materials and promote cooperation in this field.
2)2nd Working Group on Fertilizer (16 May 2011 in Tehran, Iran)
Iran has confirmed to host a " D8 Private Sector Meeting on Fertilizer " in Tehran. The D-8 Secretariat shall wait for official confirmation from the Ministry of Agriculture of Iran.
In addition to that, Malaysia has also proposed to establish inter-D8 Group Bilateral or Multilateral Trade Cooperation on Fertilizer through offering of competitive prices and qualities. Based on environmental problems of the world, the Delegates also proposed cooperation and exchange of experiences on production of Bio-Organic fertilizers. Considering similar climates in some Member States, i.e. desert and arid lands as well as the need for mutual technical cooperation on introduction and application of fertilizers, the Nigerian Delegates underlined the importance of closer collaboration among D8 countries.
3) Ad hoc meeting on fertilizer, which was held in Kish Island of Iran, during 9–11 March 2013.
The meeting witnessed the active exchange of views on the current status of production, distribution, and trade of fertilizers in D-8 Countries, and thoroughly discuss the feasibility of established the referred trade consortium. The meeting resoluted on proposing an MoU on the establishment of a D-8 trade consortium on fertilizer. The MoU will serve as an initial draft to be presented and sought final approval from all D-8 member countries at the 2nd D-8 Ad Hoc Group Meeting on Fertilizer, which will be held in Istanbul, Turkey, in mid of 2013.
4) 4th Meeting of The Working Group on Fertilizer, 4 December 2013, Abuja - Nigeria
i.After deliberations in the Meeting, the delegates agreed on the following:
That Member States, who were yet to appoint a focal point Officer, should do so to facilitate the take-off of D8 Fertilizer Association in their respective countries.
ii.Consideration of Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) and Articles of Incorporation of D8 Fertilizer Association (D8FA).
The Memorandum of Understanding and the Articles of Incorporation were presented, reviewed and adopted by the Working Group. The Meeting after extensive discussions, consultations and due considerations such as the availability of facilities and administrative support for take-off, adopted Istanbul, Turkey- the D8 Secretariat as the Interim D8FA headquarters for two (2) year period. The Board shall, after evaluation of the progress made by the D8FA in various member countries at the end of the 2year period, decide on the permanent Headquarters for the Association.
The MoU shall be signed by the Ministers of Agriculture of the D8 Member States while the Article of Incorporation shall be endorsed by the Board of Directors of D8FA in their first meeting.
New Projects & Area of Cooperation
Malaysia made a presentation on the benefit of locating the D8FA headquarters in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia.
The Meeting recalled that a decision on the headquarters had already been taken, and therefore advised Malaysia to represent in the next two years when the Board shall be taking a fresh decision on the issue.
Nigeria also presented a paper on areas of investment such as
- Exploration and mining of phosphate rock
- Value addition to produce phosphatic fertilizers (SSP, TSP,DAP and MAP)
- Urea production, and
- NPK compound fertilizers.
The identified area of collaboration is capacity building on fertilizer quality assurance, which is to cover the following:
- Inspection, analysis and trials of new fertilizer formulations
- Enforcement of regulations
- Certification, registration and sanctions
- Laboratory determination/confirmation of nutrient deficiencies in fertilizers.
Industrialization and SMEs play a significant role in all economies and are the key generators of employment and income, and drivers of innovation and growth. D-8 industrial production increased from 7% in 2009 to 18% in the end of 2010. In addition, output acceleration commenced in the fourth quarter of 2010, and by the end of the last quarter of 2011; D-8 industrial activity expanded at a 20% annualized pace.
D-8 held its 1st Industrial Ministerial Meeting and 5th Working Group on Industrial Cooperation (WGIC) on 28 February - 2 March 2010 in Tehran-Iran. Subsequently, D-8 also held 2nd Industrial Ministerial Meeting and 5th Working Group on Industrial Cooperation (WGIC) on 4–6 October 2011 in Istanbul-Turkey and 3rd Ministerial Meeting on Industry held on 8–10 October 2012 in Dhaka-Bangladesh . The document called “Tehran Declaration”, “Istanbul Declaration” and "Dhaka Declaration" which were adopted by the Ministerial Meetings provides pragmatic approaches to achieve the expansion of industrial & technological cooperation in the framework of D-8’s Industrial Cooperation and to take necessary steps to increase industrial & market opportunities as well as financial resources.
D-8 also should emphasize the (12) twelve Task Forces under the Working Group on Industry, namely TF on Automotive, Energy, Food Industries, Technology Cooperation, Petrochemicals, Cement, Iron-Steel, Textile, Standardization, SMEs, Electronics-IT and Machinery. The main motive behind those Task Forces was to utilize capacities in order to increase the influence of D-8 Countries in global industry.
1. In line with the initiation of Task Forces under WGIC, the proposal to identify the TFs was raised during the Fourth Meeting of D-8 Working Group on Industrial Cooperation (WGIC) on 10–12 November 2008, Bali-Indonesia. After having and intensive discussion and exchange of views, the meeting agreed to strengthen future cooperation through Task Forces:
- Automotive (Coordinator: Iran, Egypt, and Indonesia)
- Energy, Power Sector and Conservation (Coordinator: Turkey, Nigeria)
- Food production through Mechanization (Coordinator: Malaysia)
- Cooperation/Transfer of Technology (Coordinator: Turkey, Iran)
- Petrochemicals and Fertilizer (Coordinator: Indonesia, Iran)
- Cement (Coordinator: Iran)
- Steel (Coordinator: Iran)
- Textile (Coordinator: Egypt, Indonesia)
- Standardization and Intellectual Property Rights (Coordinator: Turkey, Iran)
- SMEs (Coordinator: Turkey, Indonesia, Iran, Nigeria)
- Electronics and IT (Coordinator: Malaysia)
During this meeting, the private sector of Indonesia, Turkey and Iran has signed a Minute of Meeting to facilitate cooperation through a long-term program on Automotive Industry. A joint working group will be established to develop the long-term cooperation.
2. The Fifth Meeting of D-8 Working Group on Industrial Cooperation (WGIC) was held in Tehran, Iran, on February 28 – March 2, 2010, back-to-back meeting with the First D-8 Ministerial Meeting on Industry.
During WGIC meeting, all the delegations discussed and approved all the Terms of Reference (ToR) of 11 Task Forces as recommended on previous D-8 WGIC meeting. In addition, Plan of Action: Cooperation on Industry & Tehran Declaration on D-8 Industrial Cooperation was adopted by WGIC meeting. Meanwhile, at ministerial meeting, The Ministers adopted Tehran Declaration.
3. As the one of coordinator Small Medium Enterprises (SMEs) under 11 Task Forces of D-8 WGIC, Iran Small Industries & Industrial Parks Organization (ISIPO) hosted the First D-8 SMEs Governmental Bodies Meeting of D-8 Member Countries on 06-7 December 2010 in Tehran-Iran with the idea to examine how to implement the agreements and deepen the ties between D-8 Member Countries. In addition, the meeting has also considered that it is also timely opportune for D-8 governmental bodies to meet and discuss common efforts in responding towards the current potential market of D-8 SMEs.
4. As a follow up activity of the First D-8 SMEs Governmental Bodies Meeting of D-8 Member Countries on 06-7 December 2010 in Tehran-Iran, Iranian government held the SME Cluster Development Best Practice Workshop on 8–9 February 2011 in Tehran-Iran, which intended to familiarize the related persons from Member Countries with the concept and experiences of SME Cluster Development in Iran. The workshop commenced successfully with full participation from D-8 Member Countries and ECO.
5. The Sixth Meeting of D-8 Working Group on Industrial Cooperation (WGIC) and Second D-8 Ministerial Meeting on Industry was held on 4–6 October 2011 in Istanbul-Turkey. Excluding Task Force on Textile and Garment, all Task Forces were discussed. Turkish delegation also proposed to add one more Task Force, namely Task Force on Machinery.
At Ministerial level meeting, the Ministers adopted Istanbul Declaration. In addition, at agenda item: exchange of views on Industry Meeting, Minister of Industry of Indonesia and Minister of Industry of Iran emphasized on the discrepancy in the level of performance of various Task Forces of the WGIC and called of an objective review and analysis, with regards to optimization of the number of TFs.
6. The First D-8 Task Force Meeting on Textile and Garment successfully held on 27–28 October 2011 in Jakarta-Indonesia. The meeting decided that the Member Countries would submit their respective set of concrete proposals for cooperation to D-8 Secretariat within 45 days. In addition, Indonesian delegation proposed a matrix for the articulation of a plan of action for the future of the Task Force, which can also serve as a mechanism for further articulation of the activities of the Task Force.
Energy and Minerals
In recent years the world has been facing a number of formidable challenges and crises in such diverse fields as energy, food security, environment and climate change, and finances. According to the latest projections, the use of energy is expected to continue to grow up to year 2030, with oil and gas dominating the energy mix. On the demand side, this growth will be dominated by developing countries, especially those with sustained, high growth rates. However, there has emerged growing awareness that stable energy markets and efficient use of energy are imperative to make energy accessible and affordable to a larger share of the world’s ever-increasing population.
Cooperation in the field of energy within the D-8 Organization has been one of the priority areas, and the Member Countries have endeavored to explore new ways and means of forging closer cooperation, including in the fields of renewables and minerals. The D-8 community offers huge potentials for new investments and expansion of markets. Cooperation in such areas as capacity building programs, viable financing mechanisms, energy-use efficiency, and sustainability of supply have received increasing attention in more recent years. In enhancing cooperation in these areas, the D-8 has sought to promote closer and more effective modes of liaison between both public and private sectors of the Member Countries, with emphasis on project-oriented mechanisms.
D-8 held four Working Groups on Energy, namely:
- 1st D-8 Working Group on Energy, 3–5 April 2001 in Abuja, Nigeria;
- 2nd D-8 Working Group on Energy, 30–31 January 2005 in Tehran, Iran;
- 3rd D-8 Working Group on Energy, 6–7 July 2006 in Bogor-Indonesia;
- 4th D-8 Working Group Meeting on Energy, 1–2 June 2008; Cairo-Egypt;
As reflected in the reports of the meetings, the Working Group on Energy has addressed and dealt with a wide range of energy-related issues, including sharing of information and best practices on policies and programs in energy efficiency, energy conservation, energy security, strategic oil stocks, peaceful uses of nuclear energy, alternative/renewable energy technologies, rural electrification, local manufacturing, interconnection experience, and private sector participation. Promotion of closer cooperation on joint research, exploration and production of alternative energy resources, capacity building programs, technical assistance projects, exchange of expertise, and technology transfer between and among member countries have also received growing attention in the work of the Working Group.
D-8 External Relations
The D-8 and the International Youth Foundation (IYF) have signed a MoU in Baltimore, USA, on 3 December 2008. According to the MoU both organizations will work to develop a framework for sustained collaboration between D-8 and IYF to include set of programs, such as a variety of IYF youth education and employability programs, currently being implemented, designed, or proposed, could potentially benefit from D-8′ s participation. As opportunities for possible collaboration arise through these various avenues, the organizations will confer with one another about possible partnership possibilities.
In order to facilitate joint cooperation and bilateral exchanges between the Organization of the Islamic Cooperation (OIC), and the D-8 Organization for Economic Cooperation signed a Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) on 7 October 2010. The MoU seeks to encourage the development of joint programmes and projects in all sectors through utilization of the human and material resources of both organizations. They are also poised to exchange experiences and expertise to ensure the speedy implementation of their various economic development programmes. It should be mentioned that all the eight member-states of the D8 belong to the 57 member states of the OIC and represent about two-thirds of OIC population. The two organizations share common economic objectives and are desirous of collaborating in such areas as agriculture and food security, trade, energy and micro-finance. It is envisaged that collaboration between the two organizations would promote synergies and optimization of resources, while avoiding duplication and over-lapping.
D-8 Organization for Economic Cooperation and Economic Cooperation Organization (ECO) have signed a Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) 6 October 2011, in Istanbul. The agreement was signed by Secretary-General of D-8 Dr. Widi A. Pratikto and Secretary-General of ECO M. Yahya Maroofi. According to the MoU, the two organizations wish to strengthen their cooperation in the Trade, Transport, Energy, Agriculture, Food Security, Industrial Cooperation and Small and Medium Enterprises (SMEs) Development. These are crucial sectors to further promote cooperation and contribute to economic development and social progress in the two organization’s respective member countries, many of which constitute an important crossroad for corridors connecting Europe, Africa and Asia. The two Secretary-Generals also have highlighted the need to exchange of information, knowledge, best practices and experiences. The MOU represents a desire by all parties for a cooperative relationship to strengthen each other’s cooperations. The MoU shall enter into force upon its signature. To ensure efficient and timely carrying out of planned activities, the two organizations will conduct joint mid-term reviews of the implementation of the MoU and consider further cooperation activities.
A Letter of Intent (LoI) on establishing cooperation between D-8 and the World Maritime University (WMU) was signed in the Headquarters of the World Maritime University in Malmo, Sweden, in July, 2012. The LoI intends to establish cooperative and friendly relations between the two institutions. Given the areas of technical expertise and experience of WMU, D-8 hopes that active persual of the Letter of Intent and implementation of the measures envisioned in it could assist the D-8 Member Countries in the maritime field, especially through the activities of the D-8 Working Group on Shipping. Exchange of experiences and expertise, provision of technical advice, capacity-building, and utilization of the human and material resources of both organizations have been particularly highlighted in the Letter of Intent.
D-8 Organization for Economic Cooperation and the Islamic World Science Citation Center (ISC) signed a Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) on 4 July 2013, at ISC center in Shiraz-Iran. The agreement was signed by Secretary-General of D-8 Dr. Seyed Ali Mohammad Mousavi and President of Islamic World Science Citation Center Prof. Dr. Mehrad.
According to the MoU, the two parties wish to strengthen their cooperation in providing appropriate grounds for establishing ISC Branch Office, developing the growth of science, ensuring optimum cooperation among scientists and producing effective policies in the field of science and technology in D-8 countries.
Moreover, both figures agree to cooperate in benefitting from available scientific facilities at universities, higher education and research institutions of D-8 countries, with the aim of citation analysis and measuring research performances to identify the strength and weaknesses of scientific and technological efforts of D-8 members.
D-8 Organization for Economic Cooperation and the African-Asian Rural Development Organization (AARDO) signed a Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) on 6 December 2013, at Abuja-Nigeria. The agreement was signed by Secretary-General of D-8 Dr. Seyed Ali Mohammad Mousavi and Secretary-General of AARDO Eng. Wassfi Hassan EL-Sreihin. Considering the mutual interest in the field of agriculture and rural development, both Organizations have agreed to cooperate and collaborate with each other with a view to achieving their common objectives, in particular with regard to the promotion of agricultural and rural development. Since both have several common Member Countries, it will be an added advantage strengthening cooperation and initiating collaboration between two Organizations for the benefit of their Member Countries. Moreover, two Organizations have common interest in promoting food security and sustained economic growth through cooperation and collaboration. Both figures agreed to implement joint studies and cooperate in the implementation of specific programs or projects in the field agriculture and rural development.
D-8 and Turkish Cooperation and Coordination Agency (TIKA) signed a Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) on 22 July 2014 at the TIKA Headquarters in Ankara to set the institutional framework for development cooperation. Dr. Seyed Ali Mohammad Mousavi, Secretary-General of D-8 and Dr. Serdar Çam, President of TIKA signed the MoU on behalf of their respective institutions. The MoU provides general framework for development cooperation through financing of projects and programs. Secretary-General Mousavi and President Çam expressed satisfaction that the MoU would consolidate the partnership between the D-8 and the TIKA.The MoU envisages, among others, cooperation in capacity building, technical assistance and project implementation. Both the Organizations will identify areas of mutual cooperation and explore possibilities of partnership in those identified areas.
The United Nations General Assembly (UNGA) adopted a Resolution granting 'Observer Status' to the D-8 Organization.The Sixth Committee of the United Nations General Assembly in its 18th meeting on 23 October 2014 adopted the draft resolution concerning grant of Observer Status to the Developing Eight Organization for Economic Cooperation without a vote. With this, the important process of obtaining observer status at the UNGA has marked a significant progress.
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