Dutch general election, 1998

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Dutch general election, 1998
Netherlands
1994 ←
May 6, 1998
→ 2002

All 150 seats to the House of Representatives
76 seats were needed for a majority
  First party Second party Third party
  Wim Kok Frits Bolkestein Jaap de Hoop Scheffer
Leader Wim Kok Frits Bolkestein Jaap de Hoop Scheffer
Party PvdA VVD CDA
Leader since 1986 1990 1997
Last election 37 seats, 23.9% 31 seats, 19.9% 34 seats, 22.2%
Seats won 45 38 29
Seat change Increase8 Increase7 Decrease5
Popular vote 2.494.555 2.124.971 1.581.053
Percentage 29.0% 24.7% 18.3%

  Fourth party Fifth party Sixth party
  Els Borst Paul Rosenmöller Jan Marijnissen
Leader Els Borst Paul Rosenmöller Jan Marijnissen
Party D66 GL SP
Leader since 1998 1994 1988
Last election 24 seats, 15.4% 5 seats, 3.4% 2 seats, 1.3%
Seats won 14 11 5
Seat change Decrease10 Increase6 Increase3
Popular vote 773.497 625.968 303.703
Percentage 9.0% 7.3% 3.5%

  Seventh party Eighth party Ninth party
  Leen van Dijke Bas van der Vlies Gert Schutte
Leader Leen van Dijke Bas van der Vlies Gert Schutte
Party RPF SGP GPV
Leader since 1994 1986 1981
Last election 3 seats, 1.7% 2 seats, 1.7% 2 seats, 1.3%
Seats won 3 3 2
Seat change Steady0 Increase1 Steady0
Popular vote 174,593 153,583 108,724
Percentage 2.0% 1.7% 1.2%

Tweede Kamerverkiezingen 1998.png


Prime Minister before election

Wim Kok
PvdA

Prime Minister

Wim Kok
PvdA

General elections were held in the Netherlands on 6 May 1998.[1]

Result[edit]

During the 1998 election the purple coalition of social-democrats and left and right liberals fortified its majority. Both the social-democratic PvdA and the conservative liberal VVD won considerably, much at the cost of their junior partner in cabinet, the progressive liberal D66.

Political observers attributed the win to the economic performance of the coalition, including reduction of unemployment and the budget deficit, steady growth and job creation combined with wage freezes and trimming of the welfare state, together with a policy of fiscal restraint.[2]

The two small left opposition parties, the green GroenLinks, and the socialist SP, were rewarded for their 'quality opposition'. The major opposition party, CDA, uncomfortable in its opposition role, also lost seats. The two parties for the elderly AOV and Unie 55+ and the rightwing populist CD did not return to parliament.

The formation resulted in the continuation of the Kok cabinet, with the second Kok cabinet.

Results[edit]

Party Votes % Seats +/–
Labour Party 2,494,555 29.0 45 +8
People's Party for Freedom and Democracy 2,124,971 24.7 38 +7
Christian Democratic Appeal 1,581,053 18.4 29 –5
Democrats 66 773,497 9.0 14 –10
GreenLeft 625,968 7.3 11 +6
Socialist Party 303,703 3.5 5 +3
Reformatory Political Federation 174,593 2.0 3 0
Reformed Political Party 153,583 1.8 3 +1
Reformed Political League 108,724 1.3 2 0
Centre Democrats 52,226 0.6 0 –3
General Elderly Alliance/Union 55+ 45,994 0.5 0 –7
Mobile Netherlands 45,219 0.5 0 New
Seniors 2000 36,157 0.4 0 New
New Middle Party 23,512 0.3 0 New
The Greens 16,585 0.2 0 0
Natural Law Party 15,746 0.2 0 0
Catholic Political Party 8,233 0.1 0 New
Progressive Integration Party 7,225 0.1 0 0
New Solidarity Elderly Union 6,455 0.1 0 New
New Communist Party of the Netherlands 5,620 0.1 0 0
Idealists/Jij 2,500 0.0 0 New
The Voters Collective 1,668 0.0 0 New
Invalid/blank votes 14,435
Total 8,622,222 100 150 0
Registered voters/turnout 11,755,132 73.3
Source: Nohlen & Stöver, European Elections Database
Popular Vote
PvdA
  
28.98%
VVD
  
24.69%
CDA
  
18.37%
D66
  
8.99%
GL
  
7.27%
SP
  
3.53%
RPF
  
2.03%
SGP
  
1.78%
GPV
  
1.26%
CD
  
0.61%
AOV/Unie 55+
  
0.53%
Other
  
1.96%

References[edit]

  1. ^ Nohlen, D & Stöver, P (2010) Elections in Europe: A data handbook, p1396 ISBN 978-3-8329-5609-7
  2. ^ Netherlands: Elections held in 1998 Inter-Parliamentary Union

Further reading[edit]

  • Aarts, Kees, and Holli A. Semetko. "Representation and Responsibility: The 1998 Dutch Election in Perspective" Acta Politica (1999) 34#2 111-129
  • Irwin, Galen A. "The Dutch Parliamentary Election of 1998," Electoral Studies (1999). ' 18#2 pp. 271-276
  • Irwin, Galen A. and Joop J. M. van Holsteyn. "Parties and Politicians in the Parliamentary Election of 1998," Acta Politica (1999) 34#2 pp. 130- 157