Dvorane, Suva Reka

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For other uses, see Dvorane.
Dvorane
Дворане
Settlement
Dvorane is located in Kosovo
Dvorane
Dvorane
Coordinates: 42°18′38″N 20°54′26″E / 42.31056°N 20.90722°E / 42.31056; 20.90722Coordinates: 42°18′38″N 20°54′26″E / 42.31056°N 20.90722°E / 42.31056; 20.90722
Country Kosovo[a]
District Prizren
Municipality Suva Reka
First mention 1465
Elevation 2,172 ft (662 m)
Population (1991)
 • Total 510
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Area code(s) +381 290
Car plates 04

Dvorane (Serbian Cyrillic: Дворане, Albanian: Dvoran) is a village in the Suva Reka municipality in the disputed region of Kosovo.[a] It has an ethnic Serbian majority; according to the 1991 census, it had 510 inhabitants. According to tradition, the village name is derived from dvorovi (Serbian for "courts"), because there were many in the village during the time of Emperor Dušan.[1]

Geography[edit]

Further information: Geography of Kosovo

The village lies in the valley sides of the Vrela (Sopine, Lešane rivers), on the left tributary of the Topluga, about nine kilometres southeast of Suva Reka.[1] It lies in the eastern part of the Prizrenski Podgor župa,[2] at the foot of Rusenica in the Šar Mountains.[3] It is directly east of Mušutište. The village is between 580-620 metres higher than sea level.[1]

History[edit]

The village was mentioned for the first time in the katastichos (obituary) of the Serbian Orthodox Holy Trinity Monastery at Rusenica (Sv. Trojice Rusenica) of several villagers of Mušutište, written in 1465, including donors from Dvorane.[4][5][3] An inscription dating to 1560, was written by a monk named Pahomije in a monastery near Gračanica, which he then donated (metochion) to Holy Trinity monastery.[4][5] In the church of the Holy Saviour, Dvorane (Sv. Spasa), there were votive inscriptions dating to 1603. The local Popović family, which generated at least 18 generations of village priests in Dvorane, were important in the preservation of medieval Serbian literature: they had the Charter of Our Lady of Ljeviš, written by Serbian King Stephen Uroš III Dečanski of Serbia (r. 1321-31), in their direct property; the Russian consul in Prizren, Ivan Stepanovich Yastrebov (1839-1894), found it at the home of the last descendant of the family, Jovan Dvoranac Popović, who bequeathed it to the Serbian Academy of Sciences and Arts.[2] It is believed that one of the forefathers of the family was the elder of a monastery near Prizren, and that he managed to transfer these valuable texts to the church in Dvorane. In 1779, Partenije Popović became monk of Saint Mark Koriški Monastery, whither he brought several important books.[6] In 1859, a schoolteacher in Prizren, Nikola Musulin, found Dušan's Code, the constitution of the Serbian Empire. The following year the charter of the Monastery of the Holy Archangels also issued by Stefan Dušan was found in St. Nicholas Church, Koriša.[2]

During the Kosovo War, on 11/12 June 1999, four members of the Ristić family were kidnapped from their home in Dvorane and never located.[7][8]

Until 1999 the village church of St. Nicholas stood in Dvorane[9] and a second church lay at the entrance to the village, the Church of St. Michael the Archangel.[9] Both were destroyed.[10] Holy Trinity Monastery was completely demolished in 1999, as well.[11] 15 Orthodox church buildings were destroyed in total in the southeastern part of Prizrenski Podgor during the summer of 1999.[11] On the road to Mušutište, the Church of the Holy Saviour, alongside which is a village cemetery, stands, registered to the Cultural Heritage of Serbia. During the night of 9/10 June 1984, ethnic Albanians desecrated 29 tombstones.[12][9][13] In 2004, during unrest in Kosovo, Holy Saviour church was under the care and custody of German KFOR soldiers.[14]

On 15 October 2008, an ethnic Albanian, later arrested, shot at a number of ethnic Serbs who were visiting the cemetery in Dvorane, while they were followed by members by 25 members of the KFOR and UNHCR.[15][16][17] [18][19]

Demographic history
Ethnic group 1948 1953 1961 1971 1981[20] 1991
Serbs 380 (85.59%)
Albanians 64 (14.41%)
Total[21] 431 467 518 444 444 510

Annotations[edit]

  1. ^ a b Kosovo is the subject of a territorial dispute between the Republic of Serbia and the Republic of Kosovo. The latter declared independence on 17 February 2008, but Serbia continues to claim it as part of its own sovereign territory. Kosovo's independence has been recognised by 108 out of 193 United Nations member states.

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Stamenković 2002, p. 113
  2. ^ a b c Radovanović 2008, p. 268
  3. ^ a b Kalezic 2002, p. 523
  4. ^ a b Kostic 1901, p. 230
  5. ^ a b Ivanovic 1987, section "Дворане", p. 431
  6. ^ Slovo, No. 18, p. 45 (Serbian)
  7. ^ Government of the Republic of Serbia, SPISAK KIDNAPOVANIH I NESTALIH LICA NA KOSOVU I METOHIJI
  8. ^ Humanitarian Law Center, Abductions and Disappearances of non-Albanians in Kosovo: Prizren
  9. ^ a b c Project Rastko, Dragan Jovanovic, The Shortened List of the Shrines of Kosovo and Metohija from 13th to 20th centuries
  10. ^ Rastko.rs, Destroyed and Desecrated Serbian Orthodox Churches in Kosovo and Metohia (1999-2000), 65. The Church of the Holy Saviour in Dvorani near Musutiste
  11. ^ a b NSPM.rs, Dragiša Spremo, "Srpske svetinje u Metohiji - anđeli polomljenih krila", 19 January 2011.
  12. ^ "Православље", бр. 429,1. фебруар 1985
  13. ^ Antonije Isaković, Kosovsko-metohijski zbornik, SANU, 1990, p. 84
  14. ^ Polit.ru Храмы Сербии, 26 марта 2004, No. 65
  15. ^ SPC.rs, Сува Река: У селу Дворане пуцано на шесторо Срба док су обилазили гробље, 17. Октобар 2008
  16. ^ Pucnjava u selu Dvorane u opštini Suva Reka, 17 October 2008
  17. ^ K. Albanian arrested for shooting at Serbs, 22 October 2008
  18. ^ Amnesty International Report 2009 - Serbia
  19. ^ UNMIK Security Council, p. 4
  20. ^ 1981 Census, Kosovo
  21. ^ Kosovo censuses 1948-1991

References[edit]

History

  • Onomatološki prilozi, Volume 13, Srpska akademija nauka i umetnosti. Odbor za onomastiku. Akademija, 1997. p. 540: "Дворане"
  • Милан Ивановић (Milan Ivanović), Задужбине Косова, споменице и значења српског народа, Призрен-Београд, Издавач Дело, Љубљана, 1987.
  • Чемерикић Михајло (Mihajlo Čemerikić), Призрен и околина I, II и III, Издавач "Прво слово", Београд, 2003.
  • Костић Петар (Petar Kostić), Манастир Свети Марко, Годишњица Николе Чупића, књ.XXX/30, 1911.
  • Костић Петар, Манастир Свете Тројице у Призренском округу, Годишњица Николе Чупића, књ. (XXVIII), страна. 230. 1901
  • Костић Петар, Просветно-културни живот православних Срба у призрену и његовој околини у 19 веку и почетком 20 века, Скопље, 1933.
Geography
  • Srboljub Đ Stamenković, Географска енциклопедиjа населjа Србиjе: С-Ш, Volume 4, Географски факултет, 2002, p. 113: "Дворане"
  • Dimitrije M. Kalezić, Enciklopedija pravoslavlja, I, Savremena administracija, 2002, p. 523: "Дворане"
  • Milovan Radovanović 2008, Kosovo i Metohija: antropogeografske, istorijskogeografske, demografske i geopolitičke osnove, Službeni Glasnik

External links[edit]