Duke of Kendal

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The titles of Earl of Kendal and Duke of Kendal have been created several times, usually for people with some connection to the royal family.

  • The first creation was for John, 4th son of King Henry IV, who was created Earl of Kendal, Earl of Richmond and Duke of Bedford in 1414. The titles became extinct at his death.
  • The second creation was for John Beaufort, 3rd Earl of Somerset, a grandson of John of Gaunt, who was created Earl of Kendal and Duke of Somerset in 1443. He died the following year, when the titles became extinct.
  • The third creation was for Jean de Foix, vicomte de Castillon, who was created Earl of Kendal in 1446. He gave allegiance to the King of France in 1462, and is thereby presumed to have forfeited his English peerage. However, his descendants in France (and, later, in Spain) continued to use the title under the name 'Candale' (or 'Candal').
  • The next Kendal creation was for Prince Rupert of the Rhine, nephew of King Charles I and a Royalist commander in the Civil War, who is sometimes (perhaps erroneously) said to have been created Baron Kendal along with the other titles of Earl of Holdernesse and Duke of Cumberland in 1644. This Kendal title, if it ever existed, became extinct on his death without legitimate issue.
  • The first use of Kendal as a ducal title was in 1666, when Charles Stuart, son of the Duke of York, was given the titles of Duke of Kendal, Earl of Wigmore and Baron Holdenby. He died the following year, when these titles became extinct.
  • The next creation was for Prince George of Denmark, the husband of Princess (later Queen) Anne, who was created Duke of Cumberland, Earl of Kendal and Baron Wokingham in 1689. He died without surviving issue, and the titles became extinct.
  • The next creation was for Ehrengard von der Schulenberg, Duchess of Munster, the mistress of King George I, who was created Duchess of Kendal, Countess of Feversham and Baroness Glastonbury in 1719. These titles were for life only and expired with their first holder.
  • The last Kendal creation was for James Lowther, who was created Baron Kendal, Baron Burgh, Baron Lowther, Viscount Lowther, Viscount Lonsdale and Earl of Lonsdale in 1784. These titles became extinct at his death.
  • In 1816, at the time of the marriage of Princess Charlotte of Wales (daughter of the Prince Regent) to Prince Leopold of Saxe-Coburg, it was announced that the groom was to be created Duke of Kendal. However, in the end this never happened.

Earls of Kendal, First Creation (1414)[edit]

Earls of Kendal, Second Creation (1443)[edit]

Earls of Kendal, Third Creation (1446)[edit]

A cadet branch of the Foix-Candale family, descendant of Jean de Foix-Candale, settled in Spain (dropping the 'de Foix') and later moved to Southern Italy, following Charles III of Spain in the 1734 conquest of the Kingdom of the Two Sicilies, during the War of the Polish Succession:

Spain

  • Don Antonio de Candal
  • Don Pablo de Candal
  • Don Domingo de Candal (b. 1698)

Italy

  • Don Agostino de Candal (b. 1759)
  • Donna Anna de Candal (b. 1787), m. Don Ferdinando Della Rocca (1783–1847?), Patrizio di Lucera[1]
  • Count Agostino Della Rocca de Candal (1808–1887), Patrizio di Lucera
  • Count Gino Della Rocca de Candal (1848–1939), Patrizio di Lucera
  • Count Carlo Della Rocca de Candal (1891–1980), Patrizio di Lucera, Order of Merit for Labour
  • Count Giovanni Della Rocca de Candal (1942-), Patrizio di Lucera
  • Count Geri Della Rocca de Candal (1983-), Patrizio di Lucera

Barons Kendal, First Creation (1644)[edit]

(possible creation)

Dukes of Kendal, First Creation (1666)[edit]

Earls of Kendal, Fourth Creation (1689)[edit]

Duchess of Kendal, Second Creation (1719)[edit]

Barons Kendal, Second Creation (1784)[edit]

See also[edit]

Sources include:

  • Kendal/Candale (Re: Who is heir to the Earldom of Lancaster?), François R. Velde, alt.talk.royalty newsgroup, 16th Oct 2001
  • Leopold's title of duke of Kendal, François R. Velde, alt.talk.royalty newsgroup, 18th Oct 2001
  • Hereditary Titles

References[edit]