Edenfield

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For the surname, see Edenfield (surname).

Coordinates: 53°39′46″N 2°18′34″W / 53.662804°N 2.309512°W / 53.662804; -2.309512

Edenfield
Edenfield and Scout Moor.jpg
A view over Edenfield towards Scout Moor
Edenfield is located in Lancashire
Edenfield
Edenfield
 Edenfield shown within Lancashire
Population 2,080 (2001 Census)
OS grid reference SD795185
    - London  175.2 miles (282.6 km) SSE 
District Rossendale
Shire county Lancashire
Region North West
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town BURY
Postcode district BL0
Dialling code 01706
Police Lancashire
Fire Lancashire
Ambulance North West
EU Parliament North West England
UK Parliament Rossendale and Darwen
List of places
UK
England
Lancashire

Edenfield is a village within the Rossendale borough of Lancashire, England. Lying on the River Irwell, it is around 1.25 miles (2.0 km) north of Ramsbottom, 2.5 miles (4.0 km) south of Rawtenstall, and 6.0 miles (9.7 km) west of Norden, and has a total population of 2,080.[1]

Edenfield village centre lies at the intersection of three A roads; the A676 from Bolton, the A680 from Accrington and Rochdale and the A56 from Rawtenstall and Bury. The M66 motorway terminates its course at Edenfield, whereupon it becomes the A56 dual carriageway known as the Edenfield Bypass.

The village has recently seen growth as a commuter settlement for Greater Manchester and East Lancashire.

History[edit]

The origins of the Edenfield place name are not entirely clear, but it seems extremely unlikely that it derives from "fields of Eden" or similar. Given the large number of Norse-derived place names in Rossendale and bearing in mind that documents from the 17th century and older spell the name as Aydenfield or some variant of this,[2] a likely etymology is the Norse "øy" (riverside ground/island; see for instance the village of Øyer) + "tun" (farmstead) + field; in other words, the land belonging to the farmstead by the river (Irwell).

Edenfield Chapel of Ease (the precursor of the parish church and part of the benefice of Bury) is extensively mentioned in 16th-century documents. It probably had its own curate before the Reformation.[3] A deed of 1564 mentions one Ralph Nuttall making payments to Richard Nuttall for a land settlement and that these payments were to take place "in Edenfield Chapel".[4] A century later there were "aboute foure and twenty tenements and houses w th in Shuttleworth in the Lordshippe of Burghe [Bury], beinge all the houses w th in Shuttleworth afforesaid who are appointed by the said Orders to' pay theire tyths to Bury, who are much nearer to the Chapel of Aydenfield [Edenfield] afforesaid, and vsually repaire thither to the ordinances when they have a mister".[5]

Like other villages in Rossendale, Edenfield later became involved in industry and some quarrying activities still continue.

Britain's largest onshore wind farm was controversially built in 2007–08 on Scout Moor above Edenfield.

Governance[edit]

Since 1974, Edenfield has formed part of the Rossendale borough of Lancashire, having previously formed part of the urban district of Ramsbottom, in the administrative county boundaries of Lancashire.[6]

Edenfield is part of the Rossendale and Darwen Parliamentary Constituency, with the current MP being Jake Berry.

Geography[edit]

Edenfield lies above the east bank of the River Irwell, within the Rossendale valley. The landscape of the area is dominated by Dearden Moor and Scout Moor directly to the east and Holcombe Moor with the Peel Monument, across the valley of the River Irwell to the west. The M66 motorway terminates its course at Edenfield.

Economy[edit]

The main thoroughfare in the village is Market Street, along which occurs mostly late 19th century terraced housing and a number of shops.

The number and type of shops in the village has varied over recent years, with an overall decline due to the increased mobility of the population and competition from nearby supermarkets, but mainstays have been an independent baker (Sixsmith's), butcher, pharmacy, post office, newsagent and fish and chip shop.

A number of mills sprang up during the industrial revolution from the 1760s onwards - not without the usual Luddite unrest. A once-famous 19th-century novel refers to a character "who crossed the hills to preach at Edenfield on Sunday [saying] that machines were broken on Saturday".[7] The mills, built particularly alongside Dearden Brook which provided the water power, are now closed but some remains can be seen in Dearden Clough.[8]

That the main route north from Manchester runs through the village explains the many coaching houses, of which only three public houses survive - The Rostron Arms, The Horse and Jockey and the Coach and Horses. During the second half of the nineteenth century Edenfield had its own brewery, the products of which were not entirely popular: due its their purgative effect the ale was known as "Sh-t-n Br-ches".[9] An article published in 1983 described a ghostly headless horseman who allegedly haunts the main road[10] but this "legend" is not widely known elsewhere.

Landmarks[edit]

The Parish Church is a simple but elegant 18th century building unusual in that it takes its name from the village rather than being dedicated to a particular saint. Despite some 19th-century additions[11] it was famously described in John Betjeman's book as "unspoiled, unspruced Georgian".[12] There is a 1970s photograph of the church, showing part of the main street, village school and the now-demolished Chapel House Farm, on the website of Edenfield-born musician Dr Tim Rishton (who was organist there as a child). The former Wesleyan Chapel on the junction between Market Street and Rochdale Road was demolished in 1960, but there is still an imposing Primitive Methodist church, built in 1881 at the junction of Bond Street and Rochdale Road.

Present day[edit]

The area is popular with walkers and hikers, many stopping to see Waugh's Well, a hillside memorial to the Lancashire Dialect writer and poet Edwin Waugh.

Another popular walk is Dearden Clough to 'Plunge' - the ruined site of Plunge Mill, where there is an imposing pit wheel housing for a waterwheel. One approach to the Clough is from Michael Wife Lane, named after Mary Nuttall, wife of Michael Nuttall, who was fined in 1618 for not maintaining the road and, finally, put in the stocks in 1624 for still not carrying out this work.

The village is home to Edenfield Cricket Club. There is also a recreation ground on Exchange Street which is used by a number of football teams of varying ages. Alongside is Edenfield Community Centre serving a number of uses for different interest groups.

In May 2010 more than 270 sheep, worth a total of £17,000, were stolen from fields behind The Horse and Jockey public house.[13]

In May 2011, Edenfield was again in the news due to a protest regarding the proposed accommodation of sex offenders at Chatterton Hey House.[14]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Lancashire County Council. "Population of Lancashire Urban Areas 2001". Retrieved 2007-06-12. 
  2. ^ For instance "Edmond Pilkington of Chaderton in Aydenfield co. Lanc." mentioned in Townley papers DDTO K 28/26 1622 (http://www.nationalarchives.gov.uk/a2a/records.aspx?cat=055-ddto&cid=-1#-1); "Alice Hey of Aydenfield" mentioned in Recognizance Roll: Manchester, Michaelmas 1630 Lancashire Record Office QSB/1/79/51 (http://www.nationalarchives.gov.uk/a2a/records.aspx?cat=055-q_5-1_2&cid=1-1-29#1-1-29); "John Rawstorne, who was living at Lumm, in Aydenfield, in the time of Edward IV" mentioned in Preston Court Leet, 20 October 1740 (http://www.archive.org/stream/prestoncourtlee00hewigoog/prestoncourtlee00hewigoog_djvu.txt)
  3. ^ 'The parish of Bury', A History of the County of Lancaster: Volume 5 (1911), pp. 122–128. URL: http://www.british-history.ac.uk/report.aspx?compid=53011&strquery=edenfield Retrieved: 17 November 2011.
  4. ^ 'Townships: Cowpe, Lench, Newhall, Hey and Hall Carr', A History of the County of Lancaster: Volume 5 (1911), pp. 150–151. URL: http://www.british-history.ac.uk/report.aspx?compid=53018&strquery=edenfield Retrieved: 17 November 2011
  5. ^ Lancashire Church Surveys, 1650 p.41 URL: http://www.archive.org/stream/publications01recouoft/publications01recouoft_djvu.txt Date accessed: 17 November 2011
  6. ^ A vision of Britain through time. "A vision of Haslingden MB". Retrieved 2007-12-06. 
  7. ^ J.P. Kay-Shuttleworth, Scarsdale: Life on the Lancashire and Yorkshire Border Thirty Years ago (London: Smith, Elder, 1860), p.27
  8. ^ Simpson, History, 54-115)
  9. ^ Simpson, op.cit, 143
  10. ^ Article "Edenfield" ("Discovering Lancashire" series, no. 127, Lancashire Life April 1983, 54-55)
  11. ^ Margaret Gray, Edenfield: Church, p.10
  12. ^ John Betjeman (ed), Collins Guide to Parish Churches of England and Wales (London: Collins, 1980), p.250
  13. ^ Gang of rustlers steal 271 sheep from East Lancs farmer at thisislancashire.co.uk
  14. ^ http://www.lancashiretelegraph.co.uk/news/rossendale/edenfield/9029028.Rossendale_villagers____protest_over_sex_offenders_hostel_plan/

Bibliography[edit]

  • Margaret Gray, Edenfield: Church, Parish and Village 1778–1978 (Edenfield: Edenfield PCC, 1978)
  • John Simpson, A History of Edenfield and District (Edenfield: Edenfield Local History Society, 2003) (ISBN 978-0-9516669-1-3 ISBN 0-9516669-1-6).

External links[edit]