Edward C. Meyer

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Edward Charles Meyer
GEN Meyer, Edward C USA.JPEG
GEN Edward C. Meyer
Nickname(s) Shy
Born (1928-12-11) December 11, 1928 (age 85)
St. Marys, Pennsylvania
Allegiance  United States of America
Service/branch  United States Army
Years of service 1951-1983
Rank US-O10 insignia.svg General
Commands held Chief of Staff, U.S. Army
Battles/wars Korean War
Vietnam War
Awards Silver Star
Legion of Merit
Bronze Star
Defense Distinguished Service Medal

Edward Charles "Shy" Meyer (born December 11, 1928) was a United States Army general and the 29th Chief of Staff of the U.S. Army.

Biography[edit]

Early Life and Career[edit]

Meyer was born in St. Marys, Pennsylvania on December 11, 1928. Upon graduation from the United States Military Academy in 1951 he was commissioned a second lieutenant and attended the U.S. Army Infantry School at Fort Benning. His first assignment was as a platoon leader in Company C, 25th Armored Infantry Battalion in the Korean War from 1951 to 1952. After promotion to first lieutenant in July 1952 he served as a platoon leader, company commander, and battalion staff officer with the 2d Battalion, 24th Infantry Regiment, also in Korea, until 1953. He next served in the 1st Officer Candidate Regiment, Infantry School from 1953 to 1954, afterwards serving as aide to the assistant commandant of the Infantry School, and then as an instructor in operations until 1957. During his time there he was promoted to temporary captain, in July 1956. He next graduated from the infantry officers advanced and basic airborne courses in 1957, continuing on to command Headquarters and Headquarters Company, 1st Airborne Battle Group, 501st Infantry, from 1957 to 1958, followed by promotion to permanent captain in February, 1958 and command of the battle group's Company D from 1958 to 1959. After company command he attended the Command and General Staff College at Fort Leavenworth, graduating in 1960, and being promoted to temporary major in October of that year. He was next manpower control officer in the Office of the Assistant Chief of Staff, G–1, United States Army, Europe (Rear) from 1960 to 1961, and assistant executive and aide to the chief of staff at Supreme Headquarters, Allied Powers Europe from 1961 to 1963. He graduated from the Armed Forces Staff College in 1964, receiving a promotion to temporary lieutenant colonel in May 1964 and permanent major in June 1965. After graduation he served in the Coordination Division of the Office of the Chief of Staff until 1965.

Vietnam War[edit]

Portrait of GEN Edward C. Meyer

He again returned to combat as deputy commander of the 3d Brigade, 1st Cavalry Division (Airmobile) in Vietnam, later taking command of the 2d Battalion, 5th Cavalry from 1965 to 1966. Returning stateside, he graduated from the National War College in 1967, then served in the Plans and Operations Division, Office of the Joint Chiefs of Staff until 1969, promoted to temporary colonel in November 1968. He returned to Vietnam to command the 2d Brigade, 1st Cavalry Division (Airmobile), and then served as division chief of staff, leaving Vietnam in 1970.

Post-Vietnam War[edit]

Meyer was chosen as a federal executive fellow at the Brookings Institution from 1970 to 1971. He was promoted to temporary brigadier general in August 1971 and permanent colonel in June 1972. After promotion to flag rank he served as assistant division commander (support) of the 82d Airborne Division from 1971 to 1972, followed by assignment as deputy commandant of the Army War College from 1972 to 1973. He was next deputy chief of staff for operations, United States Army, Europe, and Seventh Army until 1974, being promoted to temporary major general in August 1973. He was chosen as commanding general of the 3d Infantry Division, United States Army, Europe from 1974 to 1975.

Senior Commands and Chief of Staff[edit]

He moved to the Pentagon in 1975 as assistant deputy chief and deputy chief of staff for operations and plans, United States Army, and remained in that position until 1979. He was promoted to permanent colonel in March 1976, and temporary lieutenant general in October 1976, and general in June 1979, whereupon he was selected as Chief of Staff of the United States Army, a post he filled from June 22, 1979 to June 21, 1983.[1] During his tenure he prosecuted an Army-wide modernization program with emphasis on quality over quantity, stressed the need for a long-term investment in land force materiel, and launched a unit-manning system to reduce personnel turbulence and to enhance readiness. Meyer retired from active service in June 1983.

Personal life[edit]

Meyer married Carol McCunniff in 1954. He had five children. Three sons, Tom, Tim, and Doug; and two daughters, Nancy and Stuart. His daughter, Nancy, is an actress who is married to Michael Cartellone, the drummer for the band Lynrd Skynyrd. His son, Tom, is a political cartoonist who is married to Gretchen Nash and has a daughter named Mia.

Howard Hughes was involved in a near-fatal aircraft accident on July 7, 1946, while performing the first flight of the prototype U.S. Army Air Forces reconnaissance aircraft, the XF-11, near Hughes airfield at Culver City, California.

When the XF-11 finally came to a halt after destroying three houses, the fuel tanks exploded, setting fire to the aircraft and a nearby home at 808 North Whittier Drive, owned by Edward C. Meyer.

Promotion dates[edit]

Rank Temporary Permanent
2nd Lieutenant -- June 1951
First Lieutenant -- July 1952
Captain July 1956 February 1958
Major October 1960 June 1965
Lieutenant Colonel May 1964 June 1972
Colonel November 1968 March 1976
Brigadier General August 1971  ?
Major General August 1973  ?
Lieutenant General October 1976  ?
General  ? June 1979

Awards and decorations[edit]

Blank.JPG CIB2.gif
Bronze oak leaf cluster
Bronze oak leaf cluster
Bronze oak leaf cluster
V
Bronze oak leaf cluster
Bronze oak leaf cluster
Ribbon numeral 3.pngRibbon numeral 4.png
Bronze oak leaf cluster
Blank.JPG US Army Airborne master parachutist badge.gif
Blank.JPG United States Army Staff Identification Badge.png US - Joint Chiefs.png
Combat Infantryman Badge w/ Star
Silver Star w/ Oak Leaf Cluster
Legion of Merit w/ 2 Oak Leaf Clusters
Distinguished Flying Cross
Bronze Star w/ V device and 2 Oak Leaf Clusters
Air Medal w/ numeral 34
Army Commendation Medal w/ Oak Leaf Cluster
Purple Heart
Master Parachtist Badge
Army Staff Identification Badge Worn on right breast pocket Office of the Joint Chiefs of Staff Identification Badge Worn on left breast pocket

References[edit]

  1. ^ Davis, Robert T. (2010). U.S. Foreign Policy and National Security: Chronology and Index for the 20th Century. ABC-CLIO. p. 645. ISBN 978-0-313-38385-4. Retrieved 14 October 2010. 

 This article incorporates public domain material from the United States Army Center of Military History document "Edward Charles Meyer".

Military offices
Preceded by
Bernard W. Rogers
Chief of Staff of the United States Army
1979–1983
Succeeded by
John A. Wickham, Jr.