Electoral district of Melbourne
Location in greater Melbourne area
|Dates current||1856–1859, 1889–present|
|Party||Australian Labor Party|
|Area||31 km2 (12.0 sq mi)|
The Electoral district of Melbourne is an electorate of the Victorian Legislative Assembly. It is currently based around the localities of Carlton, North Carlton, Melbourne, East Melbourne, West Melbourne, North Melbourne, Parkville, Newmarket, Kensington and Flemington, and includes Melbourne University. The district has been in existence since 1856 (it was abolished in 1859 and reestablished in 1889).
The electorate has been traditional Labor territory since 1908, but has become increasingly marginal against the Australian Greens since 2002. Senior Labor minister Bronwyn Pike successfully held the seat against strong Greens challenges at three subsequent elections, defeating future Greens Senator Richard Di Natale in 2002 and 2006, and prominent lawyer Brian Walters in 2010. Pike resigned in 2012, and Labor candidate and City of Melbourne councillor Jennifer Kanis retained the seat after a closely contested by-election, which saw her finish second on primary votes to Greens candidate Cathy Oke but win on preferences.
Melbourne was one of the inaugural districts of the first Assembly in 1856. Its area was defined by the 1855 Act as:
|“||Commencing at a Point in the Yarra Yarra River due South from the South-western Angle of Gisborne Street, thence to Gisborne Street, and by the Western Side of that Street to Victoria Parade, thence by the South Side of Victoria Parade to the Western Side of Nicholson Street, thence by the said Western Side of Nicholson Street Northwards to the Boundary Line of the Corporate Limits of Melbourne, thence by the last-mentioned Boundary Line bearing West to the Moonee Ponds, by the said Moonee Ponds downwards to the Site of Main’s Bridge,[a] thence by a Line bearing South to the Yarra Yarra River, and on the South by the Yarra Yarra River to the commencing Point.||”|
- a now Flemington Bridge
Melbourne was re-created as a single-member electorate by the The Electoral Act Amendment Act 1888 which took effect at the 1889 elections.
|First incarnation (1856–1859, 5 members)|
|Member 1||Party||Term||Member 2||Party||Term||Member 3||Party||Term||Member 4||Party||Term||Member 5||Party||Term|
|Archibald Michie||None||1856–1859||David Moore||None||1856–1859||John Smith||None||1856–1859||William Stawell||None||1856–1857||John O'Shanassy#||None||1856|
|James Service||None||1857–1859||Henry Langlands||None||1857–1859|
|Second incarnation (1889–present, 1 member)|
|Melbourne state by-election, 2012|
|Sex Party||Fiona Patten||1,832||6.56||+3.67|
|Family First||Ashley Fenn||841||3.01||+3.01|
|Democratic Labor||Michael Murphy||521||1.87||+1.87|
|Total formal votes||27,925||90.66||–5.65|
- Victorian Electoral Commission profile of the district of Melbourne
- Map of the district of Melbourne (.pdf file) 2013
- Electoral District of Melbourne, 1855
- Article "Seat of many faces, many landmarks" from The Age
- "Victoria Constitution Act 1855" (pdf). Retrieved 3 January 2014.
- "An Act to alter the Electoral Districts of Victoria and to increase the number of Members of the Legislative Assembly thereof." (pdf). 1858. Retrieved 9 June 2013.
- "The Electoral Act Amendment Act 1888" (pdf). Retrieved 3 January 2014.
- "The Victorian Parliament". South Australian Register. Trove. Retrieved 18 April 2013.
- Eastwood, Jill. "Smith, John Thomas (1816–1879)". Australian Dictionary of Biography. Canberra: Australian National University. Retrieved 18 April 2013.
- Edward Sweetman (1920). Constitutional Development of Victoria, 1851-6. Whitcombe & Tombs Limited. p. 183. Retrieved 18 April 2013.
- "Political Condition. The New Parliament". The Argus. Trove. 29 October 1856. Retrieved 19 April 2013.
- "Central Province and Electoral Districts of Melbourne, St Kilda, Collingwood, South Melbourne, Richmond and Williamstown." (map). State Library of Victoria. 27 November 1855. Retrieved 12 May 2013.