Electoral district of Melbourne

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
This article is about Victorian Legislative Assembly electorate. For the seat of the New South Wales Legislative Council (known as City of Melbourne 1848–51), see Electoral district of Town of Melbourne.
For former electorates of the Victorian Legislative Council, see Electoral district of City of Melbourne and Melbourne Province.
For the Australian federal electorate, see Division of Melbourne.
Melbourne
VictoriaLegislative Assembly
VIC Melbourne District 2014.png
Location of Melbourne (dark green) in Greater Melbourne
State Victoria
Dates current 1856–1859, 1889–present
MP Ellen Sandell
Party Australian Greens
Electors 43,801 (2014)
Area 27 km2 (10.4 sq mi)
Demographic Central Metropolitan

The Electoral district of Melbourne is an electorate of the Victorian Legislative Assembly. It currently includes the localities of Carlton, North Carlton, Melbourne, East Melbourne, West Melbourne, North Melbourne, Parkville, Newmarket, Kensington and Flemington, and includes Melbourne University. The district has been in existence since 1856 (it was abolished in 1859 and reestablished in 1889).

Melbourne, 1855

The electorate was won in 2014 for the first time by an Australian Greens candidate Ellen Sandell.

History[edit]

Melbourne was one of the inaugural districts of the first Assembly in 1856.[1] Its area was defined by the 1855 Act as:

a now Flemington Bridge

Melbourne was abolished in 1859, its area was split into the new Electoral district of East Melbourne and Electoral district of West Melbourne, each having two members.[2]

Melbourne was re-created as a single-member electorate by the The Electoral Act Amendment Act 1888[3] which took effect at the 1889 elections.

Since 1908 the seat had been traditional Labor territory since 1908, but had become increasingly marginal against the Australian Greens since 2002. Senior Labor minister Bronwyn Pike successfully held the seat against strong Greens challenges at three subsequent elections, defeating future Greens Senator Richard Di Natale in 2002 and 2006, and prominent lawyer Brian Walters in 2010. Pike resigned in 2012, and Labor candidate and City of Melbourne councillor Jennifer Kanis retained the seat after a closely contested by-election, which saw her finish second on primary votes to Greens candidate Cathy Oke but win on preferences. Kanis lost the seat to the Greens' Ellen Sandell in 2014.

Members[edit]

First incarnation (1856–1859, 5 members)[4]
Member 1 Party Term Member 2 Party Term Member 3 Party Term Member 4 Party Term Member 5 Party Term
  Archibald Michie None 1856–1859   David Moore None 1856–1859   John Smith[5] None 1856–1859   William Stawell None 1856–1857   John O'Shanassy[6]# None 1856
  James Service None 1857–1859   Henry Langlands None 1857–1859
Second incarnation (1889–present, 1 member)
Member Party Term
  Godfrey Carter None 1889–1900
  Edward Findley Labor 1900–1901
  James Boyd Ministerialist 1901–1908
  Alexander Rogers Labor 1908–1924
  Thomas Hayes Labor 1924–1955
  Labor (Anti-Communist) 1955–1955
  Arthur Clarey Labor 1955–1972
  Barry Jones Labor 1972–1977
  Keith Remington Labor 1977–1988
  Neil Cole Labor 1988–1999
  Bronwyn Pike Labor 1999–2012
  Jennifer Kanis Labor 2012–2014
  Ellen Sandell Greens 2014–present

Election results[edit]

Victorian state election, 2014: Melbourne
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Greens Ellen Sandell 15,333 41.4 +8.9
Labor Jennifer Kanis 10,830 29.3 −5.0
Liberal Ed Huntingford 8,913 24.1 −4.7
Animal Justice Kate Elliott 802 2.2 +2.2
Christians Neville Chisholm 491 1.3 +1.3
Voice for the West Tehiya Umer 325 0.9 +0.9
Family First Kerry Sutherland 306 0.8 +0.8
Total formal votes 37,000 96.5 +0.2
Informal votes 1,343 3.5 −0.2
Turnout 38,343 87.5 +2.3
Two-candidate-preferred result
Greens Ellen Sandell 19,401 52.4 +7.1
Labor Jennifer Kanis 17,599 47.6 −7.1
Greens gain from Labor Swing +7.1

Historical maps[edit]

Notes[edit]

^# O'Shanassy won both Melbourne and Kilmore districts, he decided to represent the latter resulting in a by-election for Melbourne.[7]

External links[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Victoria Constitution Act 1855" (PDF). Retrieved 3 January 2014. 
  2. ^ "An Act to alter the Electoral Districts of Victoria and to increase the number of Members of the Legislative Assembly thereof." (PDF). 1858. Retrieved 9 June 2013. 
  3. ^ "The Electoral Act Amendment Act 1888" (pdf). Retrieved 3 January 2014. 
  4. ^ "The Victorian Parliament". South Australian Register. Trove. Retrieved 18 April 2013. 
  5. ^ Eastwood, Jill. "Smith, John Thomas (1816–1879)". Australian Dictionary of Biography. Canberra: Australian National University. Retrieved 18 April 2013. 
  6. ^ Edward Sweetman (1920). Constitutional Development of Victoria, 1851-6. Whitcombe & Tombs Limited. p. 183. Retrieved 18 April 2013. 
  7. ^ "Political Condition. The New Parliament". The Argus. Trove. 29 October 1856. Retrieved 19 April 2013. 
  8. ^ "Central Province and Electoral Districts of Melbourne, St Kilda, Collingwood, South Melbourne, Richmond and Williamstown." (map). State Library of Victoria. 27 November 1855. Retrieved 12 May 2013.