Entandrophragma

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Entandrophragma
Sapele Tree Congo Brazzaville.jpg
Sapele Tree
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Eudicots
(unranked): Rosids
Order: Sapindales
Family: Meliaceae
Genus: Entandrophragma
Species

See text.

Entandrophragma candollei - MHNT

Entandrophragma is a genus of eleven species of deciduous trees in the mahogany family Meliaceae, restricted to tropical Africa. At least some of the species attain large sizes, reaching 40–50 m tall, exceptionally 60 m, and 2 m in trunk diameter. The leaves are pinnate, with 5-9 pairs of leaflets, each leaflet 8–10 cm long with an acuminate tip. The flowers are produced in loose inflorescences, each flower small, with five yellowish petals about 2 mm long, and ten stamens. The fruit is a five-valved capsule containing numerous winged seeds.

Selected species
  • Entandrophragma angolense - Tiama
  • Entandrophragma candollei - Kosipo
  • Entandrophragma cylindricum - Sapeli or Sapele
  • Entandrophragma utile - Sipo or Utile

Uses[edit]

The timber of a few species is well-known. These are traded under separate names and can be used more or less like mahogany, with that of Entandrophragma cylindricum perhaps closest to a mahogany-type wood. The wood has a density of 660 kg per cubic meter.[1]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Utile. Niche Timbers. Accessed 20-09-2009.

External links[edit]

Tiama Entandrophragma angolense
Kosipo Entandrophragma candollei
Sapeli Entandrophragma cylindricum
Sipo (Utile) Entandrophragma utile