Eric Whitacre

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Eric Whitacre
Ewcolor.jpg
Whitacre conducting in 2005
Background information
Born (1970-01-02) January 2, 1970 (age 44)
Reno, Nevada
Occupations
  • Composer
  • Conductor
Website EricWhitacre.com

Eric Whitacre (born January 2, 1970) is a Grammy-winning American composer and conductor, known for his choral, orchestral and wind ensemble music. He is also known for his "Virtual Choir" projects, bringing individual voices from around the globe together into an online choir.[1][2]

Biography[edit]

Born in Reno, Nevada, Whitacre studied piano intermittently as a child and joined a junior high marching band under band leader Jim Burnett. Later he played synthesizer in a techno-pop band, dreaming of being a rock star.[3][4] Whitacre began his full musical training while an undergraduate at the University of Nevada, Las Vegas, taking a BA in musical education, though he was unable to read music at the time.[3] Whitacre states that the first work that he sang, Mozart's Requiem, changed his life.[3] He studied composition with Ukrainian composer Virko Baley and choral conducting with David Weiller, completing his BA in Music in 1995. Whitacre credits Weiller with the inspiration that put the young composer on the musical path.[4] At 21 he wrote his setting of Go, Lovely Rose for his college choir and presented the composition as a gift to David Weiller. Whitacre went on to earn his Master's degree in composition at the Juilliard School, where he studied with John Corigliano and David Diamond.[4][5] At the age of 23 he completed his first piece for Wind Orchestra, Ghost Train, which has now been recorded over 40 times. He acknowledges the great support of his mentor Tom Leslie in the development of composition for wind ensembles and in the writing of Ghost Train particularly.[4] While at Juilliard he met his future wife Hila Plitmann and two of his closest friends Steven Bryant and Jonathan Newman. He lived in the state of Nevada until he was 25. He graduated in 1997 and moved to Los Angeles and following the success of Ghost Train, he decided to become a full-time professional composer.[3][4]

Whitacre's first album as both composer and conductor on Decca/Universal, Light & Gold,[6] won a Grammy in 2012, and became the no. 1 Classical Album in the US and UK charts within a week of a release.[7] Eric's second album, Water Night, was released on Decca in April 2012 and featured performances from his professional choir the Eric Whitacre Singers, the London Symphony Orchestra, Julian Lloyd Webber and Hila Plitmann.

Whitacre has written for the London Symphony Orchestra and Chorus, Chanticleer, Julian Lloyd Webber, Philharmonia Orchestra, Rundfunkchor Berlin and The King's Singers, among others. His musical, Paradise Lost: Shadows and Wings,[8] won both the American Society of Composers, Authors and Publishers Harold Arlen award and the Richard Rodgers Award, and earned 10 nominations at the Los Angeles Stage Alliance Ovation Awards. Whitacre also worked with film composer, Hans Zimmer, co-writing the Mermaid Theme for Pirates of the Caribbean: On Stranger Tides. In 2011, Eric conducted the winning entries of the Abbey Road 80th Anniversary Anthem Competition, recording the London Symphony Orchestra and the Eric Whitacre Singers, in Abbey Road Studio 1. Whitacre's Soaring Leap initiative is a dynamic one-day workshop where singers, conductors and composers read, rehearse and perform several of his works.[9]

Whitacre has addressed the U.N. Leaders programme and has given a TED talk in March 2011 on his virtual choirs project.[10] He has addressed audiences at Duke, Harvard, The Economist, Seoul Digital Forum and JCDA Conference in Tokyo. From October to December 2010, Whitacre was a visiting Fellow at Sidney Sussex College, Cambridge during Michaelmas (Autumn) Term.[11] He composed a piece for the Choir of Sidney Sussex College, Cambridge and worked with students in masterclasses and workshops.

Many of Eric Whitacre's works have entered the standard choral and symphonic repertories and have become the subject of scholarly works and doctoral dissertations.

Eric Whitacre currently lives in London with his wife, Grammy award-winning soprano Hila Plitmann, and their son.

Style[edit]

Whitacre

Whitacre is probably best known for his choral works; however, both his choral and instrumental styles use pan-diatonic clusters usually arranged in successive increasing or decreasing density. Whitacre achieves this growth and decay by splitting voices divisi—in one case up to 18 parts. These sonorities can often be read as seventh or ninth chords, with or without added seconds and fourths. Perhaps his most famous chord is a root-position major triad with an added major second and/or perfect fourth. Whitacre makes frequent use of quartal, quintal and secundal harmonies, and is also known for his use of unconventional chord progressions. His use of rhythm often involves mixed, complex, and/or compound meters. His pieces sometimes include frequent meter changes and unusual rhythmic patterns. Another trademark of Whitacre's pieces is the use of aleatoric and indeterminate sections, as well as unusual score instructions involving, in some cases, hand actions and/or props.[12]

The poets that have inspired Whitacre's work include Octavio Paz, Emily Dickinson, E. E. Cummings, Charles Anthony Silvestri, Robert Frost, Rumi and Federico García Lorca.[3]

Projects[edit]

Virtual Choir[edit]

Whitacre's Virtual Choir projects were inspired by a video sent to him of a young girl named Britlin Losee[13] from Long Island, New York[14] singing one of his choral pieces.[15] He began with a test run of Sleep, then Lux Aurumque in 2009[1][16] and then Sleep again in 2010.

Whitacre's Virtual Choir performance of Lux Aurumque, has received 4 million views (as of August 2012), featuring 185 singers from 12 countries.[1]

Eric Whitacre's Virtual Choir 2.0, was released in April 2011 and involved over 2,000 voices from 58 countries.[17]

Virtual Choir 3, Water Night, written in 1995, combined 3746 submissions from 73 countries and was released in April 2012.[18][19] By the entry close date of 1 February 2012, 3,746 videos had been uploaded by 2,945 people in 73 countries, singing one or more parts of "Water Night". On 15 April, on the exact 100 year anniversary moment of the sinking of the Titanic, the "Water Night" Virtual Choir video was shown in the new Titanic Belfast commemorative building, in remembrance of those lost in the disaster.

In December 15, 2012, Whitacre launched his "kickstarter campaign," a $100,000 fundraiser to raise money for Virtual Choir 4.[20] Associated with the project was the title "Virtual Choir 4: Bliss," hinting that the selection for VC4 is an arrangement of "Bliss," the final piece from Eric Whitacre's electronica opera "Paradise Lost: Shadows and Wings." The project has officially been backed as of January 22, 2013.[21] VC4 was later renamed "Fly to Paradise" and contains 8,409 videos from 5,905 people from 101 different countries. It launched at the Coronation Festival at Buckingham Palace/BBC1 on July 11, 2013.

Whitacre's most recent project is "Glow," his new choral composition for the World of Color − Winter Dreams, an all-new holiday version of the popular World of Color after-dark spectacular. The show made its debut at the Disney California Adventure Park in Anaheim, California on Friday, Nov. 15, 2013. The show consisted of a video projected onto water fountain spray. The video was a Virtual Choir made up of American residents only [due to artist release issues] and is known as the World of Color Honor Choir. Videos were submitted using the same process as the larger world based Virtual Choir, responsible for the first 4 Virtual Choir projects. Whitacre conducted the World of Color Honor Choir.[22]

Recording projects[edit]

Whitacre's first album with Decca, Light & Gold, was released in October 2010. This album won the Grammy for Best Choral Performance in 2012.[23] Whitacre's second album with Decca, Water Night, was released in April 2012 in the United States.[24]

Performance projects[edit]

Whitacre, 2009

Whitacre has worked collaboratively with Distinguished Concerts International New York[25] (DCINY). With regard to his musical Paradise Lost: Shadows and Wings, he was described by The New York Times as a "younger, hipper Andrew Lloyd Webber, with fleeting hints of Bernstein and Sondheim".[26]

On 24 October 2010, he conducted an all-American programme with the London Symphony Orchestra and Chorus at the Barbican London in a performance that featured his commission for the London Symphony Chorus entitled Songs of Immortality. On 28 November 2010, he sat on the panel of judges for the final episode of Choir of the Year, broadcast on BBC Four and BBC Radio 3. In December 2010, Whitacre conducted the I Vocalisti choir in Hamburg, and was a guest conductor of the Christmas performance of the Berlin Rundfunkchor. In November 2010, Whitacre conducted Côrdydd, a Cardiff-based mixed choir, and friends in a concert of his work at the BBC Hoddinott Hall in the Wales Millennium Centre. He continues to develop his musical Paradise Lost: Shadows and Wings. A concert version was given at Carnegie Hall in 2010.[26] Plans for the stage show and soundtrack extend into 2013.

Whitacre is a founding member of BCM International, a quartet of composers consisting of himself, Steven Bryant, Jonathan Newman and James Bonney, which aspires to "enrich the wind ensemble repertoire with music unbound by traditional thought or idiomatic cliché."[27]

Awards and honors[edit]

Whitacre has won awards from the Barlow international composition competition, American Choral Directors Association, American Composers' Forum and in 2001 became the youngest recipient ever of The Raymond C Brock Commission given by the American Choral Directors Association. His musical Paradise Lost: Shadows and Wings earned him a Richard Rodgers Award and received 10 nominations at the 2007 Los Angeles Stage Alliance Ovation Awards. The album Cloudburst and Other Choral Works received a Grammy nomination in 2007 for Best Choral Performance. Later, his album "Light and Gold" won a Grammy for Best Choral Performance in 2012.[28]

Works[edit]

Wind symphony[edit]

  • Equus
  • Ghost Train Triptych
    1. Ghost Train
    2. At The Station
    3. Motive Revolution
  • Godzilla Eats Las Vegas!
  • Noisy Wheels of Joy
  • October
  • Sleep (choral transcription)
  • The Seal Lullaby (choral transcription for wind symphony and piano)
  • Lux Aurumque (transcription of the choral work, transposed a semitone lower from C-sharp minor to C minor)
  • Cloudburst (choral transcription)
  • Libertas Imperio (From Paradise Lost: Shadows and Wings)

SATB choral[edit]

  • A Boy and A Girl (poem by Octavio Paz)
  • Alleluia (adapted from his October)
  • Animal Crackers, Volume 1 (Poems by Ogden Nash)
    1. The Panther
    2. The Cow
    3. The Firefly
  • Animal Crackers, Volume 2 (Poems by Ogden Nash)
    1. The Canary
    2. The Eel
    3. The Kangaroo
  • The City and the Sea (poems by e. e. cummings)
    1. i walked the boulevard
    2. the moon is hiding in her hair
    3. maggie and millie and molly and may
    4. as is the sea marvelous
    5. little man in a hurry
  • Cloudburst (poem by Octavio Paz)
  • Five Hebrew Love Songs (poem by Hila Plitmann)
    1. Temuna
    2. Kala Kalla (Light Bride)
    3. Larov (Mostly)
    4. Eyze Sheleg! (What snow!)
    5. Rakut (Tenderness)
  • Fly to Paradise (Rewrite of "Bliss" from Paradise Lost for Virtual Choir 4, unpublished)
  • Glow (Commissioned by Disney for the World of Color show)
  • Goodnight Moon (chorus and piano)
  • Her Sacred Spirit Soars (poem by Charles Anthony Silvestri)
  • Leonardo Dreams of His Flying Machine (libretto by Charles Anthony Silvestri)
  • Little Birds (poem by Octavio Paz)
  • little tree (poem by E. E. Cummings)
  • Lux Aurumque (poem by Edward Esch; translated into Latin by Charles Anthony Silvestri) (also set for male chorus)
  • Nox Aurumque (poem by Charles Anthony Silvestri)
  • Oculi Omnium
  • The Seal Lullaby (poem by Rudyard Kipling)
  • She Weeps Over Rahoon (poem by James Joyce)
  • Sleep (originally a setting of Robert Frost's poem, "Stopping by Woods on a Snowy Evening"; for copyright reasons[29] the published version uses a specially-written text by Charles Anthony Silvestri)
  • Sleep, My Child (Choral transcription from Paradise Lost: Shadows and Wings)
  • The Stolen Child (setting of a poem by William Butler Yeats, commissioned in 2008 by the National Youth Choir of Great Britain and The King's Singers for their respective 25th and 40th anniversaries)
  • This Marriage (poem by Jalal al-Din Rumi)
  • Three Flower Songs
    1. I Hide Myself (poem by Emily Dickinson)
    2. With a Lily in Your Hand (poem by Federico García Lorca)
    3. Go, Lovely Rose (poem by Edmund Waller)
  • Three Songs of Faith (poems by E. E. Cummings)
    1. i will wade out
    2. hope, faith, life, love
    3. i thank You God for most this amazing day[30]
  • Water Night (poem by Octavio Paz; translated by Muriel Rukeyser)
  • When David Heard (from II Samuel 18:33)
  • Winter (poem by Edward Esch)
  • What If (lyrics by David Norona and Eric Whitacre)

SSA choral[edit]

  • She Weeps Over Rahoon (text by James Joyce)
  • Five Hebrew Love Songs (poem by Hila Plitmann)
  • The Seal Lullaby (text by Rudyard Kipling)
  • I Thank You God (text by E. E. Cummings)

TTBB choral[edit]

  • Lux Aurumque (poem by Edward Esch, translated into Latin by Charles Anthony Silvestri)
  • The Seal Lullaby (text by Rudyard Kipling)

Orchestral[edit]

  • A Boy and a Girl
  • Equus
  • Godzilla Eats Las Vegas
  • Goodnight Moon (strings, harp, soprano)
  • Lux Aurumque
  • October
  • The River Cam
  • Water Night
  • Winter
  • Winter (for strings, choir and sitar)

Solo voice[edit]

  • The City and the Sea (poems by E. E. Cummings)
  • Goodnight Moon (poem by Margaret Wise Brown)
  • Five Hebrew Love Songs (poem by Hila Plitmann)

Music theatre[edit]

Other arrangements[edit]

  • Rak HaHatchala (Only the Beginning) [aka Five Hebrew Love Songs]; for soprano voice, solo violin, piano

Film and television[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Lux Aurumque on YouTube
  2. ^ Canadian TV April 2010. Accessed 2 May 2010
  3. ^ a b c d e Hyperion Records profile
  4. ^ a b c d e Composers On Composing For Band, Volume 2. Ed. Mark Camphouse, GIA Publications, 2004, ISBN 9781579993856 pp. 253–262
  5. ^ Audio interview with Whitacre – BBC 29 June 2008 Accessed 14 July 2010
  6. ^ Light & Gold
  7. ^ Official website
  8. ^ Paradise Lost: Shadows and Wings
  9. ^ Soaring Leap
  10. ^ TED Talk
  11. ^ http://ericwhitacre.com/wp-content/uploads/Light-and-Gold_Oct-2010_Launch-Release.pdf
  12. ^ Shrock, Dennis (Mar 2009). Choral Repertoire. Oxford University Press (USA). p. 761. ISBN 978-0-19-532778-6. 
  13. ^ Sleep – Eric Whitacre – Message and Singing from Britlin on YouTube
  14. ^ http://www.npr.org/2011/04/06/135181815/theyve-never-met-but-2000-singers-perform-together
  15. ^ Introduction to the Virtual Choir on YouTube
  16. ^ Niccum, Jon (9 April 2010). "Net Worth: Viral choral video traces roots to Lawrence encounter". LJWorld. Retrieved 12 January 2011. 
  17. ^ Sleep on YouTube
  18. ^ Water Night on YouTube
  19. ^ Virtual Choir
  20. ^ "Virtual Choir 4: Bliss by Eric Whitacre". Kickstarter.com. Retrieved 16 December 2012. 
  21. ^ "Eric Whitcare – Composer, Conductor, Lecturer". Retrieved 16 December 2012. 
  22. ^ Glow
  23. ^ Chorus America. "Eric Whitacre Wins Grammy's "Best Choral Performance"". Light and Gold. Retrieved 18 March 2012. 
  24. ^ "Help! – Blog – Eric Whitacre". EricWhitacre.com. 30 July 2011. Retrieved 26 May 2012. 
  25. ^ Distinguished Concerts International New York
  26. ^ a b Smith, Steve (16 June 2010). "A Juggernaut Rolls Into Carnegie, Chorus in Tow". The New York Times. Retrieved 12 January 2011. 
  27. ^ BCM International
  28. ^ "54th Annual GRAMMY Awards Nominees And Winners". GRAMMY.com. Retrieved 26 May 2012. 
  29. ^ Whitacre's own foreword to Sleep, Walton Music, 2002
  30. ^ full text of i thank You God for most this amazing day.

External links[edit]