Estádio José Alvalade
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|Estádio José Alvalade|
|Full name||Estádio José Alvalade|
|Opened||6 August 2003|
|Owner||Sporting Clube de Portugal|
|Construction cost||€121 million|
|Capacity||50 049 |
|Field dimensions||105 x 68 m|
|Sporting Clube de Portugal|
Estádio José Alvalade is a football stadium in Lisbon, Portugal, home of Sporting Clube de Portugal, one of the country's biggest clubs. Having replaced the former Estádio José Alvalade (1956), it is the center of a complex called Alvalade XXI (which includes a mall called Alvaláxia with a 12-screen movie theater, a health club, the club's museum, a sports pavilion, a clinic, and an office building), designed by Portuguese architect Tomás Taveira. It was classified by UEFA as a 5-star stadium, enabling it to host finals of major UEFA events. This stadium – originally projected to hold only 40,000 spectators at any given time – has a capacity of 50,049 and was acoustically engineered as a venue for major concerts. The stadium has also a total of 1,315 underground parking spaces, including 30 for disabled spectators. Its official opening was on 6 August 2003 when Sporting played and beat Manchester United 3–1. It also hosted the 2005 UEFA Cup Final between Sporting and CSKA Moscow, which CSKA Moscow won 3–1. On the exterior, the stadium features multi-colored tiles. Seats are arranged in a random-looking color mix to give an illusion that the stadium is always at capacity.
The stadium hosted five matches of UEFA Euro 2004, one of them being the semi-final between Portugal and the Netherlands, which Portugal won 2–1. This match won the title of Best Organized in the whole competition.
The complex called Alvalade XXI cost a total of €162 million, with the stadium accounting with almost €121 million and was built adjacent to the site of the now demolished Estádio José Alvalade (1956).
After years of coping with a poor playing surface, the Sporting board initially decided to install synthetic turf for the 2011-2012 season, but this decision was latter abandoned for the use of artificial lighting by Stadium Grow Lighting.
First match 
|Team #1||Score||Team #2||Date|
|Sporting CP||3 – 1||Manchester United||06/08/2003|
Internationals hosted 
|Team #1||Team #2||Date||Attendance||Competition||Notes|
|Sweden||5 – 0||Bulgaria||14/06/2004||31,652||UEFA Euro 2004||Group Stage|
|Spain||0 – 1||Portugal||20/06/2004||47,491||UEFA Euro 2004||Group Stage|
|Germany||1 – 2||Czech Republic||23/06/2004||46,849||UEFA Euro 2004||Group Stage|
|France||0 – 1||Greece||25/06/2004||45,390||UEFA Euro 2004||Quarter-Finals|
|Portugal||2 – 1||Netherlands||30/06/2004||49,679||UEFA Euro 2004||Semi-finals|
|Portugal||7 – 1||Russia||13/10/2004||44,258||2006 World Cup qualification||Russia's biggest ever defeat|
|Portugal||4 – 0||Belgium||24/03/2007||48,009||UEFA Euro 2008 qualifying||First ever competitive win over Belgium|
|Portugal||1 – 1||Serbia||12/09/2007||47,000||UEFA Euro 2008 qualifying|
|Portugal||2 – 3||Denmark||10/09/2008||43,000||2010 World Cup qualification||First ever competitive loss with Denmark|
|Portugal||Israel||11/10/2013||2014 World Cup qualification|
2005 UEFA Cup Final 
|Team #1||Score||Team #2||Date||Attendance|
|Sporting CP||1 – 3||CSKA Moscow||18/05/2005||48,500|
Seating distribution 
- Disabled Seats – 50
- Skybox Seats – 1,541
- VIP and Business Seats – 1,968
- Tribune Seats – 100
- Public Seats – 46,191
- Press Seats – 199
The Stadium is served by the Campo Grande station of the Lisbon Metro and a bus terminal served by several companies. The Segunda Circular, a major ring road of Lisbon, runs close by and the stadium can be reached via the exit Estádio de Alvalade. There are several car parks around the stadium.