Europa Nostra

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Europa Nostra
ENlogoEN.png
Motto The Voice of Cultural Heritage in Europe
Formation 1963
Type NGO and Non-profit organization
Headquarters

The Hague, Netherlands

Brussels, Belgium
Region served Europe
Membership Member Organisations, Associate Organisations, Individual Members
President Plácido Domingo
Website www.europanostra.org

Europa Nostra, (Latin for Our Europe) the pan-European Federation for Cultural Heritage, represents a rapidly growing citizens’ movement for safeguarding Europe's cultural and natural heritage. It is the voice of this movement to relevant international bodies, in particular the European Union, the Council of Europe and UNESCO.[1] It has consultative status with UNESCO[2] and is recognised as an NGO partner.

Europa Nostra's network covers almost 50 countries across Europe and beyond. It is composed of over 250 member organisations (heritage associations and foundations with a combined membership of more than 5 million people), 150 associated organisations (governmental bodies, local authorities and corporations) and also 1500 individual members who directly support the mission of Europa Nostra.[3]

Europa Nostra's main goal is to place heritage and its benefits in the mainstream of public consciousness and to make heritage a higher priority for public policy both at European and national levels. Its specific objectives are to promote, at a European level, high standards of quality in the fields of heritage conservation, architecture, urban and rural planning and to advocate a balanced and sustainable development of urban and rural, built and natural environment. Europa Nostra also seeks to highlight the importance of cultural heritage as a building block of European identity and as contributiing to a strengthening sense of European citizenship.

Europa Nostra was founded in 1963 on the initiative of Italia Nostra, as a response to the serious threat to the survival of Venice, caused by regular flooding. In 1991 it merged with the Internationales Burgen Institut (the International Castles Institute), itself created in 1949.[4]

Today, Europa Nostra is presided over by world-renowned opera singer, Maestro Plácido Domingo (Spain) and its Executive President is Denis de Kergorlay (France). Previous presidents have been HRH the Infanta Doña Pilar de Borbón from Spain (2007–2009), HRH the Prince Consort of Denmark (1990–2007) and Hans de Koster from the Netherlands (1984–1990).

Its activities are coordinated by an International Secretariat based in The Hague (Netherlands) headed by Europa Nostra's Secretary General, Sneška Quaedvlieg-Mihailović (Netherlands/Serbia). In several countries, the International Secretariat is assisted in its tasks by country representations.

Europa Nostra's main activities are:

  1. to act as a representative lobby for cultural heritage in Europe
  2. to celebrate and promote excellence through the European Union Prize for Cultural Heritage / Europa Nostra Awards;
  3. to save Europe's historic monuments, sites and cultural landscapes which are in danger, and
  4. to animate a network of cultural heritage stakeholders in Europe.

Lobby for Cultural Heritage[edit]

Acting as a European cultural heritage lobby, Europa Nostra seeks to secure adequate support for cultural heritage in various areas of European policy-making and funding. It advocates the need to take cultural heritage into consideration when formulating and implementing all European and national policies which have an impact – direct or indirect – on heritage. Europa Nostra also seeks to highlight the importance and the specific character of cultural heritage within the wider cultural and policy agenda of important international partners: namely the European Union, the Council of Europe and UNESCO.

During its European Heritage Congress held in Amsterdam (June 2011), Europa Nostra and 27 other European and international networks and organisations active in the wider field of cultural heritage decided to set up the European Heritage Alliance 3.3.

In March 2010, Europa Nostra opened a Liaison Office in Brussels, whose task is to coordinate Europa Nostra's lobbying of EU Institutions and other European and international bodies based in Brussels, Strasbourg and Paris.

European Union Prize for Cultural Heritage/Europa Nostra Awards[edit]

EU Prize for Cultural Heritage
Europa Nostra Awards
Awarded for best practices in heritage conservation
Country EU and EFTA members
First awarded 2002
Official website http://www.europanostra.org/heritage-awards/

The European Union Prize for Cultural Heritage / Europa Nostra Awards celebrate excellence in cultural heritage conservation, ranging from the restoration of buildings and their adaptation to new uses, to urban and rural landscape rehabilitation, archaeological site interpretations, and care for art collections. Moreover, it highlights research, dedicated service to heritage conservation by individuals or organisations and education projects related to cultural heritage.

The awards are supported by the European Commission in the framework of the EU Culture Programme. It has been organised by Europa Nostra since 2002.

This Awards Scheme aims to promote high standards and high-quality skills in conservation practice, and to stimulate trans-frontier exchange in heritage protection. By spreading the 'Power of Example', the Awards also aim to encourage further efforts and projects related to heritage throughout Europe.[5][6]

Europa Nostra is the main partner of 'The Best in Heritage', an annual presentation of awarded museum, heritage, and conservation projects, which takes place in the second part of September in the world heritage town of Dubrovnik (Croatia)

Heritage in Danger[edit]

Europa Nostra supports national and international campaigns for the preservation and rescue of Europe's heritage which is in danger. In January 2013 it launched with the European Investment Bank Group, represented by the EIB Institute, the 7 Most Endangered Programme to identify endangered monuments and sites in Europe and mobilize public and private partners on a local, national and European level to find a future for those sites, working as a catalyst for action. [7] The 7 Most Endangered sites and monuments for 2013 were selected from a shortlist of 14 prepared by an international panel that reviewed 40 nominations from member organizations from 21 countries. [8]

In recent years, Europa Nostra has raised its voice to save endangered historic monuments, sites or landscapes in Europe such as:

  • The area of Rosia Montana (Transylvania, Romania) whose heritage and environment is threatened by a proposed open-cast gold mine;[9]
  • The Roman archaeological site of Allianoi (Turkey) threatened by the construction of an irrigation dam (today, the site has disappeared under water);[10][11][12]
  • Mont Saint-Michel (Normandy, France) threatened by the proposed construction of giant wind-turbines having a negative visual impact on the cultural landscape surrounding the Mont;[13]
  • Italian historic cities, mainly in the Emilia Romagna region, affected by the earthquakes in May 2012;[14]
  • The Ancient City of l’Aquila and the surrounding distinctive villages (Abruzzo Region, Italy) threatened by various degrees of destruction or damage caused by the April 2008 earthquake;
  • The Ancient City of Famagusta (Cyprus) threatened by neglect caused by on-going political conflict;
  • The remains of the Mediaeval Town Hall of Berlin (Germany) as well as the city's historic gas lanterns both threatened by new infrastructure works;
  • The Piazza Sant’Ambrogio in Milano (Lombardy, Italy) threatened by the proposed construction of an underground car-park.[15]

Pan-European Network[edit]

Europa Nostra serves as a platform for exchange for those concerned with heritage conservation, education, research, communication and interpretation. It enables heritage professionals, volunteers and supporters from all over Europe and beyond to meet, debate and inspire each other. It also engages with a wider range of stakeholders, be they policy makers, other European or international networks related to heritage, students and young heritage professionals or the public at large. Europa Nostra is a partner of Wiki Loves Monuments, the Wikipedia photo contest around cultural heritage.[16]

Europa Nostra organises an annual European Heritage Congress, including a public Forum on various heritage subjects that are of relevance to the whole of Europe. It also holds smaller-scale national, regional and local meetings and debates with heritage NGOs in different parts of Europe. In addition to this, Europa Nostra's Scientific Council organises an annual Colloquium to promote and coordinate the scientific study of ancient structures and fortified buildings in Europe.

Recent Congresses and Forums[edit]

  • Athens, June 2013 – "Europa Nostra 50th Anniversary Congress"
  • Lisbon, June 2012 – "Saving Europe's Endangered Heritage"
  • Amsterdam, June 2011 – "Volunteers: Added Value for Europe's Heritage"
  • Istanbul, June 2010 – "Multiple Identities, A Common Heritage"
  • Taormina, June 2009 – "Saving Europe's Small Historic Towns and Villages and their surrounding Landscapes"
  • Newcastle, June 2008 – "Securing the future of Europe's Engineering Heritage"
  • Stockholm, June 2007 – "Add Modernism! Modernist Architecture and Sites as Europe's Cultural Heritage"
  • Canisy/Paris, November 2006 – "Cultural Heritage in Kosovo: From Apple of Discord to Ferment of Reconciliation"
  • Valletta, May 2006 – "Cultural Tourism: Its Encouragement and Control"
  • Brussels, December 2005 – "Cultural Heritage Counts for Europe"
  • Bergen, June 2005 – "Safeguarding Coastal Heritage"
  • The Hague, October 2004 – "Heritage and Education – A European Perspective"

Recent Scientific Council Colloquiums[edit]

  • Cappadocia (Turkey), 2012 – "The underground defenses"
  • Nicosia (Cyprus), 2011 – "Heritage Conservation and enhancement in former conflict zones"
  • Istanbul (Turkey), 2010 – "The reuse of ancient fortified settlements from middle ages to modern time"
  • Rhodes (Greece), 2009 – "Management of the monumental environment and its landmarks, the fortified medieval city of Rhodes"
  • Kilkenny, (Ireland) 2008 – "Towers and smaller castles"
  • Belgrade and Petrovaradin (Serbia), 2007 – "The bastioned fortresses in the age of Vauban"
  • Marksburg/Braubach am Rhein (Germany), 2006 – "Reconstruction or new construction of medieval castles in the 19th century"
  • Sibiu (Romania), 2005 – "Fortified churches and monasteries"
  • Figueres and Roses (Spain), 2004 – "The re-use of redundant large European military complexes"

Publications[edit]

Europa Nostra publishes an annual magazine restyled in 2010 with the name "Heritage in Motion" (ISSN 1871-417x). This magazine contains articles related to cultural heritage actors and initiatives in the country or the city which hosts the annual congress of Europa Nostra. Its previous name was "European Cultural Heritage Review" (ISSN 1871-417x).

Europa Nostra's Scientific Council has also published a total of 64 volumes of its "Scientific Bulletin".

Membership[edit]

Europa Nostra is a non-profit organisation, which is financially supported by membership fees and donations, by the European Commission and other public bodies and private supporters and sponsors.

Europa Nostra's membership is made up of different categories:

  • Any non-governmental and not-for-profit organisation (e.g. association, foundation or museum) working actively to safeguard the cultural and natural heritage at European, national, regional and/or local level can submit an application to become a Member Organisation.
  • Any public or private body not qualified to join as a Member Organisation (e.g. regions, cities, towns, governmental heritage agencies, educational institutions, tourism organisations and world-wide heritage organisation) can submit an application to become an Associate Organisation.
  • Individuals who wish to directly support Europa Nostra's action can become an Individual Member.

Governance[edit]

  • See Governance and Structure[17]
  • President: Plácido Domingo (ES)
  • Executive President: Denis de Kergorlay (FR)
  • Executive Vice-President: John Sell (UK)
  • Treasurer: Roelf Rogaar (NL)
  • Secretary-General: Sneška Quaedvlieg-Mihailovic (NL/SRB)

Main governing bodies:

  • General Assembly
  • Council
  • Board

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Europa Nostra website". Europanostra.org. Retrieved 2013-09-19. 
  2. ^ "UNESCO". UNESCO. Retrieved 2013-09-19. 
  3. ^ "Europa Nostra membership". Europanostra.org. Retrieved 2013-09-19. 
  4. ^ "History of Europa Nostra". Europanostra.org. Retrieved 2013-09-19. 
  5. ^ "Europa Nostra website". Europanostra.org. Retrieved 2013-09-19. 
  6. ^ European Commission Culture[dead link]
  7. ^ "‘The 7 Most Endangered’ Programme launched". Europa.eu. Retrieved 2013-09-19. 
  8. ^ Posted: 05/19/2013 12:59 pm EDT (2013-05-19). "The 14 Most Endangered European Heritage Sites". Huffington Post. Retrieved 2013-09-19. 
  9. ^ "Cotidianul.ro". Cotidianul.ro. Retrieved 2013-09-19. 
  10. ^ By  Laura Allsop for CNN. "CNN". Edition.cnn.com. Retrieved 2013-09-19. 
  11. ^ Guillaume Perrier. "The Guardian". The Guardian. Retrieved 2013-09-19. 
  12. ^ Todays Zaman[dead link]
  13. ^ La Manche Libre
  14. ^ "Europa Nostra website". Europanostra.org. Retrieved 2013-09-19. 
  15. ^ Il Corriere della Sera[dead link]
  16. ^ "Wiki Loves Monuments". Wiki Loves Monuments. Retrieved 2013-09-19. 
  17. ^ http://www.europanostra.org/governance--amp--structure/
  18. ^ europeanheritagealliance.eu
  19. ^ wikilovesmonuments.org

External links[edit]