Extreme points of New Zealand

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This article discusses the extreme points of New Zealand: the points that lie farther north, south, east or west than any other equivalent location in the country.

The northernmost point is often thought to be Cape Reinga, but this is instead the northwesternmost point. Similarly, Bluff is often considered to be the southernmost point of the South Island, although The Bluff itself (the promontory which gives the town its name) is actually fractionally further north than Slope Point. The phrase "From Cape Reinga to The Bluff" is, however, frequently used within New Zealand to refer to the whole country, ignoring both Slope Point and some offshore islands.


Extreme points[edit]

New Zealand overall[edit]

Nugent Island on the left (in the trees) - North

Distance from North to South (Nugent Island to Jacquemart Island) is 2,813 kilometres (1,748 mi).

Distance around the four points is 6,176 kilometres (3,838 mi).

Jacquemart Island in the distance - South
Cape Lovitt - West
Forty-Fours/Motuhara - East

(Note: this excludes New Zealand's claims over lands in the Ross Dependency, and it's administration of the Tokelau Islands)

The North Island[edit]

The South Island[edit]

Centres of population[edit]

Northernmost settlements[edit]

The tiny settlement of Kapowairua, at the eastern end of Spirits Bay, although there is a permanently manned station on Raoul Island much further north. The northernmost settlement of significant size is Te Kao, while Taipa-Mangonui is the northernmost urban area with at least 1000 people. New Zealand's northernmost city is Whangarei.

Southernmost settlements[edit]

The southernmost settlement in New Zealand is Oban, on Stewart Island, although there is a meteorological station on Campbell Island, though this is no longer permanently manned since 1995. The southernmost town in New Zealand with a population over 1000 is Bluff New Zealand's southernmost city is Invercargill - also its westernmost city. While New Zealand has a permanently manned base at Scott Base in Ross Dependency, this area is not considered part of New Zealand.

Easternmost settlements[edit]

The settlement of Waitangi on Chatham Island is New Zealand's easternmost settlement. In New Zealand's main chain, the easternmost settlement of any note is Tikitiki. The town of Ruatoria is New Zealand's easternmost town. New Zealand's easternmost city, and urban area with a population over 1000, is Gisborne.

Westernmost settlements[edit]

Small settlements at the head of Doubtful Sound and at Manapouri Hydro are the westernmost settlements in New Zealand. The westernmost settlement of significance is Manapouri, and the westernmost town with a population over 1000 is Te Anau. New Zealand's westernmost city is Invercargill, which is also its southernmost city.

In the North Island, Rahotu is the westernmost settlement of significance, Opunake is the westernmost town with a population over 1000, and New Plymouth is the westernmost city.

Closest point to Australia[edit]

The closest point to mainland Australia and Tasmania is near the Resolution Island lighthouse at 45°44'S, 166°28'E (Fiordland), a distance of approximately 1,491 kilometres (926 mi) from a point near Tasman Island lighthouse 43°12'S, 148°E (Tasmania).

The shortest distance from New Zealand territory to Australian territory is from Auckland Island to Macquarie Island - a distance of approximately 617 kilometres (383 mi).

References[edit]

  1. ^ Cook, Marjorie (11 February 2009). "Revealed: New Zealand's furthest inland point". Otago Daily Times. Retrieved 30 September 2011. 

See also[edit]