Fazal Haq Khaliqyar

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Fazal Haq Khaliqyar
Chairman of the Council of Ministers
In office
8 May 1990 – 15 April 1992
President Mohammad Najibullah
Preceded by Sultan Ali Keshtmand
Succeeded by Abdul Sabur Farid Kuhestani
Personal details
Born 1934
Herat, Afghanistan
Died 16 July 2004
Netherlands
Political party Independent

Fazal Haq Khaliqyar (1934 – July 16, 2004) was an Afghan politician, that was briefly Chairman of the Council of Ministers of the Republic of Afghanistan.[1]

He performed duties as Minister of Finance during Mohammad Daud Khan's rule. He was appointed as Council of Ministers chairman during the period of President Mohammad Najibullah government.[1] For the first time since 1978, a free parliamentary debate was held in order to select the Council of Ministers chairman. On May 21, 1989, Khaliqyar, who was non-party figure, was selected to this position in 1989. He replaced Hard-liner Keshtmand. Khaliqyar's cabinet kept PDPA stalwarts in all the key security posts

By the end of May 1990, A loya jirga is convened in Kabul, which ratifies constitutional amendments providing for multiple political parties, ending the PDPA's and the National Front's monopoly over executive power. On December 11, 1990, President Najibullah inaugurated a National Commission for Clearing Mines and Unexploded Ordnance from the Lands of the Republic of Afghanistan under the chairmanship of Khaliqyar.

A Moscow-brokered plan calls for Najibullah to step aside in favour of Khaliqyar, who would serve as a transitional administrative leader until a new government could be elected. On October, Mujaddidi praises government Khaliqyar and says that he will consult his more radical colleagues on sharing power with him in a transitional government.

He later backs off from this pledge due to pressure from hard-liners. The mujaheddin say his association with Najibullah makes him unacceptable for any compromise. On July 16, 2004, he died in Netherlands at the age of 70.

Cabinet[edit]

Office Incumbent Took office Left office
Chairman of the Council of Ministers Fazal Haq Khaliqyar 21 May 1990 15 April 1992
Deputy Chairman of the Council of Ministers Abdul Wahid Sorabi 21 May 1990
Nematullah Pazhwak
Abdul Qayyum Nurzai
Sarwar Mangal
Mahbubullah Kushani
Adviser Nur Ahmad Barits 21 May 1990
Faqir Muhammad Yaqubi
Shah Wali
Sayyid Akram Peigir
Minister of Foreign Affairs Abdul Wakil
Minister of Defence Muhammad Aslam Watanjar 21 May 1990
Minister of Interior Raz Muhammad Paktin 21 May 1990
Minister of State Security Gen. Ghulam Faruq Yaqubi 21 May 1990
Minister of Finance Muhammad Hakim 21 May 1990
Minister of Justice Ghulam Muhyiuddin 21 May 1990
Minister of Communications Sayyid Nasim Alawi 21 May 1990
Minister of Commerce Zakim Shah[disambiguation needed] 21 May 1990
Minister of Planning Abdul Wahid Sorabi 21 May 1990 7 February 1991
Ghulam Mayiuddin Shahbaz 7 February 1991
Minister of Reconstruction, Rural Development Hayatullah Azizi 21 May 1990
Minister of Agriculture, Land Reform Muhammad Ghufran 21 May 1990
Minister of Health Mehr Muhammad Ejazi 21 May 1990
Minister of Education Mas'uma Esmati Wardak 21 May 1990
Minister of Higher and Vocational Education Anwar Shams 21 May 1990
Minister of Mines, Industries Abdul Samad Saleh 21 May 1990
Minister of Transport Khalillulah 21 May 1990
Minister of Construction Faqir Muhammad Nikzad 21 May 1990
Minister of Civil Aviation Hamidtullah Tarzi 21 May 1990 7 February 1991
Wadir Safi 7 February 1991
Minister of Light Industry, Foodstuffs Anwar Dost 21 May 1990
Minister of Islamic Affairs Muhammad Siddiq Sailani 21 May 1990
Minister of Water, Power Abdul Ghafur Rahim 21 May 1990
Minister of Information, Culture Ahmad Bashir Ruigar 21 May 1990
Minister of Border Affairs Sarjang Zazai 21 May 1990
Minister of Statistics Shahbaz 21 May 1990 7 February 1991
Muhammad Nazir Shahadi 7 February 1991
Minister of Social Affairs Saleha Faruq Etemadi 21 May 1990
Minister of Repatriation Fath Muhammad Tarin 21 May 1990
Adamec, Ludwig (2011). Historical Dictionary of Afghanistan. Scarecrow Press. pp. 66–68. ISBN 978-0-8108-7815-0. 

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Elizabeth Sleeman, Taylor & Francis Group and Europa. The International Who's Who 2004. Google Books. Retrieved 2009-03-23. 
Political offices
Preceded by
Unknown
Minister of Planning
1958–1960
Succeeded by
Unknown
Preceded by
Unknown
Minister of Internal Affairs
1962–1964
Succeeded by
Unknown
Preceded by
Unknown
Minister of Communications
1966–1967
Succeeded by
Unknown
Preceded by
Unknown
Minister of Finance
1971–1972
Succeeded by
Unknown
Preceded by
Unknown
First Deputy Minister of Finance
1972–1981
Succeeded by
Unknown
Preceded by
Sultan Ali Keshtmand
Chairman of the Council of Ministers
8 May 1990 – 15 April 1992
Succeeded by
Abdul Kuhestani