Federal Democratic Union of Switzerland
|Federal Democratic Union of Switzerland|
|German name||Eidgenössisch-Demokratische Union (EDU)|
|French name||Union Démocratique Fédérale (UDF)|
|Italian name||Unione Democratica Federale (UDF)|
|Romansh name||Uniun Democrata Federala (UDF)|
|Members of the Federal Council||None|
|European affiliation||European Christian Political Movement|
|Council of States|
|Politics of Switzerland
Swiss Federal Council
Council of States (members)
National Council (members)
The Federal Democratic Union of Switzerland (German: Eidgenössisch-Demokratische Union, EDU; French: Union Démocratique Fédérale, UDF; Italian: Unione Democratica Federale, UDF; Romansch: Uniun Democrata Federala, UDF) is a Christian-right, national conservative political party in Switzerland.
The Federal Democratic Union was founded in 1975 as a split of the Evangelical People's Party and the Nationale Aktion, and in 1991 it entered the Swiss National Council. In May 2007 the party became a member of the European Christian Political Movement (ECPM).
However, in the 2011 elections, the party lost its seat in the Swiss National Council, even though it still received the same percentage of the popular vote.
The EDU sees itself as a Christian party and uses the Bible as the guideline for its policies. On questions concerning the environment, the EDU stands rather center-left, however with family, social, and educational policy, the EDU takes a conservative stance. The EDU want a debt-free state and defends itself against "tax giveaways to the rich."
The EDU rejects equating homosexual and heterosexual marriages and is committed against abortion, euthanasia, and the exploitation of women by sexist advertising. Thus, the EDU calls that abortion should be private rather than financed by public funds and "suicide tourism" should be prohibited. Also, the EDU is against heroin clinics and calls for a smoking ban in restaurants and bars. The EDU supports traditional families. The EDU is skeptical of the equalization of both genders and the trend of leaving children at daycare centers for the day, saying that they neglect children.
The EDU is critical of the European Union, the UN, and NATO. As a Eurosceptic party, it is against membership in the EU, however it supports the bilateral treaties. The EDU views the increased immigration to Switzerland as an integration problem and says that to increase security, adjusting the freedom of movement, the Schengen Agreement, and the Dublin Regulation with the EU is necessary. Also, the EDU is in support for permanent neutrality and is against peace-keeping missions of the Swiss military. The EDU supported the Swiss minaret ban, and the federal popular initiative "Against mass immigration".
In environmental policy, the EDU does not see the real problem as in climate change, but rather in the enormous consumption of resources and energy. Thus, the EDU supports a dedicated, time-limited incentive tax on the oil tax for fossil fuels and propellants and calls the replacement of the Climate Cent and the CO2 tax (gasoline, etc.). The proceeds of this incentive tax would go to renewable energy sources such as water, wind, and solar energy and would promote energy efficiency. In the long term wants the EDU wants to end nuclear energy in Switzerland. The EDU supports the expansion of the public transportation system, but only supports the implementation of large projects when funding is secured.
- (German) Der Bund kurz erklärt. Swiss Confederation. 2011. p. 21.
-  Die zwei Gesichter der EDU, NZZ Online, 16 July 2009. Retrieved, 21 February 2014
- "EDU will Verzicht auf Atomenergie". Bieler Tagblatt (in German).
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