Elections in Switzerland

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Coat of Arms of Switzerland (Pantone).svg
This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
Switzerland

Elections in Switzerland gives information on election and election results in Switzerland.

Background[edit]

Switzerland elects on national level a head of state - the Federal Council - and a legislature. The Federal Assembly (Bundesversammlung/Assemblée fédérale/Asamblea Federale/Assemblea Federala) has two chambers. The National Council (Nationalrat/Conseil National/Consiglio Nazionale/Cussegl Naziunal) has 200 members, elected for a four-year term by proportional representation in multi-seat constituencies, the cantons.

The Council of States (Ständerat/Conseil des Etats/Consiglio degli Stati/Cussegl dals Stadis) has 46 members, elected for four years in 20 multi-seat and 6 single-seat constituencies which are equal to the 26 cantons and half-cantons. One of the members of the Federal Council assumes the honorific title of President of the Confederation for a one-year term. Switzerland has a multi-party system with numerous parties. A world-unique characteristic of Switzerland is that all the executives, from federal to municipal level, are plural, and often include members from all main parties.

Elections to the National Council conclude on the penultimate Sunday of October. In most cantons, the first round of the election for the Council of States is held alongside the National Council election, while runoff stages are held 3-6 weeks later. The new Federal Assembly takes office at the start of the following year.

Schedule[edit]

Election[edit]

Position 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018
Type Federal Council (October)
Federal Assembly (October)
Gubernatorial (October)
None Federal Council (October)
Federal Assembly (October)
Gubernatorial (October)
None
Federal Council President and Vice President None President and Vice President None
Federal Assembly All seats None All seats None
Provinces, cities and municipalities All positions None All positions None

Inauguration[edit]

Position 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019
Type Federal Council (January)
Federal Assembly (January)
Gubernatorial (January)
Federal Council (January) Federal Council (January)
Federal Assembly (January)
Gubernatorial (January)
Federal Council (January)
Federal Council 1 January by turn election
Federal Assembly 1 January None 1 January None
Provinces, cities and municipalities 1 January None 1 January None

Federal elections[edit]

Latest elections[edit]

e • d Summary of the 23 October 2011 National Council of Switzerland election results
Parties Abbr. Alignment Ideology Votes[1]  % +/– Seats +/–
Swiss People's Party SVP/UDC Right-wing National conservatism 648,675 26.6 −2.3 54 −8
Social Democratic Party SPS/PSS Centre-left Social democracy 457,317 18.7 −0.8 46 +3
FDP.The Liberals FDP/PLR Centre-right Classical liberalism 368,951 15.1 −2.5 30 −5
Christian Democratic People's Party CVP/PDC Centre-right Christian democracy 300,544 12.3 −2.2 28 −3
Green Party GPS/PES Centre-left Green politics 205,984 8.4 −1.2 15 −5
Conservative Democratic Party BDP/PBD Centre-right Conservatism / economic liberalism 132,279 5.4 New 9 New
Green Liberal Party GLP/PVL Centre Green liberalism 131,436 5.4 +4.0 12 +9
Evangelical People's Party EVP/PEV Centre Christian democracy 48,789 2.0 −0.4 2 ±0
Federal Democratic Union EDU/UDF Right-wing Christian right 31,056 1.3 ±0 0 −1
Alternative Left (Party of Labour, solidaritéS) LIN/GAU Left-wing Socialism / communism 21,482 0.9 −0.2 0 −1
Ticino League LdT Right-wing Regionalism / Right-wing populism 19,657 0.8 +0.3 2 +1
Geneva Citizens' Movement MCG Right-wing Regionalism / Right-wing populism 10,714 0.4 +0.3 1 +1
Christian Social Party CSP/PCS Centre-left Christian left 6,248 0.3 -0.2 1 ±0
Other 54,622 2.2
Total (turnout 48.5%) 2,442,648 200
Source: Swiss Federal Statistical Office (French)
e • d  Summary of the 23 October, 13 November, 20 November, 27 November and 4 December 2011 Council of States of Switzerland election results
Parties Ideology 2007 Seats ±
Christian Democratic People's Party (CVP/PDC) Christian democracy 15 13 -2
FDP.The Liberals (FDP/PRD) Classical liberalism 12 11 -1
Social Democratic Party (SPS/PSS) Social democracy 9 11 +2
Swiss People's Party (SVP/UDC) National conservatism 7 5 -2
Green Party (GPS/PES) Green politics 2 2 ±0
Green Liberal Party (GLP/VL) Green liberalism 1 2 +1
Conservative Democratic Party (BDP/PBD) Conservatism / Economic liberalism 0 1 +1
Independent Independent 0 1 +1
Total 46 46
Source: http://www.politik-stat.ch/srw2011CH_de.html

See also[edit]

Notes and references[edit]

  1. ^ These numbers represent fictional voters. See National Council for more details.

External links[edit]