Feminist political theory
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Feminist political theory is a new field in feminist theory (which emerged in the late 80s and early 90s) maintaining that the state, public policies and institutions have impact on gender relations. It analyses "policies and their impact on gender relations, and thereby offers important contributions to the analysis of the state and to political science in general". However in the field there are different perspectives resulting of the different types of analyses - Marxist, socialist, liberal, etc. But what is common for the field is that the previous negligence of the state in the feminist theory is abandoned. This discursive turn within feminist analysis reflects the turn within political science as a whole. Previously viewed as fundamentally patriarchal, now the state is analysed in its relations of power, class, social and economic groups in feminist perspective, also state's instruments for subordination of women, structuration and influence of gender roles and relations, and in more positive vision - positive economic policies for lessening of the financial dependency of women on men, analyses of the "promotion - of women’s interests within the state, either through the action of ‘femocrats’ (feminist bureaucrats) working from within the state system to empower women, or when the state itself acts in a way to further women’s status (Stetson and Mazur 1995)". Feminist political theory includes comparative research, it focuses on politics constructing gendered subjects, and "the ways in which gender constructs politics, and the ways in which gender issues such as ‘women’s inequality’ are constructed in policy debates and decision-making (see Bacchi, 1999)".
- Feminist Political Philosophy (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy)