Florida's 22nd congressional district

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"FL-22" redirects here. For the state road, see Florida State Road 22.
Florida's 22nd congressional district
Florida's 22nd congressional district - since January 3, 2013.
Florida's 22nd congressional district - since January 3, 2013.
Current Representative Lois Frankel (DWest Palm Beach)
Distribution 99.19% urban, 0.81% rural
Population (2000) 639,295
Median income $51,200
Ethnicity 82.3% White, 3.8% Black, 1.7% Asian, 10.7% Hispanic, 0.1% Native American, 0.2% other
Cook PVI D+4

Florida's 22nd congressional district is an electoral district for the U.S. Congress, located in southeast Florida.[1][2] Based in South Florida, the district encompasses the coastline from central Broward County to northern Palm Beach County. In the former, the district includes all of Lauderdale-by-the-Sea, Lazy Lake, Lighthouse Point, Sea Ranch Lakes, and Wilton Manors, as well as portions of Coconut Creek, Deerfield Beach, Fort Lauderdale, Oakland Park, Plantation, Pompano Beach, Sunrise. Farther north in Palm Beach County, this congressional district envelopes Atlantis, Boca Raton, Briny Breezes, Delray Beach, Golf, Gulf Stream, Hypoluxo, Lake Clarke Shores, Manalapan, Ocean Ridge, Palm Beach, Palm Springs, and South Palm Beach, and also includes sections of Boynton Beach, Lake Worth, Lantana, Riviera Beach, and West Palm Beach.

Since its inception in 1993 in response to the 1990 United States Census, Florida's 22nd congressional district has been represented by four people – two Republicans and two Democrats. The first representative was Republican E. Clay Shaw, Jr., who served from 1993-2007. In 2006, Shaw lost re-election to Democrat Ron Klein. However, Klein himself was ousted by Republican Allen West during the 2010 midterms. After one term, West left the district for an unsuccessful bid to serve as representative of the 18th district. Democrat Lois Frankel has represented Florida's 22nd congressional district since January 2013.

History[edit]

The 22nd Congressional District was created after the 1990 U.S. Census. Republican E. Clay Shaw, Jr. was elected in the first election in the district in 1992 and was reelected for six terms until he lost to Democrat Ron Klein in 2006. Klein served for two terms before being defeated by Republican Allen West in 2010 in one of the most expensive U.S. House campaigns for both parties that year.

The 22nd Congressional District was the center of the disputed 2000 presidential election in Florida and the ensuing recount.

Demographics[edit]

Voting[edit]

Election results from presidential races
Year Office Results
2008 President Barack Obama 52 - John McCain 48%
2004 President John Kerry 52 - George W. Bush 48%
2000 President Al Gore 52 - George W. Bush 48%

List of representatives[edit]

Representative Party Years Congress Note
District created January 3, 1993
E Clay Shaw.png Clay Shaw Republican January 3, 1993 – January 3, 2007 103rd
104th
105th
106th
107th
108th
109th
Redistricted from the 15th district, Lost re-election
Ron Klein official 110th Congress photo.jpg Ron Klein Democratic January 3, 2007 – January 3, 2011 110th
111th
Lost re-election
Allen West, Official Portrait, 112th Congress.jpg Allen West Republican January 3, 2011 – January 3, 2013 112th Lost re-election after being redistricted to the 18th district
Lois Frankel, Official portrait, 113th Congress.jpg Lois Frankel Democratic January 3, 2013 – present 113th

Election results[edit]

1992[edit]

Florida's 22nd Congressional District Election (1992)
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican E. Clay Shaw, Jr. 128,400 51.97%
Democratic Gwen Margolis 91,652 37.09%
Independent Richard "Even" Stephens 15,469 0.63%
Independent Michael F. Petrie 6,312 0.26%
Independent Bernard Anscher 5,274 0.21%
No party Others 8 0.00%
Totals 247,088 100.00%
Voter turnout  %
Republican hold

1994[edit]

Incumbent E. Clay Shaw, Jr. received a primary challenger – Pompano Beach business execute John Stahl. During the primary, Stahl described himself as a "productive-class taxpayer" and labeled Shaw a "career politician". Shaw responded by saying, "I understand business, running a business and my voting record is proof of that." Stahl also accused Shaw of abusing his congressional franking privilege; a report from the National Taxpayers Union indicated that Shaw spent $240,000 for mailings in 1993. Additionally, Stahl vowed to cut his salary to $100,000 if elected. By July 15, 1994, Shaw's campaign contributions totaled $283,390, while Stahl raised only $900.[3] Nevertheless, Shaw defeated Stahl in the primary elected by a vote of 24,252 to 6,925 (77.8%-22.2%).[4]

In the general election, Shaw faced-off against Palm Beach Town Council President Hermine Wiener, a Democrat who left the Republican Party about a year earlier. Wiener did not receive a challenger for the Democratic nomination. Throughout the year, she raised $216,596 and vowed to spend as much as $1 million, if necessary.[3] Shaw signed the Contract with America and specifically promised to reform welfare during the next congress.[5] On October 25, the League of Women Voters hosted a debate between the two candidates at the Broward County Main Library in Fort Lauderdale.[6] Shaw was endorsed by The News, a Boca Raton-based newspaper,[7] and the Sun-Sentinel.[8] The former cited Wiener's lack of specifics on key issues such as health care and immigration as their rationale for favoring Shaw. However, The News also stated that Shaw "hasn't paid enough attention to his new constituents."[7] The Sun-Sentinel praised Shaw for his positions on various issues, and remarked that "[he is an] intelligent, hard-working congressman who has shown effectiveness and leadership ability while maintaining a high level of integrity during his entire political career."[8]

Overall, Wiener received little support from prominent local elected officials, as Shaw was favored to win re-election.[8] Shaw did, in fact, handily defeat Wiener in the general election by a margin of 63.36%-36.64%.[9]

Florida's 22nd Congressional District Election (1994)
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican E. Clay Shaw, Jr.* 119,696 63.36%
Democratic Hermine L. Wiener 69,221 36.64%
Totals 188,917 100.00%
Voter turnout  %
Republican hold

1996[edit]

Florida's 22nd Congressional District Election (1996)
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican E. Clay Shaw, Jr.* 137,098 61.86%
Democratic Kenneth D. Cooper 84,517 38.14%
No party Others 3 0.00%
Totals 221,618 100.00%
Voter turnout  %
Republican hold

1998[edit]

On January 19, 1998, incumbent E. Clay Shaw, Jr. announced that he would seek re-election for a ninth term.[10] Shaw faced no opposition in either the primary on September 1 or the general election on November 3.[11][12]

Florida's 22nd Congressional District Election (1998)
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican E. Clay Shaw, Jr.* ' 100.00%
Totals ' 100.00%
Voter turnout  %
Republican hold

2000[edit]

Florida's 22nd Congressional District Election (2000)
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican E. Clay Shaw, Jr.* 105,855 50.14%
Democratic Elaine Bloom 105,256 49.86%
No party Others 1 0.00%
Totals 211,112 100.00%
Voter turnout  %
Republican hold

2002[edit]

Florida's 22nd Congressional District Election (2002)
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican E. Clay Shaw, Jr.* 131,930 60.77%
Democratic Carol Roberts 83,265 38.35%
Independent Juan Xuna 1,902 0.88%
No party Others 18 0.01%
Totals 217,115 100.00%
Voter turnout  %
Republican hold

2004[edit]

Florida's 22nd Congressional District Election (2004)
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican E. Clay Shaw, Jr.* 192,581 62.79%
Democratic Robin Rorapaugh 108,258 35.30%
Constitution Jack McLain 5,260 1.72%
No party Others 627 0.20%
Totals 306,726 100.00%
Voter turnout  %
Republican hold

2006[edit]

Florida's 22nd Congressional District Election (2006)
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Ron Klein 108,688 50.88%
Republican E. Clay Shaw, Jr. 100,663 47.13%
Independent Neil Evangelista 4,254 1.99%
Totals 213,605 100.00%
Voter turnout  %
Democratic gain from Republican

2008[edit]

Florida's 22nd Congressional District Election (2008)
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Ron Klein* 169,041 54.68%
Republican Allen B. West 140,104 45.32%
Totals 309,145 100.00%
Voter turnout  %
Democratic hold

2010[edit]

Florida's 22nd Congressional District Election (2010)
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Allen B. West 118,890 54.36%
Democratic Ron Klein* 99,804 45.64%
Totals 218,694 100.00%
Voter turnout  %
Republican gain from Democratic

2012[edit]

Florida 22nd Congressional District 2012 [13]
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Lois Frankel 171,021 54.6%
Republican Adam Hasner 142,050 45.4%
Totals 313,071 100.0%
Voter turnout  %
Democratic gain from Republican

Historical district boundaries[edit]

2003 - 2013
The former 22nd district was also in southeast Florida.

References[edit]

  1. ^ See whole Florida state map for 2013, with the 22nd district: h9047_35x42L.pdf Congressional Plan: H000C9047. Chapter No. 2012-2, Laws of Florida. www.flsenate.gov. February 16, 2012.
  2. ^ See the 2013 boundaries of the 22nd district covering southeast Florida in the 2013 districts map: H000C9047_map_se.pdf, for the southeast region of Florida, along the Gulf of Mexico, from Pasco County to Collier County, Florida. Congressional Plan: H000C9047. Chapter No. 2012-2, Laws of Florida. www.flsenate.gov. February 2012.
  3. ^ a b Dana Banker (August 27, 1994). "Shaw Gets First Gop Challenge In 14-year Congress Career". Sun-Sentinel. Retrieved November 20, 2014. 
  4. ^ "September 8, 1994 Primary Election Republican Primary". Division of Elections. Tallahassee, Florida: Florida Department of State. Retrieved November 20, 2014. 
  5. ^ Jill Young Miller (December 16, 1994). "Clay Shaw A New Man After Election". Sun-Sentinel (Washington, D.C.). Retrieved November 20, 2014. 
  6. ^ "Ask The Candidates". Sun-Sentinel. October 20, 1994. Retrieved November 20, 2014. 
  7. ^ a b "Shaw merits new term but must do better". The News. October 25, 1994. Retrieved November 20, 2014. 
  8. ^ a b c "District 22: Keep Shaw In House". Sun-Sentinel. October 21, 1994. Retrieved November 21, 2014. 
  9. ^ "November 8, 1994 General Election". Division of Elections. Tallahassee, Florida: Florida Department of State. Retrieved November 21, 2014. 
  10. ^ "Shaw To Seek 9th Term". Sun-Sentinel. January 21, 1998. Retrieved November 20, 2014. 
  11. ^ "September 1, 1998 Primary Election Republican Primary". Division of Elections. Tallahassee, Florida: Florida Department of State. Retrieved November 20, 2014. 
  12. ^ "November 3, 1998 General Election". Division of Elections. Tallahassee, Florida: Florida Department of State. Retrieved November 20, 2014. 
  13. ^ "Florida Department of State - Election Results". Florida Department of State Department of Elections. Retrieved March 31, 2013. 

Coordinates: 26°24′12″N 80°04′40″W / 26.40333°N 80.07778°W / 26.40333; -80.07778