Since its inception in 1993 in response to the 1990 United States Census, Florida's 22nd congressional district has been represented by four people – two Republicans and two Democrats. The first representative was Republican E. Clay Shaw, Jr., who served from 1993-2007. In 2006, Shaw lost re-election to Democrat Ron Klein. However, Klein himself was ousted by Republican Allen West during the 2010 midterms. After one term, West left the district for an unsuccessful bid to serve as representative of the 18th district. Democrat Lois Frankel has represented Florida's 22nd congressional district since January 2013.
The 22nd Congressional District was created after the 1990 U.S. Census. RepublicanE. Clay Shaw, Jr. was elected in the first election in the district in 1992 and was reelected for six terms until he lost to Democrat Ron Klein in 2006. Klein served for two terms before being defeated by Republican Allen West in 2010 in one of the most expensive U.S. House campaigns for both parties that year.
Incumbent E. Clay Shaw, Jr. received a primary challenger – Pompano Beach business execute John Stahl. During the primary, Stahl described himself as a "productive-class taxpayer" and labeled Shaw a "career politician". Shaw responded by saying, "I understand business, running a business and my voting record is proof of that." Stahl also accused Shaw of abusing his congressional franking privilege; a report from the National Taxpayers Union indicated that Shaw spent $240,000 for mailings in 1993. Additionally, Stahl vowed to cut his salary to $100,000 if elected. By July 15, 1994, Shaw's campaign contributions totaled $283,390, while Stahl raised only $900. Nevertheless, Shaw defeated Stahl in the primary elected by a vote of 24,252 to 6,925 (77.8%-22.2%).
In the general election, Shaw faced-off against Palm Beach Town Council President Hermine Wiener, a Democrat who left the Republican Party about a year earlier. Wiener did not receive a challenger for the Democratic nomination. Throughout the year, she raised $216,596 and vowed to spend as much as $1 million, if necessary. Shaw signed the Contract with America and specifically promised to reform welfare during the next congress. On October 25, the League of Women Voters hosted a debate between the two candidates at the Broward County Main Library in Fort Lauderdale. Shaw was endorsed by The News, a Boca Raton-based newspaper, and the Sun-Sentinel. The former cited Wiener's lack of specifics on key issues such as health care and immigration as their rationale for favoring Shaw. However, The News also stated that Shaw "hasn't paid enough attention to his new constituents." The Sun-Sentinel praised Shaw for his positions on various issues, and remarked that "[he is an] intelligent, hard-working congressman who has shown effectiveness and leadership ability while maintaining a high level of integrity during his entire political career."
Overall, Wiener received little support from prominent local elected officials, as Shaw was favored to win re-election. Shaw did, in fact, handily defeat Wiener in the general election by a margin of 63.36%-36.64%.
Florida's 22nd Congressional District Election (1994)
On January 19, 1998, incumbent E. Clay Shaw, Jr. announced that he would seek re-election for a ninth term. Shaw faced no opposition in either the primary on September 1 or the general election on November 3.
Florida's 22nd Congressional District Election (1998)
^See whole Florida state map for 2013, with the 22nd district: h9047_35x42L.pdfCongressional Plan: H000C9047. Chapter No. 2012-2, Laws of Florida. www.flsenate.gov. February 16, 2012.
^See the 2013 boundaries of the 22nd district covering southeast Florida in the 2013 districts map: H000C9047_map_se.pdf, for the southeast region of Florida, along the Gulf of Mexico, from Pasco County to Collier County, Florida. Congressional Plan: H000C9047. Chapter No. 2012-2, Laws of Florida. www.flsenate.gov. February 2012.