Broward County, Florida
|Broward County, Florida|
The Broward County Courthouse in November 2010.
Location in the state of Florida
Florida's location in the U.S.
|Founded||April 30, 1915|
|Named for||Napoleon Bonaparte Broward|
|Largest city||Fort Lauderdale|
|• Total||1,323 sq mi (3,427 km2)|
|• Land||1,210 sq mi (3,134 km2)|
|• Water||113 sq mi (293 km2), 8.5%|
|• Density||1,445/sq mi (558/km²)|
|Congressional districts||20th, 21st, 22nd, 23rd, 24th, 25th|
|Time zone||Eastern: UTC-5/-4|
Broward County is a county located in the U.S. state of Florida. As of 2010, the population was 1,748,066, making it the second-most populous county in Florida and the 18th-most populous in the United States. Its county seat is Fort Lauderdale.
- 1 History
- 2 Geography
- 3 Demographics
- 4 Education
- 5 Community services
- 6 Government
- 7 Economy
- 8 Politics
- 9 Transportation
- 10 Communities
- 11 Points of interest
- 12 See also
- 13 References
- 14 External links
Broward County was created in 1915. It was named for Napoleon Bonaparte Broward, Governor of Florida from 1905 to 1909. It was originally intended to be named Everglades County, but then-Speaker of the Florida House of Representatives Ion Farris amended the bill that established the county to be named after Broward. In 1915, Palm Beach County and Dade County contributed nearly equal portions of land to create Broward County. At its inception, Broward County was considered a leader in agriculture products and services within the State of Florida. The massive post-World War II buildup of the South Florida region transformed the region. It was one of the counties at the center of the 2000 U.S. Presidential election recount controversy. In 2002, it began an aggressive campaign of placing surveillance cameras along highways and traffic lights. Critics contend the cameras violate drivers' due process rights and two separate lawsuits have been filed over their use, one in Aventura filed in February, and one in Temple Terrace near Tampa, filed at the end of July.
Broward County has an average elevation of six feet (1.8 m) above sea level. It is rather new geologically and located at the eastern edge of the Florida Platform, a carbonate plateau created millions of years ago. Broward County is composed of Oolite limestone while western Broward is composed mostly of Bryozoa. Broward is among the last areas of Florida to be created and populated with fauna and flora, mostly in the Pleistocene.
Of developable land in Broward County, approximately 471 square miles (1,219.9 km2), the majority is built upon, as the urban area is bordered by the Atlantic Ocean to the east and the Everglades National Park to the west. Within developable land, Broward County has a population density of 3,740 per square mile (1,444 per square kilometer).
- Palm Beach County, Florida - north
- Miami-Dade County, Florida - south
- Collier County, Florida - west
- Hendry County, Florida - northwest
As of the census of 2000, there were 1,623,018 people, 654,445 households, and 411,645 families residing in the county. The population density was 1,346 people per square mile (520/km²). There were 741,043 housing units at an average density of 615 per square mile (237/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 70.57% White (58% were Non-Hispanic), 20.54% Black or African American, 0.24% Native American, 2.25% Asian, 0.06% Pacific Islander, 3.00% from other races, and 3.35% from two or more races. 16.74% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.
In relation to ancestry, 9.4% were Italian, 7.4% American, 6.8% German, 6.7% Irish, and 4% English ancestry. Furthermore, about 5.91% were Jamaican and 5.99% Haitian alone, so 14.06% were generically West Indian.
There were 654,445 households out of which 29.30% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 46.1% were married couples living together, 12.5% had a female householder with no husband present, and 37.1% were non-families. 29.6% of all households were made up of individuals and % had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.45 and the average family size was 3.07.
In the county the population was spread out with 23.6% under the age of 18, 7.2% from 18 to 24, 31.4% from 25 to 44, 21.7% from 45 to 64, and 16.1% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females there were 93.3 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 89.8 males.
The median income for a household in the county was $41,691, and the median income for a family was $50,531. Males had a median income of $36,741 versus $28,529 for females. The per capita income for the county was $23,170. About 8.7% of families and 11.5% of the population were below the poverty line, including 15.3% of those under age 18 and 10.0% of those age 65 or over.
As of 2005, Broward County led the nation's metropolitan areas in new AIDS diagnoses, with a reported rate 58.4 new AIDS diagnoses per 100,000 people. County officials think the numbers may stem from a new and successful HIV testing campaign that has resulted in many people being diagnosed with AIDS at the same time they've been diagnosed with HIV. Ironically, without the implementation of the new testing campaign, the reported numbers of new diagnoses would have probably been lower.
As of 2010, 63.44% of all residents spoke English as their first language, while 22.22% spoke Spanish, 5.42% French Creole (mainly Haitian Creole,) 1.48% Portuguese, 1.41% French, and 0.59% of the population spoke Italian as their mother language. In total, 36.56% of the population spoke languages other than English as their primary language. Since many immigrants are coming from the Anglophone Caribbean, where English is spoken, the change is not as fast as the rate of immigration would suggest.
2012 Census Report
U.S. Census Bureau 2012 Ethnic/Race Demographics:
- White (non-Hispanic): 41.9%
- Black (non-Hispanic): 27.9%
- Hispanic or Latino of any race: 26.5%
- Asian: 3.5% (1.2% Indian, 0.6% Chinese, 0.4% Filipino, 0.3% Vietnamese, 0.2% Pakistani, 0.1% Korean)
- Two or more races: 2.9%
- American Indian and Alaska Native: 0.3%
- Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander: 0.1%
As of 2010, 32% of Broward residents were foreign born (including naturalized American citizens.) Haitians made up the largest population of immigrants, with Jamaicans coming in second, Colombians in third, followed by Cuban exiled refugees in fourth place, then Peruvians, Venezuelans, Brazilians, Dominicans, ninth being Canadians, and Mexicans being the tenth highest group of expatriates.
According to the most recent estimates from the U.S. Census of 2013, the total population of Broward County had risen to almost 1.85 million people (1,838,844), and increased by 5.2% between April 1, 2010 and July 1, 2013. This number is accounted for by an increase to 90,778 (5.2%) in its black population and an increase to 408,543 (24.0%) of its non-black Hispanic population. A significant portion of the black population has resulted from immigration, of whom many are Afro-Caribbeans/West Indians. Some Afro-Latinos and Afro-Brazilians might also classify themselves as only black. More black foreigners immigrated to Broward County between 2001 and 2005 than any other county in the United States. Also, 52,506 (3.1%) of Broward County's population is Asian, which is a higher figure than that of most counties in the state.
Primary and secondary schools
Accredited Colleges and universities
- Broward College
- Florida Atlantic University Campus Locations - Main Campus in Palm Beach County
- Nova Southeastern University
- Keiser University
Other Adult Education Providers
- DeVry University
- University of Phoenix
- The Art Institute of Fort Lauderdale
- Technological University of America 
The Broward County Library is one of the largest public library systems in the country, comprising 41 branch locations.
Community services in Broward County include Women in Distress (WID), a nationally accredited, state-certified, full service domestic violence center. WID works in partnership with the Broward County Sheriff's Office.
The Broward County Charter provides for a separation between the legislative and administrative functions of government. The Board of County Commissioners is the legislative branch of Broward County Government.
The County Commission is composed of nine members elected by district. Each Commissioner must be a resident of the district for which he or she seeks election. Each year the Commission elects a Mayor and Vice Mayor. The Mayor's functions include serving as presiding officer, and as the County's official representative. The Commission appoints the County Administrator, County Attorney and County Auditor. The Commission also appoints numerous advisory and regulatory boards.
The County Commission meets in formal session the first four Tuesdays of each month at 10:00 a.m. in Room 422 of the Broward County Governmental Center. Over 507,000 cable subscribers in Broward County have access to Government-access television (GATV) coverage of Commission meetings, which are broadcast live beginning at 10:00 a.m. each Tuesday, and rebroadcast at 5:00 p.m. the following Sunday. Meetings can also be viewed via webcasting at www.broward.org.
Silver Airways has its headquarters on the property of Fort Lauderdale-Hollywood International Airport in an unincorporated area.  Other companies with headquarters in unincorporated areas include Locair.
When Chalk's International Airlines existed, its headquarters was on the grounds of the airport in an unincorporated area. When Bimini Island Air existed, its headquarters were in an unincorporated area.
Over the past fifty years, Broward County has gone from solidly Republican to solidly Democratic. In the 1972 U.S. presidential election, Broward County residents voted overwhelmingly for Richard Nixon over George McGovern. From the 1992 U.S. presidential election onward, however, voters of Broward County backed the Democratic presidential nominee over the Republican nominee by strong majorities. Broward County is now the most reliably Democratic county in the state, with the exception of the much less populous Gadsden County. This change in voting tendencies may likely be the result of a continuous flow from large migrations of snowbirds and transplanted people from the historically more liberal Northeastern states and other blue states, as well as a growing LGBT community, and also naturalized U.S. citizens born in places such as Latin America, the Caribbean, Canada, Europe, and Asia.
|2012||32.3% 243,732||67.2% 507,430|
|2008||32.3% 225,453||67.2% 474,579|
|2004||34.6% 244,674||64.2% 453,873|
|2000||30.9% 177,939||67.4% 387,760|
|1996||28.3% 142,870||63.5% 320,779|
|1992||30.9% 164,832||51.8% 276,361|
|1988||50.0% 220,316||49.5% 218,274|
|1984||56.7% 254,608||43.3% 194,584|
|1980||55.9% 229,693||35.6% 146,323|
|1976||47.1% 161,411||51.6% 176,491|
|1972||72.4% 196,528||27.3% 74,127|
|1968||54.5% 106,122||29.1% 56,613|
|1964||55.5% 85,264||44.5% 68,406|
|1960||58.8% 68,294||41.2% 47,811|
A street grid stretches throughout Broward County. Most of this grid is loosely based on three primary eastern municipalities, (from South to North) Hollywood, Fort Lauderdale, and Pompano Beach. Deerfield Beach—another primary eastern municipality—has its own street grid, as do two smaller municipalities—Dania and Hallandale.
Major Freeways and Tollways
- Interstate 95
- Interstate 75
- Interstate 595 (Port Everglades Expressway)
- Florida's Turnpike, including Homestead Extension
- State Road 869 (Sawgrass Expressway)
- Fort Lauderdale Hollywood International Airport
- North Perry Airport
- Fort Lauderdale Executive Airport
- Pompano Beach Airpark
Municipality populations are based on the 2010 Census.
|#||Incorporated Community||Designation||Date incorporated||Population|
|2||Coconut Creek||City||February 20, 1967||52,909|
|26||Cooper City||City||June 20, 1959||28,547|
|4||Coral Springs||City||June 10, 1963||121,096|
|23||Dania Beach||City||November 1904||29,639|
|22||Davie||Town||November 16, 1925||91,992|
|3||Deerfield Beach||City||June 11, 1925||75,018|
|16||Fort Lauderdale||City||March 27, 1911||165,521|
|31||Hallandale Beach||City||May 14, 1927||37,113|
|8||Hillsboro Beach||Town||June 12, 1939||1,875|
|24||Hollywood||City||November 28, 1925||140,768|
|11||Lauderdale-by-the-Sea||Town||November 30, 1947||6,056|
|17||Lauderdale Lakes||City||June 22, 1961||32,593|
|18||Lauderhill||City||June 20, 1959||66,887|
|7||Lighthouse Point||City||June 13, 1956||10,344|
|5||Margate||City||June 22, 1961||53,284|
|28||Miramar||City||May 26, 1955||122,041|
|10||North Lauderdale||City||June 10, 1963||41,023|
|13||Oakland Park||City||June 19, 1929||41,363|
|1||Parkland||City||July 10, 1963||23,962|
|30||Pembroke Park||Town||December 10, 1957||6,102|
|20||Plantation||City||April 30, 1953||84,955|
|12||Sea Ranch Lakes||Village||1959||670|
|25||Southwest Ranches||Town||July 25, 2000||7,345|
|9||Tamarac||City||August 15, 1963||60,427|
|29||West Park||City||March 1, 2005||14,156|
- Bonnie Loch-Woodsetter North in Pompano Beach.
- Broadview-Pompano Park in North Lauderdale.
- Broward Estates in Lauderhill.
- Carver Ranches in West Park.
- Chambers Estates in Dania Beach.
- Chula Vista Isles in Fort Lauderdale.
- Collier Manor-Cresthaven in Pompano Beach.
- Country Estates in Southwest Ranches.
- Crystal Lake in Deerfield Beach.
- Edgewater in Dania Beach.
- Estates of Fort Lauderdale in Dania Beach, and partially in Hollywood.
- Godfrey Road in Parkland.
- Golden Heights in Fort Lauderdale.
- Green Meadow in Southwest Ranches.
- Hacienda Village in Davie.
- Hillsboro Ranches in Coconut Creek.
- Ivanhoe Estates in Southwest Ranches.
- Kendall Green in Pompano Beach.
- Lake Forest in West Park.
- Leisureville in Pompano Beach.
- Loch Lomond in Pompano Beach.
- Melrose Park in Fort Lauderdale.
- Miami Gardens in West Park.
- North Andrews Gardens in Oakland Park.
- Oak Point in Hollywood.
- Palm Aire in Fort Lauderdale.
- Pine Island Ridge in Davie.
- Pompano Beach Highlands in Pompano Beach.
- Pompano Estates in Pompano Beach.
- Ravenswood Estates in Dania Beach.
- Ramblewood East in Coral Springs.
- Riverland Village in Fort Lauderdale.
- Rock Island in Fort Lauderdale.
- Rolling Oaks in Southwest Ranches.
- Royal Palm Ranches in Cooper City.
- St. George in Lauderhill.
- Sunshine Acres in Davie.
- Sunshine Ranches in Southwest Ranches.
- Tedder in Deerfield Beach.
- Terra Mar in Lauderdale-by-the-Sea, and partially in Pompano Beach.
- Twin Lakes North of Prospect Road, in Fort Lauderdale. South of Prospect Road, in Oakland Park.
- Utopia in West Park.
- Village Park in North Lauderdale.
- West Ken-Lark in Lauderhill.
- Boulevard Gardens
- Broadview Park
- Fort Lauderdale-Hollywood International Airport
- Franklin Park
- Hillsboro Pines
- Roosevelt Gardens
- Washington Park
Points of interest
Broward boasts some notable attractions. The Museum of Discovery and Science is located in Ft. Lauderdale. The International Swimming Hall of Fame is located near the Atlantic Ocean in Fort Lauderdale. The International Game Fish Association has the Hall of Fame for Sport Fishing in Dania Beach. Flamingo Gardens is a botanical garden and wildlife sanctuary. Butterfly World is located in Coconut Creek. Sawgrass Mills, a large shopping mall, is located in Sunrise. Also, the NHL's Florida Panthers play their games at the BB&T Center in Sunrise. There are also multiple entrances to Everglades parks. In Pompano Beach is the Festival Flea Market Mall, America's largest indoor flea market. The African-American Research Library & Cultural Center in Fort Lauderdale boasts more than 75,000 books and materials on the experiences of people of African descent in the Caribbean, Central and South America and the United States.
With 23 miles of beach, Broward County is a popular destination for scuba diving and snorkeling.
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|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Broward County, Florida.|
- Broward County Government / Board of County Commissioners
- Broward County Supervisor of Elections
- Broward County Property Appraiser
- Broward County Sheriff's Office
- Broward County Public Schools
- Broward Health (formerly North Broward Hospital District)
- South Broward Hospital District(Memorial Healthcare System)
- South Florida Water Management District
- Broward County Clerk of Courts
- Broward County Clerk of Courts Records
- Broward County Public Defender
- Broward State Attorney's Office, 17th Judicial Circuit
- Circuit and County Court for the 17th Judicial Circuit of Florida
- Greater Fort Lauderdale Convention and Visitors Bureau
- The Waterfront News local newspaper for Broward County, Florida fully and openly available in the Florida Digital Newspaper Library
- The Broward Alliance (Broward County's official public/private partnership for economic development)
||Hendry County||Palm Beach County|
|Collier County||Atlantic Ocean|