Broward County, Florida

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Not to be confused with Brevard County, Florida.
Broward County, Florida
Ft. Lauderdale, FL, Courthouse, Broward County, 11-21-2010 (10).JPG
The Broward County Courthouse in November 2010.
Logo of Broward County, Florida
Logo
Map of Florida highlighting Broward County
Location in the state of Florida
Map of the United States highlighting Florida
Florida's location in the U.S.
Founded April 30, 1915
Named for Napoleon Bonaparte Broward
Seat Fort Lauderdale
Largest city Fort Lauderdale
Area
 • Total 1,323 sq mi (3,427 km2)
 • Land 1,210 sq mi (3,134 km2)
 • Water 113 sq mi (293 km2), 8.5%
Population (Est.)
 • (2013) 1,838,844
 • Density 1,445/sq mi (558/km²)
Congressional districts 20th, 21st, 22nd, 23rd, 24th, 25th
Time zone Eastern: UTC-5/-4
Website www.broward.org

Broward County is a county located in the U.S. state of Florida. As of 2010, the population was 1,748,066,[1] making it the second-most populous county in Florida and the 18th-most populous in the United States. Its county seat is Fort Lauderdale.[2]

Broward County is included in the Miami-Fort Lauderdale-West Palm Beach, FL Metropolitan Statistical Area.

History[edit]

Broward County was created in 1915. It was named for Napoleon Bonaparte Broward, Governor of Florida from 1905 to 1909. It was originally intended to be named Everglades County, but then-Speaker of the Florida House of Representatives Ion Farris amended the bill that established the county to be named after Broward.[3] In 1915, Palm Beach County and Dade County contributed nearly equal portions of land to create Broward County. At its inception, Broward County was considered a leader in agriculture products and services within the State of Florida. The massive post-World War II buildup of the South Florida region transformed the region. It was one of the counties at the center of the 2000 U.S. Presidential election recount controversy. In 2002, it began an aggressive campaign of placing surveillance cameras along highways and traffic lights. Critics contend the cameras violate drivers' due process rights and two separate lawsuits have been filed over their use, one in Aventura filed in February, and one in Temple Terrace near Tampa, filed at the end of July.[4]

Geography[edit]

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 1,323 square miles (3,430 km2), of which 1,210 square miles (3,100 km2) is land and 113 square miles (290 km2) (8.5%) is water.[5]

Broward County has an average elevation of six feet (1.8 m) above sea level. It is rather new geologically and located at the eastern edge of the Florida Platform, a carbonate plateau created millions of years ago. Broward County is composed of Oolite limestone while western Broward is composed mostly of Bryozoa.[6] Broward is among the last areas of Florida to be created and populated with fauna and flora, mostly in the Pleistocene.

Of developable land in Broward County, approximately 471 square miles (1,219.9 km2), the majority is built upon, as the urban area is bordered by the Atlantic Ocean to the east and the Everglades National Park to the west. Within developable land, Broward County has a population density of 3,740 per square mile (1,444 per square kilometer).

Broward approved the construction of Osborne Reef, an artificial reef made of tires off the Fort Lauderdale beach, but it has proven an environmental disaster.[7]

Adjacent counties[edit]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1920 5,135
1930 20,094 291.3%
1940 39,794 98.0%
1950 83,933 110.9%
1960 333,946 297.9%
1970 620,100 85.7%
1980 1,018,200 64.2%
1990 1,255,488 23.3%
2000 1,623,018 29.3%
2010 1,748,066 7.7%
Est. 2013 1,838,844 5.2%
U.S. Decennial Census[8]
1790-1960[9] 1900-1990[10]
1990-2000[11] 2010-2013[1]

2000 Census[edit]

As of the census of 2000, there were 1,623,018 people, 654,445 households, and 411,645 families residing in the county. The population density was 1,346 people per square mile (520/km²). There were 741,043 housing units at an average density of 615 per square mile (237/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 70.57% White (58% were Non-Hispanic),[12] 20.54% Black or African American, 0.24% Native American, 2.25% Asian, 0.06% Pacific Islander, 3.00% from other races, and 3.35% from two or more races. 16.74% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

In relation to ancestry, 9.4% were Italian, 7.4% American, 6.8% German, 6.7% Irish, and 4% English ancestry. Furthermore, about 5.91% were Jamaican and 5.99% Haitian alone, so 14.06% were generically West Indian.[13]

Broward is the only county in the nation outside the Northeast in which Italian-Americans formed the largest ethnic group in 2000. They are concentrated mainly in the Pompano Beach area.

There were 654,445 households out of which 29.30% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 46.1% were married couples living together, 12.5% had a female householder with no husband present, and 37.1% were non-families. 29.6% of all households were made up of individuals and % had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.45 and the average family size was 3.07.

In the county the population was spread out with 23.6% under the age of 18, 7.2% from 18 to 24, 31.4% from 25 to 44, 21.7% from 45 to 64, and 16.1% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females there were 93.3 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 89.8 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $41,691, and the median income for a family was $50,531. Males had a median income of $36,741 versus $28,529 for females. The per capita income for the county was $23,170. About 8.7% of families and 11.5% of the population were below the poverty line, including 15.3% of those under age 18 and 10.0% of those age 65 or over.

As of 2005, Broward County led the nation's metropolitan areas in new AIDS diagnoses, with a reported rate 58.4 new AIDS diagnoses per 100,000 people. County officials think the numbers may stem from a new and successful HIV testing campaign that has resulted in many people being diagnosed with AIDS at the same time they've been diagnosed with HIV.[14] Ironically, without the implementation of the new testing campaign, the reported numbers of new diagnoses would have probably been lower.

According to the Census,[15] Broward County is the 9th largest county with same sex households. As of the 2010 Census, there were 9,125 same sex households out of a total of 686,047 households (1.33%).

As of the 2013 Census Estimate,[16] the 2013 population estimate is 1,838,844 which is a 5.2% increase since the 2010 Census.

Languages[edit]

As of 2010, 63.44% of all residents spoke English as their first language, while 22.22% spoke Spanish, 5.42% French Creole, 1.48% Portuguese, 1.41% French, and 0.59% of the population spoke Italian as their mother language. In total, 36.56% of the population spoke languages other than English as their primary language.[17] Since many immigrants are coming from the Anglophone Caribbean, where English is spoken, the change is not as fast as the rate of immigration would suggest.[citation needed]

2012 Census Report[edit]

U.S. Census Bureau 2012 Ethnic/Race Demographics:[18]

As of 2010, 32% of Broward residents were foreign born (including naturalized American citizens.) Haitians made up the largest population of immigrants, with Jamaicans coming in second, Colombians in third, followed by Cuban exiled refugees in fourth place, then Peruvians, Venezuelans, Brazilians, Dominicans, ninth being Canadians, and Mexicans being the tenth highest group of expatriates.[19]

According to the most recent estimates from the U.S. Census of 2013, the total population of Broward County had risen to almost 1.85 million people (1,838,844), and increased by 5.2% between April 1, 2010 and July 1, 2013. This number is accounted for by an increase to 90,778 (5.2%) in its black population and an increase to 408,543 (24.0%) of its non-black Hispanic population. A significant portion of the black population has resulted from immigration, of whom many are Afro-Caribbeans/West Indians. Some Afro-Latinos and Afro-Brazilians might also classify themselves as only black. More black foreigners immigrated to Broward County between 2001 and 2005 than any other county in the United States. Also, 52,506 (3.1%) of Broward County's population is Asian, which is a higher figure than that of most counties in the state.

Education[edit]

Primary and secondary schools[edit]

Broward County Schools currently has the sixth largest school district in the country and the second largest in the state after Miami-Dade.

Accredited Colleges and universities[edit]

Other Adult Education Providers[edit]

Public libraries[edit]

The Broward County Library is one of the largest public library systems in the country, comprising 41 branch locations. There are also five municipal public libraries in the county that are not part of the Broward County Library: Ethel M. Gordon Oakland Park Library, Lighthouse Point Library, Helen B. Hoffman Plantation Library, and Parkland Public Library.

Community services[edit]

Community services in Broward County include Women in Distress (WID), a nationally accredited, state-certified, full service domestic violence center. WID works in partnership with the Broward County Sheriff's Office.[21]

Government[edit]

The Broward County Charter provides for a separation between the legislative and administrative functions of government. The Board of County Commissioners is the legislative branch of Broward County Government.

The County Commission is composed of nine members elected by district. Each Commissioner must be a resident of the district for which he or she seeks election. Each year the Commission elects a Mayor and Vice Mayor. The Mayor's functions include serving as presiding officer, and as the County's official representative. The Commission appoints the County Administrator, County Attorney and County Auditor. The Commission also appoints numerous advisory and regulatory boards.

The County Commission meets in formal session the first four Tuesdays of each month at 10:00 a.m. in Room 422 of the Broward County Governmental Center. Over 507,000 cable subscribers in Broward County have access to Government-access television (GATV) coverage of Commission meetings, which are broadcast live beginning at 10:00 a.m. each Tuesday, and rebroadcast at 5:00 p.m. the following Sunday. Meetings can also be viewed via webcasting at www.broward.org.

Economy[edit]

Silver Airways has its headquarters on the property of Fort Lauderdale-Hollywood International Airport in an unincorporated area. [22][23][24] Other companies with headquarters in unincorporated areas include Locair.[25]

When Chalk's International Airlines existed, its headquarters was on the grounds of the airport in an unincorporated area.[26] When Bimini Island Air existed, its headquarters were in an unincorporated area.[27]

Politics[edit]

Broward County, Florida Democratic Party Chairman Mitch Cesear speaks to activists, May 5, 2013.

Over the past fifty years, Broward County has gone from solidly Republican to solidly Democratic. In the 1972 U.S. presidential election, Broward County residents voted overwhelmingly for Richard Nixon over George McGovern. From the 1992 U.S. presidential election onward, however, voters of Broward County backed the Democratic presidential nominee over the Republican nominee by strong majorities. Broward County is now the most reliably Democratic county in the state,[28][29] with the exception of the much less populous Gadsden County. This change in voting tendencies may likely be the result of a continuous flow from large migrations of snowbirds and transplanted people from the historically more liberal Northeastern states and other blue states, as well as a growing LGBT community, and also naturalized U.S. citizens born in places such as Latin America, the Caribbean, Canada, Europe, and Asia.

Presidential elections results
Year Republican Democrat
2012 32.3% 243,732 67.2% 507,430
2008 32.3% 225,453 67.2% 474,579
2004 34.6% 244,674 64.2% 453,873
2000 30.9% 177,939 67.4% 387,760
1996 28.3% 142,870 63.5% 320,779
1992 30.9% 164,832 51.8% 276,361
1988 50.0% 220,316 49.5% 218,274
1984 56.7% 254,608 43.3% 194,584
1980 55.9% 229,693 35.6% 146,323
1976 47.1% 161,411 51.6% 176,491
1972 72.4% 196,528 27.3% 74,127
1968 54.5% 106,122 29.1% 56,613
1964 55.5% 85,264 44.5% 68,406
1960 58.8% 68,294 41.2% 47,811

Transportation[edit]

Street grid[edit]

A street grid stretches throughout Broward County. Most of this grid is loosely based on three primary eastern municipalities, (from South to North) Hollywood, Fort Lauderdale, and Pompano Beach. Deerfield Beach—another primary eastern municipality—has its own street grid, as do two smaller municipalities—Dania and Hallandale.

Major Freeways and Tollways[edit]

Railroads[edit]

Airports[edit]

Public transportation[edit]

Greenways System[edit]

Construction is underway on a network of recreational trails to connect cities and points of interest in the county.[30][31][32]

Communities[edit]

Map of Broward County Florida.svg

Municipality populations are based on the 2010 Census.[33]

# Incorporated Community Designation Date incorporated Population
2 Coconut Creek City February 20, 1967 52,909
26 Cooper City City June 20, 1959 28,547
4 Coral Springs City June 10, 1963 121,096
23 Dania Beach City November 1904 29,639
22 Davie Town November 16, 1925 91,992
3 Deerfield Beach City June 11, 1925 75,018
16 Fort Lauderdale City March 27, 1911 165,521
31 Hallandale Beach City May 14, 1927 37,113
8 Hillsboro Beach Town June 12, 1939 1,875
24 Hollywood City November 28, 1925 140,768
11 Lauderdale-by-the-Sea Town November 30, 1947 6,056
17 Lauderdale Lakes City June 22, 1961 32,593
18 Lauderhill City June 20, 1959 66,887
15 Lazy Lake Village 1953 24
7 Lighthouse Point City June 13, 1956 10,344
5 Margate City June 22, 1961 53,284
28 Miramar City May 26, 1955 122,041
10 North Lauderdale City June 10, 1963 41,023
13 Oakland Park City June 19, 1929 41,363
1 Parkland City July 10, 1963 23,962
30 Pembroke Park Town December 10, 1957 6,102
27 Pembroke Pines City 1960 154,750
20 Plantation City April 30, 1953 84,955
6 Pompano Beach City 1947 99,845
12 Sea Ranch Lakes Village 1959 670
25 Southwest Ranches Town July 25, 2000 7,345
19 Sunrise City 1961 84,439
9 Tamarac City August 15, 1963 60,427
29 West Park City March 1, 2005 14,156
21 Weston City 1996 65,333
14 Wilton Manors City 1947 11,632

Neighborhoods[edit]

Unincorporated areas[edit]

Points of interest[edit]

Broward boasts some notable attractions. The Museum of Discovery and Science is located in Ft. Lauderdale. The International Swimming Hall of Fame is located near the Atlantic Ocean in Fort Lauderdale. The International Game Fish Association has the Hall of Fame for Sport Fishing in Dania Beach. Flamingo Gardens is a botanical garden and wildlife sanctuary. Butterfly World is located in Coconut Creek. Sawgrass Mills, a large shopping mall, is located in Sunrise. Also, the NHL's Florida Panthers play their games at the BB&T Center in Sunrise. There are also multiple entrances to Everglades parks. In Pompano Beach is the Festival Flea Market Mall, America's largest indoor flea market. The African-American Research Library & Cultural Center in Fort Lauderdale boasts more than 75,000 books and materials on the experiences of people of African descent in the Caribbean, Central and South America and the United States.[34]

With 23 miles of beach, Broward County is a popular destination for scuba diving and snorkeling.[35]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved June 12, 2014. 
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved June 7, 2011. 
  3. ^ Reese, J. H (May 16, 1913). "Carved from Dade County". The Weekly Miami Metropolis (Miami, Florida). p. 7. Retrieved September 8, 2010. 
  4. ^ "Trials : Trials News and Photos - South Florida". Sun-sentinel.com. Retrieved August 1, 2010. 
  5. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. February 12, 2011. Retrieved April 23, 2011. 
  6. ^ Notes on Florida Geography, Florida International University
  7. ^ 56 minutes ago (February 16, 2007). "Tire reef off Florida proves a disaster - U.S. news - Environment - msnbc.com". MSNBC. Retrieved August 1, 2010. 
  8. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved June 12, 2014. 
  9. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved June 12, 2014. 
  10. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved June 12, 2014. 
  11. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved June 12, 2014. 
  12. ^ "Demographics of Broward County, FL". MuniNetGuide.com. Retrieved December 19, 2007. 
  13. ^ "Broward County, FL Detailed Profile". city-data.com. Retrieved June 5, 2008. 
  14. ^ "What's New at The Body, November 23, 2005". Thebody.com. Retrieved August 1, 2010. 
  15. ^ "Census". Retrieved September 27, 2014. 
  16. ^ "QuickFacts". Retrieved September 27, 2014. 
  17. ^ "Modern Language Association Data Center Results, Broward County, Florida". Modern Language Association. Retrieved July 27, 2013. 
  18. ^ 2012 Broward County Demographics
  19. ^ "Broward's foreign-born population soars". Sun-Sentinel. Retrieved August 1, 2013. 
  20. ^ "Technological University of America, Universidad Tecnológica de América, TUA". Tuauniversity.org. Retrieved December 18, 2012. 
  21. ^ Broward Sheriff's Office
  22. ^ "Fort Lauderdale-Hollywood International Airport > Business > Tenant Directory." Broward County. Retrieved on December 17, 2011. "1100 Lee Wagener Blvd. Fort Lauderdale, FL33315"
  23. ^ "Contact Us." Gulfstream International Airlines. Retrieved on December 17, 2011. "1100 Lee Wagener Blvd, Suite 201 Ft. Lauderdale, FL 33315."
  24. ^ "Zoning Map." City of Dania Beach. Retrieved on May 12, 2010.
  25. ^ "Contact Us." Locair. Retrieved on June 19, 2010. "Locair, Inc. 268 SW 33rd St. Fort Lauderdale, FL 33315"
  26. ^ "Administration." Chalk's International Airlines. March 31, 2004. Retrieved on December 17, 2011. "Chalk’s International Airlines 704 SW 34th Street Ft Lauderdale, Fl. 33315"
  27. ^ "Contact Us." Bimini Island Air. Retrieved on July 12, 2011. "Bimini Island Air, Inc./Ltd. 3000 NW 59 Street Fort Lauderdale, FL 33309"
  28. ^ State:Broward Power. St. Petersburg Times. Retrieved November 14, 2006.
  29. ^ 2008 General Election Results. South Florida Sun-Sentinel. Retrieved November 11, 2008.
  30. ^ "Topic Galleries - South Florida". Sun-sentinel.com. Retrieved August 1, 2010. [dead link]
  31. ^ "Welcome To Broward County Greenways". Broward.org. Retrieved August 1, 2010. 
  32. ^ "Topic Galleries". OrlandoSentinel.com. Retrieved December 18, 2012. 
  33. ^ "See "Population and Housing Occupancy Status: 2010 - Florida County -- County Subdivision and Place"". 2010 Census. United States Census Bureau, Population Division. 
  34. ^ "African American Research Library : African American Research Library News and Photos - South Florida". Sun-sentinel.com. Retrieved August 1, 2010. 
  35. ^ "South Florida Beach Dive Sites". Sink, Florida, Sink!. Retrieved February 24, 2013. 

External links[edit]

Government links/Constitutional offices[edit]

Special Districts[edit]

Judicial branch[edit]

Tourism links[edit]

Official sites[edit]

  • The Broward Alliance (Broward County's official public/private partnership for economic development)

Coordinates: 26°07′28″N 80°14′58″W / 26.124354°N 80.249503°W / 26.124354; -80.249503