Formation skydiving

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
4-way RW (relative work)

Formation skydiving is a skydiving event where multiple skydivers attach themselves to one another by grabbing each other's limbs or by the use of "grippers" on their jumpsuit while free falling through the sky. The goal of this skydiving program is to build a formation of multiple divers arranged in a geometric pattern. Skydivers take pride in this event as they say it creates order in an extremely chaotic environment.

Formation skydiving can be further divided into several sub-categories, so named for the number of members in a team:

  • 4-way sequential
  • 4-way vertical sequential (VRW)
  • 8-way sequential
  • 16-way sequential
  • 10-way speed
  • Large formations (Big-ways)

A competition in 4-way formation skydiving (FS-4) takes place like this:

There are two kinds of formations, called randoms and blocks. The randoms are singular formations with full separation of all grips both before and after building the formation. The blocks are double formations with a special designated movement pattern in between, called an inter. The start formation may, or may not be similar to the ending formation. The inters are differently performed. Here are some examples:

Inter 1: The grips are released between some of the flyers, so they become two pieces of two team members. they both do a 270 degree turn, and reconnect to a different formation

Inter 2: Three people stay connected, and do a 360 turn, while the last person, flies alone.

Inter 15: All grips are released and everyone does a 360 turn back to the original formation.

Blocks are designated by numbers, while randoms got letters. Blocks are worth one point for each correct formation, that makes 2 points, and randoms count as 1 point. There are 22 blocks and 16 randoms.

competition consists of up to 10 rounds, and each round consists of 5 or 6 points, which the teams are to repeat as many times as they can within the working time of 35 seconds. The score judging are based on the videographers material.

A competition draw may look like this:

  • 1: C-E-B-13
  • 2: 14-20-8
  • 3: 15-16-H
  • 4: J-O-1-D
  • 5: 6-18-19
  • 6: 5-F-21
  • 7: 10-K-G-M
  • 8: 22-3-P
  • 9: 12-9-4
  • 10:11-17-Q

The winning team will be the team that has collected most points, by completing the most correct formations within time after the final round is ended. In case of weather or technical problems, or other causes, a competition will be valid as long as all teams has completed at least one round.

A recent sub-category of formation skydiving is vertical formation skydiving (VRW). Skydivers build formations using higher-speed body positions normally associated with freeflying, such as head down and sitflying.

World Record[edit]

  • BIG-WAY:

The current FAI world record for largest free-fall formation is a 400-way, set on February 8, 2006 in Udon Thani, Thailand by World Team. It was held for 4.25 seconds. They used five C-130 Hercules airplanes and exited from an altitude of 25,000 feet. In April 2013 The World Team tried to break the record for the largest 2-point formation dive in skydiving history. All 222 members came together and made a formation, broke apart, and then reformed to make a completely different formation. The team attempted the jump many times and came very close to breaking the record, but were unsuccessful each time. The World Team has not made anymore official statements about attempting the record again. "World Record Jump Attempt in Arizona". Air Sports Net. April 14, 2013. Retrieved 30 September 2013. 

Longest sequence i one round:

  • 4-Way

Set by the French(Aerodyne Aerokart) and the Russian(Sky Panthers) national teams, at the World Meet 2010 i round 3, where both teams scoord 56 points in worktime (35 seconds)

  • 8-Way

Set by the USA(Golden Knights) national team, at the World Meet 1997 i round 8, where the scoord 31 points in worktime (50 seconds)

World Championship[edit]

Year 4-Way Champion Points (avg) 8-Way Champion Points (avg) 4-Way Female Champion Points (avg) 4-Way Vertical Formation Points (avg)
1975 United States USA 40/49.92* United States USA 100/163.85* Not Held Not Held
1977 Canada Canada 73 (7.3) United States USA 42 (4.2) Not Held Not Held
1979 Canada Canada 82 (8.2) United States USA 66 (6.6) Not Held Not Held
1981 United States USA 116 (11.6) United States USA 83 (8.3) Not Held Not Held
1983 Switzerland Switzerland 115 (11.5) United States USA 102 (10.2) Not Held Not Held
1985 United States USA 118 (11.8) United States USA 120 (12.0) Not Held Not Held
1987 France France 134 (13.4) United States USA 119 (13.2) (9 rd) Not Held Not Held
1989 France France 152 (15.2) United States USA 138 (13.8) Not Held Not Held
1991 France France 171 (17.1) United States USA 181 (18.1) Not Held Not Held
1993 France France 195 (19.5) United States USA 169 (16.9) Not Held Not Held
1995 United States USA 207 (20.7) United States USA 195 (19.5) Not Held Not Held
1997 United States USA 210 (21.0) United States USA 224 (22.4) Not Held Not Held
1999 France France 208 (20.8) United States USA 211 (21.1) Not Held Not Held
2001 United States USA 214 (21.4) Russia Russia 193 (19.3) United States USA 147 (14.7) Not Held
2003 France France 229 (22.9) Russia Russia 221 (20.9) (jump-off) United Kingdom Great Britain 165 (16.5) Not Held
2004 United States USA 227 (22.7) United States USA 172 (19.1) (9 rd) United States USA 169 (16.9) Not Held
2006 United States USA 117 (23.4) (5 rd) France France 123 (20.5) (6 rd) United Kingdom Great Britain 95 (19.0) (5 rd) Not Held
2008 United States USA 195 (24.4) (8 rd) France France 151 (21.6) (7 rd) United Kingdom Great Britain 120 (20.0) (6 rd) Not Held
2010 France France 277 (27.7) France France 203 (20.3) France France 236 (23.6) Not Held
2012 United States USA 279 (27.9) United States USA 229 (22.9) France France 207 (20.7) France France 185 (23,1) (8 rd)
2014 Belgium Belgium 264 (26.4) United States USA 216 (21.6) France France 214 (21.4) France France 179 (22,4) (8 rd)
2016 TBD TBD TBD TBD (8 rd)

See also[edit]

External links[edit]