|Native name||Metrô de Fortaleza|
|Locale||Fortaleza, Ceará, Brazil|
|Transit type||Rapid transit|
|Number of lines||1 metro line &
1 commuter rail line
|Number of stations||18 metro stations &
10 commuter rail stations
|Website||Metrô de Fortaleza|
|Began operation||October 24, 2012|
|System length||24.0 km (14.9 mi) (metro)
19.0 km (11.8 mi) (commuter rail)
|Track gauge||1,000 mm (3 ft 3 3⁄8 in) metre gauge|
The Brazilian light rail operator Metrofor is in the process of modernizing the existing rail network in the city of Fortaleza. The project's goal is to provide reliable and comfortable rail service to the population of Fortaleza, Caucaia, Marazion and Pacatuba. The need for fast and reliable transport has become even more evident with Brazil hosting the 2014 FIFA World Cup.
The modernization project was a part of the Brazilian growth acceleration plan and will witness integration of the railway with other transportation modes such as the subways and buses, as well as upgrading certain lines to rapid transit, or "metro" standards. The project has already been in the construction phase for more than 12 years. Secretaria da Infraestrutura do Estado do Ceará is the developer. The modernization plans were developed in early 1980s, and civil works commenced in August 1999.
The works involve double tracking and electrification of two of the main passenger rail lines, installation of modern signalling and communications system, construction of new stations, and acquisition of new rolling stock, all with the goal of achieving metro-standards operations on the two lines. The upgraded rapid transit rail network is expected to serve nearly 700,000 passengers a day.
The existing Fortaleza rail infrastructure consists of 43 kilometers (27 mi) of rail route, comprising two lines:
|South (Sul)||Central – Chico da Silva ↔ Carlito Benevides||2012||24.0 km (14.9 mi)||18[Note 1]||33||Opened, and in rapid transit operation.|
|West (Oeste)||Caucaia ↔ João Felipe||2014||19.0 km (11.8 mi)||10[Note 2]||30||Currently operational, but only as a commuter rail line.|
- Two additional stations are under construction.
- Additional stations are under construction.
The 24.0-kilometer (14.9 mi) long South Line provides passenger services between Carlito Benevides in Maracanaú to Central – Chico da Silva in downtown Fortaleza. The Linha Sul (South Line) is the first of the two lines to be converted to full metro-standards service. Its route has been diverted into a 4.0-kilometer (2.5 mi) long tunnel, with 4 underground stations all with 110 m (360 ft) long platforms, in the city center.
The West Line, currently operating as a commuter rail line, is 19.0-kilometer (11.8 mi) long. It begins at Caucaia and currently terminates at João Felipe, with plans to extend it to Central – Chico da Silva.
Stations on the metro-standards South Line, from south to north:
- Carlito Benevides (formerly Vila das Flores)
- Virgílio Távora (formerly Novo Maracanaú)
- Rachel de Queiroz (formerly Pajuçara)
- Alto Alegre
- Esperança (formerly Conjunto Esperança)
- Manoel Sátiro
- Vila Pery
- Couto Fernandes
- São Benedito
- José de Alencar (formerly Lagoinha)
- Estação Central – Chico da Silva (formerly João Felipe)
As of July 2011, two train-sets were delivered and six more are due to be delivered by the year end. All the 20 trains starts in the end of 2012. Each train measure 40m long and will comprise of three cars. It run at a top speed of 120 km (75 mi)/h and carry 445 passengers. The trains have air-conditioned and equipped with internal and external audio and visual communication systems.
Current plans are to complete a third metro line, called the East (Leste) line:
|East (Leste)||Central – Chico da Silva ↔ Fórum Clóvis Beviláqua||2019||12 km (7 mi)||13||In the bidding process to award the construction contract.|
A third rail line in the Forteleza area, that runs between Macuripe and Parangaba and that currently operates as a cargo line, is in the process of being converted into a diesel light rail line. There are also plans for a second shorter light rail line south of Fortaleza.
|Parangaba Mucuripe||Parangaba ↔ Mucuripe||2014||12.7 km (7.9 mi)||8||Under construction.|
|Maranguape||Jereissati ↔ Maranguape||n/a||7.2 km (4.5 mi)||2||Under study.|
- "Mapa das Linhas - Metrô de Fortaleza" (in Portuguese). Metrô de Fortaleza - METROFOR. Retrieved 2014-06-19.
- "Fortaleza Metro Rail Project, Brazil". Railway-Technology.com. Retrieved 2014-06-18.
- "Metrô de Fortaleza Linha Sul" (in Portuguese). Metrô de Fortaleza - METROFOR. Retrieved 2014-06-19.
- "Metrô de Fortaleza Linha Oeste" (in Portuguese). Metrô de Fortaleza - METROFOR. Retrieved 2014-06-19.
- "Fortaleza". UrbanRail.net. Retrieved 2014-06-18.
- "Porto e metrô expandidos" [Port and metro expanded]. Negócios Diário do Nordeste (in Portuguese). 25 February 2011. Retrieved 2014-06-20.
- "Fortaleza World Cup rail link on schedule". Global Rail News (Rail Media). 19 February 2013. Retrieved 2014-06-21.
- "Metrô de Fortaleza Ramal Parangaba Mucuripe" (in Portuguese). Metrô de Fortaleza - METROFOR. Retrieved 2014-06-21.
- "Duas novas linhas previstas" [Two new lines planned]. Negócios Diário do Nordeste (in Portuguese). 20 September 2007. Retrieved 2014-06-20.
- "Plano Estratégico" [Strategic Plan] (in Portuguese). Metrô de Fortaleza - METROFOR. Retrieved 2014-06-20.
Media related to Fortaleza Metro at Wikimedia Commons
- Fortaleza Metro – official website (Portuguese)