|Type||Società per Azioni|
|Predecessor(s)||Ansaldo Trasporti and Breda Costruzioni Ferroviarie|
|Founded||By merger in 2001|
|Number of locations||4|
|Key people||Maurizio Manfellotto (CEO)|
|Products||Rail transport vehicles|
AnsaldoBreda S.p.A. is a rail transport engineering company based in Italy. The company designs and manufactures railway and mass transit vehicles.
AnsaldoBreda was formed in 2001 by the merger of Ansaldo Trasporti and Breda Costruzioni Ferroviarie, and is part of the Finmeccanica group. It has production sites at four locations in Italy: Naples, Reggio Calabria, Palermo, and Pistoia. The company employs about 2,400 people. Salvatore Bianconi was the Chief Executive Officer of AnsaldoBreda from 2008 to 2011, when he was succeeded by Maurizio Manfellotto.
||The neutrality of this section is disputed. (June 2013)|
Milestones in the history of AnsaldoBreda and its predecessor companies include:
- 1853 The company Gio. Ansaldo & C. producer of steam locomotives, rolling stock and steam engines was registered in Genoa, supported by the Minister of Finance, Camillo Benso, Count of Cavour, who aimed to reduce the State of Savoy's dependence on imported engineering.
- 1854 Ansaldo built the FS 113, its first steam locomotive, also known as Sampierdarena. The locomotive was the first made entirely in Italy and was personally tested by Giovanni Ansaldo.
- 1886 Ernesto Breda founded Ing. Ernesto Breda and C., the company which became Società Italiana Ernesto Breda (SIEB) in 1899.
- 1908 SIEB's thousandth locomotive was built, a model FS 685 with serial number 600  now preserved in the Leonardo da Vinci Museum of Science and Technology in Milan. It used Caprotti valve gear.
- 1936 SIEB started production of the FS Class ETR 200 series electric multiple unit. It was exhibited at the World's Fair in New York in 1937, but received no orders. Eighteen units were produced and they were finally withdrawn from service in 1993. On 20 July 1939, an ETR 212 driven by Alessandro Cervellati set a land speed record for rail vehicles between Florence and Milan, with a top speed of 203 km/h (126 mph), reached on a stretch between Pontenure and Piacenza.
- 1952 Breda Elettromeccanica e Locomotive presented the FS Class ETR 300 electric train, also known as the Settebello. It had low aerodynamic drag and consumed up to 2600 kW to reach a maximum speed of 200 km/h (120 mph). Only three trainsets were built, numbered ETR 301–303.
- 1960 on the occasion of the Olympic Games in Rome Breda Elettromeccanica e Locomotive presented the ETR 250 Arlecchino, a shortened four carriage variant of the Settebello.
- 1976 The FS ETR 400 entered service. Fiat Ferroviaria manufactured the body and bogies, whilst Ansaldo produced the power unit. It was the first train in the world featuring active body tilting to enter commercial service and was capable of 250 km/h (160 mph). Only one FS ETR 401 was built. A second prototype was built in the same year for RENFE, called Pendular UT-443 and nicknamed Platanito (little banana), due to its yellow and brown livery. It was rated at 1,220 kW and limited to 180 km/h (110 mph), as the tracks of the Spanish rail network were could not support higher speeds at that time.
- 1989 The FS ETR 500 series was launched, constructed by the TREVI Consortium, of which Ansaldo and Breda Costruzioni Ferroviarie were members. The train was capable of exceeding 300 km/h (190 mph). It reached 362 km/h (225 mph) in the Monte Bibele tunnel between Florence and Bologna in 2009, setting a speed record for trains in a tunnel.
- 2013 The Frecciarossa 1000 high speed train was officially unveiled om March 26 at the AnsaldoBreda factory in Pistoia. The train is capable of 400 km/h (250 mph). The first ETR1000 was christened Mennea in honour of the Italian athlete Pietro Mennea who died five days before.
Ferrovie dello Stato Italiane
- ETR 500 for Trenitalia of Ferrovie dello Stato Italiane. The first high-speed trains to run on Turkish rails were two ETR 500 train sets rented from Trenitalia of Italy and were used for testing the completed part of the high-speed railway network between Eskişehir and Ankara on April 23, 2007. During the tests, ETR 500 Y2 achieved the current rail speed record in Turkey, reaching 303 km/h.
- multiple unit Treno Servizio Regionale (TSR) for LeNORD.
Ferrovie Nord Milano
- three-car articulated units ETR 211 Metrostar for Circumvesuviana. The Circumvesuviana operate a fleet of twenty-six "Metrostar". 
- Meneghino for Milan Metro of Milan.
- AnsaldoBreda Driverless Metro for Milan Metro Line 5 of Milan Metro.
- multiple unit AnsaldoBreda series S7000 operates mainly for the Line 10 (Madrid Metro) Madrid Metro. The Madrid Metro operates a fleet of 37 vehicle.
- multiple unit AnsaldoBreda series S9000 for the Line 7 (Madrid Metro) Madrid Metro. The Madrid Metro is actively involved with a fleet of 52 vehicle.
- multiple unit Breda CQ312 class for the Metropolitan Atlanta Rapid Transit Authority. The Metropolitan Atlanta Rapid Transit Authority operates a fleet of 100 cars, car numbers 601-702, built by Breda, 2001–2005.
- multiple unit AnsaldoBreda Type 8 LRV for the Green Line (MBTA). The Massachusetts Bay Transportation Authority operates a fleet of 95 LRVs vehicle.
- multiple unit AnsaldoBreda LRV for the Blue and Green Lines (Cleveland) RTA Rapid Transit. The RTA Rapid Transit operates a fleet of 48 LRVs vehicle.
- multiple unit AnsaldoBreda P2550  for the Gold Line (Los Angeles Metro) Metro Los Angeles. The Los Angeles County Metropolitan Transportation Authority operates a fleet of 50 LRVs vehicle.
- multiple unit Ansaldobreda A650  to the Red Line (Los Angeles Metro) Metro Los Angeles. The Los Angeles County Metropolitan Transportation Authority operates a fleet of 104 trains built in two series: the first series (fleet numbers 501 to 530) between 1988 and 1993, the second series (fleet numbers 531 to 604), were built between 1995 and 1997.
- multiple unit AnsaldoBreda LRV2 and AnsaldoBreda LRV3 for the Muni Metro of San Francisco Municipal Railway. The Muni Metro operates a fleet of 151 LRV vehicles.
- multiple unit for the Washington Metro built in most series. The Washington Metropolitan Area Transit Authority work with convoys:
Delays and technical problems
Delivery of 83 IC4 trainsets for the Danish State Railways DSB was originally planned for 2003-2006. As of March 2013, 22 trainsets have still not been delivered, On 2 July 2012, the DSB announced that the Transportation Authority had approved Denmark's railway operator to put back into operation the fleet of 37 IC4s which had been withdrawn from service in November 2011. In December 2011, it was reported that one of the missing IC4 trainsets planned for delivery in Denmark was found in Libya. Reportedly, AnsaldoBreda and then Italian prime minister Silvio Berlusconi gave Libyan dictator Muammar Gaddafi the trainset as a present on the occasion of the 40th anniversary of Gaddafi's revolution in 2009.  An agreement was reached on 18 December 2012 between AnsaldoBreda and Danish railways to solve the problems.
Netherlands and Belgium
V250 train units were delivered to NS over five years later than originally contracted. Soon after the trains went into service in the Netherlands and Belgium, the V250 suffered a number of technical problems. When the first snow fell in the winter of 2012/13, some V250 trains started losing parts of their bottom plates due to ice build-up. Consequently the Belgian railway company NMBS/SNCB declared the V250 unsafe, and the trains were taken out of commercial service on 16 January 2013. Dutch railways is now seeking compensation for damages and Dutch politicians have called for a parliamentary inquiry into the problems with the V250 train quality issues and AnsaldoBreda's failure to rectify them in a timely manner. On 22 January Belgian railways called on AnsaldoBreda to fix all deficiencies that had been independently identified with the V250 units within 3 months, as agreed in the purchase contract, or the contract would be declared void.
In May 2013, the Belgian railway company cancelled its contract with AnsaldoBreda, after a technical examination of a pair of V250 train halves. The inspections yielded 1159 and 2019 deficiency points, where a total of 9 per full train was the permitted tolerance before rejection. The report mentioned, amongst others, the following defects: during a test run, an iron plate of the roof bent towards the overhead wire, axles were severely rusted, with a risk of breaking in moving trains, the brakes were not suited for high-speed trains, wiring was not shielded from rain and snow, a bottom plate came loose and fell down on the railtrack, batteries overheated in carriages that had been already taken out of service, resulting in fire and subsequent scorches in the carriages, earthing points were wrongly connected, the door sliding mechanisms were faulty, assembly varied from train to train. On the same day the report was published, the Belgian public broadcasting organizations RTBF and VRT got hold of photographs showing the wrecked conditions the V250 trains were in. However, because of major technical problems with these trains, the trains were taken out of rotation within weeks after the start of the service. On the 31st of May 2013, the NMBS/SNCB cancelled the Fyra project entirely. On June 3, NS also announced it was stopping operation of V250 trains. According to their survey of the trains it would take at least 17 months to repair all construction flaws, and entry into service would not be expected before 2018. In addition, even if trains were to be repaired, the maintenance cost would be much higher and the lifetime of the trains much lower than agreed in the contracts with AnsaldoBreda. It is currently unlikely that the V250 will enter commercial service again. In a response to the Dutch and Belgian complaints about damage to the trains, AnsaldoBreda blamed the operators for being irresponsible in running the trains at the certified top speed of 250 km/h in winter, and not performing the recommended daily maintenance. Belgian rail operators claim the latter is not true, and that the problems encountered can only be caused by structural problems with the trains.
In 2013 Oslo's public transport company took 30 of its 32 SL95 trams out of service due to malfunctions. These were produced by Ansaldo Trasporti s.p.a. and Firema Trasporti and delivered between 1999 and 2003. AnsaldoBreda over the years has updated aircraft equipment meeting the requirements and demands of the operator in Norway. The contract for the supply is still valid and operational.
In Gothenburg, Sweden, there have been numerous issues reported with the "Sirio". Frequent and long delays in deliveries (up to 4 years), problems with manufacturing quality and design, extensive unscheduled maintenance as well as high level of wear on wheels and rails are some of the issues reported. In February 2013 all trams delivered between 2003 and 2009 had to be taken out of service due to extensive corrosion on the load-bearing structure.
In Birmingham, UK, Ansaldobreda T69 trams operated by Midland Metro have been dogged by reliability problems, suffering higher than expected maintenance costs and loss of trams to service. The owners discovered that each tram was built to a different design and attempted to sell them prior to seeking government funding to replace them before the end of their expected life.
- Company. AnsaldoBreda. Retrieved on 2009-07-17.
- Energy Transportation. Finmeccanica. Retrieved on 2009-07-17.
- Salvatore Bianconi appointed as new CEO of AnsaldoBreda (2008-05-27). Finmeccanica. Retrieved on 2009-07-18.
- "Cavour e la fondazione dell'Ansaldo - Lezioni di Storia - parte 3, Valerio Castronovo". YouTube. November 29, 2010.
- BREDA, Ernesto, Dizionario Biografico degli Italiani - Volume 14 (1972)
- Locomotiva Gr. S 685.600
- Maurizio Panconesi, La direttissima degli Appennini. La linea Bologna-Prato e le sue ferrovie di servizio, Cortona, Calosci, 2002, ISBN 88-7785-179-1, pp. 121-125.
- "Forse nel tentativo di raggiungere il primato mondiale di velocità ferroviaria, che appena il mese prima un treno Diesel tedesco in prova aveva portato a 215 km/h, si pensò a una nuova corsa con un ETR.200. L'ingegner Mario Martinelli delle FS ricorda che 'poiché sembrava che la corsa dovesse essere ripetuta, fu prescelto l'ETR.214 per questo secondo exploit... poi l'idea della seconda corsa fu abbandonata: la guerra si avvicinava." Cf Cornolò, Una leggenda op. cit., p. 34.
- Nock, O.S. (1978). "The Settebello: speed and luxury", in World Atlas of Railways, pp. 118–119. New York: Mayflower Books (original publisher: Artists House, London, UK). ISBN 0-8317-9500-X.
- Innocenti, Marco (20 November 2008). "21 novembre 1952: debutta il Settebello" [21 November 1952: The debut of the Settebello]. Il Sole 24 Ore (in Italian) (Milan, Italy). Retrieved 26 February 2013.
- Stefano Garzaro, Lorenzo Nascimbene, FS-Italia. Elettrotreno ETR 400 "Pendolino", collana Monografie ferroviarie n. 6, Torino, Edizioni Elledi, 1982 p. 28
- Materiale RENFE
- "Raggiunto in galleria il record mondiale di velocità di 362 km/h" (in Italian). fsnews.it. February 2009. Retrieved 2013-04-12.
- Frecciarossa 1000 in cifre (25-09-2012).
- Primo Frecciarossa 1000
- Morto Pietro Mennea
- AnsaldoBreda. AnsaldoBreda. Retrieved on 2009-07-17.
- "Nuovo record di velocità del treno italiano Etr 500 in Turchia: 303 km/h" (in Italian). Il Sole 24 Ore. 2007-09-14. Retrieved 2012-11-11.
- "Nuovo record di velocità sulla linea AV Milano-Bologna" (in Italian). FSNews. 2008-03-03. Archived from the original on 2008-08-22. Retrieved 2008-12-31.
- "Record italiano di velocità" (in Italian). Tutto Treno. April 2008. Retrieved 2009-01-02.[dead link]
- "200 giorni al primo treno Alta Velocità sulla Milano-Bologna" (in Italian). FSNews. 2008-05-28. Retrieved 2008-12-31.
- Hürriyet: H?zl? tren art?k raylarda
- Chiandoni, Marco (30 August 2012), "Trenitalia unveils ETR 1000 mock-up", International Railway Journal
- "Trenitalia unveils Frecciarossa 1000", www.railwaygazette.com, 20 August 2012
- Ecco "Metrostar", il nuovo treno della Circumvesuviana
- "Il tram Sirio, Progetto T1". 14 February 2013. Retrieved 3 November 2011.
- "In quarantamila su Sirio". Corriere Fiorentino. 14 February 2010. Retrieved 3 November 2011.
- "Tutti pazzi per Sirio Boom di viaggiatori in tram". la Repubblica Firenze. 18 January 2011. Retrieved 3 November 2011.
- "Milan Metro Meneghino". AnsaldoBreda. Retrieved 19 October 2011.
- "Metropolitana più comoda e sicura con il nuovo treno "Meneghino"". Corriere della Sera. 20 March 2009. Retrieved 19 October 2011.
- "500 million euro Italian metro deal". International Railway Journal. April 2006. Retrieved 17 November 2009.
- "Copenhagen Metro". Arcspace. Retrieved 15 November 2009.
- AnsaldoBreda. "Driverless metros". Retrieved 14 November 2009.[dead link]
- Morocco's railway acquires 24 new EMU http://www.railwaygazette.com/en/news/shipbuilding/single-view/view/moroccos-rail-renaissance-takes-a-major-step-forward.html
- Mintra Serie 7000
- Serie 7000
- Boynton (2001), p.80.
- Brenda Specification Sheet
- Bierman, Noah (November 12, 2007). "T will take 10 new cars for its busy Green Line". The Boston Globe.
- Exner, Rich (June 3, 2005). "Rebuild is anything but rapid RTA’s first Breda-car renovations: over budget and behind schedule". The Plain Dealer. p. B3. Retrieved 2007-06-11.
- Red line train
- "Union station bound train at civic center". YouTube. April 9, 2007.
- "Metro Purple Line to Wilshire/Western at Pershing Square". YouTube. August 30, 2007.
- "2010 SFMTA Transit Fleet Management Plan" (PDF). San Francisco Municipal Transportation Agency. Retrieved 3 March 2013.
- Nolte, Carl (December 10, 1996). "Stylish New Streetcars Ready to Roll". San Francisco Chronicle (Hearst Communications, Inc.). Retrieved February 14, 2009.
- Specification sheet from AnsaldoBreda; this still applies since these cars have not been overhauled.
- . Retrieved on 2013-03-21.
- DSB: IC4 in servizio
-  Retrieved on 2013-03-25.
- . Retrieved on 2013-03-21.
- . Retrieved on 2013-06-07.
- . Volkskrant. Retrieved on 2013-01-18.
- . Retrieved on 2013-01-20.
- . De Standaard. Retrieved on 2013-05-31.
- . De Standaard. Retrieved on 2013-05-31.
- . NMBS report. Retrieved on 2013-05-31.
- . RTBF. Retrieved on 2013-05-31.
- . VRT. Retrieved on 2013-05-31.
- Aftenposten: Politicians agree: Dump the Italian trams(in Norwegian)
- SL 95 (PDF in Norwegian)
- Blix, Håvard (2001). "SL95". Lokaltrafikk (in Norwegian) 46: 38.
- Blix, Håvard (2001). "SL95". Lokaltrafikk (in Norwegian) 47: 41–42.
- . Göteborgs-Posten. Retrieved on 2013-02-12.
- . Göteborgs-Posten. Retrieved on 2013-02-12.
- Giovanni Cornolò, Una leggenda che corre. Breve storia dell'elettrotreno e dei suoi primati. ETR.200 - ETR.220 - ETR 240, 2. ed., Salò, Editrice Trasporti su Rotaie, 1990, ISBN 88-85068-23-5
- Stefano Garzaro, Angelo Nascimbene, FS-Italia. Elettrotreno ETR 400 "Pendolino", collana Monografie ferroviarie n. 6, Torino, Edizioni Elledi, 1982
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to: AnsaldoBreda|
- AnsaldoBreda, official website