Fourah Bay College

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Fourah Bay College
SierraLeoneHofstra2.2.jpg
Fourah Bay College (Old building, 1930s)
Established February 18, 1827 [1]
Type Public
Students 3,465 total
Location PO Box 87 Mount Aureol, Freetown, Sierra Leone
Campus Freetown campus (urban)
Affiliations University of Sierra Leone
Website http://www.fbc.usl.edu.sl/

Fourah Bay College is a public university in the neighborhood of Mount Aureol in Freetown, Sierra Leone. Founded on February 18, 1827,[1] is the oldest university in West Africa and the first western-style university built in West Africa.[2] It is a constituent college of the University of Sierra Leone and was formerly affiliated with Durham University (1876-1967).

History[edit]

Foundation[edit]

The college was established in February 1827 as an Anglican missionary school by the Church Missionary Society with support from Charles MacCarthy, the governor of Sierra Leone. Samuel Ajayi Crowther was the first student to enroll at Fouray Bay.[2] Fourah Bay College soon became a magnet for Krio and other Africans seeking higher education in British West Africa. These included Nigerians, Ghanains, Ivorians and many more, especially in the fields of theology and education. It was the first western-style university in West Africa. Under colonialism, Freetown was known as the "Athens of Africa" as an homage to the college.

The first black principal of the university was an African American missionary, Reverend Edward Jones from South Carolina in the United States. Lamina Sankoh was a prominent early academic; Francis Heiser was principal from 1920 to 1922. Abioseh Nicol was the first Sierra Leonean administrator in 1966.

Administration[edit]

The old building of Fourah Bay College

Faculties[edit]

  • Faculty of Arts
  • Faculty of Engineering
  • Faculty of Pure and Applied Sciences
  • Faculty of Social Sciences and Law

Institutes[edit]

Institute of Adult Education and Extra-Mural Studies[edit]

Institute of African Studies[edit]

Work began on the building of the Institute of African Studies in 1966 with half the £40,000 being provided by the UK Technical Assistance Programme. The first Director was Michael Crowder with J. G. Edowu-Hyde as secretary. The journal Sierra Leone Studies was also relaunched at this time.[3]

Institute of Marine Biology and Oceanography[edit]

Institute of Population Studies[edit]

Institute of Library and Archive Studies and Mass Communications[edit]

Students[edit]

As of 1998/1999, the student enrollment was around 2,000 in four faculties and five institutes. It had consistently expanded the 10 years previous.

Notable alumni[edit]

See also Category:Fourah Bay College alumni

References[edit]

  1. ^ tusol.org/historical
  2. ^ Kopytoff, Jean Herskovits. A Preface to Modern Nigeria: The "Sierra Leonians" in Yoruba, 1830-1890. University of Wisconsin Press. p. 35. 
  3. ^ Crowder, Michael (1966). "Institute of African Studies, Fourah Bay College, Sierra Leone". The Journal of Modern African Studies 4 (1): 95–6. 

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 8°28′37.9″N 13°13′16.3″W / 8.477194°N 13.221194°W / 8.477194; -13.221194