Foyle (UK Parliament constituency)
|for the House of Commons|
Boundary of Foyle in Northern Ireland 1995 – 2008.
|Districts of Northern Ireland||Derry City Council|
|Electorate||68,565 (March 2011)|
|Member of Parliament||Mark Durkan (SDLP)|
|Number of members||One|
|European Parliament constituency||Northern Ireland|
1983-1997: The District of Londonderry; and the District of Strabane wards of Artigarvan, Dunnamanagh, East, North, Slievekirk, South, and West.
1997-2010: The District of Derry.
2010-present: The District of Derry wards of Altnagelvin, Ballynashallog, Beechwood, Brandywell, Carn Hill, Caw, Clondermot, Creggan Central, Creggan South, Crevagh, Culmore, Ebrington, Eglinton, Enagh, Foyle Springs, Holly Mount, Kilfennan, Lisnagelvin, New Buildings, Pennyburn, Rosemount, Shantallow East, Shantallow West, Springtown, Strand, The Diamond, Victoria, and Westland.
The seat was created in boundary changes in 1983, as part of an expansion of Northern Ireland's constituencies from 12 to 17, and was predominantly made up from the old Londonderry constituency. From further revisions in 1995 (when it lost parts of the district of Strabane to the West Tyrone constituency), and until the 2008 revision, it covered exactly the same area as Derry city.
The name comes from the River Foyle which the city lies on and is used to avoid the contentious names of Derry or Londonderry, as well as to cover the areas of County Tyrone that were originally in the constituency.
Prior to the 2010 general election the transfer of Claudy and Banagher wards to East Londonderry were approved through the passing of the Northern Ireland Parliamentary Constituencies Order in 2008.
For the history of the equivalent constituency prior to 1983, see Londonderry.
The constituency is overwhelmingly nationalist and in many elections has often had the strongest vote for the Social Democratic and Labour Party (SDLP) in the whole of Northern Ireland. Unionists of various parties routinely poll around 20%–25% in elections.
There had been much speculation that with the gradual retirement of John Hume from politics, the SDLP vote might collapse. In the 2003 Northern Ireland Assembly election, the SDLP lost 11.5% of the vote and were only narrowly ahead of Sinn Féin. Hume's retirement led to many questioning whether Mark Durkan, Hume's successor as leader, could hold onto the seat. However in the 2005 general election he did so. The decline in the Unionist vote suggests that some Unionist voters tactically voted for Durkan.
Durkan retained the seat in 2010. This seat also gave the Alliance Party their worst share of the vote in Northern Ireland, polling just 0.6% of the votes.
Members of Parliament
The Member of Parliament since the 2005 general election is Mark Durkan of the Social Democratic and Labour Party. He succeeded John Hume, also of the SDLP, who had represented the seat since its creation for the 1983 general election.
Members of Parliament
The constituency has elected the following members of parliament:
|Londonderry (UK Parliament constituency) prior to 1983|
|General Election 2010: Foyle|
|Sinn Féin||Martina Anderson||12,098||31.9||−1.4|
|People Before Profit||Eamonn McCann||2,936||7.7||N/A|
|General Election 2005: Foyle|
|Sinn Féin||Mitchel McLaughlin||15,162||33.2||+6.6|
|Socialist Environmental||Eamonn McCann||1,649||3.6||+3.6|
|Rainbow Dream Ticket||Ben Reel||31||0.1||+0.1|
|General Election 2001: Foyle|
|Sinn Féin||Mitchel McLaughlin||12,988||26.6||+2.6|
|General Election 1997: Foyle|
|Sinn Féin||Mitchel McLaughlin||11,445||23.9||+6.3|
|Natural Law||Donn Brennan||154||0.3||-0.5|
|General Election 1992: Foyle|
|Sinn Féin||Martin McGuinness||9,149||17.6|
|Workers' Party||Gordon McKenzie||514||1.0|
|Natural Law||John Burns||422||0.8|
|General Election 1987: Foyle|
|Sinn Féin||Martin McGuinness||8,707||17.9|
|Workers' Party||Eamonn Melaugh||1,022||2.1|
|General Election 1983: Foyle|
|Sinn Féin||Martin McGuinness||10,607||20.3||N/A|
|Workers' Party||Eamonn Melaugh||582||1.1||N/A|
|SDLP win (new seat)|
- Foyle and City of Londonderry were neighbouring constituencies in the Northern Ireland Parliament from 1929 to 1973.
- Londonderry City was a borough constituency in the UK parliament from the Act of Union to 1922.
- Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs – Constituencies beginning with "F" [self-published source][better source needed]
- "Durkan selected as Foyle Westminster candidate", SDLP
- Foyle, UKPollingReport
- Harding named UUP candidate in forthcoming election, Londonderry Sentinel, 1 April 2010
- Vote People Before Profit Alliance in May's Westminster Election, People Before Profit Alliance, 24 March 2010
- Westminster Candidates, Ulster Unionist Party, 20 March 2010
- Alliance List of Candidates, Alliance Party of Northern Ireland, 6 May 2010