||This article needs additional citations for verification. (September 2010)|
|Reverend the Honourable
|Member of the
Legislative Council of New South Wales
21 October 2004
19 September 1981 – 30 August 2004
|Assistant President of the
Legislative Council of New South Wales
28 November 2007
|Preceded by||New position|
|Born||Frederick John Nile
15 September 1934
New South Wales
|Political party||Christian Democratic Party|
|Spouse(s)||Elaine Nile 1958–2011 (her death)|
|Children||3 (m); 1 (f)|
Citizen's Military Force
|Years of service||1952–1953;
|Unit||OC., D Coy, 4 RNSW Regt|
Frederick John "Fred" Nile (born 15 September 1934) is an Australian politician and clergyman. Nile has been a member of the New South Wales Legislative Council since 1981, except for a period in 2004 when he resigned to unsuccessfully contest the Australian Senate at the 2004 federal election. Nile was re-elected at the March 2007 state election and is currently Assistant President of the Legislative Council. He is the longest-serving member of the New South Wales parliament and has announced his decision to retire in 2015.
Early life 
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Nile was born in Kings Cross, New South Wales and was educated at Mascot Public and Cleveland Street High School (1940–1949). In 1952, during the Korean War, at age 17, Nile volunteered to join the Australian Army where he served until 1953. He then transferred to the CMF / reserves and reached the rank of Major, before retiring in 1972. Nile claims to have attended the Congregational Theological College; the Melbourne College of Divinity; the United Faculty of Theology; the University of Sydney (Adult Matriculation) and the University of New England. He also attended lectures (MA Politics) at Macquarie University but did not complete his degree except for the Theological Tertiary Course (L.Th).
Early career 
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In 1964 he was ordained as a Congregational minister. From 1964 to 1967, Nile was National Director of the Australian Christian Endeavour Movement, a Protestant youth leadership training organisation. In 1967-68 he was Assistant Director of the Billy Graham Crusade in Sydney before being employed as Director of the Congregational Board of Evangelism in New South Wales. In 1970-71, he was involved in social work as Director of the Methodist Mission to the People of New South Wales and, from 1971 to 1973, was Director of Outreach and Evangelism, Sydney City Wesley Central Methodist Mission.
In 1974, Nile was elected national co-ordinator and the New South Wales director of the Australian Federation of Festival of Light - Community Standards Organisation (FOL-CSO), an organisation which campaigned "for purity, love and family life". In 1958 Nile married Elaine Crealy, who was a member of the Legislative Council for 14 years. They had three sons and a daughter. Elaine died in 2011 at age 75.
Political career 
Nile was elected to the New South Wales Legislative Council on 19 September 1981 with 9.1% of the vote as the founder of the Call to Australia (Fred Nile) Group, established in 1977. Following the election to the Legislative Council of Jim Cameron (in 1984) and Nile's wife, Elaine (1988), the Call to Australia Group was officially recognised as a political party. Fred Nile was re-elected to the Council at the 1991 and 1999 state elections before resigning from the Council on 30 August 2004 in order to contest the 2004 Federal election, seeking a position in the Australian Senate on a platform of opposition of the recognition of gay marriages. Nile was the last candidate excluded after the distribution of votes on the 77th count, and was not elected to the Senate. A few months later, he was reappointed to the Legislative Council to fill the vacancy created by his resignation. At the 2007 NSW general election, Nile was re-elected for a further eight year term and was appointed by Labor to the newly created position of Assistant President of the NSW Legislative Council. In 2009, Nile announced that he will not recontest when his seat in the Legislative Council is next up for election in 2015.
Nile is National President of the Christian Democratic Party, a conservative party which focuses primarily on what it regards as important moral and social issues. Nile is noted for his controversial comments. He is known for his vocal opposition to drug use, violence against women and children and the "mistreatment of the Aboriginal community" by state and federal governments. He is most often quoted by the media on issues relating to pornography, abortion and homosexuality.
In 2003 Nile resigned from the Uniting Church in Australia when that church "officially decided to part with a literal interpretation of the Judeo-Christian Bible". He is the president of the Fellowship of Congregational Churches, a group of Australian Congregationalists who declined to join the Uniting Church in 1977. In 2007 Nile retired as the New South Wales director of the Australian Federation of Festival of Light. Nile is patron of the Australian Christian Nation Association and Vice President of the Australian Christian Endeavour Union, an evangelical youth movement.
On homosexuality 
Nile is opposed to homosexuality. While Nile has stated that he did not have a problem with homosexual people only their practices, he contends that homosexuality was a "lifestyle choice" that was "immoral, unnatural and abnormal" to the natural order of life. Nile has also stated that he was "totally opposed to the bashing of homosexuals...totally opposed to any violence or attacks directed against homosexual men or lesbians ... opposed to strong (malicious) verbal attacks." 
Nile has opposed the Sydney Gay and Lesbian Mardi Gras, which he described as a "public parade of immorality and blasphemy". Nile objected to the supposed "indecency and obscenity in various parts of the Mardi Gras" and stated that it reinforced "the worst stereotypes".
In 2005, Nile called for the repealing of New South Wales anti-vilification law, claiming that the law is discriminatory and should either cover all citizens or be abolished. Nile claimed that the Homosexual Vilification Act was being abused to gag free speech and prevent open non-malicious public discussion.
Following a 2011 announcement by Penny Wong, a Labor Party federal government minister, that her same-sex partner was pregnant, Nile publicly denounced Wong's actions, saying "I'm totally against a baby being brought up by two mothers," and "She needn't have made it public. It just promotes their lesbian lifestyle and trying to make it natural where it's unnatural."
On the Australian Greens political party 
Nile is a frequent critic of the Australian Greens, claiming that they have exploited genuine concern for the environment to garner political influence to "push their agenda of social engineering". Nile has criticised the Greens party for what he calls "duplicite political expediency", citing their push to legalise and fund "illicit drug habits for addicts" such as heroin and cannabis in what he claims is contravention of publicised Green Party policy. Nile has also labelled the Greens as being "anti-family", "anti-Christian" and "pagan", citing what he believes to be pro-pornography and pro-sex industry policies and their opposition to the current practice of opening parliament with daily prayers.
Nile once described the Green Party as the "watermelon party - green on the outside but red on the inside, with a bit of a pink tinge.".
On the Muslim community 
Following the Moscow theatre hostage crisis in 2002 Nile asked whether the then state minister of police would consider banning full body coverings like those worn by the Chechen terrorists, from parliament and places of public gathering to prevent the carriage of weapons or explosive devices. On 23 June 2010 Nile introduced a bill into the Legislative Council to criminalise the public wearing of any face covering which prevents the identification of the wearer, including the burqa and niqab.
On 10 March 2007 Nile raised concern that Australian embassy officials posted in Islamic nations were favouring the immigration of Muslim over Christian refugees. Nile called for a moratorium on Muslim immigration to Australia: "Australians deserve a breathing space so the situation can be carefully assessed," he told an audience in North Ryde.
On neo-pagans 
Nile is openly opposed to Australian neopagans, having said that the Christian Democrats would "do what it can to stop pagan weddings and witchcraft or Wicca activities."
On ethics classes in government schools 
Ethics classes were introduced by the Keneally Labor government as an alternative for children who did not want to attend traditional scripture classes. Prior to the 2011 state election, Barry O'Farrell made a pre-election pledge of not scrapping the ethics classes. Following the election, Nile, who was vehmently opposed to the ethics classes, introduced a private members bill proposing the abolition of the classes at the end of the 2011 calendar year. Debate on the bill was ajourned until 16 September; and eventually Nile was successful in pushing the government to establish a parliamentary inquiry to examine whether ethics classes in NSW schools should be abolished. Meanwhile, in introducing his bill into the Legislative Council, Nile gained headlines by arguing that the ethics course is based on a philosophy linked to Nazism and communism.
Parliament activities 
Nile served on the New South Wales' Parliamentary Standing Committee on Social Issues (1988–1995), facilitating legislative reforms on adoption laws, drug abuse amongst youth, rape rates and pornography, domestic violence, youth violence, youth rural suicides, compensation for medically acquired AIDS/HIV victims, juvenile justice, births, deaths and marriage records.
Nile has also served on the New South Wales' Parliamentary Standing Committee on Law and Justice, the New South Wales' Joint Parliamentary Select Committee on Electoral Reform, the Parliamentary Select Committee into Firearms, the Joint Parliamentary Select Committee into the Management of Parliament, as Chairman of the Cross City Tunnel Inquiry and Chairman of the Joint Select Committee on the Royal North Shore Hospital.
Nile currently serves as:
- Assistant President of the New South Wales' Legislative Council
- Chairman of the General Purpose Standing Committee No. 1
- Chairman of the Select Committee on Electoral and Political Party Funding
- Member of the Committee on the Independent Commission Against Corruption
- Member of the Committee on the Health Care Complaints Commission
- Member of the Legislative Council Procedure Committee
- Member of the Committee on Children and Young People
- Member of the Standing Committee on State Development
- Member of the Privileges Committee
See also 
- Nicholls, Sean (12 November 2009). "Father of the house, Rev Fred, to retire". The Sydney Morning Herald. Retrieved 1 September 2010.
- Green, Antony (11 November 2009). "The Christian Democrat Schism". ABC Elections (Australia). Retrieved 3 October 2011.
- "About Fred Nile" (PDF). Member's biographical details. Parliament of NSW. 27 November 2006. Retrieved 3 October 2011.
- "Fred Nile resigns from NSW upper house after 23 years". Media release (Press release). Christian Democrat Party (NSW). 30 August 2004. Retrieved 3 October 2011.
- "Will Fred Nile make it to the Senate". Crikey (Australia). 11 May 2004. Retrieved 3 October 2011.
- Carr, Adam (2004). "2004 Senate: New South Wales". Adam Carr's Election Database. Retrieved 3 October 2011.
- "O'Farrell pledges loyalty to NSW". ABC News (Australia). 3 May 2011. Retrieved 21 June 2011.
- "Anti-Discrimination (Homosexual Vilification) Amendment Bill". Hansard. NSW Parliament. 21 May 1993. Retrieved 30 July 2009.
- "God Forgive Sydney! – Sydney Mardi Gras". Christian Democratic Party. 4 March 2006. Retrieved 1 November 2007.
- "Fred Nile debated at Sydney University". Green Left Weekly. Australia. 27 May 1998. Retrieved 18 October 2007.
- "Nile wants 'draconian' gay vilification laws abolished". ABC News. Australia. 25 February 2005. Retrieved 1 November 2007.
- Thompson, Jeremy (9 August 2011). "Wong, partner expecting first child". ABC News (Australia). Retrieved 15 August 2011.
- "Wong baby not right - Reverend Fred Nile". The Australian. AAP. 9 August 2011. Retrieved 15 August 2011.
- "Bubble Bursts - Green Political Stunt Defeated". Christian Democratic Party. 16 June 2009. Retrieved 2009-07-30.
- "Drug Misuse and Trafficking Amendment Bill". Hansard. NSW Parliament. 7 March 2006. Retrieved 30 July 2009.
- "Drug Misuse and Trafficking Amendment (Hydroponic Cultivation) Bill". Hansard. NSW Parliament. 8 June 2006. Retrieved 30 July 2009.
- "Green Party Policy D2: Drugs, Substance Abuse and Addiction". Australian Green Party. 15 November 2008. Retrieved 30 July 2009.
- "Pagan Green Party Threatens Future Of Victoria". Christian Democratic Party. 22 November 2006. Retrieved 1 November 2007.
- "Summary Offences Amendment (Full-face Coverings Prohibition) Bill 2010" (PDF). Retrieved 13 July 2010.
- "Stop Muslim immigration, NSW Christian Democrats say". ABC News (Australia). 11 March 2007. Retrieved 11 March 2007.
- "Muslim leader blames women for sex attacks". The Australian. Retrieved 13 July 2010.[dead link]
- Simpson, John (28 June 2010). "Teen to wed schoolgirl in pagan ceremony". Southern Star. Australia. Retrieved 13 July 2010.
- Shanahan, Angela (1 May 2010). "Godless ethics classes are pointless". The Australian. Retrieved 5 Augugst 2011.
- Nicholls, Sean (3 August 2011). "Premier says ethics pledge intact despite Nile 'process'". The Sydney Morning Herald. Retrieved 5 August 2011.
- Nicholls, Sean (4 August 2011). "Class of his own: Nile pushes for ethics review". The Sydney Morning Herald. Retrieved 5 August 2011.
- Nicholls, Sean (12 November 2011). "Inquiry threatens ethics class experiment". The Sydney Morning Herald. Retrieved 12 November 2011.
- "Godless ethics led to Nazism: Nile". The Sydney Morning Herald. AAP. 5 August 2011. Retrieved 5 August 2011.
- "School ethics course linked to Nazism, says Nile". The Australian. AAP. 5 August 2011. Retrieved 5 August 2011.
- "Rev. Hon. Fred Nile MLC Parliamentary Page". NSW Parliament. live. Retrieved 2 July 2008.
- Fred Nile: A Biography Sydney: Strand: 2001: ISBN 1-876825-79-0