Fyli (Greek: Φυλή) is a town (Fyli (town)(el)) and a municipality (Dimos Fylis(el)) in the northwestern part of Attica, Greece. It lies in the northeastern corner of the West Attica regional unit, and is a suburb of Athens. The seat of the municipality is the town Ano Liosia.
The municipality Fyli was formed at the 2011 local government reform by the merger of the following 3 former municipalities, that became municipal units:
Fyli is accessed with the Attiki Odos to the south near Aspropyrgos to the southwest. The mountains of Parnitha lie to the north and northeast, while the plain where Eleusis is founded lies to the south. The railroad line also runs to the north, and is located South of Thiva and Chalkida, West of GR-1 and east Attica, about 20 km North East of Eleusis and East of the Peloponnese.
The area around Fyli consists of farmlands that were mainly pastures or groves. Suburban housing arrived in the 1980s ; prior to its arrival, its main industry was agriculture. It is now mainly services and manufacturing, as its workers are employed in the Industrial areas of Eleusis and as far as Athens.
A group of exiles from Athens, led by Thrasybulus, seized Phyle in 404 BC. They were defeated at the Battle of Munichia near Piraeus. Fyli suffered some damage from the 2007 Greek forest fires.
Its main production are olives, citrus, fruits, vegetables and other crops.
See also