Gangca County

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Gangca County
རྐང་ཚ་རྫོང
刚察县
County
Gangca is located in Qinghai
Gangca
Gangca
Location in Qinghai
Coordinates: 37°19′N 100°09′E / 37.317°N 100.150°E / 37.317; 100.150Coordinates: 37°19′N 100°09′E / 37.317°N 100.150°E / 37.317; 100.150
Country People's Republic of China
Province Qinghai
Autonomous prefecture Haibei
Township-level divisions 2 towns
3 townships
County seat Shaliuhe (沙柳河镇)
Area
 • Total 9,575.91 km2 (3,697.28 sq mi)
Elevation 3,309 m (10,856 ft)
Population (2007)
 • Total 41,883
 • Density 4.4/km2 (11/sq mi)
Time zone China Standard (UTC+8)
Postal code 812300
Area code(s) 0970
Gangca County
Chinese name
Simplified Chinese 刚察县
Traditional Chinese 剛察縣
Tibetan name
Tibetan རྐང་ཚ་རྫོང

Gangca County (Tibetan script: རྐང་ཚ་རྫོང; Chinese: 刚察县) is a county of northeastern Qinghai province, China, on the northern shore of Qinghai Lake. It is under the administration of Haibei Tibetan Autonomous Prefecture.

Geography and climate[edit]

With an elevation of around 3,300 metres (10,800 ft), Gangca County has an alpine subarctic climate (Köppen Dwc), with long, very cold, dry, and sunny winters, and short, rainy, mild summers. Average low temperatures are below freezing from late September to mid May; however, due to the wide diurnal temperature variation, the average high is below freezing from December thru February. Despite frequent rain during summer, when a majority of days sees rain, no month has less than 55% of possible sunshine; with monthly percent possible sunshine ranging from 56% in June to 83% in November, the county seat receives 3,012 hours of bright sunshine annually. The monthly 24-hour average temperature ranges from −13.5 °C (7.7 °F) in January to 10.9 °C (51.6 °F) in July, while the annual mean is −0.32 °C (31.4 °F). Over 80% of the annual precipitation of 379 mm (14.9 in) is delivered from June to September.

Climate data for Gangca County (1971−2000)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) −5.3
(22.5)
−2.1
(28.2)
2.9
(37.2)
8.1
(46.6)
12.0
(53.6)
14.4
(57.9)
16.7
(62.1)
16.6
(61.9)
12.6
(54.7)
7.8
(46)
1.9
(35.4)
−2.6
(27.3)
6.9
(44.5)
Average low °C (°F) −19.8
(−3.6)
−16.9
(1.6)
−11.3
(11.7)
−5.3
(22.5)
−0.4
(31.3)
3.2
(37.8)
5.7
(42.3)
5.1
(41.2)
1.3
(34.3)
−4.8
(23.4)
−12.3
(9.9)
−17.2
(1)
−6.1
(21.1)
Precipitation mm (inches) .9
(0.035)
2.0
(0.079)
5.9
(0.232)
11.2
(0.441)
35.0
(1.378)
74.4
(2.929)
86.1
(3.39)
91.0
(3.583)
54.3
(2.138)
15.5
(0.61)
2.5
(0.098)
.7
(0.028)
379.5
(14.941)
Avg. precipitation days (≥ 0.1 mm) 2.0 3.0 5.0 6.2 11.4 17.6 18.7 17.1 14.6 6.4 1.7 1.3 105.0
 % humidity 46 43 45 47 56 64 68 68 69 57 45 44 54.3
Mean monthly sunshine hours 243.8 231.1 257.0 266.3 269.0 243.7 255.1 260.4 231.4 259.8 251.8 242.7 3,012.1
Percent possible sunshine 80 76 70 68 62 56 57 62 62 75 83 82 68
Source: China Meteorological Administration

Transport[edit]

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External links[edit]