|Nickname(s): Kota Intan|
|Motto: Tata Tengtrem Kertarahardja|
|• Regent||Aceng Fikri|
|• Total||3,074.07 km2 (1,186.91 sq mi)|
|Time zone||WIB (UTC+7)|
Garut Regency is a Regency in the West Java province of Indonesia. It covers an area of 3,074.07 km² (1,186.91 mi²). Geographically, it lies between 6°57′34″ – 7°44′57″ South latitude and 107°24′34″ – 108°7′34″ East longitude. The population at the 2010 Census was 2,404,121; the latest official estimate (as at January 2014) was 2,585,423. The capital is the city of Garut.
It is bordered by:
- Eastern side: Tasikmalaya Regency
- Western side: Cianjur Regency and Bandung Regency
- Northern side: Sumedang Regency
- Southern side: Indian Ocean
In general, Garut has a cool but tropical climate, with an average temperature of 24 °C (76 °F). Average annual rainfall is 2,590 mm (102 inches). This area includes valley territory surrounded by volcanoes (Mount Karacak: 1,838 m, Mount Cikuray: 2,821 m, Mount Guntur: 2,249 m, Mount Papandayan: 2,622 m) on the northern side, with average heights of 700–750 m above sea level. Streams of solidified lava are present on their slopes.
Garut Regency is currently divided into 42 districts (kecamatan), listed below with their areas and populations at the 2010 Census, together with the number of villages in each. However, in 2013 the National Legislative Council approved a proposal to create a new Regency - South Garut Regency (Kabupaten Garut Selatan) - to include the 16 southernmost districts of the existing Garut Regency, with a combined population of about 600,000.
Administratively, the 42 districts are subdivided into 400 villages and 24 subdistricts. Cibalong District is the largest district and covers 6.97% of the area of all Garut Regency districts, while the Kersamanah District is the smallest, with an area of 1,650 ha or 0.54%. Garut constitutes the buffer land and hinterland for the development of Bandung Raja's territory. It has a strategic position and acts as the supplier for the needs of Bandung Municipality and Bandung Regency's populations.
The Garut Regency has two distinct topographical areas:
- Northern Garut consists of highlands which constitute the largest rice fields in Garut
- Southern Garut mostly consists of sloping land and twelve rivers which flow south, emptying into the Indian Ocean
Tourist resorts are present in Garut Regency, with coastal views, and others with craters, waterfalls, lakes and a hot springs.
On March 2, 1811, the Balubur Limbangan Regency was defeated by Governor General Herman W. Daendels (of the Dutch Colonial Army), and Regent Tumenggung Wangsakusumah II resigned. Balubur Limbangan Regency then comprised 6 districts: Balubur, Malangbong, Wanaraja, Wanakerta, Cibeureum and Papandak.
On February 16, 1813, a new Limbangan Regency was founded by Lt. Governor Sir Stamford Raffles which became Garut Regency. R.A.A. Adiwijaya was the first Regent of Garut Regency. He governed from 1813 until 1821. He was well known for his call of Dalem Cipeujeuh.
Land fertility varies greatly because of influence by mountains, rivers and coastal lowlands. As a result, agricultural businesses are primarily plantation-based, as well as subsistence farming and animal husbandry, followed by forest resources.
Some known products from Garut are:
- Garut Orange fruits (Jeruk Garut)
¤ Mangdogars Handycraft "Mang Dogar" as Garut Icon likes ornamen, dolls, souvenir, clothes
- Garut Lamb (Domba Garut)
- Dodol Garut (a snack)
- Vetiver Root Oil (Andropogon zizanioides)
- Batik Tulis Garutan (hand painted clothes)
- Silk clothes
- Leather crafts
- Bamboo crafts
- Biro Pusat Statistik, Jakarta, 2011.
- Biro Pusat Statistik, Jakarta, 2011.
- Ika Krismantari, 'Garut: The Hidden Beauty of West Java', The Jakarta Post, 19 April 2011.
- Witton, Patrick (2003). Indonesia (7th edition). Melbourne: Lonely Planet. p. 191. ISBN 1-74059-154-2.