It has an area of 1,737.53 km2 and 2010 census result of 2,125,234 people, for a density of 1,223 people per km2. It is on the outskirts of Jakarta, just outside the Jabodetabek region, and is the site of industrial activity (like factories). However, due to ever expanding Jakarta, it has seen a heavy influx of housing developments as well and a surge of people. To the south lies Purwakarta Regency, it is roughly equidistant from Jakarta and Bandung, the two metropolitan areas combined home to over 40 million people.
A new main airport for Greater Jakarta and haevily populated surrounds is planned for bids in 2014, located within the regency, to provide relief to severely congested Soekarno-Hatta International Airport, the nation's largest gateway, as well as overloaded Bandung Airport. The new airport is expected to have space for 4 long runways and 2 jumbo terminals. The current airport takes up some 18 square kilometers of land, in all likelihood a similar allocation of land will be required.
Karawang adipati (regents) during the Mataram and colonial periods
Prince Singaperbangsa (1633-1677), under the title Adipati Kertabumi III
Raden Anom Wirasuta (1677-1721), son of Singaperbangsa
Raden Jayanegara (1721-1731), son of Wirasuta, under the title Adipati Panatayuda II
Raden Singanegara (1752-1786), son of Jayanegara, under the title Adipati Panatayuda IV
Raden Singasari (1786-1809), son-in-law of Singanegara, under the title Raden Adipati Aria Singasari
Raden Aria Sastradipura (1809-1811), son of Singanegara
Raden Adipati Suryalaga (1811-1813), eldest son of Raden Adipati Suryalaga, adipati of Sumedang
Raden Aria Sastradipura (1811-1820), son of Singanegara
Raden Adipati Suryanata (1821-1829), son-in-law of Sastradipura
Raden Adipati Suryawinata (1829-1849), younger brother of Suryanata
Raden Muhammad Enoh (1849-1854), under the title Raden Sastranegara
Raden Adipati Sumadipura (1854-1863), son of Sastradipura, under the title Raden Tumenggung Aria Sastradiningrat I, builds the pendopo (regent palace) and the Grand Mosque of Purwakarta
Raden Adikusumah (1883-1886), under the title Raden Adipati Sastradiningrat II
Raden Surya Kusumah (1886-1911), son of Adikusumah, under the title Raden Adipati Sastradiningrat III
Raden Tumenggung Aria Gandanagara (1911-1925), younger brother of Surya Kusumah, under the title Raden Adipati Sastradiningrat III
Raden Adipati Aria Suryamiharja (1925-1942)
Raden Panduwinata (1942-1945), under the title Raden Kanjeng Pandu Suriadiningrat, last bupati to reside in Purwakarta, moves to Subang.