Granada (Spanish Congress Electoral District)

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Location of Granada electoral district in Spain.

Granada is one of the 52 electoral districts (circunscripciones) used for the Spanish Congress of Deputies - the lower chamber of the Spanish Parliament, the Cortes Generales. It was first contested in modern times in the 1977 General Election. Granada is the largest city with an electorate of over 217,000 in the year 2000. There are no other municipalities with more than 50,000 voters.[1]

Boundaries and electoral system[edit]

Under Article 68 of the Spanish constitution [2] the boundaries must be the same as the province of Granada and under Article 140 this can only be altered with the approval of congress. Voting is on the basis of universal suffrage in a secret ballot. The electoral system used is closed list proportional representation with seats allocated using the D'Hondt method. Only lists which poll 3% or more of all valid votes cast, including votes "en blanco" i.e. for "none of the above" can be considered for seats. Under article 12 of the constitution, the minimum voting age is 18.

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Eligibility[edit]

Article 67.3 of the Spanish Constitution prohibits dual membership of the Cortes and regional assemblies, meaning that candidates must resign from Regional Assemblies if elected. Article 70 also makes active judges, magistrates, public defenders, serving military personnel, active police officers and members of constitutional and electoral tribunals ineligible.[2]

Number of members[edit]

Granada has returned seven members at every election from 1977 onwards.

In 2004 Spain had 34,571,831 voters giving an average of 98,777 voters per deputy.[3] In Granada the ratio was very close to that being 99,186.[4]

Summary of seats won 1977-2008[edit]

1977 1979 1982 1986 1989 1993 1996 2000 2004 2008
Democratic Centre Union (UCD) 4 3
Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE) 3 3 5 5 4 4 3 4 4 4
United Left (IU) 1 1 1
People's Party (PP) 2 2 2 3 3 3 3 3

Seats shown for the People's Party include seats won by their predecessors, the Popular Alliance and the Popular Coalition before 1989. Seats shown for United Left include seats won by the Communist Party of Spain before 1986.

Vote share summary 1977-2008[edit]

1977 1979 1982 1986 1989 1993 1996 2000 2004 2008
Democratic Centre Union (UCD) 43.9 36.7 6.9
Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE) 32.2 35.8 57.9 53.0 50.1 49.4 46.5 44.4 51.5 50.0
United Left (IU) 9.8 12.7 7.1 7.1 11.5 10.9 12.0 7.2 6.0 5.0
People's Party (PP) 7.1 4.7 24.1 26.3 24.6 34.6 38.4 42.7 37.0 41.1
Popular Socialist Party (PSP) 3.6
Andalusian Party (PA) 6.2 1.2 1.3 2.7 1.5 1.9 3.5 2.7 0.9
Democratic and Social Centre (CDS) 1.8 6.9 6.0 1.2 0.1 0.0 0.1

Results[edit]

2008 General Election[edit]

e • d Summary of the 11 March 2008 Congress of Deputies election results in Granada.
Parties and alliances Votes % Seats Members elected
Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (Partido Socialista Obrero Español) 264,974 49.96 4 Cándida Martínez López, Manuel Pezzi Cereto, María Josefa Sánchez Rubio, José Antonio Pérez Tapias
People's Party (Partido Popular) 217,874 41.08 3 Concepción de Santa Ana Fernández, Blanca Fernández-Capel, Baños Juan de Dios Martínez Soriano
United Left 26,115 5.02 0
Union, Progress and Democracy 5,308 1.00 0
Andalusian Party (Coalicion Andalucista) 4,747 0.90 0
Others 6,535 1.30 0

In the 2004 election the Popular Party (PP) outpolled the Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE) in the city of Granada by 47.0% to 42.0% with PSOE polling best overall due to their strength in the smaller settlements. In Loja the fifth largest municipality for example PSOE polled 61.0% against 31.7% for the PP. The second largest settlement of Motril produced a result closer to the provincial average as PSOE took 50.6% of the vote against 37.2% for PP.[5]

2004 General Election[edit]

e • d Summary of the 14 March 2004 Congress of Deputies election results in Granada.
Parties and alliances Votes % Seats Members elected
Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (Partido Socialista Obrero Español) 268,870 51.47 4
People's Party (Partido Popular) 193,484 37.04 3
United Left 31,227 5.98 0
Andalusian Party (Partido Andalucista) 14,030 2.69 0
Others 6,535 1.30 0

Source:[6]

2000 General Election[edit]

e • d Summary of the 12 March 2000 Congress of Deputies election results in Granada.
Parties and alliances Votes % Seats Members elected
Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (Partido Socialista Obrero Español) 213,019 44.36 4
People's Party (Partido Popular) 204,875 42.66 3
United Left 34,809 7.25 0
Andalusian Party (Partido Andalucista) 16,594 3.46 0
Others 4,951 1.00 0

External links[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ *Number of voters by Municipality in 2008
  2. ^ a b Spanish Constitution
  3. ^ 2004 Spanish election
  4. ^ Granada 2004 election results
  5. ^ Granada results by municipalities
  6. ^ Interior ministry link to election results