Grays Ferry, Philadelphia

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Grays Ferry
Neighborhood of Philadelphia
The James Alcorn School at 1500 South 32nd Street is on the National Register of Historic Places.
The James Alcorn School at 1500 South 32nd Street is on the National Register of Historic Places.
Philadelphia Neighborhood Map.svg
Country  United States
State Pennsylvania
County Philadelphia County
City Philadelphia
Area code(s) Area code 215

Grays Ferry, also known as Gray's Ferry, is a neighborhood in South Philadelphia bounded (roughly) by 25th Street on the east, the Schuylkill River on the west, Vare Avenue on the south, and Grays Ferry Avenue on the north.[1] The section of this neighborhood west of 34th Street is also known as The Forgotten Bottom.[2] Grays Ferry shares borders with Southwest Center City to the North, Point Breeze to the East, and Girard Estate to the South. Gray’s Ferry is across from where Mill Creek debouches at about 43rd street.

History[edit]

The Floating Bridge across the Schuylkill River at Gray's Ferry was originally built by the British during their 1777-78 occupation of Philadelphia. This was the primary entrance to the city for travelers from the south until it was replaced by a permanent bridge in 1838.

The area developed because it was an important crossing of the Schuylkill River, called Mahdee's River. The river is now spanned by the Gray's Ferry Bridge and several rail bridges.[3]

Before the Act of Consolidation, 1854, this neighborhood was part of Moyamensing Township. Moyamensing was chartered by the Dutch governor Alexander d'Hinoyossa, and in 1684, William Penn confirmed the title.[4]

This neighborhood was once the site of the Schuylkill Arsenal.[5][6]

In the 18th century, Gray's Ferry was the southernmost of three ferries that crossed the Schuylkill River to Philadelphia. The neighborhood's namesake ferry originally belonged to a Benjamin Chambers in the 17th century. By 1747 George Gray had taken over the ferry, and established the nearby Gray's Inn and Gray's Garden, which were popular in the 1790s.[7][8]

The James Alcorn School, Charles Y. Audenried Junior High School, Grays Road Recreation Center, University Avenue Bridge, and Anthony Wayne School are listed on the National Register of Historic Places.[9]

Demographics[edit]

  • Black, 56%; White, 39%; Other, 5%.
  • More than 30% of the residents are under 18.
  • Currently the neighborhood, which represents less than 1% of the city’s population, houses more than 10% of the city’s Section 8 residents.[10]

Tasker Homes and Greater Grays Ferry Estates[edit]

The Tasker Homes (also known as the Tasker Housing Project) were located at 29th and Morris Streets and visible from the Schuylkill Expressway.[11] Originally, the housing project had 1,100 units and followed the city's general model of high-density, low-income housing.[11][12] Its residents were generally low-income families who fell upon hard times or people just out of the military.[citation needed] Later, the project was a site of high crime and a point of tension for nearby residents.[citation needed]

During Mayor John Street's administration, the Philadelphia Housing Authority began to remove blighted, high-density, crime-ridden housing projects and replace them with low-density, townhome-style public housing. In 2004, the Tasker Homes were demolished and replaced with the Greater Grays Ferry Estates.[12] The new townhomes have increased tensions between working-class residents and occupants of Section 8 housing within the neighborhood. The reasons most often cited are memories of the problems with Tasker Homes, as well as the fact that many residents—white and black—do not meet income requirements for the housing.[10]

Racial tension[edit]

Over the years, the neighborhood has seen numerous instances of racial violence. The Irish Catholics living in the neighborhood's modest row homes clashed with African Americans living in the demolished Tasker Homes and newly built Greater Grays Ferry Estates. (There have been riots and beatings and, sometimes, killings. Tensions peaked in 1997, when Nation of Islam leader Louis Farrakhan threatened to join marchers to protest racial violence against the Irish.)

As the housing market has boomed in Philadelphia, the neighborhood has begun to see some resurgence. Where the former housing projects intersect with the neighborhood, a group of neighbors have started turning an empty lot into a new park at 30th and Oakford, and the area is beginning to see a trickle of young professionals overflowing from the nearby Graduate Hospital area.[citation needed]

See also[edit]

External links[edit]

References[edit]

Coordinates: 39°56′13″N 75°11′38″W / 39.936808°N 75.193934°W / 39.936808; -75.193934