Greenhorn in 1913
Location in Oregon
|• Mayor||Baker County Board of Commissioners|
|• City||0.1 sq mi (0.3 km2)|
|• Land||0.1 sq mi (0.3 km2)|
|• Water||0 sq mi (0 km2)|
|Elevation||6,306 ft (1,922 m)|
|• Density||0/sq mi (0/km2)|
|Time zone||Pacific (UTC-8)|
|• Summer (DST)||Pacific (UTC-7)|
|Area code(s)||458 and 541|
|GNIS feature ID||1143062|
Greenhorn is a city in Baker and Grant counties in the U.S. state of Oregon. It straddles the Blue Mountain ridge, so that it is located in both Grant County and Baker County. As most of the city is situated in Baker County, and the early residents considered Baker City to be more convenient, for administrative purposes it is considered to be in Baker County.
Greenhorn was first populated in the 1860s as miners prospected for gold in the area. It was platted in 1904, though it lost two-thirds of its population between 1900 and 1910. The mining district was composed first of placer mines, but soon many lode gold mines developed. The city was incorporated in 1903. It continued as a viable community until 1942 when gold mining was made illegal by Federal Public Law 208 during World War II.
In later years, the old Greenhorn Jail (dating to 1910) was removed to Canyon City under suspicious circumstances. A court case ensued for its return, but because the city straddles the Blue Mountain ridge, the district attorneys of Baker County and Grant County could not even agree in which court house it should be held. The case was eventually heard by the Circuit Court for Grant County in Canyon City. The jail remains in Canyon City.
At 6,306 feet (1,922 m) above sea level, Greenhorn is the highest incorporated city in Oregon. It is also unique in that the city was established on land that was originally patented from the United States for the purpose of platting the city (rather than being homesteaded by individuals). (See Town of Greenhorn v. Baker County, 596 F2d 349.)
- "Incorporated Cities: Greenhorn". Oregon Blue Book. Oregon Secretary of State. 2013. Retrieved July 28, 2013.
- "Greenhorn". American FactFinder. U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved July 28, 2013.
- "Greenhorn". Geographic Names Information System. United States Geological Survey. November 28, 1980. Retrieved July 28, 2013.
- "Population and Housing Occupancy Status 2010". U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved July 28, 2013.
- Bailey, Barbara Ruth (1982). Main Street: Northeastern Oregon. Oregon Historical Society. p. 21. ISBN 0-87595-073-6.
- "U.S. Gazetteer: 2010, 2000, and 1990". U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved July 28, 2013.
- "Census 2000 Gazetteer Files". U.S. Census Bureau. April 3, 2013. Retrieved July 28, 2013.
- Entry for Greenhorn in the Oregon Blue Book
- Cockle, Richard (June 15, 2008). "Oregon's smallest city a mile high gold rush town". The Oregonian.