Grono, Switzerland

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This article is about a Swiss municipality. For other uses, see Grono (disambiguation).
Grono
Coat of arms of Grono
Coat of arms
Grono is located in Switzerland
Grono
Grono
Coordinates: 46°15′N 9°09′E / 46.250°N 9.150°E / 46.250; 9.150Coordinates: 46°15′N 9°09′E / 46.250°N 9.150°E / 46.250; 9.150
Country Switzerland
Canton Graubünden
District Moesa
Government
 • Mayor Carlo Bernasconi
Area[1]
 • Total 14.81 km2 (5.72 sq mi)
Elevation 336 m (1,102 ft)
Population (Dec 2013[2])
 • Total 997
 • Density 67/km2 (170/sq mi)
Postal code 6537
SFOS number 3832
Surrounded by Cama, Castaneda, Dosso del Liro (IT-CO), Leggia, Roveredo, Santa Maria in Calanca, Verdabbio
Website grono.moesano.ch
SFSO statistics

Grono is a municipality in the district of Moesa in the Swiss canton of Graubünden.

History[edit]

Grono is first mentioned in 1219 as de Grono. In 1395 it was mentioned as de Agrono.[3]

Geography[edit]

Grono has an area, as of 2006, of 14.8 km2 (5.7 sq mi). Of this area, 5.2% is used for agricultural purposes, while 59.9% is forested. Of the rest of the land, 4% is settled (buildings or roads) and the remainder (30.9%) is non-productive (rivers, glaciers or mountains).[4]

The municipality is located in the Roveredo sub-district of the Moesa district. The village is on the right bank of the Moesa river by the mouth of the Calanca.

Demographics[edit]

Grono has a population (as of 31 December 2013) of 997.[2] As of 2008, 24.8% of the population was made up of foreign nationals.[5] Over the last 10 years the population has decreased at a rate of -2.2%.[4]

As of 2000, the gender distribution of the population was 51.4% male and 48.6% female.[6] The age distribution, as of 2000, in Grono is; 93 children or 10.2% of the population are between 0 to 9 years old. 40 teenagers or 4.4% are 10 to 14, and 40 teenagers or 4.4% are 15 to 19. Of the adult population, 107 people or 11.7% of the population are between 20 to 29 years old. 130 people or 14.2% are 30 to 39, 145 people or 15.8% are 40 to 49, and 138 people or 15.1% are 50 to 59. The senior population distribution is 87 people or 9.5% of the population are between 60 to 69 years old, 68 people or 7.4% are 70 to 79, there are 58 people or 6.3% who are 80 to 89, and there are 10 people or 1.1% who are 90 to 99.[5]

In the 2007 federal election the most popular party was the SVP which received 32.6% of the vote. The next three most popular parties were the SP (29.1%), the CVP (26.7%) and the FDP (10.9%).[4]

The entire Swiss population is generally well educated. In Grono about 56.4% of the population (between age 25-64) have completed either non-mandatory upper secondary education or additional higher education (either university or a Fachhochschule).[4]

Grono has an unemployment rate of 2.54%. As of 2005, there were 13 people employed in the primary economic sector and about 8 businesses involved in this sector. 306 people are employed in the secondary sector and there are 23 businesses in this sector. 321 people are employed in the tertiary sector, with 55 businesses in this sector.[4]

The historical population is given in the following table:[3]

year population
1773 296
1850 517
1900 484
1950 528
2000 916

Heritage sites of national significance[edit]

Torre Fiorenzana, a medieval tower in Grono

The Torre Fiorenzana is listed as a Swiss heritage site of national significance.[7]

The Torre Fiorenzana was built about the end of the 12th Century for the Sacco family. It is a five story tower house with a rectangular footprint. In 1406 it was the site of the murder of Alberto de Sacco. In 1977 it was restored and is now owned by the Museo moesano.

Climate[edit]

The nationwide record temperature of 41.5 °C (106.7 °F) was registered in Grono during the 2003 European heat wave on 11 August 2003.

Between 1961 and 1990 Grono had an average of 102.3 days of rain per year and on average received 1,527 mm (60.1 in) of precipitation. The wettest month was August during which time Grono received an average of 178 mm (7.0 in) of precipitation. During this month there was precipitation for an average of 10.1 days. The month with the most days of precipitation was May, with an average of 12.9, but with only 176 mm (6.9 in) of precipitation. The driest month of the year was December with an average of 60 mm (2.4 in) of precipitation over 10.1 days.[8]

Climate data for Grono (1981-2010)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 6.7
(44.1)
8.9
(48)
13.6
(56.5)
16.5
(61.7)
20.6
(69.1)
24.7
(76.5)
27.3
(81.1)
26.7
(80.1)
22.3
(72.1)
17.0
(62.6)
10.9
(51.6)
7.1
(44.8)
16.9
(62.4)
Daily mean °C (°F) 3.2
(37.8)
4.7
(40.5)
8.9
(48)
12.0
(53.6)
16.0
(60.8)
19.4
(66.9)
21.7
(71.1)
21.2
(70.2)
17.3
(63.1)
12.7
(54.9)
7.4
(45.3)
3.9
(39)
12.4
(54.3)
Average low °C (°F) 0.2
(32.4)
1.1
(34)
4.5
(40.1)
7.6
(45.7)
11.4
(52.5)
14.6
(58.3)
16.7
(62.1)
16.4
(61.5)
13.2
(55.8)
9.2
(48.6)
4.4
(39.9)
1.1
(34)
8.4
(47.1)
Precipitation mm (inches) 62
(2.44)
46
(1.81)
73
(2.87)
130
(5.12)
172
(6.77)
163
(6.42)
158
(6.22)
168
(6.61)
171
(6.73)
129
(5.08)
127
(5)
77
(3.03)
1,476
(58.11)
Snowfall cm (inches) 24.5
(9.65)
10.4
(4.09)
5
(2)
0.7
(0.28)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0.4
(0.16)
3.7
(1.46)
19
(7.5)
63.7
(25.08)
Avg. precipitation days (≥ 1.0 mm) 5.4 4.7 6.0 9.4 13.2 10.9 9.8 10.5 8.4 8.6 7.8 6.4 101.1
Avg. snowy days (≥ 1.0 cm) 2.3 2 0.8 0.2 0 0 0 0 0 0.1 0.7 2.2 8.3
 % humidity 67 62 57 62 70 70 69 71 75 79 72 69 69
Source: MeteoSwiss [9]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Arealstatistik Standard - Gemeindedaten nach 4 Hauptbereichen
  2. ^ a b Swiss Federal Statistics Office – STAT-TAB Ständige und Nichtständige Wohnbevölkerung nach Region, Geschlecht, Nationalität und Alter (German) accessed 18 August 2014
  3. ^ a b Grono in German, French and Italian in the online Historical Dictionary of Switzerland.
  4. ^ a b c d e Swiss Federal Statistical Office accessed 23-Oct-2009
  5. ^ a b Graubunden Population Statistics (German) accessed 21 September 2009
  6. ^ Graubunden in Numbers (German) accessed 21 September 2009
  7. ^ Swiss inventory of cultural property of national and regional significance 21.11.2008 version, (German) accessed 23-Oct-2009
  8. ^ "Temperature and Precipitation Average Values-Table, 1961-1990" (in German, French, Italian). Federal Office of Meteorology and Climatology - MeteoSwiss. Retrieved 8 May 2009. , the weather station elevation is 382 meters above sea level.
  9. ^ "Climate Norm Value Tables". Climate diagrams and normals from Swiss measuring stations. Federal Office of Meteorology and Climatology (MeteoSwiss). Retrieved 23 January 2013.  The weather station elevation is 323 meters above sea level.

External links[edit]

  • Media related to Grono at Wikimedia Commons