Gurjar Kshatriya Kadia
Gurjar Kshatriya / Gurjar Kshatriya Kadia also known as Kadia Kshatriya are a minority Backward, Hindu community of Gujarat state, India. They are artisan community, occupation is masonry work and are related to larger ethnic community of Kadias.
The names of these villages are Ambala, Badanpur, Balambha, Bangaur, Bhimkata, Bhensdad, Bodka, Chavda, Dhrangdhra, Dhudkot, Dudhai, Fatsar, Jaiva, Jamsar, JamVanthali, Jashapar, Jiragadh, Jivapar, Jodia, Kesia, Kharachia, Kotharia, Madhapar, Manamora, Manekpar, Manpar - Hirapar, Mavnagam, Meghpar, Morana, Padana, Rampar, Ranjitpar, Rohisada, Shampar, Untebshampar and Tankara.
They also live in large numbers in towns like Ahmedabad, Savarkundla, Dhrangadhra, Amreli, Rajula, Mahuva, Koliyak, Hajipur, Konjli, Bapda, Bhallar, Bhavnagar, Mahuva, Talaja, Junagadh, Jamnagar, Visavadar, Surat, Vadodara, Rajkot, Gondal, Dwarka, Vapi, Valsad, Godhra, Bilimora, Chikhli, Gandevi, Navsari, Diu, Daman in Saurashtra, Gujarat.
Traditionally, the community is involved in masonry works i.e. Kadia works and are expert architects and builders. They are generally involved in construction works, brick making and stone shaping and masonry works. Many of them were involved in contractor business during British Raj, especially as Railway Contractors and as contractors in public works department and ports where they were involved in construction and masonry works related to building of bridges, construction of buildings, docks as well railroad and road laying works, etc. However, with increase of literacy, the young generations are now also involved in services and other jobs.
Religion and customs
The community follows Hindu rituals and Hindu gods and goddess. Further, they also worship Vishwakarma, the Hindu presiding deity of all craftsmen and architects and their Kuladevata and Shurapuras. The community members attend the Shivaratri festival held at Junagadh - Girnar in large numbers, where the community also owns a large dharamshala.
The Hindu rites of marriage are followed and they are an endogamous community who practice the principle of clan exogamy. Mass community marriages are also held by community during Vasant Panchami since more than last two decades beginning in year 1986.
The common surname among them are Aajugiya, Bavaria, Bajania, Bhatti, Chothani, Chawda, Chauhan, Chotaliya, Garnara, Gediya, Gohil, Rampariya, Kacha, Kukadia, Jadav, Jethwa, Lakhani, Lalani, Makwana, Maru, Mavadia, Mavatia, Mevad, Mistry, Parmar, Padhiar, Poria, Rathor, Ramani, Solanki, Taunk, Vaghela, Vala, Vandra, Vanara, Varu,Vegad, Wasani, Yadav, Uka, etc.
The community was in news when in 2008, the two boys of their community studying in Ashram run by Asaram Bapu at Ahmedabad were found dead in mysterious circumstances alleged to be victim of some tantric practices, which created a huge uproar not only in Gujarat but whole of India and they demanded CBI probe in death of the boys of their community.
Recently in 2012, the community was among the group of other backward community like Modh Vania, Rabari, Ranas, Kolis and Suthar communities, who voiced their vocal protest against policy of increasing the quota of Muslims and reducing quotas of Other Backward Class by ruling Congress government of center.
- Kadia, Gurjar Ksahtriya Kadia, Gurjar Kadia Encyclopaedia of Backward Castes By Neelam Yadav Page 264, 316
- "Shree Gurjar Kshatriya Gnati - Community Website". Shreegkg.com. 2009-04-25. Retrieved 2012-08-22.
- "Gurjar Kadia Gnati". Gurjarkadia.com. Retrieved 2012-08-22.
- "ક્ષત્રિય કડિયા સમાજનું ગૌરવ Kshatriya Kadia community's pride". Divya Bhaskar. 4 June 2012. Retrieved 23 August 2012.
- "આજથી કડિયા પ્રીમિયર લીગ Kadia Premier League - Gurjar Kshatriya Kadia organizes Kadia Premier League cricket tournament at Mulund Mumbai". Mid Day. 26 July 2012. Retrieved 23 August 2012.
- Kenya Gazette 3 May 1966. 1966. p. 461.
- The Hindu Diaspora: Comparative Patterns By Steven Vertovec. 2000. p. 98.
- Gurjar Kshatriya Kadia Gnati of North America
- "કડિયા, સુથાર, કુંભાર, લુહાર, સોની, વગેરે કોમોની ઉત્પતિ કથા ઃ લેખાંક-૩ : History of origin of Kadia, Suthar, Kumbhar, Lohar, Soni castes". Gujarat Samachar online. 29 November 2011. Retrieved 22 August 2012.
- In 1855 BBCI railways got started. For platforms & building development for railway facility, many samaj people got involved. Kadia samaj people where involved in some of the famous structures of mumbai : JJ School of arts, Victoria terminus, High court, Princess dock, Town Hall, Victoria dock, Wilson college, Apollo bandar(port), Taj Mahal hotel building.
- "ગોંડલમાં વિશ્વકમૉ જયંતી નિમિત્તે શોભાયાત્રા Procession being taken out on Vishwakarma Jayanti". Divya Bhaskar. 15 February 2011. Retrieved 22 August 2012.
- "જૂનાગઢની આર્થિક કરોડરજજુ શિવરાત્રિનો મેળો : પાંચ દિવસમાં રૂ.રપ કરોડનો લાભ Junagadh's economic backbone - Girnar Shivaratri fair - generates income of 25 crores in five days". Sandesh. 18 February 2012. Archived from the original on 2007-12-23. Retrieved 22 August 2012.
- "ગુર્જર ક્ષત્રિય સમાજનો સમૂહલગ્નોત્સવ યોજાશે 25th Mass marriage function to be held by Gurjar Kshatriya community". Divya Bhaskar. 25 January 2011. Retrieved 22 August 2012.
- "બક્ષીપંચમાં વધુ ત્રણ જ્ઞાતિનો થયેલો ઉમેરોઃ જ્ઞાતિ આંક ૧૩૦એ પહોંચ્યો : Three more communities added by Bakshi Panch - Total number reaches 130". Gujarat Samachar online. 8 April 2001. Retrieved 22 August 2012.
- "Gurjjar Kshatriya Samaj demands CBI probe into Asaram Ashram whodunit". Express India. 18 July 2008. Retrieved 22 August 2012.
- "ગુર્જર ક્ષત્રિય કડિયા સમાજમાં આક્રોશ Gurjar Kshatriya Kadia community shows their anguish". Sandesh. 15 July 2008. Retrieved 22 August 2012.
- "ઓબીસી અનામત ક્વોટાના ઘટાડા સામે ગુર્જર ક્ષત્રિય સમાજનો વિરોધ Gurjar Kshatriya community protests against reduction of OBC quota". Sadesh. 22 February 2012. Retrieved 22 August 2012.
- "ધર્મ આધારિત આરક્ષણ સામે શહેરનાં બક્ષીપંચ સમાજે લડતનું રણશિંગુ ફૂક્યું Backward Communities of Bakshi Panch raise their voice against reservation on basis of religion". Sadesh. 16 February 2012. Retrieved 22 August 2012.