Gustavo Borges

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Gustavo Borges
Fernando Scherer e Gustavo Borges.jpg
Gustavo Borges (right) and Fernando Scherer
Personal information
Full name Gustavo França Borges
Nationality  Brazil
Born (1972-12-02) December 2, 1972 (age 42)
Ribeirão Preto, São Paulo
Height 2.03 m (6 ft 8 in)
Weight 98 kilograms (216 lb)
Sport
Sport Swimming
Stroke(s) Freestyle
Club Pinheiros/Vasco da Gama
College team University of Michigan

Gustavo França Borges (born December 2, 1972 in Ribeirão Preto, Brazil) is a Brazilian former international swimmer.[1] He swam for Brazil in the Summer Olympic Games in: 1992, 1996, 2000 and 2004. Borges, together with sailor Robert Scheidt, have won the second-most Olympic medals of any Brazilian, with four—one in 1992, two in 1996 and one in 2000—behind sailor Torben Grael. He also has the second-most Pan American Games gold medals of any Brazilian, with eight—behind table tennis player Hugo Hoyama. Borges was Brazil's flagbearer for the Closing Ceremony at the 2004 Summer Olympics.

Borges' first medal was a silver, which he won in the 100-meter freestyle at the 1992 Olympics, which he received after a delay because his lane's timer was not working, and the judges had to review video recordings of the race to verify his place.[2] Borges even overcame his idol, Matt Biondi, to win the silver medal.

Borges currently lives in São Paulo, where he runs his own swimming school.[3] He has lived in the United States at Jacksonville, Florida and in Ann Arbor, Michigan while a student. He attended university at the University of Michigan in the mid-1990s, where he swam for the university's team, was coached by Jon Urbanchek and graduated with a degree in Economics.[4] His teammates at Michigan included Eric Namesnik and Marcel Wouda in the mid-1990s.

Beginning[edit]

Borges was born in Ribeirão Preto, Brazil, but lived in Ituverava throughout his childhood. In 1981, at the age of nine, he represented his school, coming third place in a race of 50-meter freestyle, his first podium finish. Before this, he had participated in swimming lessons at Associação Atlética Ituveravense.[5] In 1984, in São João da Boa Vista, Gustavo won his first medal in official competitions in a 100-meter breaststroke race. Borges was a runner-up of the São Paulo state, and runner-up of the Teto Olímpico at breaststroke, category 11/12 years.[5]

In 1987, Borges was 15 years old and swimming for the Associação Atlética Francana. He won the bronze medal in the 100-meter freestyle and silver in the 50-meter freestyle at the São Paulo Swimming Championship, Youth category A / B. In this year, Borges left Ituverava, moved to São Carlos and defended the São Carlos Clube. In 1988, at the São Paulo's Summer Youth Championship, he was champion in the 50-meter freestyle and silver in the 100-meter freestyle. Borges' times were already good enough to participate in the Brazilian Championship, Júlio Delamare Trophy.[5]

International career[edit]

1989: National prominence[edit]

In 1989, after joining the Esporte Clube Pinheiros, Gustavo Borges began to gain national fame; when he was only 17 years old he began beating the swimmer Cristiano Michelena, which held hegemony in the 100-meter and 200-meter in Brazil. He won the Brazil Trophy, the biggest tournament in the country, winning two gold medals in the 50-meter and 100-meter freestyle.[5]

1990: Steps to the outside[edit]

In 1990, Borges begins to succeed in international competitions. In the South American championship held in Rosario, Argentina, he won gold in all three events he competed in; the 50-meter freestyle, the 4×100-meter freestyle and the 4×200-meter freestyle. In July, at the Jose Finkel Trophy—the Brazilian short course championship—he became the first Brazilian to make the 100-meter freestyle under 49 seconds with a time of 48.59 seconds, and was summoned to swim in the 1991 World Aquatics Championships in Perth, Australia. The same year, indicated by Maria Lenk, Borges went to the United States to study at Bolles School in Jacksonville, Florida.[5]

1991: Pan Champion[edit]

At the 1991 World Aquatics Championships, Borges finished in 12th in the 100-meter freestyle, breaking the South American record with a time of 50.77 seconds, and also in the 50-meter freestyle (23.15 seconds).[5] He also finished 28th in the 200-meter freestyle.[6] Borges won his first important international medals in the 1991 Pan American Games in Havana. He won the 100-meter freestyle where he set a Pan Am Games record, and was silver medalist in 200-meter freestyle and bronze in 50-meter freestyle, breaking the South American record.[5][7] He also won gold in the 4×100-meter freestyle, and silver in the 4×200-meter freestyle.[7]

1992: From Brazil, to the World[edit]

In 1992, Gustavo Borges broke the Brazilian Olympic medals fasting in swimming, which was set at the 1984 Summer Olympics when Ricardo Prado won the silver in the 400-meter individual medley. Participating in his first Olympics the 1992 Summer Olympics in Barcelona, Borges won the silver medal in the 100-meter freestyle with a time of 49.43 seconds, a South American record,[8] losing the gold to Alexander Popov. Borges was ranked sixth in the 4×100-meter freestyle, seventh in the 4×200-meter freestyle, 13th in the 50-meter freestyle and 22nd in the 200-meter freestyle.[5][9][10]

1993: Champion, and World Record holder[edit]

In 1993, Borges broke three world records on short course. The first was on July 2, at the Jose Finkel Trophy in Santos, Brazil. Borges's time was 47.94 seconds in the 100-metre freestyle, setting a record that lasted until January 1, 1994, when it broken by Alexander Popov. On July 7, the Brazilian team comprising Fernando Scherer, Teófilo Ferreira, José Carlos Souza and Gustavo Borges broke the world record in the 4×100-meter freestyle with a time of 3:13.97; the previous record time of 3:14.00.had been set by Sweden on March 19, 1989. On December 5, Brazil again beat the world record with the same team, with a time of 3:12.11.[5] This mark was achieved in 1993 FINA World Swimming Championships (25 m), which Borges won. He also won gold in the 4×100-meter freestyle, silver in the 100-meter freestyle and bronze in 4×200-meter freestyle—breaking the South American record with a time of 7:09.38. He also finished fifth in the 4×100-meter medley, along with Maurício Menezes, José Carlos Souza and Rogério Romero, and fifth in the 200-meter freestyle.

1994: Two bronzes[edit]

At the September 1994 World Aquatics Championships in Rome, Borges won bronze in the 100-meter freestyle and in the 4×100-meter freestyle relay.[5][10] He also finished fourth in the 50-meter freestyle and 11th in the 200-meter freestyle.[11]

1995: Two-times World and Pan champion[edit]

1995 was an important year for Borges. In March at the 1995 Pan American Games held in Argentina, he became two-time champion of the 100-meter freestyle and won gold in the 200-meter freestyle, both with Pan Am Games records. He won two more silver medals in the 4×100-meter and 4×200-meter freestyle events.[12] In August, he went to the 1995 Summer Universiade, where he won two silver medals in the 100-meter freestyle and 4×100-meter freestyle. At the end of the year, at the 1995 FINA World Swimming Championships (25 m) in Rio de Janeiro, Borges became two-time 4×100-meter freestyle champion. He also won the 200-meter freestyle gold, breaking the South American record, with a time of 1:45.55, silver in the 100-meter freestyle and bronze in the 4×200-meter freestyle.[10][13][14]

1996: Two Olympic medals[edit]

Borges participated in the 1996 Summer Olympics in Atlanta, and became the first Brazilian to win three Olympic medals, a feat achieved by Torben Grael in the same games. Borges won the silver medal in the 200-meter freestyle with a time of 1:48.08, and bronze in the 100-meter freestyle with a time of 49.02 seconds, both South American records. The 100-meter freestyle record was only beaten by Fernando Scherer in August 1998, and the 200-metre freestyle was only beaten by Rodrigo Castro in 2008. Borges also finished fourth in the 4×100-meter freestyle and 12th in the 50-meter freestyle.[5][10]

1997: The fourth World's gold[edit]

At the 1997 FINA World Swimming Championships (25 m), Borges won gold in the 200-meter freestyle and silver in the 100-meter freestyle.[10][14] He also finished sixth in the 50-meter freestyle.

1998: The fourth World Record[edit]

At the 1998 World Aquatics Championships in Perth, Australia, Borges finished fifth in the 100-meter freestyle, eighth in the 200-meter freestyle and sixth in the 4×100-meter freestyle.[15] At the end of 1998, Borges was part of the Brazilian team which broke its third consecutive world record in the 4×100-metre freestyle relay on short course. On December 20, shortly after the end of the Jose Finkel Trophy, Fernando Scherer, Carlos Jayme, Alexandre Massura and Gustavo Borges, in order, fell the pool at Club de Regatas Vasco da Gama with a time of 3:10.45, which would only be broken in 2000 by the Swedish team.[5][16] At the same tournament, Borges also broke the South American record in the 100-meter freestyle in short course with a time of 47.14 seconds and the 200-meter freestyle record with a time of 1:44.40—the last record-breaking swims of his career.

1999: The best Pan[edit]

In the 1999 Pan American Games in Winnipeg, Borges led Brazil to its best Pan American Games swimming result of all time. In the 4×100-meter medley, a team comprising Borges, Alexandre Massura, Fernando Scherer and Marcelo Tomazini won the medley relay for the first time in the Pan's history with a time of 3:40.27, breaking the Pan American Games and South American records and securing a place in the 2000 Summer Olympics. He also won the gold in the 200-meter freestyle and 4×100-meter freestyle—breaking the South American record—silver in the 4×200-meter freestyle—also breaking the South American record—bronze in the 100-meter freestyle,[5][17][18] and finished fourth in the 50-meter freestyle.[19] In this tournament, he joined Hugo Hoyama and Claudio Kano as Brazilians who won the most gold medals in the event's history, with seven each. Borges also broke the national record for medals at the Games, with 15l. This year, Borges' first son, Luiz Gustavo, was born.[5][17]

2000: Four medals in three Olympics[edit]

The 2000 Summer Olympics in Sydney saw Borges' last Olympic podium finish, when along with Edvaldo Valério, Carlos Jayme and Fernando Scherer, he won the bronze in the 4×100-meter freestyle with a time of 3:17.40. Australia broke the world record and took the gold with a time of 3:13.67. Borges also participated in the 100-meter freestyle, finishing in 16th position.[5][10] During the Games, Gustavo was chosen by FINA to be part of a team of 12 athletes who would form a committee from 2000 to 2005. He was the only South American representative on the list. Brazil became one of the countries with a large representation within the Federation. Also in 2000, Borges started preparing to end his career and become an entrepreneur.[5]

2002: The last world medal[edit]

At the 2002 FINA World Swimming Championships (25 m) in Moscow, Borges won a silver in the 200-meter freestyle; it was his last FINA world medal.[5][20] He also finished fourth in the 4×200-meter freestyle, with a time of 0.4s, which won him the bronze medal.[21] Borges was in fifth place in the 4×100-meter freestyle,[22] seventh place in the 100-metre freestyle[23] and seventh place in the 4×100-metre medley[24] In this tournament, Borges broke—for the last time in his career—the South American record in short course in the 4×200-meter freestyle, with a time of 7:09.14,[25] and in the 4×100-meter medley with 3:35.59.[26][27]

2003: Last Pan[edit]

In July, at the 2003 World Aquatics Championships in Barcelona, Borges was in the 4×100-meter freestyle team, which finished in 12th place'[28] He was also in teams for the 4×200-meter freestyle—which finished ninth[29] and the 4×100-meter medley—which finished 17th.[30]

In August 2003 at the age of 30, Borges took part in the 2003 Pan American Games—his fourth and final Pan American Games—which were held in Santo Domingo. He established himself as the greatest Brazilian medalist in the history of the tournament, having won 19 podium finishes, eight gold medals, eight silver and three bronze. In these Games, Borges helped Brazil's swimming team to win 21 medals—a record. Borges won gold in the 4×100-meter freestyle, silver in 4×200-meter freestyle, and bronze in the 100-meter freestyle.[31][32]

Also in 2003, Borges launches a book titled "Lessons from the water". He also became an entrepreneur, managing the Gustavo Borges Natação e Fitness in Curitiba.[5]

2004: Retirement from professional swimming[edit]

Gustavo Borges carrying the 2007 Pan American Games's torch

At the age of 31, Borges retired from swimming after competing in the 2004 Summer Olympics in Athens. His only event was the qualifying for the 4×100-meter freestyle, in which Brazil finished in 12th place and did not reach the finals.[10][5]

Hall of Fame[edit]

In 2012, Borges joined the International Swimming Hall of Fame, becoming the second Brazilian to be honored by the institution – the first was Maria Lenk in 1988.[33]

Records[edit]

Gustavo Borges is the former holder of the following records:[34]

Race Time Date Record Pool
50m freestyle [35] 22.82 August 1991 South American Long Course
100m freestyle 49.02 July 22, 1996 South American Long Course
200m freestyle[36] 1:48.08 July 20, 1996 South American Long Course
4×100m freestyle[37] 3:17.18 August 1999 South American Long Course
4×200m freestyle[38][39] 7:22.92 August 1999 South American Long Course
4×100m medley[40] 3:40.27 August 1999 South American Long Course
50m freestyle 21.90 June 27, 1997 Brazilian Short Course
100m freestyle[41][42] 47.14 December 19, 1998 South American Short Course
200m freestyle[42][43] 1:44.40 December 18, 1998 South American Short Course
4×100m freestyle[44] 3:10.45 December 20, 1998 World Short Course
4×200m freestyle[25] 7:09.14 April 4, 2002 South American Short Course
4×100m medley[26][45] 3:35.59 April 7, 2002 South American Short Course

See also[edit]

External links[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Borges entry from sports-reference.com; retrieved 2012-03-24.
  2. ^ (Portuguese) Gustavo Borges profile, UOL Olimpíadas
  3. ^ (Portuguese) Academia Gustavo Borges
  4. ^ "Perfil Gustavo Borges". Gustavo Borges Oficial. Retrieved 29 June 2012. 
  5. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s "Gustavo Borges' History". Gustavo Borges-Official Site (in Portuguese). 2012. Retrieved April 7, 2013. 
  6. ^ "Results at 1991 Perth". USA Swimming. 2013. Retrieved April 11, 2013. 
  7. ^ a b "Brazil medals at 1991 Pan". UOL (in Portuguese). 2007. Retrieved April 7, 2013. 
  8. ^ "From Ituverava to the gallery of heroes in an Olympic year". O Globo (in Portuguese). July 29, 1992. Retrieved April 7, 2013. 
  9. ^ "Brazilian swimming's olympic medals". Estadão (in Portuguese). August 16, 2008. Retrieved April 7, 2013. 
  10. ^ a b c d e f g "Profile at Sports Reference". Sports Reference. 2012. Retrieved April 7, 2013. 
  11. ^ "Results at 1994 Rome". USA Swimming. 2013. Retrieved April 11, 2013. 
  12. ^ "Brazil medals at 1995 Pan". UOL (in Portuguese). 2007. Retrieved April 7, 2013. 
  13. ^ O GLOBO News Archive - December 1, 1995, Morning, Sports, page 30
  14. ^ a b HistoFINA, Volumes IIIa (2008 ed) and IIIb (2008 ed). ("HistoFINA" is the FINA's history. Volume III is about the World Short Course Swimming, part "a" has the statistics of the male part "b" of the female.
  15. ^ "Results at 1998 Perth". USA Swimming. 2013. Retrieved April 11, 2013. 
  16. ^ "Rebeca Record is approved". CBDA (in Portuguese). August 22, 2001. Retrieved April 7, 2013. 
  17. ^ a b "Current Brazil wants to overcome 1999 Brazil". Globoesporte (in Portuguese). July 20, 2003. Retrieved April 7, 2013. 
  18. ^ "Brazil medals at 1999 Pan". UOL (in Portuguese). 2007. Retrieved April 7, 2013. 
  19. ^ 1999 Full results by Swimnews
  20. ^ "Brazil is fifth in the final in the 4×100-metre freestyle". Folha de São Paulo (in Portuguese). April 3, 2002. Retrieved April 7, 2013. 
  21. ^ "Results of the 4×200-metre freestyle at 2002 Moscow". OmegaTiming. April 4, 2002. Retrieved April 7, 2013. 
  22. ^ "Results of the 4×100-metre freestyle at 2002 Moscow". OmegaTiming. April 3, 2002. Retrieved April 7, 2013. 
  23. ^ "Results of the 100-metre freestyle at 2002 Moscow". OmegaTiming. April 7, 2002. Retrieved April 7, 2013. 
  24. ^ "Results of the 4×100-metre medley at 2002 Moscow". OmegaTiming. April 7, 2002. Retrieved April 7, 2013. 
  25. ^ a b "Brazil's Relay loses bronze for 0.4 s in the World Championship". Folha de São Paulo (in Portuguese). April 4, 2002. Retrieved April 7, 2013. 
  26. ^ a b "Brazilian Success at 25 meters". CBDA (in Portuguese). October 11, 2004. Retrieved April 7, 2013. 
  27. ^ "Results of the 4×100-metre medley at 2002 Moscow". OmegaTiming (in Portuguese). April 7, 2002. Retrieved April 7, 2013. 
  28. ^ "Results of the 4×100-metre freestyle at 2003 Barcelona". OmegaTiming. July 20, 2003. Retrieved April 7, 2013. 
  29. ^ "Results of the 4×200-metre freestyle at 2003 Barcelona". OmegaTiming. July 23, 2003. Retrieved April 7, 2013. 
  30. ^ "Results of the 4×100-metre medley at 2003 Barcelona". OmegaTiming. July 27, 2003. Retrieved April 7, 2013. 
  31. ^ "Brazil medals at 2003 Pan". UOL (in Portuguese). 2007. Retrieved April 7, 2013. 
  32. ^ "Ten historic achievements of Brazil in the Pan". Globoesporte (in Portuguese). June 13, 2007. Retrieved April 7, 2013. 
  33. ^ "Olympic medalist, Gustavo Borges enters the Hall of Fame". Globoesporte (in Portuguese). May 9, 2012. Retrieved April 7, 2013. 
  34. ^ "Men's Swimming Records". CBDA (in Portuguese). 2013. Retrieved May 8, 2013. 
  35. ^ "Men monopolize Olympic swimming". Folha de São Paulo (in Portuguese). July 6, 1992. Retrieved May 8, 2013. 
  36. ^ "Rodrigo Castro breaks last South American record of Gustavo Borges". UOL (in Portuguese). August 10, 2008. Retrieved May 8, 2013. 
  37. ^ "Brazilian relay enters the final and the Olympics". CBDA (in Portuguese). March 25, 2007. Retrieved May 8, 2013. 
  38. ^ "4×200m medley team regrets staying off the end for small difference". COB (in Portuguese). August 17, 2004. Retrieved May 8, 2013. 
  39. ^ "Brazil medals at 1999 Pan". UOL (in Portuguese). 2007. Retrieved May 8, 2013. 
  40. ^ "Super team hits Winnipeg's record". CBDA (in Portuguese). September 9, 2006. Retrieved May 8, 2013. 
  41. ^ "Cielo hits Borges's brazilian record, and Meolans's South American record". CBDA (in Portuguese). November 23, 2007. Retrieved May 8, 2013. 
  42. ^ a b "Gustavo Borges in good shape". UOL (in Portuguese). December 20, 1998. Retrieved May 8, 2013. 
  43. ^ "Two South American records in South-Brazilian". Best Swimming (in Portuguese). May 22, 2009. Retrieved May 8, 2013. 
  44. ^ "In 1998, Brazil beat the world record 4×100 freestyle relay". Globoesporte (in Portuguese). December 21, 1998. Retrieved May 8, 2013. 
  45. ^ "Results of the 4×100m relay at 2002 Moscow". OmegaTiming. April 7, 2002. Retrieved May 8, 2013. 


Records
Preceded by
Michael Gross
World Record Holder
Men's 100m Freestyle (25m)

July 2, 1993 – January 1994
Succeeded by
Alexander Popov