HMS Manchester (D95)
HMS Manchester, in 2008
|Laid down:||19 May 1978|
|Launched:||24 November 1980|
|Commissioned:||16 December 1982|
|Decommissioned:||24 February 2011|
("Dare to be wise")
|Class & type:||Type 42 destroyer|
|Displacement:||5,200 t (5,118 long tons)|
|Length:||141 m (462 ft 7 in)|
|Beam:||15.2 m (49 ft 10 in)|
|Propulsion:||Combined gas or gas (COGOG)
2 × Olympus gas turbines (36 MW) for high power or 2 × Tyne gas turbines up to 22 knots
|Speed:||30 knots (56 km/h; 35 mph)|
|Complement:||287 (max. 312)|
1 × Lynx HMA8 armed with:
HMS Manchester was a Type 42 (Batch 3) destroyer in the 5th Destroyer Squadron of the United Kingdom's Royal Navy. She was laid down in 1978 at Vickers Shipbuilding and Engineering, launched in 1980, commissioned in 1982, and decommissioned on 24 February 2011.
HMS Manchester commissioned in 1983 with 50% of her Ship's Company taken from HMS Sheffield and HMS Coventry's survivors. HMS Manchester's first operational deployment was to the Falkland Islands in 1983/84. During the mid-1980s Manchester participated in the Royal Navy's Global 86 tour where a task group was detached to fly the flag in a round the world cruise and series of port visits.
In 1988, she saw service on Operation Armilla, in company with the frigates Jupiter and London. It was whilst on this deployment that the ship was visited by the then UK Prime Minister, Margaret Thatcher, who made a flying visit following her tour of India. The period also coincided with the end of the Iran-Iraq war and shooting down of the Iran Air Flight 655 by the Aegis missile cruiser USS Vincennes on the morning of 4 July 1988.
In 1991, during the First Gulf War, she participated in numerous operations in the Persian Gulf, aimed at primarily upholding the trade blockade imposed on Iraq during Saddam Hussein's invasion of Kuwait. She won the lineage its newest battle honour - Persian Gulf 1991.
In 2004, Manchester acted in the role of Fleet Ready Escort (FRE). In September Manchester sailed from Portsmouth to take part in Exercise Destiny Glory O4, a large NATO exercise in the Mediterranean, as part of an RN naval task force consisting of Invincible, Southampton and the Royal Fleet Auxiliary Fort George. During the deployment Manchester visited a number of ports in the Mediterranean.
In the autumn of 2005, Manchester was deployed in the Mediterranean as part of a NATO task force. During the four-month deployment she was employed in a counter terrorist role alongside other European and American ships.
From 27–30 July 2009, Manchester travelled to Bermuda to help celebrate the British Overseas Territory's 400th anniversary. The crew took part in a historical re-enactment of the wrecking of the Sea Venture on 28 July 1609, which was en route as a rescue supply ship to British colonialists in Virginia at the time.
During this tour, she also visited the Falkland Islands, Brazil and Colombia and spent time in Cape Verde for counter-narcotics training with the local coastguard. However upon her return to Britain a junior rating was alleged to have attempted to smuggle 12 kilograms of cocaine in bags in her personal quarters.
In 2010 Manchester was on a seven-month deployment to the Caribbean, mainly on counter-drug operations and a display of security to Britain's Overseas Territories in the region. On 15 November 2010, Manchester became the first British warship to visit Havana, Cuba, since Bigbury Bay in 1957. Her officers discussed co-operation with the Cuban Navy on counter-drug-trafficking and disaster relief operations in the region. This deployment ended in December 2010 and culminated in a £19 million drug bust. Her Caribbean deployment was also the subject of a Channel 5 documentary series entitled Royal Navy Caribbean Patrol broadcast from 7 February 2011 onwards.
On 2 February 2011, Manchester berthed at Liverpool, England, as the city was the nearest to Manchester, the city of her affiliation. The crew hosted a civic reception onboard before parading through the city for their final freedom of the city parade.
- The Duke of Lancaster's Regiment (King's, Lancashire and Border)
- Worshipful Company of World Traders
- Manchester City F.C.
- Sale R.F.C.
- Manchester Trafalgar Sea Cadets
Manchester on the River Clyde in 2008
- "Events & Information Bermuda 2009". bermuda2009.bm. Retrieved 4 January 2011.
- BBC News (18 August 2009). "Drugs find ship sailor is charged". news.bbc.co.uk. Retrieved 4 January 2011.
- Reuters (15 November 2010). "British warship steams into Cuba". msnbc.msn.com. Retrieved 4 January 2011.
- "Royal Navy Caribbean Patrol | Channel 5". five.tv. 2011. Retrieved 25 February 2011.
- Nick Hopkins and Richard Norton-Taylor (8 February 2011). "Navy forced to drop warship patrols in Caribbean through lack of funds". The Guardian. Retrieved 8 February 2011.
- "BBC News - HMS Manchester arrives in Liverpool for farewell". bbc.co.uk. 3 February 2011. Retrieved 25 February 2011.
- "Fond Farewell To The Mighty Manch". royalnavy.mod.uk. 2011. Retrieved 25 February 2011.