|— Ward of Fukuoka —|
|• Total||31.47 km2 (12.15 sq mi)|
|Population (March 1, 2012)|
|• Density||6,886.81/km2 (17,836.8/sq mi)|
|Time zone||Japan Standard Time (UTC+9)|
|Address||2-9-3 Hakata Ekimae, Hakata-ku Fukuoka-shi, Fukuoka-ken 812-8512|
Hakata-ku is a ward of Fukuoka City located on its eastern edge. It is 31.47 km2 with a population of 206,629 (current January 1, 2009). Most of the ward is plains where the Mikasa River (御笠川 Mikasagawa ) flows. The northwestern end of the ward faces Hakata Bay, which includes the ferry terminal Hakata Harbor (博多港 Hakata kō ). The northeast end of the ward is slightly elevated, and is named Higashihirao (東平尾), with nearby Fukuoka Airport. Around Hakata Station is downtown; Nakasu (中洲) is the red-light district in the ward along the Naka River (那珂川 Nakagawa ). Hakata-ku also houses the Fukuoka Prefectural office.
||This section needs additional citations for verification. (March 2010)|
Many Japanese companies have established branch offices in Fukuoka City, particularly in Hakata-ku cause of its easy access to Hakata Station and Fukuoka Airport. Therefore, people on business trips often visit and stay in Hakata-ku. The headquarters of JR Kyūshū, Best Denki, and many other companies are in the ward.
Air Next, a subsidiary of All Nippon Airways, is headquartered on the grounds of Fukuoka Airport in Hakata-ku. Prior to its dissolution, Harlequin Air was headquartered on the grounds of the airport in Hakata-ku.
Hakata is one of oldest cities in Japan and in medieval period, the name 'Hakata' was known as name of one of biggest international and independent cities in Japan. Hakata, which faces Genkai-Nada channel (玄界灘) with Korea, housed the city's merchants. From Heian period to Azuchi-Momoyama period, Hakata's merchants traded with Chinese, Korean, and other overseas merchants and houses Japan's first china town. Taira no Kiyomori is said to have built the artificial harbor Sode-no-minato (袖の湊) to gain an increase in commerce. But Hakata city was burnt down by many wars, and Mongol invasions.
In primary Edo period, Kuroda Nagamasa, appointed the lord of Chikuzen Province, and his samurai vassals dwelt on the opposite shore of Hakata on Naka River in Fukusaki. Kuroda Nagamasa, changed the name of the area to Fukuoka in memory of his home town; Fukuoka in Okayama Prefecture. He ordered Tachibana castle dismantled and Fukuoka Castle to be built using the old stones in the new castle town Fukuoka. During the Meiji period, in 1876, Hakata city (第二大区, Dai-Ni-Dai-ku) and Fukuoka city (第一大区, Dai-Iti-Dai-ku) merged and named as Dai-Iti-Dai-ku (第一大区) and in 1878 further renamed as Fukuoka-ku (福岡区) by the Fukuoka Prefectural government, though the population of Hakata was 25,677 and Fukuoka was 20,410. At that time, 'Hakata' city and the name 'Hakata' vanished completely from the administration. In 1889, while the first and last chance to resume the city name by citizens was given as a vote, it was violated and the result was 50-50 to Fukuoka (福岡市) or Hakata (博多市). The chairman decided to name the city as Fukuoka (福岡市) and at the same time, a new train station under building was named Hakata Station (博多駅).
In 1972, when Fukuoka City was granted designation status by government ordinance, a ward including the Old Hakata Area was given the name of Hakata-ku.
Hakata was the traditional center for the manufacture of Hakata ningyō, which are traditional Japanese dolls that are famous throughout Japan. Today, almost all Hakata ningyō makers (Hakata ningyō shi) have their factories out of the Old Hakata Area, a part of modern Hakata-ku.
It is also the home of Mentai Rock, named after the popular mentaiko dish served in the region, that spawned numerous J-pop idols during the early 1980s. Neo Mentai Rock is the name given to a recent renewal in activity from local musicians.
Hakata is also the location of the pop group HKT48.
- Tonkotsu (pork bone) ramen, also called simply Hakata ramen
- Mizutaki - Nabemono of chicken
- Hakata Tourimon - a type of cake
- Hakata no Hito - a type of cake
- Hakata Dontaku Minato Matsuri - May 3 and 4
- Hakata Gion Yamakasa - from July 1 to 15
- JR West
- JR Kyūshū
- Nishi-Nippon Railroad
- Fukuoka City Subway
- Bayside place Hakata Futoh (Hakata Pier)
- Chūō Wharf (Central Wharf) - international ferry Beetle and Kobee and New Camellia
- Level-5 stadium (Hakata no mori Stadium)
- Fukuoka Convention Center - Marine Messe Fukuoka, Fukuoka International Congress Center, Fukuoka Kokusai Center
- Hakata Civic Center, Hakata Library
- Hakata South Library
- Kushida Shrine
- Sumiyoshi Shrine
- Tōka Ebisu Shrine
- "Corporate Summary." Kyushu Railway Company. Retrieved on March 27, 2010.
- 会社概要. Air Next. Retrieved on May 20, 2009.
- 会社概要. Harlequin Air. Retrieved on May 20, 2009.
- "ハーレクィンエア会社概要." Harlequin Air. December 7, 1998. Retrieved on February 22, 2010.
- US Department of State. (1906). A digest of international law as embodied in diplomatic discussions, treaties and other international agreements (John Bassett Moore, ed.), Vol. 5, p. 759.
- Hakata Ori website (English)
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