Harold Roe Bartle
|H. Roe Bartle|
|Statue (detail) by Felix de Weldon (1980), Bartle Hall Convention Center, Kansas City, Missouri|
|47th Mayor of Kansas City, Missouri|
|Preceded by||William E. Kemp|
|Succeeded by||Ilus W. Davis|
June 25, 1901|
|Died||May 9, 1974
Kansas City, Missouri
|Resting place||Forest Hill Cemetery|
|Spouse(s)||Margaret Ann Caroline Jarvis|
|Children||Margaret Roe "Jimmy" Bartle Taylor|
|Alma mater||University of Chattanooga|
|Profession||executive, public speaker|
Harold Roe Bennett Sturdevant Bartle (June 25, 1901 – May 9, 1974) was a businessman, philanthropist, Boy Scout executive, and professional public speaker who served two terms as mayor of Kansas City, Missouri. After Bartle helped lure the Dallas Texans American Football League team to Kansas City in 1962, owner Lamar Hunt renamed the franchise the Kansas City Chiefs after Bartle's nickname, "The Chief."
Youth, education, and marriage
Bartle was born in Richmond, Virginia, the only child of Samuel Dunn Bartle, a Presbyterian minister and an immigrant from Scotland, and Ada Mae Roe of northern Illinois. The Bartle family was musical, and at age thirteen Harold was playing the piano and organ at his father's church. The same year he also attempted to enlist in the army, but his father produced proof of his age and had him discharged.
Between 1916 and 1920, Bartle attended Fork Union Military Academy, where his father taught history and military science. There Roe (as he now insisted on being called) became a championship debater. Bartle attended the University of Chattanooga in 1920, where he proved a natural athlete, but he suffered a serious bout of pneumonia. He returned to his family, now in Lebanon, Kentucky, where in 1921, he earned a law degree from Hamilton College of Law, a Chicago correspondence school.
Bartle met Margaret Ann Caroline Jarvis in Lebanon, and they were married on September 26, 1923, in St. Joseph, Missouri, where his father had taken another pastorate. The Bartles had one child, Margaret Roe "Jimmy" Bartle Taylor. Bartle, who was 6' 4", weighed well over 200 pounds before his marriage, and he continued to gain until at one point he may have reached 375.
Bartle was admitted to the Kentucky bar in 1920 (before completing his correspondence degree) and worked for a Lebanon firm; he was also the Lebanon prosecuting attorney, 1920-22. Nevertheless, Bartle's gifts were as an organizer and promoter, and he was unwilling to spend his life in the law. Bartle had supervised a Boy Scout troop in Lebanon, and in 1923-24, he accepted a position as the executive of the Cheyenne Council of the Boy Scouts of America in Casper, Wyoming, a responsibility that included oversight of the entire state. From 1925 until 1928 he held a similar position in St. Joseph, Missouri; and from 1928 until 1955, he was the executive at the Kansas City Area Council.
Bartle created the Tribe of Mic-O-Say honor society in Saint Joseph, Missouri in 1925, although the inspiration for the program dated to his Wyoming years. A Boy Scout camp at Osceola, Missouri is named the H. Roe Bartle Scout Reservation in his honor.
While a scouting executive, Bartle also engaged in profitable business enterprises and made shrewd investment decisions. He also served on the board of directors of numerous corporations and banks, including largest independent liquor dealer in Missouri. According to his daughter, when his friend, President Harry Truman, asked him to become the regional director of the Economic Stabilization Agency, Bartle had to resign from 57 boards of directors to avoid possible conflicts of interest.
As a professional public speaker, he regularly addressed political, fraternal, educational, religious, civic, business, and service organizations. (He had a rich, powerful voice, and in Nice, France, he blew out the public address system.) By the time he ran for mayor, he was making 200 speeches a year at fees that ranged upwards from $1,000 each. One service club secretary was so dazzled by Bartle's rhetoric and humor that he announced Bartle had given "one of the most dynamic speeches ever heard by man." A slightly skeptical reporter added that, nevertheless, "just what he said...was not recorded."
The money Bartle made in the private sector subsidized his public service and allowed him to fund organizations in which he took an interest. For instance, for 30 years he donated his Boy Scout salary to the organization. There were three Bartles, he said, the Bartle "who makes money, the Bartle who gives it away, and the Bartle who works for free."
Civic, philanthropic, and religious endeavors
Bartle seemed determined to participate in as many charitable organizations as possible. He accepted thirty appointments to philanthropic boards and commissions and in time became an executive in virtually all of them. During World War II, he served as director of American War Dads, a soldier-welfare group. After the war, from 1945 to 1952, Bartle became interim president of Missouri Valley College, a small coeducational school associated with the Cumberland Presbyterian Church.
In 1948, while a college president, Bartle founded and contributed $100,000 toward establishing the, now the Nonprofit Leadership Alliance, a philanthropic organization intended to prepare young people for careers in professional youth leadership in such organizations as the Boy Scouts, Camp Fire Girls, and the YWCA.
Bartle was National President of Alpha Phi Omega service fraternity from 1931 until 1946. Alpha Phi Omega grew from 18 chapters when he took office to 109 chapters when he stepped down. It was said that Bartle personally financed the fledgling organization.
Bartle was a devout member of Central Presbyterian Church, Kansas City, from 1929 until his death, although he was often not in attendance because he was filling a pulpit somewhere else. (If Bartle were called to substitute for a pastor who was ill, he needed only the time to dress and get to the church. He could work out the sermon on the way.) Bartle served as a member of the general council of the Presbyterian Church (U.S.A.), 1961–68, and was a member of the General Assembly, 1962-66. He was also a charter member of the National Conference of Christians and Jews.
Bartle's wife said she believed he "could do anything on this earth that he sets out to do....and he has more energy than any other five men alive." Bartle received numerous honors and awards for his public service, including honorary degrees from at least a dozen colleges and distinguished service medals from a dozen foreign governments.
In 1955, Bartle, a Democrat with no previous political experience, was asked to run for mayor of Kansas City on the Citizens' Association ticket. Although the Citizen's Association (of which Bartle had been a founder) had helped sweep the Pendergast political machine out of power in 1940, Bartle chose to run as an independent with Citizen Association support. However, in his reelection campaign of 1959, Bartle also accepted the tacit support of the remnants of the Pendergast machine, leading to unfounded fears about the possible revival of "boss politics." In Kansas City, the mayor was comparatively weak, effectively an at-large city councilman; but Bartle, not surprisingly, was superb at performing the inspirational and ceremonial aspects of his office.
During his two terms, Bartle oversaw the desegregation of the city hospitals and removed them from political influence. He also overhauled the city tax structure, organized the mayors and city managers of 67 nearby towns into a planning council, supported the advancement of African-American police officers, and oversaw initial construction of the Kansas City airport and a nearby freeway. Also during his two terms, the Philadelphia Athletics professional baseball team and the Dallas Texans professional football team moved to Kansas City, the latter adopting Bartle's nickname, "Chief." While he was mayor, Bartle went to all two-alarm fires in a fireman's hat, coat and boots; and every weekday morning at 8 AM—or when he could actually make it to the station—he broadcast a radio report to the city.
Bartle found his first term the more enjoyable. Then he had carried into office virtually the entire Citizens Association ticket. During his second term, a block of councilmen stymied his plans. Although Bartle remained on the 1963 ticket, he asked voters not to reelect him.
Bartle was a hail-fellow-well-met, who "never knew a stranger" and demonstrated an impressive recall of names. On Christmas, he would regularly spend the day visiting orphanages, the Boy's Home, the city jail, and other places that might be overlooked on such a holiday. For most of his life, Bartle lived simply, becoming more expansive in his personal spending only after being elected mayor. (His greatest extravagance until that point was fine cigars, of which he smoked 25 per day.)
Bartle idolized his clergyman father and displayed some guilt for not having followed in his profession. Bartle continued to make major decisions only after deciding what his father would have done in a similar circumstance. But Roe Bartle hated the penury of the clergyman's life. The first time he asked a girl for a date, she rejected him because he was dressed in ill-fitting, second-hand clothes. Crushed, he swore before a mirror, "hand upraised," that no child of his would ever know poverty. But once he had the money, he also acquired expensive hand-tailored suits.
Kansas City Star editor Roy A. Roberts was puzzled by Bartle, "You can say almost anything you like about Roe Bartle—call him demagogue, opportunist, tycoon or dedicated saint—and you will be correct, but you will speak only half truths. Nobody knows Bartle. He is too complex to be figured out."
In later years, Bartle was plagued by health problems including phlebitis and injuries to his back and legs caused by a 1944 plane crash. Bartle died on May 9, 1974, from complications of diabetes and heart disease. He was buried in Forest Hill Cemetery. The Kansas City Convention Center, completed in 1984, was named Bartle Hall in his honor, and Bartle's wife and friends provided items for exhibit cases that there memorialize his life. Bartle's papers are in the State Historical Society of Missouri.
- National Cyclopedia of American Biography. 58: 213-14. 1979.
- Taylor, Jimmy Bartle (June 1995). Down Home with the Chief and Miss Maggie. Leathers Publishing. ISBN 0-9646898-0-4.
- Eby, David. "Lone Bear: H. Roe Bartle".
- Keith Monroe, "Kansas City's Colossal Scouter," Scouting (September 1976), 44-46, 86.
- Hartzell Spence, "The Colossal Mayor of Kansas City," Saturday Evening Post, January 28, 1956, 17-19, 79-80.
- William S. Worley, "Bartle, H. Roe," in Lawrence O. Christensen, et al., eds., Dictionary of Missouri Biography (Columbia: University of Missouri Press, 1999), 31-32.
- NCAB; The Bartles were married on November 24, 1897 in Chana, Illinois. Taylor, 18.
- Taylor, 20. Bartle also developed a fine baritone singing voice. (27)
- Taylor, 23-27; Monroe
- Monroe, 45; Taylor, 27-29.
- Cosmopolitan Magazine (April 1915), 31; Taylor, 28-29.
- Taylor, 44.
- Taylor, 48. She was born on Thanksgiving, November 27, 1924.
- Monroe, 45-46; Taylor, 25, 45; Eby; Spence, 18. Bartle insisted on waffles every morning "swimming in butter and syrup," and he enjoyed dinners of meat (no chicken or eggs), potatoes, gravy, salad, bread, and dessert. His wife unsuccessfully tried to persuade him that he did not also need four or five slices of buttered bread with these meals.
- Taylor, 41.
- Taylor, 41; NCAB.
- According to an undocumented story published in Scouting magazine several years after Bartle's death, when Bartle recruited a Roman Catholic commissioner in St. Joseph, a Ku Klux Klan mob demanded he be fired. Bartle is said to have replied, "If three or more of you will step right up here onto the porch, I'll whup you immediately." The Klan never bothered him again. Monroe, 46.
- NCAB. The Boy Scouts eventually awarded Bartle the organization's Silver Buffalo, Silver Antelope and Silver Beaver Awards.
- According to his daughter, Bartle acquired his nickname "The Chief" when the Arapaho chief Lone Bear made him a blood brother and gave Bartle his own name. Taylor, 46.
- Taylor, 52-53.
- Spence, 18.
- Taylor, 137. Spence gives the number of boards as 17. (80)
- Spence, 18. Bartle's response was, "That's all right, I'm wired for sound myself." When speaking to the Rotary Club in Phoenix, the Optimists in the next room complained he was drowning out their speaker through closed doors. Bartle replied, "Open the doors, and I'll talk to both clubs at once."
- Time (April 11, 1955).
- Spence, 80.
- Worley, 31; NCAB; Taylor, 137-38.
- Spence, 80; Taylor, 134-35; W. F. McDermott, "They Call Themselves War Dads," Rotarian (September 1943), 37.
- http://www.humanics.org/site/c.omL2KiN4LvH/b.1098773/k.BE7C/Home.htm American Humanics Foundation
- NCAB; Spence, 19.
- Alpha Phi Omega Pledge Manual p. 42. Bartle followed the founder, Frank Reed Horton, as head of the group. The National President was styled "Supreme Grand Master" until 1934.
- Torch and Trefoil, Vol 10 No 1, May 1935
- Eby. Alpha Phi Omega twice recognized Bartle (the only person to be so honored) as Fall Pledge Class Namesake for 1946 and 1962, presented him with its National Distinguished Service Award in 1958, and named the H. Roe Bartle Chapter Award in his honor.
- Taylor, 68-69, 136.
- Taylor, 140.
- These included Great Britain, Ecuador, Belgium, Chile, Uruguay, Brazil, Venezuela, Peru, Guatemala and Mexico. NCAB.
- Time (April 11, 1955); Spence, 79. Bartle even had good words to say for his millionaire opponent, Berl Berry, a Lincoln-Mercury dealer. But when Berry promised lower taxes, Bartle replied that Berry had a 10' X 10' bed and ought to be willing to pay more taxes than those who slept in ordinary beds. Bartle had been Berry's guest, and the car dealer was chagrined that Bartle had taken advantage of his hospitality to make notes about his furnishings.
- Worley, 31.
- Worley, 32.
- Eby; Taylor, 126.
- Eby; Taylor, 126-27; Spence, 126.
- Taylor, 134.
- Taylor, 89.
- Spence, 80.
- Spence, 79-80.
- Spence, 79-80.
- Spence, 18.
- Monroe, 86.
- FBI Director Clarence M. Kelley and Chief Scout Executive Alden G. Barber attended his funeral. His pallbearers were six firemen and six police officers. From the road from the gates of Forest Hill Cemetery to the grave site was lined with thousands of saluting scouts. Taylor, 145.
- Taylor, 152, 160. The exhibit was dedicated in November 1989, two years after Margaret Bartle's death.
- State Historical Society of Missouri website.
William E. Kemp
|Mayor of Kansas City, Missouri
Ilus W. Davis