Hastings (UK Parliament constituency)

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Hastings
Former Borough constituency
for the House of Commons
1366–1983
Number of members one

Hastings was a parliamentary constituency in Sussex. It returned two Members of Parliament to the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom until the 1885 general election, when its representation was reduced to one member.

It was abolished for the 1983 general election, when it was partially replaced by the new Hastings and Rye constituency.

Boundaries[edit]

As its name suggested, the main settlement in the constituency was the seaside resort of Hastings. From 1950 to 1955, it also took in the towns of Battle and Rye.

Members of Parliament[edit]

MPs 1366–1640[edit]

Parliament First member Second member
1386 John Clyvessend Edward Martham [1]
1378 John Salerne
1382 (May) John Salerne
1383 (Feb) John Salerne
1383 (Oct) John Salerne
1388 (Feb) John Clyvessend Edward Martham [1]
1388 (Sep) Richard Bannok John Scott [1]
1390 (Jan) John Clyvessend Richard Wybard [1]
1390 (Nov)
1391 John Clyvessend Richard Bannok [1]
1393 John Scott John Sharp [1]
1394
1395 Edward Martham John Hokere [1]
1397 (Jan) John Clyvessend John Hokere [1]
1397 (Sep)
1399 Edward Martham Henry Mordant [1]
1401
1402 John Sharp Robert Burgrove [1]
1404 (Jan)
1404 (Oct)
1406 Henry Mordant John Bexle [1]
1407 Robert Burgrove Thomas Wybard [1]
1410 Edward Martham John Harry [1]
1411
1413 (Feb)
1413 (May) Henry Mordant Richard Huntingdon [1]
1414 (Apr)
1414 (Nov) Jihn Sharp Thomas Julyan [1]
1415
1416 (Mar)
1416 (Oct)
1417 John Lyvett Richard Huntingdon [1]
1419 Simon Lymbergh John Martham [1]
1420 Simon Lymbergh William Courthope [1]
1421 (May) John Parker William Courthope [1]
1421 (Dec) Richard Huntingdon William Courthope [1]
1510 No names known[2]
1512 Robert Hall Henry Benever [2]
1515  ?
1523 Edmund Jacklin alias Bocher Edmund Franke [2]
1529 Richard Calveley Thomas Shoyswell [2]
by 1534 John Durrant John Taylor [2]
1536 ?John Durrant ?John Taylor [2]
1539  ?
1542 John Franke Richard Bishop [2]
1545  ?
1547 Sir William Stafford John Isted [2]
1553 (Mar) John Isted  ?
1553 (Oct) Thomas Rhodes John Peyton [2]
1554 (Apr) John Franke John Isted [2]
1554 (Nov) Thomas Rhodes John Peyton [2]
1555 Thomas Rhodes Roger Manwood [2]
1558 Thomas Brett Henry Tennant [2]
1559 John Franke James Hobson[3]
1562/3 Sir William Damsell[4] Richard Lyffe [3]
1571 Richard Lyffe James Bryan [3]
1572 Richard Lyffe Thomas Lake [3]
1584 Thomas Lake Thomas Phillips[3]
1586 Thomas Lake Thomas Phillips[3]
1588/9 Richard Lyffe John Parker [3]
1593 Richard Lyffe Henry Apsley [3]
1597 Richard Lyffe Edmund Pelham [3]
1601 Sir Thomas Shirley Richard Lyffe [3]
1604–1611 Richard Lyffe died and
replaced by
James Lasher
Sir George Carew ennobled and
replaced 1605 by
Sir Edward Hales[5]
1614 Sir Edward Hales James Lasher
1621 Samuel Moore James Lasher
1624 Nicholas Eversfield Samuel Moore
1625 Nicholas Eversfield Sackville Crowe
1626 Sir Dudley Carleton
replaced by Sir Thomas Parker
Nicholas Eversfield
1628 John Ashburnham Nicholas Eversfield

MPs 1640–1885[edit]

Election 1st Member 1st Party 2nd Member 2nd Party
April 1640 Sir John Baker Robert Reed
November 1640 John Ashburnham Royalist (Sir) Thomas Eversfield Royalist
February 1644 Ashburnham and Eversfield disabled from sitting - both seats vacant
1645 John Pelham Roger Gratwick
December 1648 Pelham excluded in Pride's Purge - seat vacant
1653 Hastings was unrepresented in the Barebones Parliament and the First and Second Parliaments of the Protectorate
January 1659 Samuel Gott Nicholas Delves
May 1659 Not represented in the restored Rump
April 1660 Sir Denny Ashburnham Nicholas Delves
1661 Edmund Waller
1679 Sir Robert Parker John Ashburnham
1681 Thomas Mun
1685 Sir Denny Ashburnham John Ashburnham
Jan 1689 Thomas Mun
Aug 1689 John Beaumont
1690 Peter Gott
1695 John Pulteney Robert Austen
1698 Peter Gott
1701 John Mounsher
1702 Hon. William Ashburnham
Feb 1710 John Ashburnham Tory
Oct 1710 Sir William Ashburnham Sir Joseph Martin
1713 Archibald Hutcheson
1715 Henry Pelham
1722 Sir William Ashburnham
1727 Thomas Townshend [6]
1728 Thomas Pelham
1741 James Pelham Andrew Stone Whig
1761 Hon. James Brudenell William Ashburnham
1768 Samuel Martin
1774 Viscount Palmerston Charles Jenkinson
1780 John Ord
1784 John Dawes John Stanley
1790 Sir Richard Pepper Arden
1794 Robert Saunders Dundas
1796 Sir James Sanderson Nicholas Vansittart
1798 William Sturges
1802 The Lord Glenbervie George William Gunning
1806 Sir John Nicholl Sir William Fowle Middleton
1807 George Canning Sir Abraham Hume
1812 James Dawkins
1818 George Peter Holford
1820 William Henry John Scott
June 1826 Sir William Curtis, Bt. Sir Charles Wetherell
December 1826 Evelyn Denison James Law Lushington
1827 Joseph Planta
1830 Sir Henry Fane
1831 John Ashley Warre Whig Frederick North Whig
1835 Howard Elphinstone Whig
1837 Joseph Planta Conservative Robert Hollond Whig
1844 Musgrave Brisco Conservative
1852 Patrick Francis Robertson Conservative
1854 Frederick North Whig
1859 Liberal Lord Harry Vane Liberal
1864 Hon. George Waldegrave-Leslie Liberal
1865 Patrick Francis Robertson Conservative
1868 Thomas Brassey Liberal Frederick North Liberal
1869 Ughtred James Kay-Shuttleworth Liberal
1880 Charles James Murray Conservative
1883 Henry Bret Ince Liberal
1885 Redistribution of Seats Act: representation reduced to one member

MPs 1885–1983[edit]

Election Member Party
1885 Thomas Brassey Liberal
1886 Wilson Noble Conservative
1895 William Lucas-Shadwell Conservative
1900 Freeman Freeman-Thomas Liberal
1906 Harvey du Cros Conservative
1908 by-election Sir Arthur du Cros Conservative
1918 Laurance Lyon Coalition Conservative
1921 by-election Lord Eustace Percy Coalition Conservative
1937 by-election Maurice Hely-Hutchinson Conservative
1945 Sir Neill Cooper-Key Conservative
1970 Kenneth Warren Conservative
1983 constituency abolished: see Hastings and Rye

Notes

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t "history of Parliament Trust". Retrieved 2011-11-25. 
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m "history of Parliament Trust". Retrieved 2011-11-25. 
  3. ^ a b c d e f g h i j "history of Parliament Trust". Retrieved 2011-11-25. 
  4. ^ Stanley T. Bindoff, The House of Commons: 1509-1558, vol. 4, p. 9
  5. ^ Cobbett's Parliamentary History records the second member for Hastings in the 1604 Parliament as being James Lasher, but this seems to be an error; Lasher is mentioned only in the Commons Journal from 1621 while Carew was certainly a member in 1604, and other sources name his constituency as Hastings
  6. ^ Townshend was also elected for Cambridge University, which he chose to represent, and never sat for Hastings

Elections[edit]

Elections in the 1900s[edit]

Freeman Thomas
General Election 1900: Hastings[1]

Electorate 8,142

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal Freeman Freeman-Thomas 3,399 51.6
Conservative E Boyle 3,191 48.4
Majority 208 3.2
Turnout 80.9
Liberal gain from Conservative Swing
General Election January 1906[2]

Electorate 8,758

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative William Harvey du Cros 4,348 52.5
Liberal Freeman Freeman-Thomas 3,935 47.5
Majority 413 5.0
Turnout 94.6
Conservative gain from Liberal Swing
Arthur Du Cros
Hastings by-election, 1908[3]

Electorate 8,707

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Arthur Philip Du Cros 4,495 56.4 +3.9
Liberal Robert Venables Vernon Harcourt 3,477 43.6 -3.9
Majority 1,018 12.8 +7.8
Turnout 91.6 -3.0
Conservative hold Swing +3.9

Elections in the 1910s[edit]

General Election January 1910[4]

Electorate 9,027

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Arthur Philip Du Cros 4,634 54.7 -1.7
Liberal R. Tweedy-Smith 3,833 45.3 +1.7
Majority 801 9.4 -3.4
Turnout 93.8 +2.2
Conservative hold Swing -1.7
General Election December 1910: Hastings [5]

Electorate 9,027

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Arthur Philip Du Cros 4,397 55.6
Liberal Arthur Frederick William Johnson 3,515 44.4
Majority 882 11.2
Turnout 87.6
Conservative hold Swing

General Election 1914/15

Another General Election was required to take place before the end of 1915. The political parties had been making preparations for an election to take place and by the July 1914, the following candidates had been selected;

General Election 1918: Hastings[6]

Electorate 24,958

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Unionist 11,210
British Socialist Party Joseph George Butler 3,556
Majority
Turnout
Unionist hold Swing
  • endorsed by the Coalition Government.

Elections in the 1920s[edit]

Hastings by-election, 1921[7]

Electorate

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Unionist Lord Eustace Sutherland Campbell Percy
Liberal
Labour
Majority
Turnout
Unionist hold Swing
General Election 1922: Hastings[8]

Electorate 28,785

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Unionist Lord Eustace Sutherland Campbell Percy 13,991
Labour W Richard Davies 6,492
Majority
Turnout
Unionist hold Swing
May Ogilvie Gordon
1923 General Election: Hastings[9]

Electorate 29,662

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Unionist Lord Eustace Sutherland Campbell Percy 11,914 52.6
Liberal Maria Matilda Ogilvie Gordon 5,876 25.9 n/a
Labour W. Richard Davies 4,859 21.5
Majority 6,038 26.7
Turnout 76.4
Unionist hold Swing
General Election 1924: Hastings[10]

Electorate 30,195

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Unionist Lord Eustace Sutherland Campbell Percy 15,217
Labour Mrs M M Porter 6,082
Majority
Turnout
Unionist hold Swing
General Election 1929: Hastings[11]

Electorate 41,503

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Unionist Lord Eustace Sutherland Campbell Percy 15,928
Liberal Thomas Austen Edwin Spearing 8,004 26.2
Labour Basil Noble 6,516 21.4
Majority
Turnout
Unionist hold Swing

Elections in the 1930s[edit]

General Election 1931: Hastings[12]

Electorate 43,582

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Lord Eustace Sutherland Campbell Percy 22,640 70.3
Labour Irene Goddard 4,983 15.5
Liberal Thomas Austen Edwin Spearing 4,561 14.2
Majority 17,657 54.9
Turnout 32,184 73.8
Conservative hold Swing
General Election 1935: Hastings[13]

Electorate 45,586

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Lord Eustace Sutherland Campbell Percy 20,905 69.0
Labour W W Wood 9,404 31.0
Majority 11,501 38.0
Turnout 30,309 66.5
Conservative hold Swing
Hastings by-election, 1937[14]

Electorate 45,470

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Maurice Robert Hely-Hutchinson 18,428 62.1
Labour W W Wood 11,244 37.9
Majority
Turnout 65.3
Conservative hold Swing

General Election 1939/40

Another General Election was required to take place before the end of 1940. The political parties had been making preparations for an election to take place and by the Autumn of 1939, the following candidates had been selected;

Elections in the 1940s[edit]

General Election 1945: Hastings[16]

Electorate 36,292

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Edmund McNeill Cooper-Key 14,105 51.9
Labour Capt. Lewis Gassman 10,508 38.7
Independent Sydney Muller Parkman 2,564 9.4
Majority 3,597 13.2
Turnout 74.9
Conservative hold Swing

References[edit]

  1. ^ British parliamentary election results, 1885-1918 (Craig)
  2. ^ British General Election Results 1885-1918, Craig
  3. ^ British General Election Results 1885-1918, Craig
  4. ^ British General Election Results 1885-1918, Craig
  5. ^ British parliamentary election results, 1885-1918 (Craig)
  6. ^ British Parliamentary Election Results 1918-1949, FWS Craig
  7. ^ British Parliamentary Election Results 1918-1949, FWS Craig
  8. ^ British Parliamentary Election Results 1918-1949, FWS Craig
  9. ^ FWS Craig, British Parliamentary Election Results 1918-1949; Political Reference Publications, Glasgow 1949
  10. ^ British Parliamentary Election Results 1918-1949, FWS Craig
  11. ^ British Parliamentary Election Results 1918-1949, FWS Craig
  12. ^ British Parliamentary Election Results 1918-1949, FWS Craig
  13. ^ British Parliamentary Election Results 1918-1949, FWS Craig
  14. ^ British Parliamentary Election Results 1918-1949, FWS Craig
  15. ^ Report of the Annual Conference of the Labour Party, 1939
  16. ^ British Parliamentary Election Results 1918-1949, FWS Craig
  • Robert Beatson, A Chronological Register of Both Houses of Parliament (London: Longman, Hurst, Res & Orme, 1807) [1]
  • D Brunton & D H Pennington, Members of the Long Parliament (London: George Allen & Unwin, 1954)
  • Cobbett's Parliamentary history of England, from the Norman Conquest in 1066 to the year 1803 (London: Thomas Hansard, 1808) [2]
  • F W S Craig, British Parliamentary Election Results 1832-1885 (2nd edition, Aldershot: Parliamentary Research Services, 1989)
  • J E Neale, The Elizabethan House of Commons (London: Jonathan Cape, 1949)
  • Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs – Constituencies beginning with "H" (part 2)[self-published source][better source needed]