Henry Carteret, 1st Baron Carteret

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Henry Frederick Carteret, 1st Baron Carteret PC (1735–1826) was a British politician, known as the Honourable Henry Thynne until 1776.

Biography[edit]

He was the second son of Thomas Thynne, 2nd Viscount Weymouth, and his second wife Louisa, daughter of John Carteret, 2nd Earl Granville. He was thus the younger brother of Thomas Thynne, 3rd Viscount Weymouth, later Marquess of Bath.[1]

He was educated at St John's College, Cambridge, graduating BA, and in 1753 proceeded MA. In 1769 he was awarded the degree of Doctor of Civil Laws.[2]

In 1757, he was encouraged by his friend Lord Gower to enter Parliament for Staffordshire, when that seat became vacant on the death of Gower's uncle, Hon. William Leveson-Gower. In 1761, he was elected for the Herefordshire borough of Weobley, which he represented until 1770.[3]

In 1762, his brother sought an office for him, leading to his appointment as Clerk Comptroller of the Green Cloth (worth £1000 per year).[4] He lost this office when the Grenville government fell in 1765, entering into opposition. After his brother returned to office as Secretary of State in 1767,[5] Thynne was able to return to the Board of Green Cloth in 1768 as Master of the Household, a post worth over £900 that he held until 1771.[6]

He was made a member of the Privy Council in 1770. In 1771 (after his brother had left office, he was given the office of joint Postmaster General, which he held until 1789. This was worth £3000 per year, and he thereupon retired from the House of Commons.[5]

In 1776, he changed his name to Carteret, when he succeeded to Hawnes Park, Bedfordshire on the death of his uncle Robert Carteret, 3rd Earl Granville. He also succeeded him as Bailiff of Jersey, a post (for life) long held by heads of the Carteret family. He was created Baron Carteret, of Hawnes, in 1784, reviving his uncle's second title. He gave up the postmastership in 1789, when his brother became Marquess of Bath.[5]

In 1810, he married his mistress of many years, Eleanor Smart, but there were no children. He lived until 1826, being succeeded as baron by his nephew Lord George Thynne in accordance with a special remainder in the patent when he was created baron.[5]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Burke's Peerage (1939 edn), s.v. Bath, Marquess.
  2. ^ "Thynne, The Hon. Henry Frederick (THN752HF)". A Cambridge Alumni Database. University of Cambridge. 
  3. ^ Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs [self-published source][better source needed]
  4. ^ 'The household below stairs: Clerks of the Green Cloth 1660-1782', Office-Holders in Modern Britain: Volume 11 (revised): Court Officers, 1660-1837 (2006), pp. 403-40.British History online, accessed 9 August 2008.
  5. ^ a b c d Roland Thorne, ‘Carteret , Henry Frederick, first Baron Carteret of Hawnes (1735–1826)’, Oxford Dictionary of National Biography (Oxford University Press, Sept 2004; online edn, Jan 2008), accessed 9 Aug 2008
  6. ^ British History online, accessed 9 August 2008.
Parliament of Great Britain
Preceded by
Hon. William Leveson-Gower
William Bagot
Member of Parliament for Staffordshire
with William Bagot

1756–1761
Succeeded by
Lord Grey
William Bagot
Preceded by
George Venables-Vernon
John Craster
Member of Parliament for Weobley
with Marquess of Titchfield 1761–1762
William Lynch 1762–1768
The Lord Irnham 1768–1770

1761–1770
Succeeded by
Bamber Gascoyne
The Lord Irnham
Court offices
Preceded by
John Harris
Master of the Household
1768–1771
Succeeded by
Sir Francis Drake
Government offices
Preceded by
The Earl of Sandwich
Unknown
Postmaster General of the United Kingdom
with The Lord le Despencer 1771–1782
The Viscount Barrington 1782
The Earl of Tankerville 1782–1783, 1784–1786
The Lord Foley 1783–1784
The Earl of Clarendon 1786
The Lord Walsingham 1787–1789

1771–1789
Succeeded by
The Lord Walsingham
The Earl of Westmorland
Legal offices
Preceded by
The Earl Granville
Bailiff of Jersey
1776–1826
Succeeded by
Thomas Le Breton
Peerage of Great Britain
New creation Baron Carteret
1784–1826
Succeeded by
George Thynne