Hesston, Kansas

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Hesston, Kansas
City
Alliman Center on Hesston College campus
Alliman Center on Hesston College campus
Motto: "Harvest The Good Life" [1]
Location within Harvey County (top) and Kansas (bottom)
Location within Harvey County (top) and Kansas (bottom)
Coordinates: 38°8′21″N 97°25′46″W / 38.13917°N 97.42944°W / 38.13917; -97.42944Coordinates: 38°8′21″N 97°25′46″W / 38.13917°N 97.42944°W / 38.13917; -97.42944[2]
Country United States
State Kansas
County Harvey
Government
 • Type Mayor–Council
 • Mayor David Kauffman
 • City Admin John Carder
Area[3]
 • Total 3.90 sq mi (10.10 km2)
 • Land 3.90 sq mi (10.10 km2)
 • Water 0 sq mi (0 km2)
Elevation[2] 1,480 ft (451 m)
Population (2010)[4]
 • Total 3,709
 • Estimate (2012[5]) 3,742
 • Density 950/sq mi (370/km2)
Time zone CST (UTC-6)
 • Summer (DST) CDT (UTC-5)
ZIP code 67062
Area code 620
FIPS code 20-31600 [2]
GNIS feature ID 0477759 [2]
Website HesstonKS.org

Hesston is a city in Harvey County, Kansas, United States.[2] As of the 2010 census, the city population was 3,709.[6] Hesston is home of Hesston College.

History[edit]

Early history[edit]

For many millennia, the Great Plains of North America was inhabited by nomadic Native Americans. From the 16th century to 18th century, the Kingdom of France claimed ownership of large parts of North America. In 1762, after the French and Indian War, France secretly ceded New France to Spain, per the Treaty of Fontainebleau. In 1802, Spain returned most of the land to France, but keeping title to about 7,500 square miles.

19th century[edit]

1915 Railroad Map of Harvey County
Hesston 5670 round baler

In 1803, most of the land for modern day Kansas was acquired by the United States from France as part of the 828,000 square mile Louisiana Purchase for 2.83 cents per acre. In 1848, after the Mexican-American War, the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo with Spain brought into the United States all or part of land for ten future states, including southwest Kansas. In 1854, the Kansas Territory was organized, then in 1861 Kansas became the 34th U.S. state. In 1872, Marion County was established within the Kansas Territory, which included the land for modern day Hesston.

A post office was established as Elivon on February 10, 1873, then moved near the current city site on April 24, 1878.[7]

In 1886, Hesston was founded and named after the Hess brothers who owned the land where a depot on the Missouri Pacific Railroad was built.[8] The post office was renamed to Hesston on December 16, 1887. Due to the railroad, Hesston became an important regional shipping point.[9]

20th century[edit]

In 1909, the Mennonite Church founded the Hesston College, because many of the early settlers were Mennonite farmers.

In 1947, Lyle Yost founded Hesston Manufacturing Company.[10] The company specialized in farm equipment, including self-propelled windrowers and the StakHand hay harvester. In 1974, the Hesston Company commissioned its first belt buckles,[11] which became popular on the rodeo circuit and with collectors. In 1991, the American-based equipment manufacturer AGCO Corporation purchased Hesston Corporation and later expanded the manufacturing facilities.

In 1981, the Dyck Arboretum of the Plains was founded at the Hesston College.

On March 13, 1990, a large portion of the town was damaged by an F5 tornado during a tornado outbreak. Two people lost their lives in this storm.

Geography[edit]

Hesston is located at 38°8′21″N 97°25′46″W / 38.13917°N 97.42944°W / 38.13917; -97.42944 (38.139097, -97.429550).[2] According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 3.90 square miles (10.10 km2), all of it land.[3]

Climate[edit]

The climate in this area is characterized by hot, humid summers and generally mild to cool winters. According to the Köppen Climate Classification system, Hesston has a humid subtropical climate, abbreviated "Cfa" on climate maps.[12]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1960 1,103
1970 1,926 74.6%
1980 3,013 56.4%
1990 3,012 0.0%
2000 3,509 16.5%
2010 3,709 5.7%
U.S. Decennial Census

2010 census[edit]

As of the census[4] of 2010, there were 3,709 people, 1,345 households, and 972 families residing in the city. The population density was 951.0 inhabitants per square mile (367.2/km2). There were 1,433 housing units at an average density of 367.4 per square mile (141.9/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 92.7% White, 1.6% African American, 0.6% Native American, 1.7% Asian, 1.5% from other races, and 1.9% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 4.5% of the population.

There were 1,345 households of which 32.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 62.4% were married couples living together, 7.4% had a female householder with no husband present, 2.5% had a male householder with no wife present, and 27.7% were non-families. 25.4% of all households were made up of individuals and 13.3% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.48 and the average family size was 2.96.

The median age in the city was 37.2 years. 24.3% of residents were under the age of 18; 12.7% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 20.8% were from 25 to 44; 22.6% were from 45 to 64; and 19.6% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 49.0% male and 51.0% female.

2000 census[edit]

As of the census[13] of 2000, there were 3,509 people, 1,227 households, and 904 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,353.2 people per square mile (523.1/km²). There were 1,308 housing units at an average density of 504.4 per square mile (195.0/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 94.56% White, 1.48% African American, 0.60% Native American, 0.83% Asian, 1.25% from other races, and 1.28% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.88% of the population.[14][15]

There were 1,227 households out of which 35.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 64.5% were married couples living together, 7.6% had a female householder with no husband present, and 26.3% were non-families. 23.7% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.8% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.52 and the average family size was 2.99.

In the city the population was spread out with 24.6% under the age of 18, 14.3% from 18 to 24, 23.5% from 25 to 44, 18.0% from 45 to 64, and 19.7% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females there were 93.4 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 86.9 males.

As of 2000 the median income for a household in the city was $42,585, and the median income for a family was $51,474. Males had a median income of $39,891 versus $26,424 for females. The per capita income for the city was $18,138. About 3.9% of families and 5.5% of the population were below the poverty line, including 5.6% of those under age 18 and 4.9% of those age 65 or over.

Government[edit]

The Hesston government consists of a mayor and five council members. The council meets the 2nd Monday of each month at 6PM.[16]

  • City Hall, 115 E Smith.

Education[edit]

Mary Miller Library at Hesston College

Primary and secondary education[edit]

Hesston is part of Unified School District 460.[17][18]

College[edit]

Media[edit]

F-5 Tornado over Hesston, March 1990

Print[edit]

Newspaper

Radio[edit]

Hesston is served by numerous radio stations of the Wichita-Hutchinson listening market area,[19] and satellite radio. See Media in Wichita, Kansas.

Television[edit]

Hesston is served by over-the-air ATSC digital TV of the Wichita-Hutchinson viewing market area,[20] cable TV by Allegiance Communications, and satellite TV. See Media in Wichita, Kansas.

Infrastructure[edit]

Transportation[edit]

Interstate I-135 and highway US 81 pass through Hesston.

Hesston is serviced by a branch of the Kansas and Oklahoma Railroad operating between McPherson and Newton, where it connects to the BNSF Railway.

Utilities[edit]

Notable people[edit]

See also[edit]

Further reading[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ City of Hesston, Kansas http://www.hesstonks.org Retrieved on 2009-05-22
  2. ^ a b c d e f Geographic Names Information System (GNIS) details for Hesston, Kansas; United States Geological Survey (USGS); October 13, 1978.
  3. ^ a b "US Gazetteer files 2010". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-07-06. 
  4. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-07-06. 
  5. ^ "Population Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2013-05-29. 
  6. ^ "2010 City Population and Housing Occupancy Status". U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved March 6, 2011. 
  7. ^ "Kansas Post Offices, 1828-1961 (archived)". Kansas Historical Society. Retrieved 11 June 2014. 
  8. ^ Santa Fe Rail History
  9. ^ Blackmar, Frank Wilson (1912). Kansas: A Cyclopedia of State History, Embracing Events, Institutions, Industries, Counties, Cities, Towns, Prominent Persons, Etc.. Standard Publishing Company. p. 840. 
  10. ^ Voorhis, Dan. "Lyle Yost, founder of Hesston Industries, dies at age 99". The Wichita Eagle. Retrieved 29 October 2012. 
  11. ^ Hesston Belt Buckle History
  12. ^ Climate Summary for Hesston, Kansas
  13. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  14. ^ U.S. Census Bureau - 2000 Census, Population and Housing Unit Counts for Kansas
  15. ^ U.S. Census Bureau - 1990 Census, Population and Housing Unit Counts for Kansas
  16. ^ Hesston - Directory of Public Officials
  17. ^ USD 460
  18. ^ Kansas School District Boundary Map
  19. ^ Wichita-Hutchinson Radio market.
  20. ^ Wichita-Hutchinson TV market.
  21. ^ Lyle Yost, Founder of Hesston Industries, Dies At Age 99; The Wichita Eagle; April 6, 2012.

External links[edit]

City
Schools
Attractions
Historical
1990 Tornado
Maps