Alliman Center on Hesston College campus
|Motto: "Harvest The Good Life" |
Location within Harvey County (top) and Kansas (bottom)
|Coordinates: Coordinates: |
|• Mayor||David Kauffman|
|• City Admin||John Carder|
|• Total||3.90 sq mi (10.10 km2)|
|• Land||3.90 sq mi (10.10 km2)|
|• Water||0 sq mi (0 km2)|
|Elevation||1,480 ft (451 m)|
|• Estimate (2012)||3,742|
|• Density||950/sq mi (370/km2)|
|Time zone||CST (UTC-6)|
|• Summer (DST)||CDT (UTC-5)|
|FIPS code||20-31600 |
|GNIS feature ID||0477759 |
- 1 History
- 2 Geography
- 3 Demographics
- 4 Government
- 5 Education
- 6 Media
- 7 Infrastructure
- 8 Notable people
- 9 See also
- 10 Further reading
- 11 References
- 12 External links
For many millennia, the Great Plains of North America was inhabited by nomadic Native Americans. From the 16th century to 18th century, the Kingdom of France claimed ownership of large parts of North America. In 1762, after the French and Indian War, France secretly ceded New France to Spain, per the Treaty of Fontainebleau. In 1802, Spain returned most of the land to France, but keeping title to about 7,500 square miles.
In 1803, most of the land for modern day Kansas was acquired by the United States from France as part of the 828,000 square mile Louisiana Purchase for 2.83 cents per acre. In 1848, after the Mexican-American War, the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo with Spain brought into the United States all or part of land for ten future states, including southwest Kansas. In 1854, the Kansas Territory was organized, then in 1861 Kansas became the 34th U.S. state. In 1872, Marion County was established within the Kansas Territory, which included the land for modern day Hesston.
A post office was established as Elivon on February 10, 1873, then moved near the current city site on April 24, 1878.
In 1886, Hesston was founded and named after the Hess brothers who owned the land where a depot on the Missouri Pacific Railroad was built. The post office was renamed to Hesston on December 16, 1887. Due to the railroad, Hesston became an important regional shipping point.
In 1947, Lyle Yost founded Hesston Manufacturing Company. The company specialized in farm equipment, including self-propelled windrowers and the StakHand hay harvester. In 1974, the Hesston Company commissioned its first belt buckles, which became popular on the rodeo circuit and with collectors. In 1991, the American-based equipment manufacturer AGCO Corporation purchased Hesston Corporation and later expanded the manufacturing facilities.
The climate in this area is characterized by hot, humid summers and generally mild to cool winters. According to the Köppen Climate Classification system, Hesston has a humid subtropical climate, abbreviated "Cfa" on climate maps.
As of the census of 2010, there were 3,709 people, 1,345 households, and 972 families residing in the city. The population density was 951.0 inhabitants per square mile (367.2/km2). There were 1,433 housing units at an average density of 367.4 per square mile (141.9/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 92.7% White, 1.6% African American, 0.6% Native American, 1.7% Asian, 1.5% from other races, and 1.9% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 4.5% of the population.
There were 1,345 households of which 32.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 62.4% were married couples living together, 7.4% had a female householder with no husband present, 2.5% had a male householder with no wife present, and 27.7% were non-families. 25.4% of all households were made up of individuals and 13.3% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.48 and the average family size was 2.96.
The median age in the city was 37.2 years. 24.3% of residents were under the age of 18; 12.7% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 20.8% were from 25 to 44; 22.6% were from 45 to 64; and 19.6% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 49.0% male and 51.0% female.
As of the census of 2000, there were 3,509 people, 1,227 households, and 904 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,353.2 people per square mile (523.1/km²). There were 1,308 housing units at an average density of 504.4 per square mile (195.0/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 94.56% White, 1.48% African American, 0.60% Native American, 0.83% Asian, 1.25% from other races, and 1.28% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.88% of the population.
There were 1,227 households out of which 35.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 64.5% were married couples living together, 7.6% had a female householder with no husband present, and 26.3% were non-families. 23.7% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.8% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.52 and the average family size was 2.99.
In the city the population was spread out with 24.6% under the age of 18, 14.3% from 18 to 24, 23.5% from 25 to 44, 18.0% from 45 to 64, and 19.7% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females there were 93.4 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 86.9 males.
As of 2000 the median income for a household in the city was $42,585, and the median income for a family was $51,474. Males had a median income of $39,891 versus $26,424 for females. The per capita income for the city was $18,138. About 3.9% of families and 5.5% of the population were below the poverty line, including 5.6% of those under age 18 and 4.9% of those age 65 or over.
The Hesston government consists of a mayor and five council members. The council meets the 2nd Monday of each month at 6PM.
- City Hall, 115 E Smith.
Primary and secondary education
- Hesston Record, local newspaper in Hesston.
- The Newton Kansan, regional newspaper in Newton.
- The Wichita Eagle, major regional newspaper in Wichita.
- Natural Gas is provided by City of Hesston.
- Sewer is provided by City of Hesston.
- Trash is provied by Waste Connections, billed by City of Hesston.
- City of Hesston, Kansas http://www.hesstonks.org Retrieved on 2009-05-22
- Geographic Names Information System (GNIS) details for Hesston, Kansas; United States Geological Survey (USGS); October 13, 1978.
- "US Gazetteer files 2010". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-07-06.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-07-06.
- "Population Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2013-05-29.
- "2010 City Population and Housing Occupancy Status". U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved March 6, 2011.
- "Kansas Post Offices, 1828-1961 (archived)". Kansas Historical Society. Retrieved 11 June 2014.
- Santa Fe Rail History
- Blackmar, Frank Wilson (1912). Kansas: A Cyclopedia of State History, Embracing Events, Institutions, Industries, Counties, Cities, Towns, Prominent Persons, Etc. Standard Publishing Company. p. 840.
- Voorhis, Dan. "Lyle Yost, founder of Hesston Industries, dies at age 99". The Wichita Eagle. Retrieved 29 October 2012.
- Hesston Belt Buckle History
- Climate Summary for Hesston, Kansas
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- U.S. Census Bureau - 2000 Census, Population and Housing Unit Counts for Kansas
- U.S. Census Bureau - 1990 Census, Population and Housing Unit Counts for Kansas
- Hesston - Directory of Public Officials
- USD 460
- Kansas School District Boundary Map
- Wichita-Hutchinson Radio market.
- Wichita-Hutchinson TV market.
- Lyle Yost, Founder of Hesston Industries, Dies At Age 99; The Wichita Eagle; April 6, 2012.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Hesston, Kansas.|
- Harvey County Roots
- Harvey County Genealogical Society
- Clashing Symbols In A Quiet Town - Hesston In The Vietnam War Era, Autumn 2000, Kansas History
- 1990 Tornado
- Photos from 1990 tornado damage
- "Monster on the Prairie, Hesston, Kansas 1990"
- Video of the tornado
- "20 Years After the Tornado"