|Established||January 8, 1968 (Hillman)|
|Access and use|
|Circulation||246,309 (university wide)|
Hillman Library is the largest library and the center of administration for the University Library System (ULS) of the University of Pittsburgh in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, United States. Located on corner of Forbes Avenue and Schenley Drive diagonally across from the Cathedral of Learning, Hillman serves as the flagship of the approximately 6.6 million-volume University Library System at Pitt.
- 1 University Library System
- 2 History
- 3 Holdings, special collections, and rooms
- 4 Art
- 5 Woodruff medal
- 6 Literary associations
- 7 Gallery
- 8 Notes
- 9 References
- 10 External links
University Library System
The University Library System (ULS) is the University of Pittsburgh's largest library organization and is administered by the Hillman University Librarian and Director, ULS. The organization in its current form dates back to 1982, when the University combined the administration of its libraries for the Graduate Schools of Business, Public and International Affairs, and the School of Library and Information Sciences with that of the Hillman Library and its branches. From the early 1980s the library system adopted many new services and resources alongside the evolution of computer technology including, most notably, the installation and unveiling of its first online catalog based on the NOTIS integrated library system.
In addition to the Hillman Library, the ULS includes the following libraries and collections on the Pittsburgh campus:
- Allegheny Observatory Library
- Archives Service Center
- Center for American Music
- Chemistry Library
- Bevier Engineering Library
- Frick Fine Arts Library
- Information Sciences Library
- Katz Graduate School of Business Library
- Langley Library (biological sciences, behavioral neuroscience)
- Library Resource Facility
- Music Library
The Library Resource Facility, located three miles from the heart of the Pittsburgh campus, houses many of the ULS' back-office operations in addition to the Archives Service Center and the Library Collections Storage Unit, a high-density book storage facility with a capacity of 2.7 million volumes. The libraries on the University's four regional campuses at Bradford, Greensburg, Johnstown, and Titusville also belong to the ULS.
A member of the Association of Research Libraries, the ULS ranks 22nd out of the ARL's 126 member libraries, placing it in the top 20% of North America's largest academic libraries and is the 29th largest overall library in the United States. The ULS has been commended for its use of technology, including the digitization of its unique collection and improving the accessibility of its online resources. Duane Webster, executive director emeritus of the Association of Research Libraries, notes that the ULS has "transformed not only [its own] school's library but also the future of research libraries." The ULS has also been noted for its publication of new digital content in its D-Scribe Digital Publishing program.
The ULS partners with other University of Pittsburgh libraries including the Barco Law Library and the Health Sciences Library System, both located on the Pittsburgh campus. The ULS shares a single online system with these partner libraries, collaborates with them to provide facilitated access to all collections, and cooperates on other projects to serve the University.
Hillman Library was built on land that had bordered Forbes Field and was donated in the 1950s to Pitt by coal magnate John H. Hillman, Jr. When Forbes Field was razed in 1971, three other buildings were planned as a cluster for the site: Wesley W. Posvar Hall, David L. Lawrence Hall, and the University of Pittsburgh School of Law.
Design of Hillman Library was led by Celli-Flynn and Associates who served as coordinating architects. Kuhn, Newcomer & Valentour served as associated architects with Harrison & Abramovitz acting as consulting architects to the university. Dolores Miller and Associates consulted on the interior design, and Keyes Metcalf served as a library consultant. Constructed began in June 1965, and the library opened on January 8, 1968, while its formal dedication was held on September 6, 1968. It is named for John H. Hillman, Jr. Both the Hillman family and the Hillman Foundation gave millions toward its construction. The facade consisting of Indiana Limestone alternated with rows of Max Abramovitz designed the oriel windows. The building's podium wall is intended to echo the Renaissance-style rusticated stone base of the Carnegie Library across Schenley Plaza. The interior was modeled on the style of Mies van der Rohe with warm teak and black-metal framing. Floor-to-ceiling windows that were placed at a bay window angle in order to be inconspicuous on the plane surface of the outer wall while still providing light. With five floors, seating for 1,539 students, and holding 1.9 million volumes, Hillman is the largest of the 17 libraries on the Pitt campus. In 1996, architect Celli-Flynn and Associates and Kuhn, Newcomer & Valentour won the Timeless Award for Enduring Design from the Pittsburgh chapter of the American Institute of Architects for its design of Hillman Library. In 2013, the library began transferring some book collections from Hillman Library to the university's Thomas Boulevard Library Resource Facility in the Point Breeze neighborhood of the city in order to make room for renovations that will add additional seating and group-study rooms to the library. In addition, in the Fall of 2013, the library expanded its hours so that it will be open around the clock from Sunday morning to Friday night.
Holdings, special collections, and rooms
Hillman Library, which serves as the flagship and central administrative library of the University of Pittsburgh's University Library System, holds approximately 1.5 million volumes of the 6.6 million total ULS volume collection. It also contains over 200 computer stations, a study capacity for 1500 users, and houses various special collections, themed rooms, and specialized technology study areas. $12.9 million in additional renovations to Hillman was approved in July, 2013.
Hillman Library contains many different collections and reading spaces. Among them are:
Specialized named rooms include the A. J. Schneider Reading Room, the Amy E. Knapp Room, the K. Leroy Irvis Room, the Latin American Reading Room, and the Thornburgh Room.
A. J. Schneider Reading Room
The A. J. Schneider Reading Room on the third floor of Hillman Library was created by the Schneider family in the late 1990s in memory of their late son, A. J., a 1993 Pitt alumnus who died in a 1996 military helicopter accident. The family also created the A. J. Schneider Studio Arts Award which for Pitt studio art students. Winning entries from an annual student art exhibition are displayed in the reading room for a one-year period.
Amy E. Knapp Room
The Amy E. Knapp Room is a seminar room on the ground floor of Hillman Library that was dedicated on December 15, 2008 in honor of Amy Knapp, a Pitt alumnae, ULS librarian, and School of Information Sciences adjunct professor who died from cancer in 2008. The room features a plaque and portrait etching in honor of Knapp. In addition to the room, the Dr. Amy E. Knapp Award was also created to recognize individuals' service to ULS and the community.
K. Leroy Irvis Room
The K. Leroy Irvis Room is a first floor reading room that is also home to the archives of K. Leroy Irvis who was the first African American to serve as a speaker of the house in any state legislature in the United States since Reconstruction. Irvis represented Pittsburgh in the Pennsylvania House of Representatives from 1958–1988. Included in the archives are Irvis' personal papers, legislative materials, campaign literature, photographs, and newspaper clippings. The 2,1000 square foot room was designed by architect Howard Graves to reflect Ivis, including his fondness of airplanes which is reflected in the ceiling design. Ludwig Mies van der Rohe's 1929 Barcelona Pavilion was used as a benchmark reference for the project. The room includes a gallery, reading area, reception area, archive storage, and administration and office space.
Latin American Reading Room
The Latin American Reading Room located on the first floor of Hillman Library is the home to the Eduardo Lozano Latin American Collection. Designed by Peruvian native Victor Beeltran to be reminiscent of a Spanish courtyard, the room has windows on three sides and contains sand-colored arches and Solomonic columns reminiscent of Churrigueresque.
A rotating selection of John James Audubon prints from the university's copy of The Birds of America, one of only 120 complete collections in existence, is on view in the library’s ground floor display case. Individual plates from this collection are exhibited for two weeks at a time in order of plate number. Many other graphic and sculptural works are nestled among the stairways and study areas on the building’s upper floors, some of which are on loan from the Carnegie Museum of Art.
Several works of Virgil Cantini are in the library, including a wood and metal sculpture of an arrow-pierced St. Sebastian, located in the first floor stairwell, and a wooden sculpture of the Virgin Mary holding a lamb. Flanking the wall opposite the first floor reference desk are two abstract works: “Modern Warfare” by Kes Zapkus and “Arcing Light” by Albert Stadler. A bronze 1934 self-portrait by Ivan Meštrović can be found on the ground floor. A large bust of Confucius by Chinese artist Li Guangyu and a stone sculpture, “The Sound of Autumn,” by Masayuki Nagare are on the second floor. Near the special collections reading room on the third floor is a selection of early 20th century illustrations in watercolor, charcoal and crayon created to accompany the work of mystery writer Mary Roberts Rinehart. Also on the third floor are works by winners of the A.J. Schneider Studio Arts Award, selected from among entries in the annual student exhibition. Winners agree to allow their work to be displayed for one year in the reading room.
In addition, a folk music concert series entitled The Emerging Legends Series is performed in The Cup & Chaucer café on the ground floor of Hillman Library. The series, a collaboration between the University of Pittsburgh Library System and Calliope: The Pittsburgh Folk Music Society, is free and open to the public.
1936 Berlin Summer Olympics track and field 800-meter gold medalist John Woodruff, a 1939 alumnus of the University of Pittsburgh, donated his gold medal to the university in 1990. Woodruff insisted on it being displayed in the university's library where it would be appreciated not just as an athletic achievement, but in its social and historical context. For years the medal was displayed in an inconspicuous location on the ground floor of Hillman Library. Woodruff's 800 m win in the 1936 games was the first for an African American in front of Adolf Hitler and was achieved in what has been called "the most daring move seen on a track" when he stopped in mid-race in order to break out of a pack of runners and then retook the lead in a sprint to the finish, thereby becoming the first American to achieve gold in 800 m in 24 years. In 2008, the medal was removed for loan to the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum in Washington, D.C., where it was part of the exhibit "State of Deception: The Power of Nazi Propaganda." After the medal's return to the university, it was placed in a new, six-foot tall wood-and-glass display on the first floor of the library. The display was unveiled during a dedication ceremony on October 14, 2011, in commemoration of the 75th anniversary of Woodruff's win. The medal, appraised at $250,000, is securely housed under bulletproof glass on a rotating illuminated pedestal. The display also contains interactive multi-media content including a touchscreen that features film narratives, a photo gallery, and selections of the Woodruff family's personal scrapbook.
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- University Libraries, UA Information File, University of Pittsburgh Archives
- "Libraries & Collections A - Z". ULS Web site. University of Pittsburgh. Retrieved 27 August 2011.
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- "Member Libraries". ARL Web site. Association of Research Libraries. Retrieved 27 August 2011.
- Association of Research Libraries (2011). ARL Profiles: Research Libraries 2010. Appendix C: Profiles from ARL Members (PDF). ARL.
- "The Nation's Largest Libraries: A Listing By Volumes Held". American Library Association. October 2012. Retrieved February 24, 2013.
- Cronin, Mike (2009-06-08). "Pitt library director says function will define future as resources go digital". Pittsburgh Tribune-Review. Retrieved 2009-06-08.
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- About Us: The University Library System, accessdate=2008-11-14
- "Hillman Library Renovations" (PDF). Celli-Flynn Brennan Architects & Planners. Retrieved 2010-02-01.
- McClain, James (1964-06-13). "Historic Pittsburgh Image Collection: Hillman Library Construction Site" (PHOTOGRAPH). Senator John Heinz History Center. Retrieved 2012-05-04.
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- "AIA Pittsburgh Awards". Carnegie Mellon University Libraries Architecture Archives. Retrieved 2010-02-01.
- Miller, Rush G. (2007-05-30). "In Rebuttal: Polishing the Jewel". Pittsburgh Post-Gazette (Pittsburgh, PA). Retrieved 2010-02-01.
- Blake, Sharon S. (August 20, 2013). "Hillman Library to Be Open Round-the-Clock". Pitt Chronicle (Pittsburgh, PA: University of Pittsburgh). Retrieved August 26, 2013.
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- Blake, Sharon S. (2007-04-16). "University Dedicates Dick Thornburgh Room In Hillman Library". Pitt Chronicle (Pittsburgh, PA: University of Pittsburgh). Retrieved 2009-10-08.
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- Slattery, Holden (2007-10-26). "Cantini's art beautifies Pitt". The Pitt News.
Cantini has done a great deal of religious renderings, including two wood sculptures located on the first floor of the Hillman Library. .
- Gay, Vernon; Evert, Marilyn (1983). Discovering Pittsburgh's Sculpture. University of Pittsburgh Press. p. 199. ISBN 0-8229-3467-1. Retrieved January 31, 2013.
- University of Pittsburgh Library System (ULS) Announces The Emerging Legends Series at The Cup & Chaucer, accessdate=2009-01-14
- Kimberly K. Barlow, Faculty duo to play the blues at Hillman Library, University Times, January 8, 2009, accessdate=2009-01-14
- Office of Public Art - Greater Pittsburgh Arts Council. Publicartpittsburgh.org. Retrieved on 2013-09-04.
- Barlow, Kimberly K. (2011-10-13). "Woodruff’s Olympic medal goes on display" 44 (4). Pittsburgh, PA: University of Pittsburgh. Retrieved 2011-10-13.
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- "The Nazi Olympics: Berlin 1936 Exhibition Opens at U.S. Holocaust Memorial Museum on April 25" (Press release). United States Holocaust Memorial Museum. 2008-04-14. Retrieved 2011-08-03.
- Blake, Sharon S. (2011-10-10). "Interactive Display of Pitt Alum John Woodruff’s ‘36 Olympic Gold Medal to Be Unveiled at Hillman Library on October 14". Pitt Chronicle (Pittsburgh, PA: University of Pittsburgh). Retrieved 2011-10-11.
- Alberts, Robert C. (1987). Pitt: The Story of the University of Pittsburgh 1787–1987. University of Pittsburgh Press. ISBN 0-8229-1150-7.
- Kidney, Walter C. (1997). Pittsburgh's Landmark Architecture: The Historic Buildings of Pittsburgh and Allegheny County. Pittsburgh: Pittsburgh History & Landmarks Foundation. ISBN 0-916670-18-X.
- Toker, Franklin (1994) . Pittsburgh: An Urban Portrait. Pittsburgh: University of Pittsburgh Press. ISBN 0-8229-5434-6.
- Hillman Library
- Hillman Library on Pitt's virtual Campus Tour
- University of Pittsburgh Library System
- Dick Thornburgh Room
- Hillman Library Ground Floor panoramic
- Cup & Chaucer Café panoramic
- K. Leroy Irvis Reading Room 1 panoramic
- Leroy Irvis Reading Room 2 panoramic
- Latin American Reading Room panoramic
- Special Collections panoramic
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