Hugh of Northwold

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Hugh of Northwold
Bishop of Ely
Memorial to Bishop Hugh de Northwold in Ely Cathedral.jpg
Memorial to Bishop Hugh de Northwold in Ely Cathedral
See Diocese of Ely
Elected circa 3 February 1229
Term ended 6 August 1254
Predecessor Geoffrey de Burgo
Successor William of Kilkenny
Orders
Consecration 19 June 1229
Personal details
Died 6 August 1254
Downham Market
Buried Ely Cathedral
Denomination Catholic

Hugh of Northwold was a medieval Bishop of Ely.

Life[edit]

Hugh was born in the parish of Northwold in Norfolk, the son of Peter and Emma. He became a monk at Abbey of Bury St Edmunds in 1202.[1]

Hugh was elected Abbot of Bury St. Edmunds on 7 August 1213.[2] King John of England, however, contested the election, and for three years it was contested until on 10 June 1215, when the king finally accepted Hugh's election.[1]

Hugh was elected to the see of Ely about 3 February 1229.[3] He was consecrated on 19 June 1229[4] at Canterbury.[1] While bishop, he built extensively, was sent on diplomatic missions for King Henry III of England, and escorted Eleanor of Provence to England for her marriage to King Henry. He was also a good friend of Robert Grosseteste.[5] His greatest work as bishop was his increase in the estates of the bishoprics, through buying new lands and increasing the rents on extant manors. He also worked with Thorney Abbey on reclamation of the fenlands surrounding Ely.[1]

The presbytery of Ely Cathedral was built while Hugh was bishop.[1] This was an example of Early English Gothic, and earned praise from the medieval chronicler Matthew Paris. However, much of the work done during Northwold's episcopate was later reworked during the 14th century, with the buttresses and some of the exterior and interior walls still remaining.[6] The presbytery was built in order house a shrine to St. Etheldreda.[7]

Hugh died on 6 August 1254[4] at Downham Market and was buried in his presbytery in Ely Cathedral. The tomb is still extant.[1] He was buried at the feet of the shrine to Etheldreda, but whether he was buried where the tomb now stands is unclear.[8] The tomb is now located near the high altar in the north choir aisle of Ely Cathedral.[9]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f Owen "Northwold, Hugh of (d. 1254)" Oxford Dictionary of National Biography
  2. ^ Smith, et al. Heads of Religious Houses II p. 26
  3. ^ British History Online Bishops of Ely
  4. ^ a b Fryde, et al. Handbook of British Chronology p. 244
  5. ^ Miller Abbey and Bishopric of Ely p. 77–78
  6. ^ Draper "Bishop Northwold" Medieval Art and Architecture at Ely Cathedral pp. 8–9
  7. ^ Draper "Bishop Northwold" Medieval Art and Architecture at Ely Cathedral p. 10
  8. ^ Draper "Bishop Northwold" Medieval Art and Architecture at Ely Cathedral p. 13
  9. ^ Sayers "Once 'Proud Prelate'" Journal of the British Archaeological Association p. 77

References[edit]

  • British History Online Bishops of Ely accessed on October 25, 2007
  • Draper, Peter (1979). "Bishop Northwold and the Cult of Saint Etheldreda". Medieval Art and Architecture at Ely Cathedral. British Archaeological Association Conference Transactions for the year 1976. Leeds, UK: British Archaeological Association. pp. 8–27. OCLC 10717209. 
  • Fryde, E. B.; Greenway, D. E.; Porter, S.; Roy, I. (1996). Handbook of British Chronology (Third revised ed.). Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press. ISBN 0-521-56350-X. 
  • Miller, Edward (1951). The Abbey and Bishopric of Ely (Reprint ed.). Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press. OCLC 180113606. 
  • Owen, Dorothy M. (2004). "Northwold, Hugh of (d. 1254)" ((subscription or UK public library membership required)). Oxford Dictionary of National Biography. Oxford University Press. doi:10.1093/ref:odnb/20334. Retrieved 2 April 2008. 
  • Sayers, Jane (2009). "A Once Proud Prelate: An Unidentified Episcopal Monument in Ely Cathedral". Journal of the British Archaeological Association 162: 67–87. doi:10.1179/006812809x12448232842376. 
  • Smith, David M.; London, Vera C. M. (2001). The Heads of Religious Houses, England and Wales II. 1216–1377. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press. ISBN 0-521-80271-7. 
Catholic Church titles
Preceded by
Geoffrey de Burgo
Bishop of Ely
1229–1254
Succeeded by
William of Kilkenny